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SubjectRe: [patch] speed up single bio_vec allocation
On Mon, Dec 04 2006, Chen, Kenneth W wrote:
> On 64-bit arch like x86_64, struct bio is 104 byte. Since bio slab is
> created with SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN flag, there are usually spare memory
> available at the end of bio. I think we can utilize that memory for
> bio_vec allocation. The purpose is not so much on saving memory consumption
> for bio_vec, instead, I'm attempting to optimize away a call to bvec_alloc_bs.
>
> So here is a patch to do just that for 1 segment bio_vec (we currently only
> have space for 1 on 2.6.19). And the detection whether there are spare space
> available is dynamically calculated at compile time. If there are no space
> available, there will be no run time cost at all because gcc simply optimize
> away all the code added in this patch. If there are space available, the only
> run time check is to see what the size of iovec is and we do appropriate
> assignment to bio->bi_io_Vec etc. The cost is minimal and we gain a whole
> lot back from not calling bvec_alloc_bs() function.
>
> I tried to use cache_line_size() to find out the alignment of struct bio, but
> stumbled on that it is a runtime function for x86_64. So instead I made bio
> to hint to the slab allocator to align on 32 byte (slab will use the larger
> value of hw cache line and caller hints of "align"). I think it is a sane
> number for majority of the CPUs out in the world.

Any benchmarks for this one?

> --- ./fs/bio.c.orig 2006-12-03 17:20:36.000000000 -0800
> +++ ./fs/bio.c 2006-12-03 21:29:20.000000000 -0800
> @@ -29,11 +29,14 @@
> #include <scsi/sg.h> /* for struct sg_iovec */
>
> #define BIO_POOL_SIZE 256
> -
> +#define BIO_ALIGN 32 /* minimal bio structure alignment */
> static kmem_cache_t *bio_slab __read_mostly;
>
> #define BIOVEC_NR_POOLS 6
>
> +#define BIOVEC_FIT_INSIDE_BIO_CACHE_LINE \
> + (ALIGN(sizeof(struct bio), BIO_ALIGN) == \
> + ALIGN(sizeof(struct bio) + sizeof(struct bio_vec), BIO_ALIGN))
> /*
> * a small number of entries is fine, not going to be performance critical.
> * basically we just need to survive
> @@ -113,7 +116,8 @@ void bio_free(struct bio *bio, struct bi
>
> BIO_BUG_ON(pool_idx >= BIOVEC_NR_POOLS);
>
> - mempool_free(bio->bi_io_vec, bio_set->bvec_pools[pool_idx]);
> + if (!BIOVEC_FIT_INSIDE_BIO_CACHE_LINE || pool_idx)
> + mempool_free(bio->bi_io_vec, bio_set->bvec_pools[pool_idx]);

I think you should use a flag for this instead.

> mempool_free(bio, bio_set->bio_pool);
> }
>
> @@ -166,7 +170,15 @@ struct bio *bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_t gfp_m
> struct bio_vec *bvl = NULL;
>
> bio_init(bio);
> - if (likely(nr_iovecs)) {
> +
> + /*
> + * if bio_vec can fit into remaining cache line of struct
> + * bio, go ahead use it and skip mempool allocation.
> + */
> + if (nr_iovecs == 1 && BIOVEC_FIT_INSIDE_BIO_CACHE_LINE) {
> + bvl = (struct bio_vec*) (bio + 1);
> + bio->bi_max_vecs = 1;
> + } else if (likely(nr_iovecs)) {
> unsigned long idx = 0; /* shut up gcc */

Either move this logic to bvec_alloc_bs(), or remember to clear bvl as
is done there.

> @@ -1204,7 +1216,7 @@ static void __init biovec_init_slabs(voi
> struct biovec_slab *bvs = bvec_slabs + i;
>
> size = bvs->nr_vecs * sizeof(struct bio_vec);
> - bvs->slab = kmem_cache_create(bvs->name, size, 0,
> + bvs->slab = kmem_cache_create(bvs->name, size, BIO_ALIGN,
> SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
> }
> }

Another idea would be to kill SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN (it's pretty pointless,
I bet), and always alloc sizeof(*bio) + sizeof(*bvl) in one go when a
bio is allocated. It doesn't add a lot of overhead even for the case
where we do > 1 page bios, and it gets rid of the dual allocation for
the 1 page bio.

--
Jens Axboe

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