lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2006]   [Jun]   [15]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[PATCH] kdump: add a missing notifier before crashing
Hi all,

The attached patch adds a missing notifier before crashing.
This patch is remade to follow the former discussions.
The change is that a notifier calling becomes optional.
Please refer to the following thread for details:

http://lists.osdl.org/pipermail/fastboot/2006-May/003018.html

Description:
We don't have a simple and light weight way to know the kernel dies.
The panic notifier does not be called if kdump is activated
because crash_kexec() does not return, and there is no mechanism to
notify of a crash before crashing by SysRq-c.
Although notify_die() exists, the function depends on architecture.
If notify_die() is added in panic and SysRq respectively like
existing implementation, the code will be ugly.
I think that adding a generic hook in crash_kexec() is better to
simplify the code.

This new notifier is useful, especially for a clustering system.
On a mission critical system, failover need to start within a few
milli-second. The notifier could be called on 2nd kernel, but it is
no use because it takes the time of second order to boot up.

The attached patch is against 2.6.17-rc6-git5.
I tested on i386-box.

Thanks,

Akiyama, Nobuyuki

Signed-off-by: Akiyama, Nobuyuki <akiyama.nobuyuk@jp.fujitsu.com>
---
Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt | 11 +++++++++++
arch/i386/kernel/traps.c | 4 ++--
arch/powerpc/kernel/traps.c | 2 +-
arch/x86_64/kernel/traps.c | 4 ++--
drivers/char/sysrq.c | 2 +-
include/linux/kexec.h | 12 ++++++++++--
include/linux/sysctl.h | 1 +
kernel/kexec.c | 18 +++++++++++++++++-
kernel/panic.c | 2 +-
kernel/sysctl.c | 11 +++++++++++
10 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
diff -Nurp linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
--- linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt 2006-06-14 16:25:26.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt 2006-06-15 14:48:59.000000000 +0900
@@ -1130,6 +1130,17 @@ If a system hangs up, try pressing the N
And NMI watchdog will be disabled when the value in this file is set to
non-zero.

+kdump_safe
+----------
+
+The value in this file affects behavior of a notifier before kdump. When the
+value is non-zero(default), the notifier is not called before crashing. If the
+notifier is expected to be called before crashing, set zero.
+
+[NOTE]
+ The notifier may be hung and kdump may be stalled because the notifier is
+ usually called under panic state. The value of this file should be decided
+ by the policy of system usage.

2.4 /proc/sys/vm - The virtual memory subsystem
-----------------------------------------------
diff -Nurp linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/arch/i386/kernel/traps.c linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/arch/i386/kernel/traps.c
--- linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/arch/i386/kernel/traps.c 2006-06-14 16:25:26.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/arch/i386/kernel/traps.c 2006-06-14 16:02:46.000000000 +0900
@@ -414,7 +414,7 @@ void die(const char * str, struct pt_reg
return;

if (kexec_should_crash(current))
- crash_kexec(regs);
+ crash_kexec(CRASH_ON_DIE, regs, NULL);

if (in_interrupt())
panic("Fatal exception in interrupt");
@@ -665,7 +665,7 @@ void die_nmi (struct pt_regs *regs, cons
*/
if (!user_mode_vm(regs)) {
current->thread.trap_no = 2;
- crash_kexec(regs);
+ crash_kexec(CRASH_ON_DIE, regs, NULL);
}

do_exit(SIGSEGV);
diff -Nurp linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/arch/powerpc/kernel/traps.c linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/arch/powerpc/kernel/traps.c
--- linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/arch/powerpc/kernel/traps.c 2006-06-14 16:25:27.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/arch/powerpc/kernel/traps.c 2006-06-14 16:02:46.000000000 +0900
@@ -132,7 +132,7 @@ int die(const char *str, struct pt_regs
if (!crash_dump_start && kexec_should_crash(current)) {
crash_dump_start = 1;
spin_unlock_irq(&die_lock);
- crash_kexec(regs);
+ crash_kexec(CRASH_ON_DIE, regs, NULL);
/* NOTREACHED */
}
spin_unlock_irq(&die_lock);
diff -Nurp linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/arch/x86_64/kernel/traps.c linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/arch/x86_64/kernel/traps.c
--- linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/arch/x86_64/kernel/traps.c 2006-06-14 16:25:27.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/arch/x86_64/kernel/traps.c 2006-06-14 16:02:46.000000000 +0900
@@ -445,7 +445,7 @@ void __kprobes __die(const char * str, s
printk_address(regs->rip);
printk(" RSP <%016lx>\n", regs->rsp);
if (kexec_should_crash(current))
- crash_kexec(regs);
+ crash_kexec(CRASH_ON_DIE, regs, NULL);
}

void die(const char * str, struct pt_regs * regs, long err)
@@ -469,7 +469,7 @@ void __kprobes die_nmi(char *str, struct
printk(str, safe_smp_processor_id());
show_registers(regs);
if (kexec_should_crash(current))
- crash_kexec(regs);
+ crash_kexec(CRASH_ON_DIE, regs, NULL);
if (panic_on_timeout || panic_on_oops)
panic("nmi watchdog");
printk("console shuts up ...\n");
diff -Nurp linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/drivers/char/sysrq.c linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/drivers/char/sysrq.c
--- linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/drivers/char/sysrq.c 2006-06-14 16:25:28.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/drivers/char/sysrq.c 2006-06-14 16:02:46.000000000 +0900
@@ -99,7 +99,7 @@ static struct sysrq_key_op sysrq_unraw_o
static void sysrq_handle_crashdump(int key, struct pt_regs *pt_regs,
struct tty_struct *tty)
{
- crash_kexec(pt_regs);
+ crash_kexec(CRASH_ON_SYSRQ, pt_regs, NULL);
}
static struct sysrq_key_op sysrq_crashdump_op = {
.handler = sysrq_handle_crashdump,
diff -Nurp linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/include/linux/kexec.h linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/include/linux/kexec.h
--- linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/include/linux/kexec.h 2006-03-20 14:53:29.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/include/linux/kexec.h 2006-06-14 16:02:46.000000000 +0900
@@ -1,12 +1,18 @@
#ifndef LINUX_KEXEC_H
#define LINUX_KEXEC_H

+/* crash type for notifier */
+#define CRASH_ON_PANIC 1
+#define CRASH_ON_DIE 2
+#define CRASH_ON_SYSRQ 3
+
#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <asm/kexec.h>

/* Verify architecture specific macros are defined */
@@ -103,9 +109,11 @@ extern asmlinkage long compat_sys_kexec_
#endif
extern struct page *kimage_alloc_control_pages(struct kimage *image,
unsigned int order);
-extern void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *);
+extern void crash_kexec(int, struct pt_regs *, void *);
int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *);
extern struct kimage *kexec_image;
+extern struct raw_notifier_head crash_notifier_list;
+extern int kdump_safe;

#define KEXEC_ON_CRASH 0x00000001
#define KEXEC_ARCH_MASK 0xffff0000
@@ -133,7 +141,7 @@ extern note_buf_t *crash_notes;
#else /* !CONFIG_KEXEC */
struct pt_regs;
struct task_struct;
-static inline void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { }
+static inline void crash_kexec(int type, struct pt_regs *regs, void *v) { }
static inline int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; }
#endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC */
#endif /* LINUX_KEXEC_H */
diff -Nurp linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/include/linux/sysctl.h linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/include/linux/sysctl.h
--- linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/include/linux/sysctl.h 2006-06-14 16:25:35.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/include/linux/sysctl.h 2006-06-14 16:02:46.000000000 +0900
@@ -148,6 +148,7 @@ enum
KERN_SPIN_RETRY=70, /* int: number of spinlock retries */
KERN_ACPI_VIDEO_FLAGS=71, /* int: flags for setting up video after ACPI sleep */
KERN_IA64_UNALIGNED=72, /* int: ia64 unaligned userland trap enable */
+ KERN_KDUMP_SAFE=73, /* int: crash notifier flag */
};


diff -Nurp linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/kernel/kexec.c linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/kernel/kexec.c
--- linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/kernel/kexec.c 2006-03-20 14:53:29.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/kernel/kexec.c 2006-06-14 16:02:46.000000000 +0900
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>

#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
@@ -27,6 +29,11 @@
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/semaphore.h>

+
+RAW_NOTIFIER_HEAD(crash_notifier_list);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(crash_notifier_list);
+int kdump_safe = 1;
+
/* Per cpu memory for storing cpu states in case of system crash. */
note_buf_t* crash_notes;

@@ -1040,7 +1047,15 @@ asmlinkage long compat_sys_kexec_load(un
}
#endif

-void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs)
+static inline void notify_crash(int type, void *v)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL
+ if (!kdump_safe)
+ raw_notifier_call_chain(&crash_notifier_list, type, v);
+#endif
+}
+
+void crash_kexec(int type, struct pt_regs *regs, void *v)
{
struct kimage *image;
int locked;
@@ -1061,6 +1076,7 @@ void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs)
struct pt_regs fixed_regs;
crash_setup_regs(&fixed_regs, regs);
machine_crash_shutdown(&fixed_regs);
+ notify_crash(type, v);
machine_kexec(image);
}
xchg(&kexec_lock, 0);
diff -Nurp linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/kernel/panic.c linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/kernel/panic.c
--- linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/kernel/panic.c 2006-06-14 16:25:35.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/kernel/panic.c 2006-06-14 16:02:46.000000000 +0900
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ NORET_TYPE void panic(const char * fmt,
* everything else.
* Do we want to call this before we try to display a message?
*/
- crash_kexec(NULL);
+ crash_kexec(CRASH_ON_PANIC, NULL, buf);

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
diff -Nurp linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/kernel/sysctl.c linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/kernel/sysctl.c
--- linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5/kernel/sysctl.c 2006-06-14 16:25:35.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.17-rc6-git5.mod/kernel/sysctl.c 2006-06-14 16:02:46.000000000 +0900
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/nfs_fs.h>
#include <linux/acpi.h>
+#include <linux/kexec.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
@@ -683,6 +684,16 @@ static ctl_table kern_table[] = {
.proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
},
#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_KEXEC)
+ {
+ .ctl_name = KERN_KDUMP_SAFE,
+ .procname = "kdump_safe",
+ .data = &kdump_safe,
+ .maxlen = sizeof (int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ },
+#endif
{ .ctl_name = 0 }
};

-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2006-06-15 13:21    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans