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Subject[RFC PATCH 05/35] Add sync bitops
Add "always lock'd" implementations of set_bit, clear_bit and
change_bit and the corresponding test_and_ functions. Also add
"always lock'd" implementation of cmpxchg. These give guaranteed
strong synchronisation and are required for non-SMP kernels running on
an SMP hypervisor.

Signed-off-by: Ian Pratt <ian.pratt@xensource.com>
Signed-off-by: Christian Limpach <Christian.Limpach@cl.cam.ac.uk>
Signed-off-by: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org>
---
include/asm-i386/bitops-fns.h | 97 +++++++++++++++++
include/asm-i386/bitops.h | 230 ++++++++++++++++--------------------------
include/asm-i386/system.h | 33 ++++++
3 files changed, 222 insertions(+), 138 deletions(-)
--- xen-subarch-2.6.orig/include/asm-i386/bitops.h
+++ xen-subarch-2.6/include/asm-i386/bitops.h
@@ -24,6 +24,34 @@

#define ADDR (*(volatile long *) addr)

+#define __LOCK_PREFIX LOCK_PREFIX
+#define __NAME(name) name
+#define __BARRIER : "memory"
+#include "bitops-fns.h"
+#undef __LOCK_PREFIX
+#undef __NAME
+#undef __BARRIER
+
+#define __LOCK_PREFIX
+#define __NAME(name) __##name
+#define __BARRIER
+#include "bitops-fns.h"
+#undef __LOCK_PREFIX
+#undef __NAME
+#undef __BARRIER
+
+#define __LOCK_PREFIX "lock ; "
+#define __NAME(name) synch_##name
+#define __BARRIER : "memory"
+#include "bitops-fns.h"
+#undef __LOCK_PREFIX
+#undef __NAME
+#undef __BARRIER
+
+#define smp_mb__before_clear_bit() barrier()
+#define smp_mb__after_clear_bit() barrier()
+
+#if 0 /* Fool kernel-doc */
/**
* set_bit - Atomically set a bit in memory
* @nr: the bit to set
@@ -39,30 +67,7 @@
* Note that @nr may be almost arbitrarily large; this function is not
* restricted to acting on a single-word quantity.
*/
-static inline void set_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr)
-{
- __asm__ __volatile__( LOCK_PREFIX
- "btsl %1,%0"
- :"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr));
-}
-
-/**
- * __set_bit - Set a bit in memory
- * @nr: the bit to set
- * @addr: the address to start counting from
- *
- * Unlike set_bit(), this function is non-atomic and may be reordered.
- * If it's called on the same region of memory simultaneously, the effect
- * may be that only one operation succeeds.
- */
-static inline void __set_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr)
-{
- __asm__(
- "btsl %1,%0"
- :"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr));
-}
+static inline void set_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr);

/**
* clear_bit - Clears a bit in memory
@@ -74,40 +79,7 @@ static inline void __set_bit(int nr, vol
* you should call smp_mb__before_clear_bit() and/or smp_mb__after_clear_bit()
* in order to ensure changes are visible on other processors.
*/
-static inline void clear_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr)
-{
- __asm__ __volatile__( LOCK_PREFIX
- "btrl %1,%0"
- :"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr));
-}
-
-static inline void __clear_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr)
-{
- __asm__ __volatile__(
- "btrl %1,%0"
- :"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr));
-}
-#define smp_mb__before_clear_bit() barrier()
-#define smp_mb__after_clear_bit() barrier()
-
-/**
- * __change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory
- * @nr: the bit to change
- * @addr: the address to start counting from
- *
- * Unlike change_bit(), this function is non-atomic and may be reordered.
- * If it's called on the same region of memory simultaneously, the effect
- * may be that only one operation succeeds.
- */
-static inline void __change_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr)
-{
- __asm__ __volatile__(
- "btcl %1,%0"
- :"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr));
-}
+static inline void clear_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr);

/**
* change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory
@@ -119,13 +91,7 @@ static inline void __change_bit(int nr,
* Note that @nr may be almost arbitrarily large; this function is not
* restricted to acting on a single-word quantity.
*/
-static inline void change_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr)
-{
- __asm__ __volatile__( LOCK_PREFIX
- "btcl %1,%0"
- :"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr));
-}
+static inline void change_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr);

/**
* test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value
@@ -136,56 +102,72 @@ static inline void change_bit(int nr, vo
* It may be reordered on other architectures than x86.
* It also implies a memory barrier.
*/
-static inline int test_and_set_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr)
-{
- int oldbit;
-
- __asm__ __volatile__( LOCK_PREFIX
- "btsl %2,%1\n\tsbbl %0,%0"
- :"=r" (oldbit),"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr) : "memory");
- return oldbit;
-}
+static inline int test_and_set_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr);

/**
- * __test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value
- * @nr: Bit to set
+ * test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value
+ * @nr: Bit to clear
* @addr: Address to count from
*
- * This operation is non-atomic and can be reordered.
- * If two examples of this operation race, one can appear to succeed
- * but actually fail. You must protect multiple accesses with a lock.
+ * This operation is atomic and cannot be reordered.
+ * It can be reordered on other architectures other than x86.
+ * It also implies a memory barrier.
*/
-static inline int __test_and_set_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr)
-{
- int oldbit;
-
- __asm__(
- "btsl %2,%1\n\tsbbl %0,%0"
- :"=r" (oldbit),"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr));
- return oldbit;
-}
+static inline int test_and_clear_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr);

/**
- * test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value
- * @nr: Bit to clear
+ * test_and_change_bit - Change a bit and return its old value
+ * @nr: Bit to change
* @addr: Address to count from
*
- * This operation is atomic and cannot be reordered.
- * It can be reorderdered on other architectures other than x86.
+ * This operation is atomic and cannot be reordered.
* It also implies a memory barrier.
*/
-static inline int test_and_clear_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr)
-{
- int oldbit;
+static inline int test_and_change_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr);

- __asm__ __volatile__( LOCK_PREFIX
- "btrl %2,%1\n\tsbbl %0,%0"
- :"=r" (oldbit),"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr) : "memory");
- return oldbit;
-}
+/**
+ * __set_bit - Set a bit in memory
+ * @nr: the bit to set
+ * @addr: the address to start counting from
+ *
+ * Unlike set_bit(), this function is non-atomic and may be reordered.
+ * If it's called on the same region of memory simultaneously, the effect
+ * may be that only one operation succeeds.
+ */
+static inline void __set_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr);
+
+/**
+ * __clear_bit - Clear a bit in memory
+ * @nr: the bit to clear
+ * @addr: the address to start counting from
+ *
+ * Unlike clear_bit(), this function is non-atomic and may be reordered.
+ * If it's called on the same region of memory simultaneously, the effect
+ * may be that only one operation succeeds.
+ */
+static inline void __clear_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr);
+
+/**
+ * __change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory
+ * @nr: the bit to change
+ * @addr: the address to start counting from
+ *
+ * Unlike change_bit(), this function is non-atomic and may be reordered.
+ * If it's called on the same region of memory simultaneously, the effect
+ * may be that only one operation succeeds.
+ */
+static inline void __change_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr);
+
+/**
+ * __test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value
+ * @nr: Bit to set
+ * @addr: Address to count from
+ *
+ * This operation is non-atomic and can be reordered.
+ * If two examples of this operation race, one can appear to succeed
+ * but actually fail. You must protect multiple accesses with a lock.
+ */
+static inline int __test_and_set_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long * addr);

/**
* __test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value
@@ -196,47 +178,19 @@ static inline int test_and_clear_bit(int
* If two examples of this operation race, one can appear to succeed
* but actually fail. You must protect multiple accesses with a lock.
*/
-static inline int __test_and_clear_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
-{
- int oldbit;
-
- __asm__(
- "btrl %2,%1\n\tsbbl %0,%0"
- :"=r" (oldbit),"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr));
- return oldbit;
-}
-
-/* WARNING: non atomic and it can be reordered! */
-static inline int __test_and_change_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
-{
- int oldbit;
-
- __asm__ __volatile__(
- "btcl %2,%1\n\tsbbl %0,%0"
- :"=r" (oldbit),"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr) : "memory");
- return oldbit;
-}
+static inline int __test_and_clear_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr);

/**
- * test_and_change_bit - Change a bit and return its old value
+ * __test_and_clear_bit - Change a bit and return its old value
* @nr: Bit to change
* @addr: Address to count from
*
- * This operation is atomic and cannot be reordered.
- * It also implies a memory barrier.
+ * This operation is non-atomic and can be reordered.
+ * If two examples of this operation race, one can appear to succeed
+ * but actually fail. You must protect multiple accesses with a lock.
*/
-static inline int test_and_change_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long* addr)
-{
- int oldbit;
-
- __asm__ __volatile__( LOCK_PREFIX
- "btcl %2,%1\n\tsbbl %0,%0"
- :"=r" (oldbit),"+m" (ADDR)
- :"Ir" (nr) : "memory");
- return oldbit;
-}
+static inline int __test_and_change_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr);
+#endif

#if 0 /* Fool kernel-doc since it doesn't do macros yet */
/**
--- xen-subarch-2.6.orig/include/asm-i386/system.h
+++ xen-subarch-2.6/include/asm-i386/system.h
@@ -263,6 +263,9 @@ static inline unsigned long __xchg(unsig
#define cmpxchg(ptr,o,n)\
((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__cmpxchg((ptr),(unsigned long)(o),\
(unsigned long)(n),sizeof(*(ptr))))
+#define synch_cmpxchg(ptr,o,n)\
+ ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__synch_cmpxchg((ptr),(unsigned long)(o),\
+ (unsigned long)(n),sizeof(*(ptr))))
#endif

static inline unsigned long __cmpxchg(volatile void *ptr, unsigned long old,
@@ -292,6 +295,36 @@ static inline unsigned long __cmpxchg(vo
return old;
}

+#define __LOCK_PREFIX "lock ; "
+static inline unsigned long __synch_cmpxchg(volatile void *ptr,
+ unsigned long old,
+ unsigned long new, int size)
+{
+ unsigned long prev;
+ switch (size) {
+ case 1:
+ __asm__ __volatile__(__LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgb %b1,%2"
+ : "=a"(prev)
+ : "q"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
+ : "memory");
+ return prev;
+ case 2:
+ __asm__ __volatile__(__LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgw %w1,%2"
+ : "=a"(prev)
+ : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
+ : "memory");
+ return prev;
+ case 4:
+ __asm__ __volatile__(__LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %1,%2"
+ : "=a"(prev)
+ : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
+ : "memory");
+ return prev;
+ }
+ return old;
+}
+#undef __LOCK_PREFIX
+
#ifndef CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG
/*
* Building a kernel capable running on 80386. It may be necessary to
--- /dev/null
+++ xen-subarch-2.6/include/asm-i386/bitops-fns.h
@@ -0,0 +1,97 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 1992, Linus Torvalds.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __NAME
+# error "please don't include this file directly"
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * set_bit - Atomically set a bit in memory
+ * @nr: the bit to set
+ * @addr: the address to start counting from
+ */
+static inline void __NAME(set_bit)(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ __asm__ __volatile__( __LOCK_PREFIX
+ "btsl %1,%0"
+ :"+m" (ADDR)
+ :"Ir" (nr));
+}
+
+/**
+ * clear_bit - Clears a bit in memory
+ * @nr: Bit to clear
+ * @addr: Address to start counting from
+ */
+static inline void __NAME(clear_bit)(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ __asm__ __volatile__( __LOCK_PREFIX
+ "btrl %1,%0"
+ :"+m" (ADDR)
+ :"Ir" (nr));
+}
+
+/**
+ * change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory
+ * @nr: Bit to change
+ * @addr: Address to start counting from
+ */
+static inline void __NAME(change_bit)(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ __asm__ __volatile__( __LOCK_PREFIX
+ "btcl %1,%0"
+ :"+m" (ADDR)
+ :"Ir" (nr));
+}
+
+/**
+ * test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value
+ * @nr: Bit to set
+ * @addr: Address to count from
+ */
+static inline int __NAME(test_and_set_bit)(int nr,
+ volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ int oldbit;
+
+ __asm__ __volatile__( __LOCK_PREFIX
+ "btsl %2,%1\n\tsbbl %0,%0"
+ :"=r" (oldbit),"+m" (ADDR)
+ :"Ir" (nr) __BARRIER);
+ return oldbit;
+}
+
+/**
+ * test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value
+ * @nr: Bit to clear
+ * @addr: Address to count from
+ */
+static inline int __NAME(test_and_clear_bit)(int nr,
+ volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ int oldbit;
+
+ __asm__ __volatile__( __LOCK_PREFIX
+ "btrl %2,%1\n\tsbbl %0,%0"
+ :"=r" (oldbit),"+m" (ADDR)
+ :"Ir" (nr) __BARRIER);
+ return oldbit;
+}
+
+/**
+ * test_and_change_bit - Change a bit and return its old value
+ * @nr: Bit to change
+ * @addr: Address to count from
+ */
+static inline int __NAME(test_and_change_bit)(int nr,
+ volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ int oldbit;
+
+ __asm__ __volatile__( __LOCK_PREFIX
+ "btcl %2,%1\n\tsbbl %0,%0"
+ :"=r" (oldbit),"+m" (ADDR)
+ :"Ir" (nr) __BARRIER);
+ return oldbit;
+}
--
-
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