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Subject[RFC PATCH 10/35] Add a new head.S start-of-day file for booting on Xen.
When running on Xen, the kernel is started with paging enabled.  Also
don't check for cpu features which are present on all cpus supported
by Xen.

Don't define segments which are not supported when running on Xen.

Define the __xen_guest section which exports information about the
kernel to the domain builder.

Signed-off-by: Ian Pratt <ian.pratt@xensource.com>
Signed-off-by: Christian Limpach <Christian.Limpach@cl.cam.ac.uk>
Signed-off-by: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org>
---
arch/i386/Makefile | 7 +-
arch/i386/kernel/head-cpu.S | 88 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/i386/kernel/head.S | 69 +-----------------------
arch/i386/mach-xen/Makefile | 2
arch/i386/mach-xen/head.S | 122 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 222 insertions(+), 66 deletions(-)
--- linus-2.6.orig/arch/i386/Makefile
+++ linus-2.6/arch/i386/Makefile
@@ -48,6 +48,9 @@ CFLAGS += $(shell if [ $(call cc-vers

CFLAGS += $(cflags-y)

+# Default subarch head files
+head-y := arch/i386/kernel/head.o arch/i386/kernel/init_task.o
+
# Default subarch .c files
mcore-y := mach-default

@@ -74,6 +77,8 @@ mcore-$(CONFIG_X86_SUMMIT) := mach-defa
# Xen subarch support
mflags-$(CONFIG_X86_XEN) := -Iinclude/asm-i386/mach-xen
mcore-$(CONFIG_X86_XEN) := mach-xen
+head-$(CONFIG_X86_XEN) := arch/i386/mach-xen/head.o \
+ arch/i386/kernel/init_task.o

# generic subarchitecture
mflags-$(CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH) := -Iinclude/asm-i386/mach-generic
@@ -88,8 +93,6 @@ core-$(CONFIG_X86_ES7000) := arch/i386/m
# default subarch .h files
mflags-y += -Iinclude/asm-i386/mach-default

-head-y := arch/i386/kernel/head.o arch/i386/kernel/init_task.o
-
libs-y += arch/i386/lib/
core-y += arch/i386/kernel/ \
arch/i386/mm/ \
--- linus-2.6.orig/arch/i386/kernel/head.S
+++ linus-2.6/arch/i386/kernel/head.S
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>

+#include "head-cpu.S"
+
/*
* References to members of the new_cpu_data structure.
*/
@@ -270,28 +272,12 @@ checkCPUtype:
testl $0x200000,%eax # check if ID bit changed
je is486

- /* get vendor info */
- xorl %eax,%eax # call CPUID with 0 -> return vendor ID
- cpuid
- movl %eax,X86_CPUID # save CPUID level
- movl %ebx,X86_VENDOR_ID # lo 4 chars
- movl %edx,X86_VENDOR_ID+4 # next 4 chars
- movl %ecx,X86_VENDOR_ID+8 # last 4 chars
+ CPUID_GET_VENDOR_INFO X86_CPUID, X86_VENDOR_ID

orl %eax,%eax # do we have processor info as well?
je is486

- movl $1,%eax # Use the CPUID instruction to get CPU type
- cpuid
- movb %al,%cl # save reg for future use
- andb $0x0f,%ah # mask processor family
- movb %ah,X86
- andb $0xf0,%al # mask model
- shrb $4,%al
- movb %al,X86_MODEL
- andb $0x0f,%cl # mask mask revision
- movb %cl,X86_MASK
- movl %edx,X86_CAPABILITY
+ CPUID_GET_CPU_TYPE X86, X86_MODEL, X86_MASK, X86_CAPABILITY

is486: movl $0x50022,%ecx # set AM, WP, NE and MP
jmp 2f
@@ -484,50 +470,5 @@ ENTRY(boot_gdt_table)
*/
.align L1_CACHE_BYTES
ENTRY(cpu_gdt_table)
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* NULL descriptor */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x0b reserved */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x13 reserved */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x1b reserved */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x20 unused */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x28 unused */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x33 TLS entry 1 */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x3b TLS entry 2 */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x43 TLS entry 3 */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x4b reserved */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x53 reserved */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x5b reserved */
-
- .quad 0x00cf9a000000ffff /* 0x60 kernel 4GB code at 0x00000000 */
- .quad 0x00cf92000000ffff /* 0x68 kernel 4GB data at 0x00000000 */
- .quad 0x00cffa000000ffff /* 0x73 user 4GB code at 0x00000000 */
- .quad 0x00cff2000000ffff /* 0x7b user 4GB data at 0x00000000 */
-
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x80 TSS descriptor */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x88 LDT descriptor */
-
- /*
- * Segments used for calling PnP BIOS have byte granularity.
- * They code segments and data segments have fixed 64k limits,
- * the transfer segment sizes are set at run time.
- */
- .quad 0x00409a000000ffff /* 0x90 32-bit code */
- .quad 0x00009a000000ffff /* 0x98 16-bit code */
- .quad 0x000092000000ffff /* 0xa0 16-bit data */
- .quad 0x0000920000000000 /* 0xa8 16-bit data */
- .quad 0x0000920000000000 /* 0xb0 16-bit data */
-
- /*
- * The APM segments have byte granularity and their bases
- * are set at run time. All have 64k limits.
- */
- .quad 0x00409a000000ffff /* 0xb8 APM CS code */
- .quad 0x00009a000000ffff /* 0xc0 APM CS 16 code (16 bit) */
- .quad 0x004092000000ffff /* 0xc8 APM DS data */
-
- .quad 0x0000920000000000 /* 0xd0 - ESPFIX 16-bit SS */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0xd8 - unused */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0xe0 - unused */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0xe8 - unused */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0xf0 - unused */
- .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0xf8 - GDT entry 31: double-fault TSS */
+ CPU_GDT_TABLE

--- linus-2.6.orig/arch/i386/mach-xen/Makefile
+++ linus-2.6/arch/i386/mach-xen/Makefile
@@ -2,6 +2,8 @@
# Makefile for the linux kernel.
#

+extra-y := head.o
+
obj-y := setup.o

setup-y := ../mach-default/setup.o
--- /dev/null
+++ linus-2.6/arch/i386/kernel/head-cpu.S
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
+/* Some macros for head.S */
+
+#include <mach_processor.h>
+
+.macro CPU_GDT_TABLE
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* NULL descriptor */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x0b reserved */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x13 reserved */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x1b reserved */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x20 unused */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x28 unused */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x33 TLS entry 1 */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x3b TLS entry 2 */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x43 TLS entry 3 */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x4b reserved */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x53 reserved */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x5b reserved */
+
+ .quad 0x00cf9a000000ffff /* 0x60 kernel 4GB code at 0x00000000 */
+ .quad 0x00cf92000000ffff /* 0x68 kernel 4GB data at 0x00000000 */
+ .quad 0x00cffa000000ffff /* 0x73 user 4GB code at 0x00000000 */
+ .quad 0x00cff2000000ffff /* 0x7b user 4GB data at 0x00000000 */
+
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x80 TSS descriptor */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0x88 LDT descriptor */
+
+ /*
+ * Segments used for calling PnP BIOS have byte granularity.
+ * They code segments and data segments have fixed 64k limits,
+ * the transfer segment sizes are set at run time.
+ */
+ .quad 0x00409a000000ffff /* 0x90 32-bit code */
+ .quad 0x00009a000000ffff /* 0x98 16-bit code */
+ .quad 0x000092000000ffff /* 0xa0 16-bit data */
+ .quad 0x0000920000000000 /* 0xa8 16-bit data */
+ .quad 0x0000920000000000 /* 0xb0 16-bit data */
+
+ /*
+ * The APM segments have byte granularity and their bases
+ * are set at run time. All have 64k limits.
+ */
+ .quad 0x00409a000000ffff /* 0xb8 APM CS code */
+ .quad 0x00009a000000ffff /* 0xc0 APM CS 16 code (16 bit) */
+ .quad 0x004092000000ffff /* 0xc8 APM DS data */
+
+ .quad 0x0000920000000000 /* 0xd0 - ESPFIX 16-bit SS */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0xd8 - unused */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0xe0 - unused */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0xe8 - unused */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0xf0 - unused */
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* 0xf8 - GDT entry 31: double-fault TSS */
+.endm
+
+/**
+ * CPUID_GET_VENDOR_INFO - macro for obtaining cpuid vendor info
+ * @cpuid_level: address to store max basic supported cpuid level
+ * @x86_vendor_id: buffer to store vendor id, must be at least 12 bytes
+ */
+.macro CPUID_GET_VENDOR_INFO cpuid_level, x86_vendor_id
+ /* get vendor info */
+ xorl %eax,%eax # call CPUID with 0 -> return vendor ID
+ cpuid
+ movl %eax,\cpuid_level # save CPUID level
+ movl %ebx,\x86_vendor_id # lo 4 chars
+ movl %edx,\x86_vendor_id+4 # next 4 chars
+ movl %ecx,\x86_vendor_id+8 # last 4 chars
+.endm
+
+/**
+ * CPUID_GET_CPU_TYPE - macro for obtaining cpuid version info
+ * @family: address to store family
+ * @model: address to store model
+ * @mask: address to store mask
+ * @capability: address to store capabilities
+ */
+.macro CPUID_GET_CPU_TYPE family, model, mask, capability
+ movl $1,%eax # Use the CPUID instruction to get CPU type
+ cpuid
+ movb %al,%cl # save reg for future use
+ andb $0x0f,%ah # mask processor family
+ movb %ah,\family
+ andb $0xf0,%al # mask model
+ shrb $4,%al
+ movb %al,\model
+ andb $0x0f,%cl # mask mask revision
+ movb %cl,\mask
+ movl %edx,\capability
+.endm
--- /dev/null
+++ linus-2.6/arch/i386/mach-xen/head.S
@@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
+
+
+.text
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/threads.h>
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <asm/segment.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/thread_info.h>
+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
+
+#include "../kernel/head-cpu.S"
+
+/*
+ * References to members of the new_cpu_data structure.
+ */
+
+#define X86 new_cpu_data+CPUINFO_x86
+#define X86_VENDOR new_cpu_data+CPUINFO_x86_vendor
+#define X86_MODEL new_cpu_data+CPUINFO_x86_model
+#define X86_MASK new_cpu_data+CPUINFO_x86_mask
+#define X86_HARD_MATH new_cpu_data+CPUINFO_hard_math
+#define X86_CPUID new_cpu_data+CPUINFO_cpuid_level
+#define X86_CAPABILITY new_cpu_data+CPUINFO_x86_capability
+#define X86_VENDOR_ID new_cpu_data+CPUINFO_x86_vendor_id
+
+ENTRY(startup_32)
+ movl %esi,xen_start_info
+ cld
+
+ /* Set up the stack pointer */
+ movl $(init_thread_union+THREAD_SIZE),%esp
+
+ CPUID_GET_VENDOR_INFO X86_CPUID, X86_VENDOR_ID
+ CPUID_GET_CPU_TYPE X86, X86_MODEL, X86_MASK, X86_CAPABILITY
+
+ movb $1,X86_HARD_MATH
+
+ xorl %eax,%eax # Clear FS/GS and LDT
+ movl %eax,%fs
+ movl %eax,%gs
+ cld # gcc2 wants the direction flag cleared at all times
+
+ call start_kernel
+L6:
+ jmp L6 # main should never return here, but
+ # just in case, we know what happens.
+
+#define HYPERCALL_PAGE_OFFSET 0x1000
+.org HYPERCALL_PAGE_OFFSET
+ENTRY(hypercall_page)
+.skip 0x1000
+
+/*
+ * Real beginning of normal "text" segment
+ */
+ENTRY(stext)
+ENTRY(_stext)
+
+/*
+ * BSS section
+ */
+.section ".bss.page_aligned","w"
+ENTRY(swapper_pg_dir)
+ .fill 1024,4,0
+ENTRY(empty_zero_page)
+ .fill 4096,1,0
+
+/*
+ * This starts the data section.
+ */
+.data
+
+ ALIGN
+ .word 0 # 32 bit align gdt_desc.address
+ .globl cpu_gdt_descr
+cpu_gdt_descr:
+ .word GDT_SIZE
+ .long cpu_gdt_table
+
+ .fill NR_CPUS-1,8,0 # space for the other GDT descriptors
+
+/*
+ * The Global Descriptor Table contains 28 quadwords, per-CPU.
+ */
+ .align PAGE_SIZE_asm
+ENTRY(cpu_gdt_table)
+ CPU_GDT_TABLE
+ /* Be sure this is zeroed to avoid false validations in Xen */
+ .fill PAGE_SIZE_asm / 8 - GDT_ENTRIES,8,0
+
+
+/*
+ * __xen_guest information
+ */
+.macro utoa value
+ .if (\value) < 0 || (\value) >= 0x10
+ utoa (((\value)>>4)&0x0fffffff)
+ .endif
+ .if ((\value) & 0xf) < 10
+ .byte '0' + ((\value) & 0xf)
+ .else
+ .byte 'A' + ((\value) & 0xf) - 10
+ .endif
+.endm
+
+.section __xen_guest
+ .ascii "GUEST_OS=linux,GUEST_VER=2.6"
+ .ascii ",XEN_VER=xen-3.0"
+ .ascii ",VIRT_BASE=0x"
+ utoa __PAGE_OFFSET
+ .ascii ",HYPERCALL_PAGE=0x"
+ utoa ((__PHYSICAL_START+HYPERCALL_PAGE_OFFSET)>>PAGE_SHIFT)
+ .ascii ",FEATURES=!writable_page_tables"
+ .ascii "|!auto_translated_physmap"
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+ .ascii ",PAE=yes"
+#else
+ .ascii ",PAE=no"
+#endif
+ .ascii ",LOADER=generic"
+ .byte 0
--
-
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