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Subject[PATCH 22/35] Unionfs: Lookup helper functions
Date
From: Josef "Jeff" Sipek <jsipek@cs.sunysb.edu>

This patch provides helper functions for the lookup operations in Unionfs.

Signed-off-by: Josef "Jeff" Sipek <jsipek@cs.sunysb.edu>
Signed-off-by: David Quigley <dquigley@fsl.cs.sunysb.edu>
Signed-off-by: Erez Zadok <ezk@cs.sunysb.edu>
---
fs/unionfs/lookup.c | 506 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 506 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/unionfs/lookup.c b/fs/unionfs/lookup.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7376e69
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/unionfs/lookup.c
@@ -0,0 +1,506 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2003-2006 Erez Zadok
+ * Copyright (c) 2003-2006 Charles P. Wright
+ * Copyright (c) 2005-2006 Josef 'Jeff' Sipek
+ * Copyright (c) 2005-2006 Junjiro Okajima
+ * Copyright (c) 2005 Arun M. Krishnakumar
+ * Copyright (c) 2004-2006 David P. Quigley
+ * Copyright (c) 2003-2004 Mohammad Nayyer Zubair
+ * Copyright (c) 2003 Puja Gupta
+ * Copyright (c) 2003 Harikesavan Krishnan
+ * Copyright (c) 2003-2006 Stony Brook University
+ * Copyright (c) 2003-2006 The Research Foundation of State University of New York
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include "union.h"
+
+static int is_opaque_dir(struct dentry *dentry, int bindex);
+static int is_validname(const char *name);
+
+struct dentry *unionfs_lookup_backend(struct dentry *dentry, struct nameidata *nd,
+ int lookupmode)
+{
+ int err = 0;
+ struct dentry *hidden_dentry = NULL;
+ struct dentry *wh_hidden_dentry = NULL;
+ struct dentry *hidden_dir_dentry = NULL;
+ struct dentry *parent_dentry = NULL;
+ int bindex, bstart, bend, bopaque;
+ int dentry_count = 0; /* Number of positive dentries. */
+ int first_dentry_offset = -1;
+ struct dentry *first_hidden_dentry = NULL;
+ struct vfsmount *first_hidden_mnt = NULL;
+ int locked_parent = 0;
+ int locked_child = 0;
+
+ int opaque;
+ char *whname = NULL;
+ const char *name;
+ int namelen;
+
+ /* We should already have a lock on this dentry in the case of a
+ * partial lookup, or a revalidation. Otherwise it is returned from
+ * new_dentry_private_data already locked. */
+ if (lookupmode == INTERPOSE_PARTIAL || lookupmode == INTERPOSE_REVAL ||
+ lookupmode == INTERPOSE_REVAL_NEG)
+ verify_locked(dentry);
+ else {
+ BUG_ON(UNIONFS_D(dentry) != NULL);
+ locked_child = 1;
+ }
+ if (lookupmode != INTERPOSE_PARTIAL)
+ if ((err = new_dentry_private_data(dentry)))
+ goto out;
+ /* must initialize dentry operations */
+ dentry->d_op = &unionfs_dops;
+
+ parent_dentry = dget_parent(dentry);
+ /* We never partial lookup the root directory. */
+ if (parent_dentry != dentry) {
+ lock_dentry(parent_dentry);
+ locked_parent = 1;
+ } else {
+ dput(parent_dentry);
+ parent_dentry = NULL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ name = dentry->d_name.name;
+ namelen = dentry->d_name.len;
+
+ /* No dentries should get created for possible whiteout names. */
+ if (!is_validname(name)) {
+ err = -EPERM;
+ goto out_free;
+ }
+
+ /* Now start the actual lookup procedure. */
+ bstart = dbstart(parent_dentry);
+ bend = dbend(parent_dentry);
+ bopaque = dbopaque(parent_dentry);
+ BUG_ON(bstart < 0);
+
+ /* It would be ideal if we could convert partial lookups to only have
+ * to do this work when they really need to. It could probably improve
+ * performance quite a bit, and maybe simplify the rest of the code. */
+ if (lookupmode == INTERPOSE_PARTIAL) {
+ bstart++;
+ if ((bopaque != -1) && (bopaque < bend))
+ bend = bopaque;
+ }
+
+ for (bindex = bstart; bindex <= bend; bindex++) {
+ hidden_dentry = unionfs_lower_dentry_idx(dentry, bindex);
+ if (lookupmode == INTERPOSE_PARTIAL && hidden_dentry)
+ continue;
+ BUG_ON(hidden_dentry != NULL);
+
+ hidden_dir_dentry = unionfs_lower_dentry_idx(parent_dentry, bindex);
+
+ /* if the parent hidden dentry does not exist skip this */
+ if (!(hidden_dir_dentry && hidden_dir_dentry->d_inode))
+ continue;
+
+ /* also skip it if the parent isn't a directory. */
+ if (!S_ISDIR(hidden_dir_dentry->d_inode->i_mode))
+ continue;
+
+ /* Reuse the whiteout name because its value doesn't change. */
+ if (!whname) {
+ whname = alloc_whname(name, namelen);
+ if (IS_ERR(whname)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(whname);
+ goto out_free;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* check if whiteout exists in this branch: lookup .wh.foo */
+ wh_hidden_dentry = lookup_one_len(whname, hidden_dir_dentry,
+ namelen + UNIONFS_WHLEN);
+ if (IS_ERR(wh_hidden_dentry)) {
+ dput(first_hidden_dentry);
+ mntput(first_hidden_mnt);
+ err = PTR_ERR(wh_hidden_dentry);
+ goto out_free;
+ }
+
+ if (wh_hidden_dentry->d_inode) {
+ /* We found a whiteout so lets give up. */
+ if (S_ISREG(wh_hidden_dentry->d_inode->i_mode)) {
+ set_dbend(dentry, bindex);
+ set_dbopaque(dentry, bindex);
+ dput(wh_hidden_dentry);
+ break;
+ }
+ err = -EIO;
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE "EIO: Invalid whiteout entry type"
+ " %d.\n", wh_hidden_dentry->d_inode->i_mode);
+ dput(wh_hidden_dentry);
+ dput(first_hidden_dentry);
+ mntput(first_hidden_mnt);
+ goto out_free;
+ }
+
+ dput(wh_hidden_dentry);
+ wh_hidden_dentry = NULL;
+
+ /* Now do regular lookup; lookup foo */
+ nd->dentry = unionfs_lower_dentry_idx(dentry, bindex);
+ /* FIXME: fix following line for mount point crossing */
+ nd->mnt = unionfs_lower_mnt_idx(parent_dentry, bindex);
+
+ hidden_dentry = lookup_one_len_nd(name, hidden_dir_dentry,
+ namelen, nd);
+ if (IS_ERR(hidden_dentry)) {
+ dput(first_hidden_dentry);
+ mntput(first_hidden_mnt);
+ err = PTR_ERR(hidden_dentry);
+ goto out_free;
+ }
+
+ /* Store the first negative dentry specially, because if they
+ * are all negative we need this for future creates. */
+ if (!hidden_dentry->d_inode) {
+ if (!first_hidden_dentry && (dbstart(dentry) == -1)) {
+ first_hidden_dentry = hidden_dentry;
+ /* FIXME: following line needs to be changed
+ * to allow mountpoint crossing */
+ first_hidden_mnt = mntget(unionfs_lower_mnt_idx(parent_dentry, bindex));
+ first_dentry_offset = bindex;
+ } else
+ dput(hidden_dentry);
+
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /* number of positive dentries */
+ dentry_count++;
+
+ /* store underlying dentry */
+ if (dbstart(dentry) == -1)
+ set_dbstart(dentry, bindex);
+ unionfs_set_lower_dentry_idx(dentry, bindex, hidden_dentry);
+ /* FIXME: the following line needs to get fixed to allow
+ * mountpoint crossing */
+ unionfs_set_lower_mnt_idx(dentry, bindex,
+ mntget(unionfs_lower_mnt_idx(parent_dentry, bindex)));
+ set_dbend(dentry, bindex);
+
+ /* update parent directory's atime with the bindex */
+ fsstack_copy_attr_atime(parent_dentry->d_inode,
+ hidden_dir_dentry->d_inode);
+
+ /* We terminate file lookups here. */
+ if (!S_ISDIR(hidden_dentry->d_inode->i_mode)) {
+ if (lookupmode == INTERPOSE_PARTIAL)
+ continue;
+ if (dentry_count == 1)
+ goto out_positive;
+ /* This can only happen with mixed D-*-F-* */
+ BUG_ON(!S_ISDIR(unionfs_lower_dentry(dentry)->d_inode->i_mode));
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ opaque = is_opaque_dir(dentry, bindex);
+ if (opaque < 0) {
+ dput(first_hidden_dentry);
+ mntput(first_hidden_mnt);
+ err = opaque;
+ goto out_free;
+ } else if (opaque) {
+ set_dbend(dentry, bindex);
+ set_dbopaque(dentry, bindex);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (dentry_count)
+ goto out_positive;
+ else
+ goto out_negative;
+
+out_negative:
+ if (lookupmode == INTERPOSE_PARTIAL)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* If we've only got negative dentries, then use the leftmost one. */
+ if (lookupmode == INTERPOSE_REVAL) {
+ if (dentry->d_inode)
+ UNIONFS_I(dentry->d_inode)->stale = 1;
+
+ goto out;
+ }
+ /* This should only happen if we found a whiteout. */
+ if (first_dentry_offset == -1) {
+ nd->dentry = dentry;
+ /* FIXME: fix following line for mount point crossing */
+ nd->mnt = unionfs_lower_mnt_idx(parent_dentry, bindex);
+
+ first_hidden_dentry = lookup_one_len_nd(name, hidden_dir_dentry,
+ namelen, nd);
+ first_dentry_offset = bindex;
+ if (IS_ERR(first_hidden_dentry)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(first_hidden_dentry);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* FIXME: the following line needs to be changed to allow
+ * mountpoint crossing */
+ first_hidden_mnt = mntget(unionfs_lower_mnt_idx(dentry, bindex));
+ }
+ unionfs_set_lower_dentry_idx(dentry, first_dentry_offset, first_hidden_dentry);
+ unionfs_set_lower_mnt_idx(dentry, first_dentry_offset, first_hidden_mnt);
+ set_dbstart(dentry, first_dentry_offset);
+ set_dbend(dentry, first_dentry_offset);
+
+ if (lookupmode == INTERPOSE_REVAL_NEG)
+ BUG_ON(dentry->d_inode != NULL);
+ else
+ d_add(dentry, NULL);
+ goto out;
+
+/* This part of the code is for positive dentries. */
+out_positive:
+ BUG_ON(dentry_count <= 0);
+
+ /* If we're holding onto the first negative dentry & corresponding
+ * vfsmount - throw it out. */
+ dput(first_hidden_dentry);
+ mntput(first_hidden_mnt);
+
+ /* Partial lookups need to reinterpose, or throw away older negs. */
+ if (lookupmode == INTERPOSE_PARTIAL) {
+ if (dentry->d_inode) {
+ unionfs_reinterpose(dentry);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* This somehow turned positive, so it is as if we had a
+ * negative revalidation. */
+ lookupmode = INTERPOSE_REVAL_NEG;
+
+ update_bstart(dentry);
+ bstart = dbstart(dentry);
+ bend = dbend(dentry);
+ }
+
+ err = unionfs_interpose(dentry, dentry->d_sb, lookupmode);
+ if (err)
+ goto out_drop;
+
+ goto out;
+
+out_drop:
+ d_drop(dentry);
+
+out_free:
+ /* should dput all the underlying dentries on error condition */
+ bstart = dbstart(dentry);
+ if (bstart >= 0) {
+ bend = dbend(dentry);
+ for (bindex = bstart; bindex <= bend; bindex++) {
+ dput(unionfs_lower_dentry_idx(dentry, bindex));
+ mntput(unionfs_lower_mnt_idx(dentry, bindex));
+ }
+ }
+ kfree(UNIONFS_D(dentry)->lower_paths);
+ UNIONFS_D(dentry)->lower_paths = NULL;
+ set_dbstart(dentry, -1);
+ set_dbend(dentry, -1);
+
+out:
+ if (!err && UNIONFS_D(dentry)) {
+ BUG_ON(dbend(dentry) > UNIONFS_D(dentry)->bcount);
+ BUG_ON(dbend(dentry) > sbmax(dentry->d_sb));
+ BUG_ON(dbstart(dentry) < 0);
+ }
+ kfree(whname);
+ if (locked_parent)
+ unlock_dentry(parent_dentry);
+ dput(parent_dentry);
+ if (locked_child)
+ unlock_dentry(dentry);
+ return ERR_PTR(err);
+}
+
+/* This is a utility function that fills in a unionfs dentry.*/
+int unionfs_partial_lookup(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ struct dentry *tmp;
+ struct nameidata nd = { .flags = 0 };
+
+ tmp = unionfs_lookup_backend(dentry, &nd, INTERPOSE_PARTIAL);
+ if (!tmp)
+ return 0;
+ if (IS_ERR(tmp))
+ return PTR_ERR(tmp);
+ /* need to change the interface */
+ BUG_ON(tmp != dentry);
+ return -ENOSYS;
+}
+
+/* The rest of these are utility functions for lookup. */
+static int is_opaque_dir(struct dentry *dentry, int bindex)
+{
+ int err = 0;
+ struct dentry *hidden_dentry;
+ struct dentry *wh_hidden_dentry;
+ struct inode *hidden_inode;
+ struct sioq_args args;
+
+ hidden_dentry = unionfs_lower_dentry_idx(dentry, bindex);
+ hidden_inode = hidden_dentry->d_inode;
+
+ BUG_ON(!S_ISDIR(hidden_inode->i_mode));
+
+ mutex_lock(&hidden_inode->i_mutex);
+
+ if (!permission(hidden_inode, MAY_EXEC, NULL))
+ wh_hidden_dentry = lookup_one_len(UNIONFS_DIR_OPAQUE, hidden_dentry,
+ sizeof(UNIONFS_DIR_OPAQUE) - 1);
+ else {
+ args.isopaque.dentry = hidden_dentry;
+ run_sioq(__is_opaque_dir, &args);
+ wh_hidden_dentry = args.ret;
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&hidden_inode->i_mutex);
+
+ if (IS_ERR(wh_hidden_dentry)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(wh_hidden_dentry);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* This is an opaque dir iff wh_hidden_dentry is positive */
+ err = !!wh_hidden_dentry->d_inode;
+
+ dput(wh_hidden_dentry);
+out:
+ return err;
+}
+
+/* is the filename valid == !(whiteout for a file or opaque dir marker) */
+static int is_validname(const char *name)
+{
+ if (!strncmp(name, UNIONFS_WHPFX, UNIONFS_WHLEN))
+ return 0;
+ if (!strncmp(name, UNIONFS_DIR_OPAQUE_NAME,
+ sizeof(UNIONFS_DIR_OPAQUE_NAME) - 1))
+ return 0;
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/* The dentry cache is just so we have properly sized dentries. */
+static struct kmem_cache *unionfs_dentry_cachep;
+int init_dentry_cache(void)
+{
+ unionfs_dentry_cachep = kmem_cache_create("unionfs_dentry",
+ sizeof(struct unionfs_dentry_info), 0,
+ SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT, NULL, NULL);
+
+ return (unionfs_dentry_cachep ? 0 : -ENOMEM);
+}
+
+void destroy_dentry_cache(void)
+{
+ if (unionfs_dentry_cachep)
+ kmem_cache_destroy(unionfs_dentry_cachep);
+}
+
+void free_dentry_private_data(struct unionfs_dentry_info *udi)
+{
+ if (!udi)
+ return;
+ kmem_cache_free(unionfs_dentry_cachep, udi);
+}
+
+/* allocate new dentry private data, free old one if necessary */
+int new_dentry_private_data(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ int newsize;
+ int oldsize = 0;
+ struct unionfs_dentry_info *info = UNIONFS_D(dentry);
+
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ if (!info) {
+ dentry->d_fsdata = kmem_cache_alloc(unionfs_dentry_cachep,
+ SLAB_ATOMIC);
+ info = UNIONFS_D(dentry);
+
+ if (!info)
+ goto out;
+ init_MUTEX_LOCKED(&info->sem);
+
+ info->lower_paths = NULL;
+ } else
+ oldsize = sizeof(struct path) * info->bcount;
+
+ info->bstart = -1;
+ info->bend = -1;
+ info->bopaque = -1;
+ info->bcount = sbmax(dentry->d_sb);
+ atomic_set(&info->generation,
+ atomic_read(&UNIONFS_SB(dentry->d_sb)->generation));
+ newsize = sizeof(struct path) * sbmax(dentry->d_sb);
+
+ /* Don't reallocate when we already have enough space. */
+ /* It would be ideal if we could actually use the slab macros to
+ * determine what our object sizes is, but those are not exported.
+ */
+ if (oldsize) {
+ int minsize = malloc_sizes[0].cs_size;
+
+ if (!newsize || ((oldsize < newsize) && (newsize > minsize))) {
+ kfree(info->lower_paths);
+ info->lower_paths = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!info->lower_paths && newsize) {
+ info->lower_paths = kmalloc(newsize, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!info->lower_paths)
+ goto out_free;
+ }
+
+ memset(info->lower_paths, 0, (oldsize > newsize ? oldsize : newsize));
+
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ return 0;
+ /* */
+
+out_free:
+ kfree(info->lower_paths);
+
+out:
+ free_dentry_private_data(info);
+ dentry->d_fsdata = NULL;
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+/* scan through the lower dentry objects, and set bstart to reflect the
+ * starting branch */
+void update_bstart(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ int bindex;
+ int bstart = dbstart(dentry);
+ int bend = dbend(dentry);
+ struct dentry *hidden_dentry;
+
+ for (bindex = bstart; bindex <= bend; bindex++) {
+ hidden_dentry = unionfs_lower_dentry_idx(dentry, bindex);
+ if (!hidden_dentry)
+ continue;
+ if (hidden_dentry->d_inode) {
+ set_dbstart(dentry, bindex);
+ break;
+ }
+ dput(hidden_dentry);
+ unionfs_set_lower_dentry_idx(dentry, bindex, NULL);
+ }
+}
+
--
1.4.3.3
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