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SubjectRe: [PATCH] scsi: properly count the number of pages in scsi_req_map_sg()
Bryan Holty wrote:
> On Tuesday 21 March 2006 14:48, Bryan Holty wrote:
>> On Tuesday 21 March 2006 13:17, Mike Christie wrote:
>>> Bryan Holty wrote:
>>>> On Tuesday 21 March 2006 10:19, Dan Aloni wrote:
>>>>> On Tue, Mar 21, 2006 at 09:54:54AM -0600, James Bottomley wrote:
>>>>>> This is a good email to discuss on the scsi list:
>>>>>> linux-scsi@vger.kernel.org; whom I've added to the cc list.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On Tue, 2006-03-21 at 10:38 +0200, Dan Aloni wrote:
>>>>>>> Improper calculation of the number of pages causes bio_alloc() to
>>>>>>> be called with nr_iovecs=0, and slab corruption later.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> For example, a simple scatterlist that fails: {(3644,452), (0, 60)},
>>>>>>> (offset, size). bufflen=512 => nr_pages=1 => breakage. The proper
>>>>>>> page count for this example is 2.
>>>>>> Such a scatterlist would likely violate the device's underlying
>>>>>> boundaries and is not legal ... there's supposed to be special code
>>>>>> checking the queue alignment and copying the bio to an aligned buffer
>>>>>> if the limits are violated. Where are you generating these
>>>>>> scatterlists from?
>>>>> These scatterlists can be generated using the sg driver. Though I am
>>>>> actually running a customized version of the sg driver, it seems the
>>>>> conversion from a userspace array of sg_iovec_t to scatterlist stays
>>>>> the same and also applies to the original driver (see
>>>>> st_map_user_pages()).
>>>> Hello,
>>>> I am seeing the same issue when using direct io with sg. sg will
>>>> perform direct io on any date that is aligned with the devices
>>>> dma_align. The default for drivers that do not specify is 512. sg
>>>> builds the scatter gather list from the user specified location,
>>>> offsetting the first entry in the list if not page aligned. This is
>>>> the case that causes the improper allocation of "nr_iovec" in
>>>> scsi_req_map_sgand the later slab corruption.
>>>>
>>>> I don't think it is necessary to calculate nr_pages from the entire
>>>> list. Only sgl[0] is allowed to have an offset, so we can calculate
>>>> from that as follows.
>>>> --- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c 2006-03-03 13:17:22.000000000 -0600
>>>> +++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c 2006-03-21 11:36:39.389763804 -0600
>>>> @@ -368,12 +368,15 @@
>>>> int nsegs, unsigned bufflen, gfp_t gfp)
>>>> {
>>>> struct request_queue *q = rq->q;
>>>> - int nr_pages = (bufflen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>>>> + int nr_pages = 0;
>>>> unsigned int data_len = 0, len, bytes, off;
>>>> struct page *page;
>>>> struct bio *bio = NULL;
>>>> int i, err, nr_vecs = 0;
>>>> -
>>>> +
>>>> + if (nsegs)
>>> you can drop that test
>>>
>>>> + nr_pages = (bufflen + sgl[0].offset + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>>>> +
>>> I think we can do this without looping but I think this is broken. If we
>>> had a slight variant of Dan's example but we have a page and some change
>>> in the first entry {3644, 4548} and 0,60} in the last one, that would
>>> would only calculate two pages but we want three.
>>>
>>> I think we can have to calculate the first and last entries but the
>>> middle ones we can assume have no offset and lengths that are multiples
>>> of a page.
>> You are absolutely correct.
>> bufflen is not page masked and when added to the offset of the first entry,
>> will generate the correct nr_pages.
>>
>> nr_pages = (bufflen + sgl[0].offset + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>> ==
>> nr_pages = ((bufflen & PAGE_MASK) + (PAGE_SIZE-1) + sgl[0].offset +
>> sgl[nsegs-1].length) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>>
>> Either will calculate correctly.
>>
>> --
>> Bryan Holty
>> -
>> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
>> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
>> More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
>> Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
>
> Based on above, I think the most intuitive fix would be the offset addition of
> the first entry to the initialization of nr_pages.
>
> Without this change, for instance, with 4K io's every sg io that is
> dma_aligned for direct io, but not page aligned will cause slab corruption
> and an oops
>
> I am able to run a number of tests with sg that cause the boundary to be
> crossed, and with this fix there is no slab corruption or data corruption.
>
> Thanks Dan, I had been hunting for this for a couple of days!!
>
> Thoughts??
>
> Signed-off-by: Bryan Holty <lgeek@frontiernet.net>
>
> --- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c 2006-03-03 13:17:22.000000000 -0600
> +++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c 2006-03-22 06:09:09.669599539 -0600
> @@ -368,7 +368,7 @@
> int nsegs, unsigned bufflen, gfp_t gfp)
> {
> struct request_queue *q = rq->q;
> - int nr_pages = (bufflen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> + int nr_pages = (bufflen + sgl[0].offset + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> unsigned int data_len = 0, len, bytes, off;
> struct page *page;
> struct bio *bio = NULL;
> --


Was this patch ok? I was looking at some other problem and noticed this
was not merged. The original calculation that I did in the code is
wrong. I thought the calculation in this patch was correct, but I have
showed that my math skills are lacking so I may be wrong.
-
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