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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/4] PCI legacy I/O port free driver (take 3) - Update Documentation/pci.txt
Grant Grundler wrote:
> On Mon, Feb 27, 2006 at 01:52:59PM +0900, Kenji Kaneshige wrote:
>
>>This patch adds the description about legacy I/O port free driver into
>>Documentation/pci.txt.
>
>
> Kenji,
> Since you've done all the hard work so far, my small contribution
> is to rewrite the pci.txt so it's easier to read.
> Does this look better to you?
>

Thank you very much! This looks much better to me.
I'll update the patch.

As you know, it is very hard work for me to write English. I usually
spend much more time for that than writing C language...


> The new section on "Write Posting" is just a proposal (RFC).
> Write Posting has been discussed on most linux driver mailing lists
> but I didn't see it mentioned in Documentation/pci.txt
> (which seems like a natural place to discuss it).
>

I think this new section is very important and it should be added
to Documentation/pci.txt. I have been wondering that some drivers
might cause spurious interrupts because IIRC, some drivers don't
do "Write Posting" when they update their interrupt status register
through MMIO, though I don't know about it very much.

Thanks,
Kenji Kaneshige


> cheers,
> grant
>
>
> 9. Legacy I/O port free driver
>
> Large servers may not be able to provide I/O port resources to all
> PCI devices. I/O Port space is only 64KB on Intel Architecture[1]
> and is likely also fragmented since the I/O base register of PCI-to-PCI
> bridge will usually be aligned to a 4KB boundary[2]. On such systems,
> pci_enable_device() and pci_request_regions() will fail when attempting
> to enable I/O Port regions that don't have I/O Port resources assigned.
>
> Fortunately, many PCI devices which request I/O Port resources also
> provide access to the same registers via MMIO BARs. These devices
> can be handled without using I/O port space and the drivers typically
> offer a CONFIG_ option to only use MMIO regions (e.g. CONFIG_TULIP_MMIO).
> PCI devices typically provide I/O port interface for legacy OSs and
> will work when I/O port resources are not assigned. The "PCI Local Bus
> Specification Revision 3.0" discusses this on p.44, "IMPLEMENTATION NOTE".
>
> If your PCI device driver doesn't need I/O port resources assigned to
> I/O Port BARs, set the no_ioport flag in struct pci_dev before calling
> pci_enable_device() and pci_request_regions(). If the no_ioport flag
> is set, generic PCI support will ignore I/O port regions for the
> corresponding devices.
>
> [1] Some systems support 64KB I/O port space per PCI segment.
> [2] Some PCI-to-PCI bridges support optional 1KB aligned I/O base.
>
>
> 10. MMIO Space and "Write Posting"
>
> Converting a driver from using I/O Port space to using MMIO space
> often requires some additional changes. Specifically, "write posting"
> needs to be handled. Most drivers (e.g. tg3, acenic, sym53c8xx_2)
> already do. I/O Port space guarantees write transactions reach the
> PCI device before the CPU can continue. Writes to MMIO space allow
> to CPU continue before the transaction reaches the PCI device.
> HW weenies call this "Write Posting" because the write completion
> is "posted" to the CPU before the transaction has reached it's
> destination.
>
> Thus, timing sensitive code should add readl() where the CPU
> is expected to wait before doing other work. The classic "bit
> banging" sequence works fine for I/O Port space:
>
> for (i=8; --i; val >>= 1) {
> outb(val & 1, ioport_reg); /* write bit */
> udelay(10);
> }
>
> The same sequence for MMIO space should be:
>
> for (i=8; --i; val >>= 1) {
> writeb(val & 1, mmio_reg); /* write bit */
> readb(safe_mmio_reg); /* flush posted write */
> udelay(10);
> }
>
> It is important that "safe_mmio_reg" not have any side effects that
> interferes with the correct operation of the device.
>
> Another case to watch out for is when resetting a PCI device.
> Use PCI Configuration space reads to flush the writel(). This will
> gracefully handle the PCI master abort on all platforms if the PCI
> device is expected to not respond to a readl(). Most x86 platforms
> will allow MMIO reads to master abort (aka "Soft Fail") and return
> garbage (e.g. ~0). But many RISC platforms will crash (aka "Hard Fail").
>
>

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