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SubjectRe: [PATCH] WorkStruct: Implement generic UP cmpxchg() where an arch doesn't support it


On Thu, 7 Dec 2006, Nick Piggin wrote:
>
> It might be reasonable to implement this watered down version, but:
> don't some architectures have restrictions on what instructions can
> be issued between the ll and the sc?

Yes. You really probably do not want to expose ll/sc on a C level because
of this.

On alpha, the architecture manual says (I didn't go back and check, but
I'm pretty sure) that a ld.l and st.c cannot have a taken branch in
between then, for example. That basically means that you can't allow the
compiler to reorder the basic blocks (which it often will with a
while-loop).

Now, I actually suspect that this was not a microarchitectural flaw, and
that a branch would _work_ there, and that the architecture manual was
just being anal, but strictly speaking, it means that these things had
better always be in assembly, and you can sadly not expose them (on alpha,
at least) as higher-level primitives as such - you can only expose the
end result ("cmpxchg" or similar).

Linus
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