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Subject[RFC][PATCH 2/4] PCI legacy I/O port free driver - Update Documantion/pci.txt
This patch adds the description about pci_select_resource() into

Signed-off-by: Kenji Kaneshige <>

Documentation/pci.txt | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 25 insertions(+)

Index: linux-2.6.16-rc3/Documentation/pci.txt
--- linux-2.6.16-rc3.orig/Documentation/pci.txt 2006-01-03 12:21:10.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.16-rc3/Documentation/pci.txt 2006-02-14 12:28:03.000000000 +0900
@@ -169,6 +169,31 @@
needed and wakes up the device if it was in suspended state. Please note
that this function can fail.

+ If you want to enable only the specific type of regions of the device,
+you can tell it to the kernel by calling pci_set_bar_mask() or
+pci_set_bar_mask_by_resource() before calling pci_enable_device(). Once
+you tell it to the kernel, the following pci_enable_device() and
+pci_request_regions() call will handles only the regions you specified.
+The kernel will enables all regions of the device if you don't use
+pci_set_bar_mask*(). The pci_set_bar_mask*() would be needed to make some
+drivers legacy I/O port free. On the large servers, I/O port resource could
+not be assigned to all PCI devices because it is limited (64KB on Intel
+Architecture[1]) and it would be fragmented (I/O base register of
+PCI-to-PCI bridge will usually be aligned to a 4KB boundary[2]). In this
+case, pci_enable_device() for those devices will fail if you try to enable
+all the regions. However, it is a problem for some PCI devices that provide
+both I/O port and MMIO interface because some of them can be handled
+without using I/O port interface. The reason why such devices provide I/O
+port interface is for compatibility to legacy OSs. So this kind of devices
+should work even if enough I/O port resources are not assigned. The "PCI
+Local Bus Specification Revision 3.0" also mentions about this topic
+(Please see p.44, "IMPLEMENTATION NOTE"). You can solve this problem by
+using pci_set_bar_mask*(). Please note that the information specified
+through pci_set_bar_mask*() will be cleared at pci_disable_device() time.
+[1] Some machines support 64KB I/O port space per PCI segment.
+[2] Some P2P bridges support optional 1KB aligned I/O base.
If you want to use the device in bus mastering mode, call pci_set_master()
which enables the bus master bit in PCI_COMMAND register and also fixes
the latency timer value if it's set to something bogus by the BIOS.

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