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    Subject[PATCH 2/4] Define and use new events,CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE and CPU_LOCK_RELEASE.
    This is an attempt to provide an alternate mechanism for postponing
    a hotplug event instead of using a global mechanism like lock_cpu_hotplug.

    The proposal is to add two new events namely CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE and
    CPU_LOCK_RELEASE. The notification for these two events would be sent
    out before and after a cpu_hotplug event respectively.

    During the CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE event, a cpu-hotplug-aware subsystem is
    supposed to acquire any per-subsystem hotcpu mutex ( Eg. workqueue_mutex
    in kernel/workqueue.c ).

    During the CPU_LOCK_RELEASE release event the cpu-hotplug-aware subsystem
    is supposed to release the per-subsystem hotcpu mutex.

    The reasons for defining new events as opposed to reusing the existing events
    like CPU_UP_PREPARE/CPU_UP_FAILED/CPU_ONLINE for locking/unlocking of
    per-subsystem hotcpu mutexes are as follow:

    - CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE: All hotcpu mutexes are taken before subsystems
    start handling pre-hotplug events like CPU_UP_PREPARE/CPU_DOWN_PREPARE
    etc, thus ensuring a clean handling of these events.

    - CPU_LOCK_RELEASE: The hotcpu mutexes will be released only after
    all subsystems have handled post-hotplug events like CPU_DOWN_FAILED,
    CPU_DEAD,CPU_ONLINE etc thereby ensuring that there are no subsequent
    clashes amongst the interdependent subsystems after a cpu hotplugs.

    This patch also uses __raw_notifier_call chain in _cpu_up to take care
    of the dependency between the two consequetive calls to

    Signed-off-by: Gautham R Shenoy <>

    include/linux/notifier.h | 2 ++
    kernel/cpu.c | 15 +++++++++++----
    2 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

    Index: hotplug/kernel/cpu.c
    --- hotplug.orig/kernel/cpu.c
    +++ hotplug/kernel/cpu.c
    @@ -132,6 +132,8 @@ static int _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
    if (!cpu_online(cpu))
    return -EINVAL;

    + raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE,
    + (void *)(long)cpu);
    err = raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_PREPARE,
    (void *)(long)cpu);
    if (err == NOTIFY_BAD) {
    @@ -185,6 +187,8 @@ out_thread:
    err = kthread_stop(p);
    set_cpus_allowed(current, old_allowed);
    + raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_RELEASE,
    + (void *)(long)cpu);
    return err;

    @@ -206,13 +210,15 @@ int cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
    /* Requires cpu_add_remove_lock to be held */
    static int __devinit _cpu_up(unsigned int cpu)
    - int ret;
    + int ret, nr_calls = 0;
    void *hcpu = (void *)(long)cpu;

    if (cpu_online(cpu) || !cpu_present(cpu))
    return -EINVAL;

    - ret = raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_UP_PREPARE, hcpu);
    + raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE, hcpu);
    + ret = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_UP_PREPARE, hcpu,
    + -1, &nr_calls);
    if (ret == NOTIFY_BAD) {
    printk("%s: attempt to bring up CPU %u failed\n",
    __FUNCTION__, cpu);
    @@ -233,8 +239,9 @@ static int __devinit _cpu_up(unsigned in

    if (ret != 0)
    - raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain,
    - CPU_UP_CANCELED, hcpu);
    + __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain,
    + CPU_UP_CANCELED, hcpu, nr_calls, NULL);
    + raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_RELEASE, hcpu);

    return ret;
    Index: hotplug/include/linux/notifier.h
    --- hotplug.orig/include/linux/notifier.h
    +++ hotplug/include/linux/notifier.h
    @@ -194,6 +194,8 @@ extern int __srcu_notifier_call_chain(st
    #define CPU_DOWN_PREPARE 0x0005 /* CPU (unsigned)v going down */
    #define CPU_DOWN_FAILED 0x0006 /* CPU (unsigned)v NOT going down */
    #define CPU_DEAD 0x0007 /* CPU (unsigned)v dead */
    +#define CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE 0x0008 /* Acquire all hotcpu locks */
    +#define CPU_LOCK_RELEASE 0x0009 /* Release all hotcpu locks */

    #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
    #endif /* _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H */
    Gautham R Shenoy
    Linux Technology Center
    IBM India.
    "Freedom comes with a price tag of responsibility, which is still a bargain,
    because Freedom is priceless!"
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      Last update: 2006-11-14 13:25    [W:0.025 / U:29.564 seconds]
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