lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2006]   [Feb]   [13]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Date
Subject[PATCH] ia64: simplify and fix udelay()
The original ia64 udelay() was simple, but flawed for platforms without
synchronized ITCs: a preemption and migration to another CPU during the
while-loop likely resulted in too-early termination or very, very
lengthy looping.

The first fix (now in 2.6.15) broke the delay loop into smaller,
non-preemptible chunks, reenabling preemption between the chunks. This
fix is flawed in that the total udelay is computed to be the sum of just
the non-premptible while-loop pieces, i.e., not counting the time spent
in the interim preemptible periods. If an interrupt or a migration
occurs during one of these interim periods, then that time is invisible
and only serves to lengthen the effective udelay().

This new fix backs out the current flawed fix and returns to a simple
udelay(), fully preemptible and interruptible. It implements two simple
alternative udelay() routines: one a default generic version that uses
ia64_get_itc(), and the other an sn-specific version that uses that
platform's RTC.

Signed-off-by: John Hawkes <hawkes@sgi.com>

Index: linux/arch/ia64/kernel/time.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/ia64/kernel/time.c 2006-02-08 17:59:42.000000000 -0800
+++ linux/arch/ia64/kernel/time.c 2006-02-13 10:03:59.000000000 -0800
@@ -250,31 +250,26 @@ time_init (void)
set_normalized_timespec(&wall_to_monotonic, -xtime.tv_sec, -xtime.tv_nsec);
}

-#define SMALLUSECS 100
-
-void
-udelay (unsigned long usecs)
+/*
+ * Generic udelay assumes that if preemption is allowed and the thread
+ * migrates to another CPU, that the ITC values are synchronized across
+ * all CPUs.
+ */
+static void
+ia64_itc_udelay (unsigned long usecs)
{
- unsigned long start;
- unsigned long cycles;
- unsigned long smallusecs;
+ unsigned long start = ia64_get_itc();
+ unsigned long end = start + usecs*local_cpu_data->cyc_per_usec;

- /*
- * Execute the non-preemptible delay loop (because the ITC might
- * not be synchronized between CPUS) in relatively short time
- * chunks, allowing preemption between the chunks.
- */
- while (usecs > 0) {
- smallusecs = (usecs > SMALLUSECS) ? SMALLUSECS : usecs;
- preempt_disable();
- cycles = smallusecs*local_cpu_data->cyc_per_usec;
- start = ia64_get_itc();
+ while (time_before(ia64_get_itc(), end))
+ cpu_relax();
+}

- while (ia64_get_itc() - start < cycles)
- cpu_relax();
+void (*ia64_udelay)(unsigned long usecs) = &ia64_itc_udelay;

- preempt_enable();
- usecs -= smallusecs;
- }
+void
+udelay (unsigned long usecs)
+{
+ (*ia64_udelay)(usecs);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udelay);
Index: linux/arch/ia64/sn/kernel/sn2/timer.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/ia64/sn/kernel/sn2/timer.c 2006-02-08 17:59:42.000000000 -0800
+++ linux/arch/ia64/sn/kernel/sn2/timer.c 2006-02-09 09:02:31.000000000 -0800
@@ -28,9 +28,29 @@ static struct time_interpolator sn2_inte
.source = TIME_SOURCE_MMIO64
};

+extern void (*ia64_udelay)(unsigned long usecs);
+
+/*
+ * sn udelay uses the RTC instead of the ITC because the ITC is not
+ * synchronized across all CPUs, and the thread may migrate to another CPU
+ * if preemption is enabled.
+ */
+static void
+ia64_sn_udelay (unsigned long usecs)
+{
+ unsigned long start = rtc_time();
+ unsigned long end = start +
+ usecs * sn_rtc_cycles_per_second / 1000000;
+
+ while (time_before((unsigned long)rtc_time(), end))
+ cpu_relax();
+}
+
void __init sn_timer_init(void)
{
sn2_interpolator.frequency = sn_rtc_cycles_per_second;
sn2_interpolator.addr = RTC_COUNTER_ADDR;
register_time_interpolator(&sn2_interpolator);
+
+ ia64_udelay = &ia64_sn_udelay;
}
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2006-02-13 19:36    [W:0.037 / U:0.280 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site