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Subject[PATCH 13/21] 2.6.19 perfmon2 : common core functions
This patch the core of perfmon2.

The core consists of:
- back-end to most system calls
- notification message queue management
- sampling buffer allocation
- support functions for sampling
- context allocation and destruction
- user level notification
- perfmon2 initialization
- permission checking




--- linux-2.6.19.base/include/linux/perfmon.h 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.19/include/linux/perfmon.h 2006-12-03 14:15:48.000000000 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,818 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2001-2006 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
+ * Contributed by Stephane Eranian <eranian@hpl.hp.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
+ * 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#ifndef __LINUX_PERFMON_H__
+#define __LINUX_PERFMON_H__
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PERFMON
+
+/*
+ * user interface definitions
+ *
+ * Do not use directly for applications, use libpfm/libc provided
+ * header file instead.
+ */
+
+#define PFM_MAX_HW_PMCS 256
+#define PFM_MAX_HW_PMDS 256
+#define PFM_MAX_XTRA_PMCS 64
+#define PFM_MAX_XTRA_PMDS 64
+
+#define PFM_MAX_PMCS (PFM_MAX_HW_PMCS+PFM_MAX_XTRA_PMCS)
+#define PFM_MAX_PMDS (PFM_MAX_HW_PMDS+PFM_MAX_XTRA_PMDS)
+
+/*
+ * number of elements for each type of bitvector
+ * all bitvectors use u64 fixed size type on all architectures.
+ */
+#define PFM_BVSIZE(x) (((x)+(sizeof(u64)<<3)-1) / (sizeof(u64)<<3))
+#define PFM_HW_PMD_BV PFM_BVSIZE(PFM_MAX_HW_PMDS)
+#define PFM_PMD_BV PFM_BVSIZE(PFM_MAX_PMDS)
+#define PFM_PMC_BV PFM_BVSIZE(PFM_MAX_PMCS)
+
+/*
+ * PMC/PMD flags to use with pfm_write_pmds() or pfm_write_pmcs()
+ *
+ * reg_flags layout:
+ * bit 00-15 : generic flags
+ * bit 16-23 : arch-specific flags
+ * bit 24-31 : error codes
+ */
+#define PFM_REGFL_OVFL_NOTIFY 0x1 /* PMD: send notification on overflow */
+#define PFM_REGFL_RANDOM 0x2 /* PMD: randomize sampling interval */
+#define PFM_REGFL_NO_EMUL64 0x4 /* PMC: no 64-bit emulation for counter */
+
+/*
+ * event set flags layout:
+ * bit 00-15 : generic flags
+ * bit 16-31 : arch-specific flags
+ */
+#define PFM_SETFL_OVFL_SWITCH 0x01 /* enable switch on overflow */
+#define PFM_SETFL_TIME_SWITCH 0x02 /* enable switch on timeout */
+#define PFM_SETFL_EXPL_NEXT 0x04 /* use set_id_next as the next set */
+
+/*
+ * PMD/PMC return flags in case of error (ignored on input)
+ *
+ * reg_flags layout:
+ * bit 00-15 : generic flags
+ * bit 16-23 : arch-specific flags
+ * bit 24-31 : error codes
+ *
+ * Those flags are used on output and must be checked in case EINVAL is
+ * returned by a command accepting a vector of values and each has a flag
+ * field, such as pfarg_pmc or pfarg_pmd.
+ */
+#define PFM_REG_RETFL_NOTAVAIL (1<<31) /* not implemented or unaccessible */
+#define PFM_REG_RETFL_EINVAL (1<<30) /* entry is invalid */
+#define PFM_REG_RETFL_NOSET (1<<29) /* event set does not exist */
+#define PFM_REG_RETFL_MASK (PFM_REG_RETFL_NOTAVAIL|\
+ PFM_REG_RETFL_EINVAL|\
+ PFM_REG_RETFL_NOSET)
+
+#define PFM_REG_HAS_ERROR(flag) (((flag) & PFM_REG_RETFL_MASK) != 0)
+
+/*
+ * argument to pfm_create_context() system call
+ * structure shared with user level
+ */
+struct pfarg_ctx {
+ __u32 ctx_flags; /* noblock/block/syswide */
+ __u32 ctx_reserved1; /* ret arg: fd for context */
+ __u64 ctx_reserved2[7]; /* for future use */
+};
+
+/*
+ * context flags (ctx_flags)
+ *
+ */
+#define PFM_FL_NOTIFY_BLOCK 0x01 /* block task on user notifications */
+#define PFM_FL_SYSTEM_WIDE 0x02 /* create a system wide context */
+#define PFM_FL_OVFL_NO_MSG 0x80 /* no overflow msgs */
+#define PFM_FL_MAP_SETS 0x10 /* event sets are remapped */
+
+/*
+ * argument to pfm_write_pmcs() system call.
+ * structure shared with user level
+ */
+struct pfarg_pmc {
+ __u16 reg_num; /* which register */
+ __u16 reg_set; /* event set for this register */
+ __u32 reg_flags; /* input: flags, return: reg error */
+ __u64 reg_value; /* pmc value */
+ __u64 reg_reserved2[4]; /* for future use */
+};
+
+/*
+ * argument to pfm_write_pmds() and pfm_read_pmds() system calls.
+ * structure shared with user level
+ */
+struct pfarg_pmd {
+ __u16 reg_num; /* which register */
+ __u16 reg_set; /* event set for this register */
+ __u32 reg_flags; /* input: flags, return: reg error */
+ __u64 reg_value; /* initial pmc/pmd value */
+ __u64 reg_long_reset; /* value to reload after notification */
+ __u64 reg_short_reset; /* reset after counter overflow */
+ __u64 reg_last_reset_val; /* return: PMD last reset value */
+ __u64 reg_ovfl_switch_cnt; /* #overflows before switch */
+ __u64 reg_reset_pmds[PFM_PMD_BV]; /* reset on overflow */
+ __u64 reg_smpl_pmds[PFM_PMD_BV]; /* record in sample */
+ __u64 reg_smpl_eventid; /* opaque event identifier */
+ __u64 reg_random_mask; /* bitmask used to limit random value */
+ __u32 reg_random_seed; /* seed for randomization (OBSOLETE) */
+ __u32 reg_reserved2[7]; /* for future use */
+};
+
+/*
+ * optional argument to pfm_start() system call. Pass NULL if not needed.
+ * structure shared with user level
+ */
+struct pfarg_start {
+ __u16 start_set; /* event set to start with */
+ __u16 start_reserved1; /* for future use */
+ __u32 start_reserved2; /* for future use */
+ __u64 reserved3[3]; /* for future use */
+};
+
+/*
+ * argument to pfm_load_context() system call.
+ * structure shared with user level
+ */
+struct pfarg_load {
+ __u32 load_pid; /* thread or CPU to attach to */
+ __u16 load_set; /* set to load first */
+ __u16 load_reserved1; /* for future use */
+ __u64 load_reserved2[3]; /* for future use */
+};
+
+/*
+ * argument to pfm_create_evtsets() and pfm_delete_evtsets() system calls.
+ * structure shared with user level.
+ */
+struct pfarg_setdesc {
+ __u16 set_id; /* which set */
+ __u16 set_id_next; /* next set to go to */
+ __u32 set_flags; /* input: flags, return: err flag */
+ __u64 set_timeout; /* req/eff switch timeout in nsecs */
+ __u64 set_mmap_offset; /* ret arg: cookie for mmap offset */
+ __u64 reserved[5]; /* for future use */
+};
+
+/*
+ * argument to pfm_getinfo_evtsets() system call.
+ * structure shared with user level
+ */
+struct pfarg_setinfo {
+ __u16 set_id; /* which set */
+ __u16 set_id_next; /* out: next set to go to */
+ __u32 set_flags; /* out:flags or error */
+ __u64 set_ovfl_pmds[PFM_PMD_BV]; /* out: last ovfl PMDs */
+ __u64 set_runs; /* out: #times the set was active */
+ __u64 set_timeout; /* out: effective/leftover switch timeout in nsecs */
+ __u64 set_act_duration; /* out: time set was active in nsecs */
+ __u64 set_mmap_offset; /* cookie to for mmap offset */
+ __u64 set_avail_pmcs[PFM_PMC_BV];/* unavailable PMCs */
+ __u64 set_avail_pmds[PFM_PMD_BV];/* unavailable PMDs */
+ __u64 reserved[4]; /* for future use */
+};
+
+/*
+ * default value for the user and group security parameters in
+ * /proc/sys/kernel/perfmon/sys_group
+ * /proc/sys/kernel/perfmon/task_group
+ */
+#define PFM_GROUP_PERM_ANY -1 /* any user/group */
+
+/*
+ * remapped set view. structure shared with user level via remapping
+ *
+ * IMPORTANT: cannot be bigger than PAGE_SIZE
+ */
+struct pfm_set_view {
+ __u32 set_status; /* set status: active/inact */
+ __u32 set_reserved1; /* for future use */
+ __u64 set_runs; /* number of activations */
+ __u64 set_pmds[PFM_MAX_PMDS]; /* 64-bit value of PMDS */
+ volatile unsigned long set_seq; /* sequence number of updates */
+};
+/*
+ * pfm_set_view status flags
+ */
+#define PFM_SETVFL_ACTIVE 0x1 /* set is active */
+
+/*
+ * overflow notification message.
+ * structure shared with user level
+ */
+struct pfm_ovfl_msg {
+ __u32 msg_type; /* generic message header */
+ __u32 msg_ovfl_pid; /* process id */
+ __u64 msg_ovfl_pmds[PFM_HW_PMD_BV];/* overflowed PMDs */
+ __u16 msg_active_set; /* active set at overflow */
+ __u16 msg_ovfl_cpu; /* cpu of PMU interrupt */
+ __u32 msg_ovfl_tid; /* kernel thread id */
+ __u64 msg_ovfl_ip; /* IP on PMU intr */
+};
+
+#define PFM_MSG_OVFL 1 /* an overflow happened */
+#define PFM_MSG_END 2 /* task to which context was attached ended */
+
+/*
+ * generic notification message (union).
+ * union shared with user level
+ */
+union pfm_msg {
+ __u32 type;
+ struct pfm_ovfl_msg pfm_ovfl_msg;
+};
+
+/*
+ * perfmon version number
+ */
+#define PFM_VERSION_MAJ 2U
+#define PFM_VERSION_MIN 3U
+#define PFM_VERSION (((PFM_VERSION_MAJ&0xffff)<<16)|\
+ (PFM_VERSION_MIN & 0xffff))
+#define PFM_VERSION_MAJOR(x) (((x)>>16) & 0xffff)
+#define PFM_VERSION_MINOR(x) ((x) & 0xffff)
+
+/*
+ * This part of the header file is meant for kernel level code only including
+ * kernel modules
+ */
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/kobject.h>
+
+/*
+ * perfmon context state
+ */
+#define PFM_CTX_UNLOADED 1 /* context is not loaded onto any task */
+#define PFM_CTX_LOADED 2 /* context is loaded onto a task */
+#define PFM_CTX_MASKED 3 /* context is loaded, monitoring is masked */
+#define PFM_CTX_ZOMBIE 4 /* context lost owner but is still attached */
+
+/*
+ * depth of message queue
+ */
+#define PFM_MSGS_ORDER 3 /* log2(number of messages) */
+#define PFM_MSGS_COUNT (1<<PFM_MSGS_ORDER) /* number of messages */
+#define PFM_MSGQ_MASK (PFM_MSGS_COUNT-1)
+
+/*
+ * type of PMD reset for pfm_reset_pmds() or pfm_switch_sets()
+ */
+#define PFM_PMD_RESET_NONE 0 /* do not reset (pfm_switch_sets) */
+#define PFM_PMD_RESET_SHORT 1 /* use short reset value */
+#define PFM_PMD_RESET_LONG 2 /* use long reset value */
+
+/*
+ * describe the content of the pfm_syst_info field
+ */
+#define PFM_CPUINFO_TIME_SWITCH 0x20 /* current set is time-switched */
+
+struct pfm_controls {
+ int debug; /* debugging via syslog */
+ int debug_ovfl; /* overflow handling debugging */
+ gid_t sys_group; /* gid to create a syswide context */
+ gid_t task_group; /* gid to create a per-task context */
+ size_t arg_mem_max; /* maximum vector argument size */
+ size_t smpl_buffer_mem_max; /* max buf mem, -1 for infinity */
+ int pmd_read;
+};
+
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, pfm_syst_info);
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, pmu_owner);
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct pfm_context *, pmu_ctx);
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(u64, pmu_activation_number);
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct pfm_stats, pfm_stats);
+
+/*
+ * logging
+ */
+#define PFM_ERR(f, x...) printk(KERN_ERR "perfmon: " f "\n", ## x)
+#define PFM_WARN(f, x...) printk(KERN_WARNING "perfmon: " f "\n", ## x)
+#define PFM_LOG(f, x...) printk(KERN_NOTICE "perfmon: " f "\n", ## x)
+#define PFM_INFO(f, x...) printk(KERN_INFO "perfmon: " f "\n", ## x)
+
+/*
+ * debugging
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_PERFMON_DEBUG
+#define PFM_DBG(f, x...) \
+ do { \
+ if (unlikely(pfm_controls.debug >0)) { \
+ printk("perfmon: %s.%d: CPU%d [%d]: " f "\n", \
+ __FUNCTION__, __LINE__, \
+ smp_processor_id(), current->pid , ## x); \
+ } \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define PFM_DBG_ovfl(f, x...) \
+ do { \
+ if (unlikely(pfm_controls.debug_ovfl >0)) { \
+ printk("perfmon: %s.%d: CPU%d [%d]: " f "\n", \
+ __FUNCTION__, __LINE__, \
+ smp_processor_id(), current->pid , ## x); \
+ } \
+ } while (0)
+#else
+#define PFM_DBG(f, x...) do {} while(0)
+#define PFM_DBG_ovfl(f, x...) do {} while(0)
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * PMD information
+ * software maintained value is in the pfm_set_view structure.
+ */
+struct pfm_pmd {
+ u64 lval; /* last reset value */
+ u64 ovflsw_thres; /* #overflows left before switching */
+ u64 long_reset; /* reset value on sampling overflow */
+ u64 short_reset; /* reset value on overflow */
+ u64 reset_pmds[PFM_PMD_BV]; /* pmds to reset on overflow */
+ u64 smpl_pmds[PFM_PMD_BV]; /* pmds to record on overflow */
+ u64 mask; /* mask for generator */
+ u32 flags; /* notify/do not notify */
+ u64 ovflsw_ref_thres; /* #overflows before switching to next set */
+ u64 eventid; /* overflow event identifier */
+};
+
+/*
+ * perfmon context: encapsulates all the state of a monitoring session
+ */
+struct pfm_event_set {
+ u16 id;
+ u16 id_next; /* which set to go to from this one */
+ u32 flags; /* public set flags */
+
+ struct list_head list; /* next in the ordered list */
+ struct pfm_event_set *sw_next; /* address of set to go to */
+ u32 priv_flags; /* private flags */
+ u32 npend_ovfls; /* number of pending PMD overflow */
+
+ u64 used_pmds[PFM_PMD_BV]; /* used PMDs */
+ u64 povfl_pmds[PFM_PMD_BV]; /* pending overflowed PMDs */
+ u64 ovfl_pmds[PFM_PMD_BV]; /* last overflowed PMDs */
+ u64 reset_pmds[PFM_PMD_BV]; /* PMDs to reset */
+ u64 ovfl_notify[PFM_PMD_BV]; /* notify on overflow */
+ u64 pmcs[PFM_MAX_PMCS]; /* PMC values */
+
+ u16 nused_pmds; /* max number of used PMDs */
+ u16 nused_pmcs; /* max number of used PMCs */
+
+ struct pfm_pmd pmds[PFM_MAX_PMDS]; /* 64-bit SW PMDs */
+ struct pfm_set_view *view; /* pointer to view */
+ u64 timeout_sw_ref; /* switch timeout reference */
+ u64 timeout_sw_left; /* timeout remaining */
+ u64 timeout_sw_exp; /* timeout expiration jiffies */
+ u64 duration_start; /* start ns */
+ u64 duration; /* total active ns */
+ off_t mmap_offset; /* view mmap offset */
+ u64 used_pmcs[PFM_PMC_BV]; /* used PMCs (keep for arbitration) */
+
+ unsigned long last_iip; /* last interrupt instruction pointer */
+ u64 last_ovfl_pmd_reset;/* reset of lowest idx of last overflowed pmds */
+ unsigned int last_ovfl_pmd; /* lowest idx of last overflowed pmds */
+};
+
+/*
+ * common private event set flags (priv_flags)
+ *
+ * upper 16 bits: for arch-specific use
+ * lower 16 bits: for common use
+ */
+#define PFM_SETFL_PRIV_MOD_PMDS 0x1 /* PMD register(s) modified */
+#define PFM_SETFL_PRIV_MOD_PMCS 0x2 /* PMC register(s) modified */
+#define PFM_SETFL_PRIV_SWITCH 0x4 /* must switch set on restart */
+#define PFM_SETFL_PRIV_MOD_BOTH (PFM_SETFL_PRIV_MOD_PMDS | PFM_SETFL_PRIV_MOD_PMCS)
+
+/*
+ * context flags
+ */
+struct pfm_context_flags {
+ unsigned int block:1; /* task blocks on user notifications */
+ unsigned int system:1; /* do system wide monitoring */
+ unsigned int no_msg:1; /* no message sent on overflow */
+ unsigned int can_restart:1; /* allowed to issue a PFM_RESTART */
+ unsigned int switch_ovfl:1; /* switch set on counter ovfl */
+ unsigned int switch_time:1; /* switch set on timeout */
+ unsigned int mapset:1; /* event sets are remapped */
+ unsigned int started:1; /* pfm_start() issued */
+ unsigned int work_type:2; /* type of work for pfm_handle_work */
+ unsigned int mmap_nlock:1; /* no lock in pfm_release_buf_space */
+ unsigned int reserved:19; /* for future use */
+};
+
+/*
+ * values for work_type (TIF_PERFMON_WORK must be set)
+ */
+#define PFM_WORK_NONE 0 /* nothing to do */
+#define PFM_WORK_RESET 1 /* reset overflowed counters */
+#define PFM_WORK_BLOCK 2 /* block current thread */
+#define PFM_WORK_ZOMBIE 3 /* cleanup zombie context */
+
+/*
+ * check_mask bitmask values for pfm_check_task_state()
+ */
+#define PFM_CMD_STOPPED 0x01 /* command needs thread stopped */
+#define PFM_CMD_UNLOADED 0x02 /* command needs ctx unloaded */
+#define PFM_CMD_UNLOAD 0x04 /* command is unload */
+
+#include <linux/perfmon_pmu.h>
+#include <linux/perfmon_fmt.h>
+
+/*
+ * perfmon context: encapsulates all the state of a monitoring session
+ */
+struct pfm_context {
+ spinlock_t lock; /* context protection */
+
+ struct pfm_context_flags flags; /* flags */
+ u32 state; /* state */
+ struct task_struct *task; /* attached task */
+
+ struct completion restart_complete;/* block on notification */
+ u64 last_act; /* last activation */
+ u32 last_cpu; /* last CPU used (SMP only) */
+ u32 cpu; /* cpu bound to context */
+
+ struct pfm_smpl_fmt *smpl_fmt; /* buffer format callbacks */
+ void *smpl_addr; /* smpl buffer base */
+ size_t smpl_size;
+
+ wait_queue_head_t msgq_wait; /* used when flags.kapi=0 */
+ union pfm_msg msgq[PFM_MSGS_COUNT];
+ int msgq_head;
+ int msgq_tail;
+
+ struct fasync_struct *async_queue;
+
+ struct pfm_event_set *active_set; /* active set */
+ struct list_head list; /* ordered list of sets */
+
+ /*
+ * save stack space by allocating temporary variables for
+ * pfm_overflow_handler() in pfm_context
+ */
+ struct pfm_ovfl_arg ovfl_arg;
+ u64 ovfl_ovfl_notify[PFM_PMD_BV];
+};
+
+static inline struct pfm_arch_context *pfm_ctx_arch(struct pfm_context *c)
+{
+ return (struct pfm_arch_context *)(c+1);
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_set_pmu_owner(struct task_struct *task,
+ struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ BUG_ON(task && task->pid == 0);
+ __get_cpu_var(pmu_owner) = task;
+ __get_cpu_var(pmu_ctx) = ctx;
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_inc_activation(void)
+{
+ __get_cpu_var(pmu_activation_number)++;
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_set_activation(struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ ctx->last_act = __get_cpu_var(pmu_activation_number);
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_set_last_cpu(struct pfm_context *ctx, int cpu)
+{
+ ctx->last_cpu = cpu;
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_modview_begin(struct pfm_event_set *set)
+{
+ set->view->set_seq++;
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_modview_end(struct pfm_event_set *set)
+{
+ set->view->set_seq++;
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_retflag_set(u32 flags, u32 val)
+{
+ flags &= ~PFM_REG_RETFL_MASK;
+ flags |= (val);
+}
+
+extern struct _pfm_pmu_config *pfm_pmu_conf;
+extern struct pfm_controls pfm_controls;
+extern atomic_t perfmon_disabled;
+
+int pfm_get_args(void __user *ureq, size_t sz, size_t lsz, void *laddr,
+ void **req, void **to_free);
+
+int pfm_get_task(struct pfm_context *ctx, pid_t pid, struct task_struct **task);
+int pfm_get_smpl_arg(char __user *fmt_uname, void __user *uaddr, size_t usize, void **arg,
+ struct pfm_smpl_fmt **fmt);
+
+int pfm_alloc_fd(struct file **cfile);
+
+int __pfm_write_pmcs(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfarg_pmc *req, int count);
+int __pfm_write_pmds(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfarg_pmd *req, int count,
+ int compat);
+int __pfm_read_pmds(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfarg_pmd *req, int count);
+int __pfm_load_context(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfarg_load *req,
+ struct task_struct *task);
+int __pfm_unload_context(struct pfm_context *ctx, int *can_release);
+int __pfm_stop(struct pfm_context *ctx);
+int __pfm_restart(struct pfm_context *ctx);
+int __pfm_start(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfarg_start *start);
+int __pfm_delete_evtsets(struct pfm_context *ctx, void *arg, int count);
+int __pfm_getinfo_evtsets(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfarg_setinfo *req,
+ int count);
+int __pfm_create_evtsets(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfarg_setdesc *req,
+ int count);
+
+int __pfm_create_context(struct pfarg_ctx *req,
+ struct pfm_smpl_fmt *fmt,
+ void *fmt_arg,
+ int mode,
+ struct pfm_context **new_ctx);
+
+int pfm_check_task_state(struct pfm_context *ctx, int check_mask,
+ unsigned long *flags);
+
+struct pfm_event_set *pfm_find_set(struct pfm_context *ctx, u16 set_id,
+ int alloc);
+
+struct pfm_context *pfm_get_ctx(int fd);
+
+void pfm_context_free(struct pfm_context *ctx);
+struct pfm_context *pfm_context_alloc(void);
+int pfm_pmu_conf_get(int autoload);
+void pfm_pmu_conf_put(void);
+
+int pfm_reserve_session(int is_system, u32 cpu);
+int pfm_release_session(int is_system, u32 cpu);
+
+int pfm_smpl_buffer_alloc(struct pfm_context *ctx, size_t rsize);
+int pfm_reserve_buf_space(size_t size);
+void pfm_release_buf_space(struct pfm_context *ctx, size_t size);
+
+struct pfm_smpl_fmt *pfm_smpl_fmt_get(char *name);
+void pfm_smpl_fmt_put(struct pfm_smpl_fmt *fmt);
+
+int pfm_init_sysfs(void);
+ssize_t pfm_sysfs_session_show(char *buf, size_t sz, int what);
+int pfm_sysfs_remove_pmu(struct _pfm_pmu_config *pmu);
+int pfm_sysfs_add_pmu(struct _pfm_pmu_config *pmu);
+
+int pfm_sysfs_add_fmt(struct pfm_smpl_fmt *fmt);
+int pfm_sysfs_remove_fmt(struct pfm_smpl_fmt *fmt);
+
+int pfm_sysfs_add_cpu(int mycpu);
+void pfm_sysfs_del_cpu(int mycpu);
+
+void pfm_interrupt_handler(unsigned long iip, struct pt_regs *regs);
+void pfm_save_prev_context(struct pfm_context *ctxp);
+
+void pfm_reset_pmds(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfm_event_set *set,
+ int reset_mode);
+
+void __pfm_handle_switch_timeout(void);
+int pfm_prepare_sets(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfm_event_set *act_set);
+int pfm_sets_init(void);
+
+int pfm_mmap_set(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ size_t size);
+
+void pfm_free_sets(struct pfm_context *ctx);
+void pfm_init_evtset(struct pfm_event_set *set);
+void pfm_switch_sets(struct pfm_context *ctx,
+ struct pfm_event_set *new_set,
+ int reset_mode,
+ int no_restart);
+
+void pfm_save_pmds(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfm_event_set *set);
+void pfm_mask_monitoring(struct pfm_context *ctx);
+int pfm_ovfl_notify_user(struct pfm_context *ctx,
+ struct pfm_event_set *set,
+ unsigned long ip);
+
+int pfm_init_fs(void);
+
+#define PFM_MAX_NUM_SETS 65536
+#define PFM_SET_REMAP_SCALAR PAGE_SIZE
+#define PFM_SET_REMAP_OFFS 16384 /* number of pages to offset */
+#define PFM_SET_REMAP_BASE (PFM_SET_REMAP_OFFS*PAGE_SIZE)
+#define PFM_SET_REMAP_OFFS_MAX (PFM_SET_REMAP_OFFS+\
+ PFM_MAX_NUM_SETS*PFM_SET_REMAP_SCALAR)
+
+struct pfm_stats {
+ u64 pfm_ovfl_intr_replay_count; /* replayed ovfl interrupts */
+ u64 pfm_ovfl_intr_regular_count;/* processed ovfl interrupts */
+ u64 pfm_ovfl_intr_all_count; /* total ovfl interrupts */
+ u64 pfm_ovfl_intr_ns; /* cycles in ovfl interrupts */
+ u64 pfm_ovfl_intr_phase1; /* cycles in ovfl interrupts */
+ u64 pfm_ovfl_intr_phase2; /* cycles in ovfl interrupts */
+ u64 pfm_ovfl_intr_phase3; /* cycles in ovfl interrupts */
+ u64 pfm_fmt_handler_calls; /* # calls smpl buffer handler */
+ u64 pfm_fmt_handler_ns; /* cycle in smpl format handler */
+ u64 pfm_set_switch_count; /* #set_switches on this CPU */
+ u64 pfm_set_switch_ns; /* cycles for switching sets */
+ u64 pfm_ctxsw_count; /* #context switches on this CPU */
+ u64 pfm_ctxsw_ns; /* cycles for context switches */
+ u64 pfm_handle_timeout_count; /* #count of set timeouts handled */
+ u64 pfm_ovfl_intr_nmi_count; /* count number of NMI-base ovfl */
+ u64 pfm_idle_start;
+ u64 pfm_idle_stop;
+ u64 pfm_ccnt0;
+ u64 pfm_ccnt1;
+ u64 pfm_ccnt2;
+ u64 pfm_ccnt3;
+ u64 pfm_ccnt4;
+ struct kobject kobj; /* for sysfs internal use only */
+};
+#define to_stats(n) container_of(n, struct pfm_stats, kobj)
+
+#include <asm/perfmon.h>
+
+extern const struct file_operations pfm_file_ops;
+/*
+ * max vector argument elements for local storage (no kmalloc/kfree)
+ * The PFM_ARCH_PM*_ARG should be defined in the arch specific perfmon.h
+ * file. If not, default (conservative) values are used
+ */
+
+#ifndef PFM_ARCH_PMC_STK_ARG
+#define PFM_ARCH_PMC_STK_ARG 1
+#endif
+
+#ifndef PFM_ARCH_PMD_STK_ARG
+#define PFM_ARCH_PMD_STK_ARG 1
+#endif
+
+#define PFM_PMC_STK_ARG PFM_ARCH_PMC_STK_ARG
+#define PFM_PMD_STK_ARG PFM_ARCH_PMD_STK_ARG
+
+#define PFM_BPL 64
+#define PFM_LBPL 6 /* log2(BPL) */
+
+/*
+ * upper limit for count in calls that take vector arguments. This is used
+ * to prevent for multiplication overflow when we compute actual storage size
+ */
+#define PFM_MAX_ARG_COUNT(m) (INT_MAX/sizeof(*(m)))
+
+/*
+ * those operations are not provided by linux/bitmap.h.
+ * We do not need atomicity nor volatile accesses here.
+ * All bitmaps are 64-bit wide.
+ */
+static inline void pfm_bv_set(u64 *bv, unsigned int rnum)
+{
+ bv[rnum>>PFM_LBPL] |= 1ULL << (rnum&(PFM_BPL-1));
+}
+
+static inline int pfm_bv_isset(u64 *bv, unsigned int rnum)
+{
+ return bv[rnum>>PFM_LBPL] & (1ULL<<(rnum&(PFM_BPL-1))) ? 1 : 0;
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_bv_clear(u64 *bv, unsigned int rnum)
+{
+ bv[rnum>>PFM_LBPL] &= ~(1ULL<< (rnum&(PFM_BPL-1)));
+}
+
+/*
+ * read a single PMD register. PMD register mapping is provided by PMU
+ * description module. Virtual PMD registers have special handler.
+ */
+static inline u64 pfm_read_pmd(struct pfm_context *ctx, unsigned int cnum)
+{
+ if (unlikely(pfm_pmu_conf->pmd_desc[cnum].type & PFM_REG_V))
+ return pfm_pmu_conf->pmd_sread(ctx, cnum);
+
+ return pfm_arch_read_pmd(ctx, cnum);
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_write_pmd(struct pfm_context *ctx, unsigned int cnum, u64 value)
+{
+ /*
+ * PMD writes are ignored for read-only registers
+ */
+ if (pfm_pmu_conf->pmd_desc[cnum].type & PFM_REG_RO)
+ return;
+
+ if (pfm_pmu_conf->pmd_desc[cnum].type & PFM_REG_V) {
+ pfm_pmu_conf->pmd_swrite(ctx, cnum, value);
+ return;
+ }
+ pfm_arch_write_pmd(ctx, cnum, value);
+}
+
+#define ulp(_x) ((unsigned long *)_x)
+
+#define PFM_NORMAL 0
+#define PFM_COMPAT 1
+
+void __pfm_exit_thread(struct task_struct *task);
+void __pfm_copy_thread(struct task_struct *task);
+void __pfm_ctxsw(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next);
+void __pfm_handle_work(void);
+void __pfm_handle_switch_timeout(void);
+void __pfm_init_percpu (void *dummy);
+void __pfm_cpu_disable(void);
+
+static inline void pfm_exit_thread(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ if (task->pfm_context)
+ __pfm_exit_thread(task);
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_handle_work(void)
+{
+ __pfm_handle_work();
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_copy_thread(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ /*
+ * task is child state
+ * perfmon context is never shared with child tasks
+ */
+ task->pfm_context = NULL;
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_PERFMON_CTXSW);
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_PERFMON_WORK);
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_ctxsw(struct task_struct *p, struct task_struct *n)
+{
+ __pfm_ctxsw(p, n);
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_handle_switch_timeout(void)
+{
+ unsigned long info;
+ info = __get_cpu_var(pfm_syst_info);
+ if (info & PFM_CPUINFO_TIME_SWITCH)
+ __pfm_handle_switch_timeout();
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_init_percpu(void)
+{
+ __pfm_init_percpu(NULL);
+}
+
+static inline void pfm_cpu_disable(void)
+{
+ __pfm_cpu_disable();
+}
+
+static inline int pfm_msgq_is_empty(struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ return ctx->msgq_head == ctx->msgq_tail;
+}
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+
+#else /* !CONFIG_PERFMON */
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+#define tsks_have_perfmon(p, n) (0)
+#define pfm_cpu_disable() do { } while (0)
+#define pfm_init_percpu() do { } while (0)
+#define pfm_exit_thread(_t) do { } while (0)
+#define pfm_handle_work(_t) do { } while (0)
+#define pfm_copy_thread(_t) do { } while (0)
+#define pfm_ctxsw(_p, _t) do { } while (0)
+#define pfm_handle_switch_timeout() do { } while (0)
+#ifdef __ia64__
+#define pfm_release_dbregs(_t) do { } while (0)
+#define pfm_use_dbregs(_t) (0)
+#endif
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_PERFMON */
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_PERFMON_H__ */
--- linux-2.6.19.base/perfmon/perfmon.c 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.19/perfmon/perfmon.c 2006-12-03 14:15:48.000000000 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,1685 @@
+/*
+ * perfmon.c: perfmon2 core functions
+ *
+ * This file implements the perfmon2 interface which
+ * provides access to the hardware performance counters
+ * of the host processor.
+ *
+ *
+ * The initial version of perfmon.c was written by
+ * Ganesh Venkitachalam, IBM Corp.
+ *
+ * Then it was modified for perfmon-1.x by Stephane Eranian and
+ * David Mosberger, Hewlett Packard Co.
+ *
+ * Version Perfmon-2.x is a complete rewrite of perfmon-1.x
+ * by Stephane Eranian, Hewlett Packard Co.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 1999-2006 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
+ * Contributed by Stephane Eranian <eranian@hpl.hp.com>
+ * David Mosberger-Tang <davidm@hpl.hp.com>
+ *
+ * More information about perfmon available at:
+ * http://www.hpl.hp.com/research/linux/perfmon
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
+ * 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/ptrace.h>
+#include <linux/perfmon.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
+
+/*
+ * internal variables
+ */
+static kmem_cache_t *pfm_ctx_cachep;
+
+/*
+ * external variables
+ */
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, pfm_syst_info);
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, pmu_owner);
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pfm_context *, pmu_ctx);
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, pmu_activation_number);
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pfm_stats, pfm_stats);
+
+#define PFM_INVALID_ACTIVATION ((u64)~0)
+
+atomic_t perfmon_disabled; /* >0 if perfmon is disabled */
+
+/*
+ * Reset PMD register flags
+ */
+#define PFM_PMD_RESET_NONE 0 /* do not reset (pfm_switch_set) */
+#define PFM_PMD_RESET_SHORT 1 /* use short reset value */
+#define PFM_PMD_RESET_LONG 2 /* use long reset value */
+
+static union pfm_msg *pfm_get_new_msg(struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ int next;
+
+ next = ctx->msgq_head & PFM_MSGQ_MASK;
+
+ if ((ctx->msgq_head - ctx->msgq_tail) == PFM_MSGS_COUNT)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * move to next possible slot
+ */
+ ctx->msgq_head++;
+
+ PFM_DBG("head=%d tail=%d msg=%d",
+ ctx->msgq_head & PFM_MSGQ_MASK,
+ ctx->msgq_tail & PFM_MSGQ_MASK,
+ next);
+
+ return ctx->msgq+next;
+}
+
+void pfm_context_free(struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ struct pfm_smpl_fmt *fmt;
+
+ fmt = ctx->smpl_fmt;
+
+ pfm_free_sets(ctx);
+
+ if (ctx->smpl_addr) {
+ PFM_DBG("freeing sampling buffer @%p size=%zu",
+ ctx->smpl_addr,
+ ctx->smpl_size);
+
+ pfm_release_buf_space(ctx, ctx->smpl_size);
+
+ if (fmt->fmt_exit)
+ (*fmt->fmt_exit)(ctx->smpl_addr);
+
+ vfree(ctx->smpl_addr);
+ }
+
+ PFM_DBG("free ctx @%p", ctx);
+ kmem_cache_free(pfm_ctx_cachep, ctx);
+ /*
+ * decrease refcount on:
+ * - PMU description table
+ * - sampling format
+ */
+ pfm_pmu_conf_put();
+ pfm_smpl_fmt_put(fmt);
+}
+
+/*
+ * only called in for the current task
+ */
+static int pfm_setup_smpl_fmt(struct pfm_smpl_fmt *fmt, void *fmt_arg,
+ struct pfm_context *ctx, u32 ctx_flags,
+ int mode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ size_t size = 0;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * validate parameters
+ */
+ if (fmt->fmt_validate) {
+ ret = (*fmt->fmt_validate)(ctx_flags, pfm_pmu_conf->num_pmds,
+ fmt_arg);
+ PFM_DBG("validate(0x%x,%p)=%d", ctx_flags, fmt_arg, ret);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * check if buffer format wants to use perfmon
+ * buffer allocation/mapping service
+ */
+ size = 0;
+ if (fmt->fmt_getsize) {
+ ret = (*fmt->fmt_getsize)(ctx_flags, fmt_arg, &size);
+ if (ret) {
+ PFM_DBG("cannot get size ret=%d", ret);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (size) {
+ if (mode == PFM_COMPAT)
+ ret = pfm_smpl_buffer_alloc_compat(ctx, size, filp);
+ else
+ ret = pfm_smpl_buffer_alloc(ctx, size);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error;
+
+ }
+
+ if (fmt->fmt_init) {
+ ret = (*fmt->fmt_init)(ctx, ctx->smpl_addr, ctx_flags,
+ pfm_pmu_conf->num_pmds,
+ fmt_arg);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error_buffer;
+ }
+ return 0;
+
+error_buffer:
+ pfm_release_buf_space(ctx, ctx->smpl_size);
+ /*
+ * we do not call fmt_exit, if init has failed
+ */
+ vfree(ctx->smpl_addr);
+error:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+void pfm_mask_monitoring(struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ struct pfm_event_set *set;
+ u64 now;
+
+ PFM_DBG_ovfl("masking monitoring");
+
+ now = sched_clock();
+ set = ctx->active_set;
+
+ /*
+ * monitoring can only be masked as a result of a valid
+ * counter overflow. In UP and per-thread mode,
+ * it is possible that the current task may not be the
+ * one that generated the overflow because the overflow happen
+ * very close to the context switch point where interrupts are
+ * masked. In SMP per-thread, current is always the task that
+ * generated the overflow.
+ *
+ * For system-wide, the current task is alwys the one that
+ * generated the overflow.
+ *
+ * In any case, accessing the PMU directly is always safe
+ * given that we are only called from the overflow handler.
+ */
+ pfm_modview_begin(set);
+ pfm_save_pmds(ctx, set);
+ pfm_modview_end(set);
+ pfm_arch_mask_monitoring(ctx);
+
+ /*
+ * accumulate the set duration up to this point
+ */
+ set->duration += now - set->duration_start;
+}
+
+/*
+ * interrupts are masked when entering this function.
+ * context must be in MASKED state when calling.
+ */
+static void pfm_unmask_monitoring(struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ struct pfm_event_set *set;
+
+ if (ctx->state != PFM_CTX_MASKED)
+ return;
+
+ PFM_DBG("unmasking monitoring");
+
+ set = ctx->active_set;
+
+ /*
+ * must be done before calling
+ * pfm_arch_unmask_monitoring()
+ */
+ ctx->state = PFM_CTX_LOADED;
+
+ pfm_arch_restore_pmds(ctx, set);
+
+ pfm_arch_unmask_monitoring(ctx);
+
+ set->priv_flags &= ~PFM_SETFL_PRIV_MOD_BOTH;
+
+ /*
+ * reset set duration timer
+ */
+ set->duration_start = sched_clock();
+}
+
+/*
+ * called from pfm_smpl_buffer_alloc_old() (IA64-COMPAT)
+ * and pfm_setup_smpl_fmt()
+ *
+ * interrupts are enabled, context is not locked.
+ */
+int pfm_smpl_buffer_alloc(struct pfm_context *ctx, size_t rsize)
+{
+ void *addr;
+ size_t size;
+ int ret;
+
+ might_sleep();
+
+ /*
+ * align page boundary
+ */
+ size = PAGE_ALIGN(rsize);
+
+ PFM_DBG("buffer req_size=%zu actual_size=%zu before", rsize, size);
+
+ ret = pfm_reserve_buf_space(size);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ PFM_DBG("buffer req_size=%zu actual_size=%zu after", rsize, size);
+ /*
+ * vmalloc can sleep. we do not hold
+ * any spinlock and interrupts are enabled
+ */
+ addr = vmalloc(size);
+ if (!addr) {
+ PFM_DBG("cannot allocate sampling buffer");
+ goto unres;
+ }
+
+ memset(addr, 0, size);
+
+ ctx->smpl_addr = addr;
+ ctx->smpl_size = size;
+
+ PFM_DBG("kernel smpl buffer @%p", addr);
+
+ return 0;
+unres:
+ PFM_DBG("buffer req_size=%zu actual_size=%zu error", rsize, size);
+ pfm_release_buf_space(ctx, size);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+static inline u64 pfm_new_pmd_value (struct pfm_pmd *reg, int reset_mode)
+{
+ u64 val, mask;
+ u64 new_seed;
+
+ val = reset_mode == PFM_PMD_RESET_LONG ? reg->long_reset : reg->short_reset;
+
+ if (reg->flags & PFM_REGFL_RANDOM) {
+ mask = reg->mask;
+ new_seed = random32();
+
+ /* construct a full 64-bit random value: */
+ if ((unlikely(mask >> 32) != 0))
+ new_seed |= (u64)random32() << 32;
+
+ /* counter values are negative numbers! */
+ val -= (new_seed & mask);
+ }
+ return val;
+}
+
+void pfm_reset_pmds(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfm_event_set *set,
+ int reset_mode)
+{
+ u64 ovfl_mask, hw_val;
+ u64 *cnt_mask, *reset_pmds;
+ u64 val;
+ unsigned int i, max_pmd, not_masked;
+
+ reset_pmds = set->reset_pmds;
+ max_pmd = pfm_pmu_conf->max_pmd;
+
+ ovfl_mask = pfm_pmu_conf->ovfl_mask;
+ cnt_mask = pfm_pmu_conf->cnt_pmds;
+ not_masked = ctx->state != PFM_CTX_MASKED;
+
+ PFM_DBG_ovfl("%s r_pmds=0x%llx not_masked=%d",
+ reset_mode == PFM_PMD_RESET_LONG ? "long" : "short",
+ (unsigned long long)reset_pmds[0],
+ not_masked);
+
+ pfm_modview_begin(set);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < max_pmd; i++) {
+ if (pfm_bv_isset(reset_pmds, i)) {
+
+ val = pfm_new_pmd_value(set->pmds + i, reset_mode);
+
+ set->view->set_pmds[i]= val;
+ set->pmds[i].lval = val;
+
+ /*
+ * not all PMD to reset are necessarily
+ * counters
+ */
+ if (not_masked) {
+ if (pfm_bv_isset(cnt_mask, i))
+ hw_val = val & ovfl_mask;
+ else
+ hw_val = val;
+ pfm_write_pmd(ctx, i, hw_val);
+ }
+ PFM_DBG_ovfl("pmd%u set=%u sval=0x%llx",
+ i,
+ set->id,
+ (unsigned long long)val);
+ }
+ }
+
+ pfm_modview_end(set);
+
+ /*
+ * done with reset
+ */
+ bitmap_zero(ulp(reset_pmds), max_pmd);
+
+ /*
+ * make changes visible
+ */
+ if (not_masked)
+ pfm_arch_serialize();
+}
+
+/*
+ * called from pfm_handle_work() and __pfm_restart()
+ * for system-wide and per-thread context to resume
+ * monitoring after a user level notification.
+ *
+ * In both cases, the context is locked and interrupts
+ * are disabled.
+ */
+static void pfm_resume_after_ovfl(struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ struct pfm_smpl_fmt *fmt;
+ u32 rst_ctrl;
+ struct pfm_event_set *set;
+ u64 *reset_pmds;
+ void *hdr;
+ int state, ret;
+
+ hdr = ctx->smpl_addr;
+ fmt = ctx->smpl_fmt;
+ state = ctx->state;
+ set = ctx->active_set;
+ ret = 0;
+
+ if (hdr) {
+ rst_ctrl = 0;
+ prefetch(hdr);
+ } else
+ rst_ctrl= PFM_OVFL_CTRL_RESET;
+
+ /*
+ * if using a sampling buffer format and it has a restart callback,
+ * then invoke it. hdr may be NULL, it the format does not use a
+ * perfmon buffer
+ */
+ if (fmt && fmt->fmt_restart)
+ ret = (*fmt->fmt_restart)(state == PFM_CTX_LOADED, &rst_ctrl, hdr);
+
+ reset_pmds = set->reset_pmds;
+
+ PFM_DBG("restart=%d set=%u r_pmds=0x%llx switch=%d ctx_state=%d",
+ ret,
+ set->id,
+ (unsigned long long)reset_pmds[0],
+ !(set->priv_flags & PFM_SETFL_PRIV_SWITCH),
+ state);
+
+ if (!ret) {
+ /*
+ * switch set if needed
+ */
+ if (set->priv_flags & PFM_SETFL_PRIV_SWITCH) {
+ set->priv_flags &= ~PFM_SETFL_PRIV_SWITCH;
+ pfm_switch_sets(ctx, NULL, PFM_PMD_RESET_LONG, 0);
+ set = ctx->active_set;
+ } else if (rst_ctrl & PFM_OVFL_CTRL_RESET) {
+ if (!bitmap_empty(ulp(set->reset_pmds), pfm_pmu_conf->max_pmd))
+ pfm_reset_pmds(ctx, set, PFM_PMD_RESET_LONG);
+ }
+
+ if (!(rst_ctrl & PFM_OVFL_CTRL_MASK))
+ pfm_unmask_monitoring(ctx);
+ else
+ PFM_DBG("stopping monitoring?");
+ ctx->state = PFM_CTX_LOADED;
+ }
+ ctx->flags.can_restart = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function is always called after pfm_stop has been issued
+ */
+void pfm_flush_pmds(struct task_struct *task, struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ struct pfm_event_set *set;
+ u64 ovfl_mask;
+ u64 *ovfl_pmds;
+ u32 num_ovfls;
+ u16 i, first_cnt_pmd;
+
+ ovfl_mask = pfm_pmu_conf->ovfl_mask;
+ first_cnt_pmd = pfm_pmu_conf->first_cnt_pmd;
+
+ set = ctx->active_set;
+
+ /*
+ * save active set
+ * UP:
+ * if not current task and due to lazy, state may
+ * still be live
+ * for system-wide, guaranteed to run on correct CPU
+ */
+ if (__get_cpu_var(pmu_ctx) == ctx) {
+ /*
+ * pending overflows have been saved by pfm_stop()
+ */
+ pfm_modview_begin(set);
+ pfm_save_pmds(ctx, set);
+ pfm_modview_end(set);
+ pfm_set_pmu_owner(NULL, NULL);
+ PFM_DBG("released ownership");
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * cleanup each set
+ */
+ list_for_each_entry(set, &ctx->list, list) {
+ if (!set->npend_ovfls)
+ continue;
+
+ pfm_modview_begin(set);
+
+ /*
+ * take care of overflow
+ * no format handler is called here
+ */
+ ovfl_pmds = set->povfl_pmds;
+ num_ovfls = set->npend_ovfls;
+
+ PFM_DBG("set%u first=%u novfls=%u",
+ set->id, first_cnt_pmd, num_ovfls);
+ /*
+ * only look up to the last counting PMD register
+ */
+ for (i = first_cnt_pmd; num_ovfls; i++) {
+ if (pfm_bv_isset(ovfl_pmds, i)) {
+ set->view->set_pmds[i] += 1 + ovfl_mask;
+ num_ovfls--;
+ PFM_DBG("pmd%u overflowed", i);
+ }
+ PFM_DBG("pmd%u set=%u val=0x%llx",
+ i,
+ set->id,
+ (unsigned long long)set->view->set_pmds[i]);
+ }
+ pfm_modview_end(set);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function is called when we need to perfmon asynchronous
+ * work on a context. This function is called ONLY when about to
+ * return to user mode (very much like with signals handling).
+ *
+ * There are several reasons why we come here:
+ *
+ * - per-thread mode, not self-monitoring, to reset the counters
+ * after a pfm_restart() by the thread controlling the context
+ *
+ * - because we are zombie and we need to cleanup our state
+ *
+ * - because we need to block after an overflow notification
+ * as requested by user with the PFM_OVFL_NOTIFY_BLOCK flag
+ *
+ * This function is never called for a system-wide context.
+ *
+ * pfm_handle_work() can be called with interrupts enabled
+ * (TIF_NEED_RESCHED) or disabled. The down_interruptible
+ * call may sleep, therefore we must re-enable interrupts
+ * to avoid deadlocks. It is safe to do so because this function
+ * is called ONLY when returning to user level, in which case
+ * there is no risk of kernel stack overflow due to deep
+ * interrupt nesting.
+ */
+void __pfm_handle_work(void)
+{
+ struct pfm_context *ctx;
+ unsigned long flags, dummy_flags;
+ int type, ret, can_release;
+
+ clear_thread_flag(TIF_PERFMON_WORK);
+
+ ctx = current->pfm_context;
+ if (ctx == NULL) {
+ PFM_ERR("handle_work [%d] has no ctx", current->pid);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ BUG_ON(ctx->flags.system);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags);
+
+ type = ctx->flags.work_type;
+ ctx->flags.work_type = PFM_WORK_NONE;
+
+ /*
+ * must be done before we check for simple reset mode
+ */
+ if (type == PFM_WORK_ZOMBIE)
+ goto do_zombie;
+
+ if (type == PFM_WORK_RESET) {
+ PFM_DBG("counter reset");
+ goto skip_blocking;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * restore interrupt mask to what it was on entry.
+ * Could be enabled/disabled.
+ */
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags);
+
+ /*
+ * force interrupt enable because of down_interruptible()
+ */
+ local_irq_enable();
+
+ PFM_DBG("before block sleeping");
+
+ /*
+ * may go through without blocking on SMP systems
+ * if restart has been received already by the time we call down()
+ */
+ ret = wait_for_completion_interruptible(&ctx->restart_complete);
+
+ PFM_DBG("after block sleeping ret=%d", ret);
+
+ /*
+ * lock context and mask interrupts again
+ * We save flags into a dummy because we may have
+ * altered interrupts mask compared to entry in this
+ * function.
+ */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, dummy_flags);
+
+ if (ctx->state == PFM_CTX_ZOMBIE)
+ goto do_zombie;
+
+ /*
+ * in case of interruption of down() we don't restart anything
+ */
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto nothing_to_do;
+
+skip_blocking:
+ pfm_resume_after_ovfl(ctx);
+
+nothing_to_do:
+ /*
+ * restore flags as they were upon entry
+ */
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags);
+ return;
+
+do_zombie:
+ PFM_DBG("context is zombie, bailing out");
+
+ __pfm_unload_context(ctx, &can_release);
+
+ /*
+ * enable interrupt for vfree()
+ */
+ local_irq_enable();
+
+ /*
+ * actual context free
+ */
+ pfm_context_free(ctx);
+
+ /*
+ * restore interrupts as they were upon entry
+ */
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ /* always true) */
+ if (can_release)
+ pfm_release_session(0, 0);
+}
+
+static int pfm_notify_user(struct pfm_context *ctx, union pfm_msg *msg)
+{
+ if (ctx->state == PFM_CTX_ZOMBIE) {
+ PFM_DBG("ignoring overflow notification, owner is zombie");
+ return 0;
+ }
+ PFM_DBG("waking up somebody");
+
+ wake_up_interruptible(&ctx->msgq_wait);
+
+ /*
+ * it is safe to call kill_fasync() from an interrupt
+ * handler. kill_fasync() grabs two RW locks (fasync_lock,
+ * tasklist_lock) in read mode. There is conflict only in
+ * case the PMU interrupt occurs during a write mode critical
+ * section. This cannot happen because for both locks, the
+ * write mode is always using interrupt masking (write_lock_irq).
+ */
+ kill_fasync (&ctx->async_queue, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * send a counter overflow notification message to
+ * user. First appends the message to the queue, then
+ * wake up ay waiter on the file descriptor
+ *
+ * context is locked and interrupts are disabled (no preemption).
+ */
+int pfm_ovfl_notify_user(struct pfm_context *ctx,
+ struct pfm_event_set *set,
+ unsigned long ip)
+{
+ union pfm_msg *msg = NULL;
+ int max_cnt_pmd;
+ u64 *ovfl_pmds;
+
+ max_cnt_pmd = pfm_pmu_conf->max_cnt_pmd;
+
+ if (!ctx->flags.no_msg) {
+ msg = pfm_get_new_msg(ctx);
+ if (msg == NULL) {
+ /*
+ * when message queue fills up it is because the user
+ * did not extract the message, yet issued
+ * pfm_restart(). At this point, we stop sending
+ * notification, thus the user will not be able to get
+ * new samples when using the default format.
+ */
+ PFM_DBG_ovfl("no more notification msgs");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ msg->pfm_ovfl_msg.msg_type = PFM_MSG_OVFL;
+ msg->pfm_ovfl_msg.msg_ovfl_pid = current->pid;
+ msg->pfm_ovfl_msg.msg_active_set = set->id;
+
+ ovfl_pmds = msg->pfm_ovfl_msg.msg_ovfl_pmds;
+
+ bitmap_copy(ulp(ovfl_pmds), ulp(set->ovfl_pmds),
+ max_cnt_pmd);
+
+ msg->pfm_ovfl_msg.msg_ovfl_cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ msg->pfm_ovfl_msg.msg_ovfl_tid = current->tgid;
+ msg->pfm_ovfl_msg.msg_ovfl_ip = ip;
+ }
+
+ PFM_DBG("ovfl msg: ip=0x%lx o_pmds=0x%llx",
+ ip,
+ (unsigned long long)set->ovfl_pmds[0]);
+
+ return pfm_notify_user(ctx, msg);
+}
+
+/*
+ * In per-thread mode, when not self-monitoring, perfmon
+ * send a 'end' notification message when the monitored
+ * thread where the context is attached is exiting.
+ *
+ * This helper message alleviate the need to track the activity
+ * of the thread/process when it is not directly related, i.e.,
+ * was attached vs was forked/execd.
+ *
+ * This function appends the 'end' notification message to the
+ * queue.
+ *
+ * the context must be locked and interrupts disabled.
+ */
+static int pfm_end_notify_user(struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ union pfm_msg *msg;
+
+ msg = pfm_get_new_msg(ctx);
+ if (msg == NULL) {
+ PFM_ERR("%s no more msgs", __FUNCTION__);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ /* no leak */
+ memset(msg, 0, sizeof(*msg));
+
+ msg->type = PFM_MSG_END;
+
+ PFM_DBG("end msg: msg=%p no_msg=%d",
+ msg,
+ ctx->flags.no_msg);
+
+ return pfm_notify_user(ctx, msg);
+}
+
+/*
+ * called only from exit_thread(): task == current
+ * we come here only if current has a context
+ * attached (loaded or masked or zombie)
+ */
+void __pfm_exit_thread(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct pfm_context *ctx;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int free_ok = 0, can_release = 0;
+
+ ctx = task->pfm_context;
+
+ BUG_ON(ctx->flags.system);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags);
+
+ PFM_DBG("state=%d", ctx->state);
+
+ /*
+ * __pfm_unload_context() cannot fail
+ * in the context states we are interested in
+ */
+ switch (ctx->state) {
+ case PFM_CTX_LOADED:
+ case PFM_CTX_MASKED:
+ __pfm_unload_context(ctx, &can_release);
+ pfm_end_notify_user(ctx);
+ break;
+ case PFM_CTX_ZOMBIE:
+ __pfm_unload_context(ctx, &can_release);
+ free_ok = 1;
+ break;
+ default:
+ BUG_ON(ctx->state != PFM_CTX_LOADED);
+ break;
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags);
+
+ if (can_release)
+ pfm_release_session(0, 0);
+
+ /*
+ * All memory free operations (especially for vmalloc'ed memory)
+ * MUST be done with interrupts ENABLED.
+ */
+ if (free_ok)
+ pfm_context_free(ctx);
+}
+
+/*
+ * CPU hotplug event nofication callback
+ *
+ * We use the callback to do manage the sysfs interface.
+ * Note that the actual shutdown of monitoring on the CPU
+ * is done in __pfm_cpu_disable(), see comments there for more
+ * information.
+ */
+static int pfm_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *nfb,
+ unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
+{
+ unsigned int cpu = (unsigned long)hcpu;
+ int ret = NOTIFY_OK;
+
+ pfm_pmu_conf_get(0);
+
+ switch (action) {
+ case CPU_ONLINE:
+ pfm_sysfs_add_cpu(cpu);
+ PFM_INFO("CPU%d is online", cpu);
+ break;
+ case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
+ PFM_INFO("CPU%d prepare online", cpu);
+ break;
+ case CPU_UP_CANCELED:
+ pfm_sysfs_del_cpu(cpu);
+ PFM_INFO("CPU%d is up canceled", cpu);
+ break;
+ case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
+ PFM_INFO("CPU%d prepare offline", cpu);
+ break;
+ case CPU_DOWN_FAILED:
+ PFM_INFO("CPU%d is down failed", cpu);
+ break;
+ case CPU_DEAD:
+ pfm_sysfs_del_cpu(cpu);
+ PFM_INFO("CPU%d is offline", cpu);
+ break;
+ }
+ pfm_pmu_conf_put();
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block pfm_cpu_notifier ={
+ .notifier_call = pfm_cpu_notify
+};
+
+/*
+ * called from cpu_init() and pfm_pmu_register()
+ */
+void __pfm_init_percpu(void *dummy)
+{
+ pfm_arch_init_percpu();
+}
+
+/*
+ * global initialization routine, executed only once
+ */
+int __init pfm_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ PFM_LOG("version %u.%u", PFM_VERSION_MAJ, PFM_VERSION_MIN);
+
+ pfm_ctx_cachep = kmem_cache_create("pfm_context",
+ sizeof(struct pfm_context)+PFM_ARCH_CTX_SIZE,
+ SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN, 0, NULL, NULL);
+ if (pfm_ctx_cachep == NULL) {
+ PFM_ERR("cannot initialize context slab");
+ goto error_disable;
+ }
+ ret = pfm_sets_init();
+ if (ret)
+ goto error_disable;
+
+ if (pfm_init_fs())
+ goto error_disable;
+
+ /*
+ * sysfs is not critical for normal operation, so
+ * this is not a fatal error;
+ */
+ pfm_init_sysfs();
+
+ /*
+ * one time, arch-specific global initialization
+ */
+ if (pfm_arch_init())
+ goto error_disable;
+
+ /*
+ * register CPU hotplug event notifier
+ */
+ ret = register_cpu_notifier(&pfm_cpu_notifier);
+ if (!ret)
+ return 0;
+
+error_disable:
+ PFM_INFO("perfmon is disabled due to initialization error");
+ atomic_set(&perfmon_disabled, 1);
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * must use subsys_initcall() to ensure that the perfmon2 core
+ * is initialized before any PMU description module when they are
+ * compiled in.
+ */
+subsys_initcall(pfm_init);
+
+/*
+ * function used to start monitoring. When operating in per-thread
+ * mode and when not self-monitoring, the monitored thread must be
+ * stopped.
+ *
+ * The pfarg_start argument is optional and may be used to designate
+ * the initial event set to activate. Wehn missing, the last active
+ * set is used. For the first activation, set0 is used.
+ *
+ * On some architectures, e.g., IA-64, it may be possible to start monitoring
+ * without calling this function under certain conditions (per-thread and self
+ * monitoring).
+ *
+ * the context is locked and interrupts are disabled.
+ */
+int __pfm_start(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfarg_start *start)
+{
+ struct task_struct *task, *owner_task;
+ struct pfm_event_set *new_set, *old_set;
+ u64 now;
+ int is_self;
+
+ task = ctx->task;
+
+ /*
+ * context must be loaded.
+ * we do not support starting while in MASKED state
+ * (mostly because of set switching issues)
+ */
+ if (ctx->state != PFM_CTX_LOADED)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ old_set = new_set = ctx->active_set;
+
+ /*
+ * always the case for system-wide
+ */
+ if (task == NULL)
+ task = current;
+
+ is_self = task == current;
+
+ /*
+ * argument is provided?
+ */
+ if (start) {
+ /*
+ * find the set to load first
+ */
+ new_set = pfm_find_set(ctx, start->start_set, 0);
+ if (new_set == NULL) {
+ PFM_DBG("event set%u does not exist",
+ start->start_set);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ PFM_DBG("cur_set=%u req_set=%u",
+ old_set->id,
+ new_set->id);
+
+ /*
+ * if we need to change the active set we need
+ * to check if we can access the PMU
+ */
+ if (new_set != old_set) {
+ owner_task = __get_cpu_var(pmu_owner);
+ /*
+ * system-wide: must run on the right CPU
+ * per-thread : must be the owner of the PMU context
+ *
+ * pfm_switch_sets() returns with monitoring stopped
+ */
+ if (is_self) {
+ pfm_switch_sets(ctx, new_set, PFM_PMD_RESET_LONG, 1);
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * In a UP kernel, the PMU may contain the state
+ * of the task we want to operate on, yet the task
+ * may be switched out (lazy save). We need to save
+ * current state (old_set), switch active_set and
+ * mark it for reload.
+ */
+ if (owner_task == task) {
+ pfm_modview_begin(old_set);
+ pfm_save_pmds(ctx, old_set);
+ pfm_modview_end(old_set);
+ }
+ ctx->active_set = new_set;
+ new_set->view->set_status |= PFM_SETVFL_ACTIVE;
+ new_set->priv_flags |= PFM_SETFL_PRIV_MOD_BOTH;
+ }
+ }
+ /*
+ * mark as started, must be done before calling
+ * pfm_arch_start()
+ */
+ ctx->flags.started = 1;
+
+ /*
+ * at this point, monitoring is:
+ * - stopped if we switched set (self-monitoring)
+ * - stopped if never started
+ * - started if calling pfm_start() in sequence
+ */
+ now = sched_clock();
+
+ pfm_arch_start(task, ctx, new_set);
+
+ /*
+ * we restart total duration even if context was
+ * already started. In that case, counts are simply
+ * reset.
+ *
+ * For per-thread, if not self-monitoring, the statement
+ * below will have no effect because thread is stopped.
+ * The field is reset of ctxsw in.
+ *
+ * if monitoring is masked (MASKED), this statement
+ * will be overriden in pfm_unmask_monitoring()
+ */
+ new_set->duration_start = now;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * function used to stop monitoring. When operating in per-thread
+ * mode and when not self-monitoring, the monitored thread must be
+ * stopped.
+ *
+ * the context is locked and interrupts are disabled.
+ */
+int __pfm_stop(struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ struct pfm_event_set *set;
+ struct task_struct *task;
+ u64 now;
+ int state;
+
+ now = sched_clock();
+ state = ctx->state;
+ set = ctx->active_set;
+
+ /*
+ * context must be attached (zombie cannot happen)
+ */
+ if (state == PFM_CTX_UNLOADED)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ task = ctx->task;
+
+ PFM_DBG("ctx_task=[%d] ctx_state=%d is_system=%d",
+ task ? task->pid : -1,
+ state,
+ ctx->flags.system);
+
+ /*
+ * this happens for system-wide context
+ */
+ if (task == NULL)
+ task = current;
+
+ /*
+ * compute elapsed time
+ * don't update set duration if masked
+ */
+ if (task == current && state == PFM_CTX_LOADED)
+ set->duration += now - set->duration_start;
+
+ pfm_arch_stop(task, ctx, set);
+
+ ctx->flags.started = 0;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * function called from sys_pfm_restart(). It is used when overflow
+ * notification is requested. For each notification received, the user
+ * must call pfm_restart() to indicate to the kernel that it is done
+ * processing the notification.
+ *
+ * When the caller is doing user level sampling, this function resets
+ * the overflowed counters and resumes monitoring which is normally stopped
+ * during notification (always the consequence of a counter overflow).
+ *
+ * When using a sampling format, the format restart() callback is invoked,
+ * overflowed PMDS may be reset based upon decision from sampling format.
+ *
+ * When operating in per-thread mode, and when not self-monitoring, the
+ * monitored thread DOES NOT need to be stopped, unlike many other calls.
+ * This means that the effect of the restart may not necessilry be observed
+ * right when returning from the call. For instance, counters may not already
+ * be reset in the other thread.
+ *
+ * When operating in system-wide, the caller must be running on the monitored
+ * CPU.
+ *
+ * The context is locked and interrupts are disabled.
+ */
+int __pfm_restart(struct pfm_context *ctx)
+{
+ int state;
+
+ state = ctx->state;
+
+ if (state != PFM_CTX_MASKED && state != PFM_CTX_LOADED) {
+ PFM_DBG("invalid state=%d", state);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ switch (state) {
+ case PFM_CTX_MASKED:
+ break;
+ case PFM_CTX_LOADED:
+ if (ctx->smpl_addr && ctx->smpl_fmt->fmt_restart)
+ break;
+ }
+ /*
+ * at this point, the context is either LOADED or MASKED
+ */
+
+ if (ctx->task == current || ctx->flags.system) {
+ pfm_resume_after_ovfl(ctx);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * restart another task
+ */
+
+ /*
+ * When PFM_CTX_MASKED, we cannot issue a restart before the previous
+ * one is seen by the task.
+ */
+ if (state == PFM_CTX_MASKED) {
+ if (!ctx->flags.can_restart) {
+ PFM_DBG("cannot restart can_restart=%d",
+ ctx->flags.can_restart);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+ /*
+ * prevent subsequent restart before this one is
+ * seen by the task
+ */
+ ctx->flags.can_restart = 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * if blocking, then post the semaphore is PFM_CTX_MASKED, i.e.
+ * the task is blocked or on its way to block. That's the normal
+ * restart path. If the monitoring is not masked, then the task
+ * can be actively monitoring and we cannot directly intervene.
+ * Therefore we use the trap mechanism to catch the task and
+ * force it to reset the buffer/reset PMDs.
+ *
+ * if non-blocking, then we ensure that the task will go into
+ * pfm_handle_work() before returning to user mode.
+ *
+ * We cannot explicitely reset another task, it MUST always
+ * be done by the task itself. This works for system wide because
+ * the tool that is controlling the session is logically doing
+ * "self-monitoring".
+ */
+ if (ctx->flags.block && state == PFM_CTX_MASKED) {
+ PFM_DBG("unblocking [%d]", ctx->task->pid);
+ complete(&ctx->restart_complete);
+ } else {
+ PFM_DBG("[%d] armed exit trap", ctx->task->pid);
+ ctx->flags.work_type = PFM_WORK_RESET;
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(ctx->task, TIF_PERFMON_WORK);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * function used to attach a context to either a CPU or a thread.
+ * In per-thread mode, and when not self-monitoring, the thread must be
+ * stopped. In system-wide mode, the cpu specified in the pfarg_load.load_tgt
+ * argument must be the current CPU.
+ *
+ * The function must be called with the context locked and interrupts disabled.
+ */
+int __pfm_load_context(struct pfm_context *ctx, struct pfarg_load *req,
+ struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct pfm_event_set *set;
+ struct pfm_context *old;
+ int mycpu;
+ int ret;
+
+ mycpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ /*
+ * locate first set to activate
+ */
+ set = pfm_find_set(ctx, req->load_set, 0);
+ if (set == NULL) {
+ PFM_DBG("event set%u does not exist", req->load_set);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * assess sanity of event sets, initialize set state
+ */
+ ret = pfm_prepare_sets(ctx, set);
+ if (ret) {
+ PFM_DBG("invalid next field pointers in the sets");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ PFM_DBG("load_pid=%d set=%u set_flags=0x%x",
+ req->load_pid,
+ set->id,
+ set->flags);
+
+ /*
+ * per-thread:
+ * - task to attach to is checked in sys_pfm_load_context() to avoid
+ * locking issues. if found, and not self, task refcount was incremented.
+ * system-wide:
+ * - check running on requested CPU
+ */
+ if (ctx->flags.system) {
+ if (req->load_pid != mycpu) {
+ PFM_DBG("running on wrong CPU: %u vs. %u",
+ mycpu, req->load_pid);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ ctx->cpu = mycpu;
+ ctx->task = NULL;
+ task = current;
+ } else {
+ old = cmpxchg(&task->pfm_context, NULL, ctx);
+ if (old != NULL) {
+ PFM_DBG("load_pid=%d has a context "
+ "old=%p new=%p cur=%p",
+ req->load_pid,
+ old,
+ ctx,
+ task->pfm_context);
+ return -EEXIST;
+ }
+ ctx->task = task;
+ ctx->cpu = -1;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * perfmon any architecture specific actions
+ */
+ ret = pfm_arch_load_context(ctx, ctx->task);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error;
+
+ /*
+ * now reserve the session, before we can proceed with
+ * actually accessing the PMU hardware
+ */
+ ret = pfm_reserve_session(ctx->flags.system, ctx->cpu);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error;
+
+ /*
+ * commit active set
+ */
+ ctx->active_set = set;
+
+ pfm_modview_begin(set);
+
+ set->view->set_runs++;
+
+ set->view->set_status |= PFM_SETVFL_ACTIVE;
+
+ /*
+ * self-monitoring (incl. system-wide)
+ */
+ if (task == current) {
+ struct pfm_context *ctxp;
+ ctxp = __get_cpu_var(pmu_ctx);
+ if (ctxp)
+ pfm_save_prev_context(ctxp);
+ pfm_set_last_cpu(ctx, mycpu);
+ pfm_inc_activation();
+ pfm_set_activation(ctx);
+
+ /*
+ * we activate switch timeout callbacks to pfm_handle_switch_timeout()
+ * even though the interface guarantees monitoring is inactive at
+ * this point. The reason is that on some architectures (e.g., IA-64)
+ * it is possible to start monitoring directly from user level without
+ * the kernel knowing. In that case, the kernel would not be able to
+ * active switch timeout when monitoring starts
+ */
+ if (set->flags & PFM_SETFL_TIME_SWITCH)
+ __get_cpu_var(pfm_syst_info) = PFM_CPUINFO_TIME_SWITCH;
+
+ /*
+ * load PMD from set
+ * load PMC from set
+ */
+ pfm_arch_restore_pmds(ctx, set);
+ pfm_arch_restore_pmcs(ctx, set);
+
+ /*
+ * set new ownership
+ */
+ pfm_set_pmu_owner(ctx->task, ctx);
+ } else {
+ /* force a full reload */
+ ctx->last_act = PFM_INVALID_ACTIVATION;
+ pfm_set_last_cpu(ctx, -1);
+ set->priv_flags |= PFM_SETFL_PRIV_MOD_BOTH;
+ PFM_DBG("context loaded next ctxswin for [%d]", task->pid);
+ }
+ pfm_modview_end(set);
+
+ if (!ctx->flags.system) {
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_PERFMON_CTXSW);
+ PFM_DBG("[%d] set TIF", task->pid);
+ }
+
+ ctx->flags.work_type = PFM_WORK_NONE;
+
+ /*
+ * reset message queue
+ */
+ ctx->msgq_head = ctx->msgq_tail = 0;
+
+ ctx->state = PFM_CTX_LOADED;
+
+ return 0;
+
+error:
+ pfm_arch_unload_context(ctx, task);
+ /*
+ * detach context
+ */
+ if (!ctx->flags.system)
+ task->pfm_context = NULL;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Function used to detach a context from either a CPU or a thread.
+ * In the per-thread case and when not self-monitoring, the thread must be
+ * stopped. After the call, the context is detached and monitoring is stopped.
+ *
+ * The function must be called with the context locked and interrupts disabled.
+ */
+int __pfm_unload_context(struct pfm_context *ctx, int *can_release)
+{
+ struct task_struct *task;
+ struct pfm_event_set *set;
+ int ret, is_self;
+
+ PFM_DBG("ctx_state=%d task [%d]", ctx->state, ctx->task ? ctx->task->pid : -1);
+
+ *can_release = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * unload only when necessary
+ */
+ if (ctx->state == PFM_CTX_UNLOADED)
+ return 0;
+
+ task = ctx->task;
+ set = ctx->active_set;
+ is_self = ctx->flags.system || task == current;
+
+
+ /*
+ * stop monitoring
+ */
+ ret = __pfm_stop(ctx);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ pfm_modview_begin(set);
+ set->view->set_status &= ~PFM_SETVFL_ACTIVE;
+ pfm_modview_end(set);
+
+ ctx->state = PFM_CTX_UNLOADED;
+ ctx->flags.can_restart = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * clear any leftover in pfm_syst_info.
+ *
+ * for non-self monitoring,
+ * this is done in pfm_ctxswout_thread.
+ */
+ if (is_self)
+ __get_cpu_var(pfm_syst_info) = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * save PMD registers
+ * release ownership
+ */
+ pfm_flush_pmds(task, ctx);
+
+ /*
+ * arch-specific unload operations
+ */
+ pfm_arch_unload_context(ctx, task);
+
+ /*
+ * per-thread: disconnect from monitored task
+ * syswide : keep ctx->cpu has it may be used after unload
+ * to release the session
+ */
+ if (task) {
+ task->pfm_context = NULL;
+ ctx->task = NULL;
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_PERFMON_CTXSW);
+ }
+
+ *can_release = 1;
+#if 0
+ /*
+ * at this point we are done with the PMU
+ * so we can release the resource.
+ *
+ * Applies also when was ZOMBIE
+ */
+ pfm_release_session(ctx->flags.system, ctx->cpu);
+#endif
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int pfm_ctx_flags_sane(u32 ctx_flags)
+{
+ if (ctx_flags & PFM_FL_SYSTEM_WIDE) {
+ if (ctx_flags & PFM_FL_NOTIFY_BLOCK) {
+ PFM_DBG("cannot use blocking mode in syswide mode");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * A sysadmin may decide to restrict creation of per-thread
+ * and/or system-wide context to a group of users using the group id.
+ *
+ * check for permissions to create a context
+ */
+static inline int pfm_ctx_permissions(u32 ctx_flags)
+{
+ if ( (ctx_flags & PFM_FL_SYSTEM_WIDE)
+ && pfm_controls.sys_group != PFM_GROUP_PERM_ANY
+ && !in_group_p(pfm_controls.sys_group)) {
+ PFM_DBG("user group not allowed to create a syswide ctx");
+ return -EPERM;
+ } else if (pfm_controls.task_group != PFM_GROUP_PERM_ANY
+ && !in_group_p(pfm_controls.task_group)) {
+ PFM_DBG("user group not allowed to create a task context");
+ return -EPERM;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * function used to allocate a new context. A context is allocated along
+ * with the default event set. If a sampling format is used, the buffer
+ * may be allocated and initialized.
+ *
+ * The file descriptor identifying the context is allocated and returned
+ * to caller.
+ *
+ * This function operates with no locks and interrupts are enabled.
+ * return:
+ * >=0: the file descriptor to identify the context
+ * <0 : the error code
+ */
+int __pfm_create_context(struct pfarg_ctx *req,
+ struct pfm_smpl_fmt *fmt,
+ void *fmt_arg,
+ int mode,
+ struct pfm_context **new_ctx)
+{
+ struct pfm_context *ctx;
+ struct pfm_event_set *set;
+ struct file *filp = NULL;
+ u32 ctx_flags;
+ int fd = 0, ret;
+
+ ctx_flags = req->ctx_flags;
+
+ /* Increase refcount on PMU description */
+ ret = pfm_pmu_conf_get(1);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error_conf;
+
+ ret = pfm_ctx_flags_sane(ctx_flags);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error_alloc;
+
+ ret = pfm_ctx_permissions(ctx_flags);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error_alloc;
+
+ /*
+ * we can use SLAB_KERNEL and potentially sleep because we do
+ * not hold any lock at this point.
+ */
+ might_sleep();
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ ctx = kmem_cache_zalloc(pfm_ctx_cachep, SLAB_KERNEL);
+ if (!ctx)
+ goto error_alloc;
+
+ /*
+ * link to format, must be done first for correct
+ * error handling in pfm_context_free()
+ */
+ ctx->smpl_fmt = fmt;
+
+ ret = -ENFILE;
+ fd = pfm_alloc_fd(&filp);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ goto error_file;
+
+ /*
+ * context is unloaded
+ */
+ ctx->state = PFM_CTX_UNLOADED;
+
+ /*
+ * initialization of context's flags
+ * must be done before pfm_find_set()
+ */
+ ctx->flags.block = (ctx_flags & PFM_FL_NOTIFY_BLOCK) ? 1 : 0;
+ ctx->flags.system = (ctx_flags & PFM_FL_SYSTEM_WIDE) ? 1: 0;
+ ctx->flags.no_msg = (ctx_flags & PFM_FL_OVFL_NO_MSG) ? 1: 0;
+ ctx->flags.mapset = (ctx_flags & PFM_FL_MAP_SETS) ? 1: 0;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->list);
+
+ /*
+ * initialize arch-specific section
+ * must be done before fmt_init()
+ *
+ * XXX: fix dependency with fmt_init()
+ */
+ ret = pfm_arch_context_initialize(ctx, ctx_flags);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error_set;
+
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ /*
+ * create initial set
+ */
+ if (pfm_find_set(ctx, 0, 1) == NULL)
+ goto error_set;
+
+ set = list_entry(ctx->list.next, struct pfm_event_set, list);
+
+ pfm_init_evtset(set);
+
+ /*
+ * does the user want to sample?
+ */
+ if (fmt) {
+ ret = pfm_setup_smpl_fmt(fmt, fmt_arg, ctx, ctx_flags,
+ mode, filp);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error_set;
+ }
+
+ filp->private_data = ctx;
+
+ spin_lock_init(&ctx->lock);
+ init_completion(&ctx->restart_complete);
+
+ ctx->last_act = PFM_INVALID_ACTIVATION;
+ pfm_set_last_cpu(ctx, -1);
+
+ /*
+ * initialize notification message queue
+ */
+ ctx->msgq_head = ctx->msgq_tail = 0;
+ init_waitqueue_head(&ctx->msgq_wait);
+
+ PFM_DBG("ctx=%p flags=0x%x system=%d notify_block=%d no_msg=%d"
+ " use_fmt=%d remap=%d ctx_fd=%d mode=%d",
+ ctx,
+ ctx_flags,
+ ctx->flags.system,
+ ctx->flags.block,
+ ctx->flags.no_msg,
+ fmt != NULL,
+ ctx->flags.mapset,
+ fd, mode);
+
+ *new_ctx = ctx;
+
+ /*
+ * we defer the fd_install until we are certain the call succeeded
+ * to ensure we do not have to undo its effect. Neither put_filp()
+ * nor put_unused_fd() undoes the effect of fd_install().
+ */
+ fd_install(fd, filp);
+
+ return fd;
+
+error_set:
+ put_filp(filp);
+ put_unused_fd(fd);
+error_file:
+ /* calls the right *_put() functions */
+ pfm_context_free(ctx);
+ return ret;
+error_alloc:
+ pfm_pmu_conf_put();
+error_conf:
+ pfm_smpl_fmt_put(fmt);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * called from __cpu_disable() to detach the perfmon context
+ * from the CPU going down.
+ *
+ * We cannot use the cpu hotplug notifier because we MUST run
+ * on the CPU that is going down to save the PMU state
+ */
+void __pfm_cpu_disable(void)
+{
+ struct pfm_context *ctx;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int is_system, can_release = 0;
+ u32 cpu;
+
+ ctx = __get_cpu_var(pmu_ctx);
+ if (ctx == NULL)
+ return;
+
+ is_system = ctx->flags.system;
+ cpu = ctx->cpu;
+
+ /*
+ * context is LOADED or MASKED
+ *
+ * we unload from CPU. That stops monitoring and does
+ * all the bookeeping of saving values and updating duration
+ */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags);
+ if (is_system)
+ __pfm_unload_context(ctx, &can_release);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags);
+
+ if (can_release)
+ pfm_release_session(is_system, cpu);
+}
--- linux-2.6.19.base/perfmon/Makefile 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.19/perfmon/Makefile 2006-12-03 14:15:48.000000000 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2005-2006 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
+# Contributed by Stephane Eranian <eranian@hpl.hp.com>
+#
+obj-$(CONFIG_PERFMON) = perfmon.o perfmon_rw.o perfmon_res.o perfmon_fmt.o \
+ perfmon_pmu.o perfmon_sysfs.o perfmon_syscalls.o \
+ perfmon_file.o perfmon_ctxsw.o perfmon_intr.o \
+ perfmon_dfl_smpl.o perfmon_sets.o
-
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