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SubjectRe: 2.6.19 file content corruption on ext3
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On Sat, 2006-12-16 at 19:18 +0000, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> On Sat, 16 Dec 2006, Martin Michlmayr wrote:
> > * Marc Haber <mh+linux-kernel@zugschlus.de> [2006-12-09 10:26]:
> > > Unfortunately, I am lacking the knowledge needed to do this in an
> > > informed way. I am neither familiar enough with git nor do I possess
> > > the necessary C powers.
> >
> > I wonder if what you're seein is related to
> > http://lkml.org/lkml/2006/12/16/73
> >
> > You said that you don't see any corruption with 2.6.18. Can you try
> > to apply the patch from
> > http://www2.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commitdiff;h=d08b3851da41d0ee60851f2c75b118e1f7a5fc89
> > to 2.6.18 to see if the corruption shows up?
>
> I did wonder about the very first hunk of Peter's patch, where the
> mapping->private_lock is unlocked earlier now in try_to_free_buffers,
> before the clear_page_dirty. I'm not at all familiar with that area,
> I wonder if Jan has looked at that change, and might be able to say
> whether it's good or not (earlier he worried about his JBD changes,
> but they wouldn't be implicated if just 2.6.18+Peter's gives trouble).

fs/buffers.c:2775

/*
* try_to_free_buffers() checks if all the buffers on this particular page
* are unused, and releases them if so.
*
* Exclusion against try_to_free_buffers may be obtained by either
* locking the page or by holding its mapping's private_lock.
*
* If the page is dirty but all the buffers are clean then we need to
* be sure to mark the page clean as well. This is because the page
* may be against a block device, and a later reattachment of buffers
* to a dirty page will set *all* buffers dirty. Which would corrupt
* filesystem data on the same device.
*
* The same applies to regular filesystem pages: if all the buffers are
* clean then we set the page clean and proceed. To do that, we require
* total exclusion from __set_page_dirty_buffers(). That is obtained with
* private_lock.
*
* try_to_free_buffers() is non-blocking.
*/

Note the 3th paragraph. Would I have opened up a race by moving that
unlock upwards, such that it is possible to re-attach buffers to the
page before having it marked clean; which according to this text will
mark those buffers dirty and cause data corruption?

Hmm, how to go about something like this:

---
Moving the cleaning of the page out from under the private_lock opened
up a window where newly attached buffer might still see the page dirty
status and were thus marked (incorrectly) dirty themselves; resulting in
filesystem data corruption.

Close this by moving the cleaning of the page inside of the private_lock
scope again. However it is not possible to call page_mkclean() from
within the private_lock (this violates locking order); thus introduce a
variant of test_clear_page_dirty() that does not call page_mkclean() and
call it ourselves when we did do clean the page and call it outside of
the private_lock.

This is still safe because the page is still locked by means of
PG_locked.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
---
fs/buffer.c | 11 +++++++++--
include/linux/page-flags.h | 1 +
mm/page-writeback.c | 10 ++++++++--
3 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Index: linux-2.6-git/fs/buffer.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-git.orig/fs/buffer.c 2006-12-16 22:18:24.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-2.6-git/fs/buffer.c 2006-12-16 22:22:17.000000000 +0100
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/bit_spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/rmap.h>

static int fsync_buffers_list(spinlock_t *lock, struct list_head *list);
static void invalidate_bh_lrus(void);
@@ -2832,6 +2833,7 @@ int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *pag
struct address_space * const mapping = page->mapping;
struct buffer_head *buffers_to_free = NULL;
int ret = 0;
+ int must_clean = 0;

BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
if (PageWriteback(page))
@@ -2844,7 +2846,6 @@ int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *pag

spin_lock(&mapping->private_lock);
ret = drop_buffers(page, &buffers_to_free);
- spin_unlock(&mapping->private_lock);
if (ret) {
/*
* If the filesystem writes its buffers by hand (eg ext3)
@@ -2858,9 +2859,15 @@ int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *pag
* the page's buffers clean. We discover that here and clean
* the page also.
*/
- if (test_clear_page_dirty(page))
+ if (__test_clear_page_dirty(page, 0)) {
task_io_account_cancelled_write(PAGE_CACHE_SIZE);
+ if (mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping))
+ must_clean = 1;
+ }
}
+ spin_unlock(&mapping->private_lock);
+ if (must_clean)
+ page_mkclean(page);
out:
if (buffers_to_free) {
struct buffer_head *bh = buffers_to_free;
Index: linux-2.6-git/include/linux/page-flags.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-git.orig/include/linux/page-flags.h 2006-12-16 22:19:56.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-2.6-git/include/linux/page-flags.h 2006-12-16 22:20:07.000000000 +0100
@@ -253,6 +253,7 @@ static inline void SetPageUptodate(struc

struct page; /* forward declaration */

+int __test_clear_page_dirty(struct page *page, int do_clean);
int test_clear_page_dirty(struct page *page);
int test_clear_page_writeback(struct page *page);
int test_set_page_writeback(struct page *page);
Index: linux-2.6-git/mm/page-writeback.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-git.orig/mm/page-writeback.c 2006-12-16 22:18:18.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-2.6-git/mm/page-writeback.c 2006-12-16 22:19:42.000000000 +0100
@@ -854,7 +854,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_page_dirty_lock);
* Clear a page's dirty flag, while caring for dirty memory accounting.
* Returns true if the page was previously dirty.
*/
-int test_clear_page_dirty(struct page *page)
+int __test_clear_page_dirty(struct page *page, int do_clean)
{
struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
unsigned long flags;
@@ -872,7 +872,8 @@ int test_clear_page_dirty(struct page *p
* page is locked, which pins the address_space
*/
if (mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
- page_mkclean(page);
+ if (do_clean)
+ page_mkclean(page);
dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_DIRTY);
}
return 1;
@@ -880,6 +881,11 @@ int test_clear_page_dirty(struct page *p
write_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
return 0;
}
+
+int test_clear_page_dirty(struct page *page)
+{
+ return __test_clear_page_dirty(page, 1);
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(test_clear_page_dirty);

/*

-
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