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SubjectRe: CPUFREQ-CPUHOTPLUG: Possible circular locking dependency
On Thu, Nov 30, 2006 at 09:58:07AM +0530, Gautham R Shenoy wrote:
> So can we ignore this circular-dep warning as a false positive?
> Or is there a way to exploit this circular dependency ?
> At the moment, I cannot think of way to exploit this circular dependency
> unless we do something like try destroying the created workqueue when the
> cpu is dead, i.e make the cpufreq governors cpu-hotplug-aware.
> (eeks! that doesn't look good)

Ok, I see that we are already doing it :(. So we can end up in a

Here's the culprit callpath:

!-> raw_notifier_call_chain(CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE)
! !
! !-> workqueue_cpu_mutex(CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE) [*]
!-> raw_notifier_call_chain(CPU_DEAD)
!-> cpufreq_cpu_callback (CPU_DEAD)
!-> cpufreq_remove_dev
!-> __cpufreq_governor(data, GOVERNOR_STOP)
!-> policy->governor->governor()
!-> cpufreq_governor_dbs(GOVERNOR_STOP)
!-> destroy_workqueue() [*]

[*] indicates function takes workqueue_mutex.

So a deadlock!

I wasn't able to observe this because I'm running Xeon SMP box on which
you cannot offline cpu0. And cpufreq data is created only for cpu0,
while all other cpus cpufreq_data just point to cpu0's cpufreq_data.

So the mentioned callpath within cpufreq_remove_dev is never reached
during the normal cpu offline cycle.

However, if there are architectures which allow the first-booted-cpu
(or to be precise, the cpu for which cpufreq_data is *actually* created)
to be offlined and we are running Ondemand governor during the offline,
we will see this deadlock.

Gautham R Shenoy
Linux Technology Center
IBM India.
"Freedom comes with a price tag of responsibility, which is still a bargain,
because Freedom is priceless!"
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