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SubjectRe: sis96x compiled in by error: delay of one minute at boot
Hi Jean:

(cc'ed lm-sensors ML)

[user reports waiting ~23 seconds for i2c/hwmon stuff to init in a
monolithic kernel build]

> On 2006-03-15, Mark M. Hoffman wrote:
> > Wow, that's a huge delay. One alternative would be for i2c slaves to
> > behave more like USB and do the probing asynchronous to driver load;
> > i.e. 'modprobe w83627hf' returns before the chip is actually recognized
> > and attached.
>
* Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org> [2006-03-15 10:01:47 +0100]:
> You mean that the i2c subsystem would finally be rewritten from scratch
> to comply with the driver model? I'm waiting for your patches :)

Heh, 'spose I asked for that.

> > OTOH, that brings up all the related problems. E.g., you could no longer
> > expect this simple fragment of a RC script to work...
> >
> > modprobe i2c-sis96x
> > modprobe asb100
> > sensors -s
>
> I guess we would have to use hotplug instead then.
>
> > Short of fixing all that... one has to accept that (1) i2c bus probing
> > is slow, and (2) some i2c busses themselves are not reliably
> > detectable...
>
> Things can be improved still. The busses which cannot be reliably
> detected could test themselves, and discard themselves if they find they
> don't work. This is much the spirit of the bit_test parameter of the
> i2c-algo-bit module; it could be made the default. i2c-algo-pca could be
> added a similar option.
>
> Also, the i2c subsystem is currently relying on general probing for
> almost everything. Whenever you load an i2c chip driver, it'll probe
> all the i2c busses for supported chips. We tried to limit the probing
> area by introducing the concept of "classes", and we now only probe
> the busses which share a class with the i2c chip driver. Not all drivers
> have been modified to take benefit of that class check though, and the
> i2c core doesn't enforce it at the moment; it is all based on drivers
> cooperation. So there is room for improvement here.
>
> Last, sometimes you know exactly where the chip is, yet the i2c core
> doesn't offer a way to skip the probing step and attach the driver
> directly to the device. I'm working on a way to do that, and hope to
> have something ready to show soon. This should speed up the driver load
> quite a bit.

Here's a start: why does i2c-parport[-light] have a default adapter type?
Loading it with the default could be considered an accident by definition.
It takes ~6 seconds to load all of kernel/drivers/hwmon/*.ko on a test box
here with i2c-parport-light present (but without any adapter hardware).
With this patch, that drops to ~1 second.
---
This patch forces the user to specify what type of adapter is present when
loading i2c-parport or i2c-parport-light. If none is specified, the driver
init simply fails - instead of assuming adapter type 0.

This alleviates the sometimes lengthy boot time delays which can be caused
by accidentally building one of these into a kernel along with several i2c
slave drivers that have lengthy probe routines (e.g. hwmon drivers).

Signed-off-by: Mark M. Hoffman <mhoffman@lightlink.com>

--- linux-2.6.16-rc6.orig/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-parport-light.c
+++ linux-2.6.16-rc6/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-parport-light.c
@@ -121,9 +121,14 @@ static struct i2c_adapter parport_adapte

static int __init i2c_parport_init(void)
{
- if (type < 0 || type >= ARRAY_SIZE(adapter_parm)) {
+ if (type < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "i2c-parport: adapter type unspecified\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ if (type >= ARRAY_SIZE(adapter_parm)) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "i2c-parport: invalid type (%d)\n", type);
- type = 0;
+ return -ENODEV;
}

if (base == 0) {
--- linux-2.6.16-rc6.orig/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-parport.h
+++ linux-2.6.16-rc6/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-parport.h
@@ -90,7 +90,7 @@ static struct adapter_parm adapter_parm[
},
};

-static int type;
+static int type = -1;
module_param(type, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(type,
"Type of adapter:\n"
--- linux-2.6.16-rc6.orig/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-parport.c
+++ linux-2.6.16-rc6/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-parport.c
@@ -241,9 +241,14 @@ static struct parport_driver i2c_parport

static int __init i2c_parport_init(void)
{
- if (type < 0 || type >= ARRAY_SIZE(adapter_parm)) {
+ if (type < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "i2c-parport: adapter type unspecified\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ if (type >= ARRAY_SIZE(adapter_parm)) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "i2c-parport: invalid type (%d)\n", type);
- type = 0;
+ return -ENODEV;
}

return parport_register_driver(&i2c_parport_driver);
--
Mark M. Hoffman
mhoffman@lightlink.com

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