lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2006]   [Nov]   [1]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Subject[PATCH 1/7] paravirtualization: header and stubs for paravirtualizing critical operations
From
Date
Create a paravirt.h header for all the critical operations which need
to be replaced with hypervisor calls, and include that instead of
defining native operations, when CONFIG_PARAVIRT.

This patch does the dumbest possible replacement of paravirtualized
instructions: calls through a "paravirt_ops" structure. Currently
these are function implementations of native hardware: hypervisors
will override the ops structure with their own variants.

All the pv-ops functions are declared "fastcall" so that a specific
register-based ABI is used, to make inlining assember easier.

Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Cc: Zachary Amsden <zach@vmware.com>

===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/i386/Kconfig
@@ -196,6 +196,17 @@ config X86_ES7000
should say N here.

endchoice
+
+config PARAVIRT
+ bool "Paravirtualization support (EXPERIMENTAL)"
+ depends on EXPERIMENTAL
+ help
+ Paravirtualization is a way of running multiple instances of
+ Linux on the same machine, under a hypervisor. This option
+ changes the kernel so it can modify itself when it is run
+ under a hypervisor, improving performance significantly.
+ However, when run without a hypervisor the kernel is
+ theoretically slower. If in doubt, say N.

config ACPI_SRAT
bool
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/boot/compressed/misc.c
+++ b/arch/i386/boot/compressed/misc.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
* High loaded stuff by Hans Lermen & Werner Almesberger, Feb. 1996
*/

+#undef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/screen_info.h>
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK) += early_prin
obj-$(CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK) += early_printk.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HPET_TIMER) += hpet.o
obj-$(CONFIG_K8_NB) += k8.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PARAVIRT) += paravirt.o

EXTRA_AFLAGS := -traditional

===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -101,4 +101,14 @@ void foo(void)
BLANK();
OFFSET(PDA_cpu, i386_pda, cpu_number);
OFFSET(PDA_pcurrent, i386_pda, pcurrent);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+ BLANK();
+ OFFSET(PARAVIRT_enabled, paravirt_ops, paravirt_enabled);
+ OFFSET(PARAVIRT_irq_disable, paravirt_ops, irq_disable);
+ OFFSET(PARAVIRT_irq_enable, paravirt_ops, irq_enable);
+ OFFSET(PARAVIRT_irq_enable_sysexit, paravirt_ops, irq_enable_sysexit);
+ OFFSET(PARAVIRT_iret, paravirt_ops, iret);
+ OFFSET(PARAVIRT_read_cr0, paravirt_ops, read_cr0);
+#endif
}
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S
@@ -61,13 +61,6 @@ DF_MASK = 0x00000400
DF_MASK = 0x00000400
NT_MASK = 0x00004000
VM_MASK = 0x00020000
-
-/* These are replaces for paravirtualization */
-#define DISABLE_INTERRUPTS cli
-#define ENABLE_INTERRUPTS sti
-#define ENABLE_INTERRUPTS_SYSEXIT sti; sysexit
-#define INTERRUPT_RETURN iret
-#define GET_CR0_INTO_EAX movl %cr0, %eax

#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
#define preempt_stop DISABLE_INTERRUPTS; TRACE_IRQS_OFF
@@ -416,6 +409,20 @@ ldt_ss:
jnz restore_nocheck
testl $0x00400000, %eax # returning to 32bit stack?
jnz restore_nocheck # allright, normal return
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+ /*
+ * The kernel can't run on a non-flat stack if paravirt mode
+ * is active. Rather than try to fixup the high bits of
+ * ESP, bypass this code entirely. This may break DOSemu
+ * and/or Wine support in a paravirt VM, although the option
+ * is still available to implement the setting of the high
+ * 16-bits in the INTERRUPT_RETURN paravirt-op.
+ */
+ cmpl $0, paravirt_ops+PARAVIRT_enabled
+ jne restore_nocheck
+#endif
+
/* If returning to userspace with 16bit stack,
* try to fix the higher word of ESP, as the CPU
* won't restore it.
@@ -830,6 +837,19 @@ 1: INTERRUPT_RETURN
.long 1b,iret_exc
.previous
KPROBE_END(nmi)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+ENTRY(native_iret)
+1: iret
+.section __ex_table,"a"
+ .align 4
+ .long 1b,iret_exc
+.previous
+
+ENTRY(native_irq_enable_sysexit)
+ sti
+ sysexit
+#endif

KPROBE_ENTRY(int3)
RING0_INT_FRAME
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/i8259.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/i8259.c
@@ -392,7 +392,10 @@ void __init init_ISA_irqs (void)
}
}

-void __init init_IRQ(void)
+/* Overridden in paravirt.c */
+void init_IRQ(void) __attribute__((weak, alias("native_init_IRQ")));
+
+void __init native_init_IRQ(void)
{
int i;

===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c
@@ -1405,7 +1405,7 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
efi_init();
else {
printk(KERN_INFO "BIOS-provided physical RAM map:\n");
- print_memory_map(machine_specific_memory_setup());
+ print_memory_map(memory_setup());
}

copy_edd();
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -33,6 +33,11 @@
* Dave Jones : Report invalid combinations of Athlon CPUs.
* Rusty Russell : Hacked into shape for new "hotplug" boot process. */

+
+/* SMP boot always wants to use real time delay to allow sufficient time for
+ * the APs to come online */
+#define USE_REAL_TIME_DELAY
+
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/time.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/time.c
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/timer.h>
+#include <asm/time.h>

#include "mach_time.h"

@@ -116,10 +117,7 @@ static int set_rtc_mmss(unsigned long no
/* gets recalled with irq locally disabled */
/* XXX - does irqsave resolve this? -johnstul */
spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
- if (efi_enabled)
- retval = efi_set_rtc_mmss(nowtime);
- else
- retval = mach_set_rtc_mmss(nowtime);
+ retval = set_wallclock(nowtime);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);

return retval;
@@ -211,10 +209,7 @@ unsigned long read_persistent_clock(void

spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);

- if (efi_enabled)
- retval = efi_get_time();
- else
- retval = mach_get_cmos_time();
+ retval = get_wallclock();

spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);

@@ -280,7 +275,7 @@ static void __init hpet_time_init(void)
printk("Using HPET for base-timer\n");
}

- time_init_hook();
+ do_time_init();
}
#endif

@@ -296,5 +291,5 @@ void __init time_init(void)
return;
}
#endif
- time_init_hook();
-}
+ do_time_init();
+}
===================================================================
--- a/drivers/net/de600.c
+++ b/drivers/net/de600.c
@@ -43,7 +43,6 @@ static const char version[] = "de600.c:
* modify the following "#define": (see <asm/io.h> for more info)
#define REALLY_SLOW_IO
*/
-#define SLOW_IO_BY_JUMPING /* Looks "better" than dummy write to port 0x80 :-) */

/* use 0 for production, 1 for verification, >2 for debug */
#ifdef DE600_DEBUG
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/delay.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/delay.h
@@ -15,6 +15,13 @@ extern void __const_udelay(unsigned long
extern void __const_udelay(unsigned long usecs);
extern void __delay(unsigned long loops);

+#if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT) && !defined(USE_REAL_TIME_DELAY)
+#define udelay(n) paravirt_ops.const_udelay((n) * 0x10c7ul)
+
+#define ndelay(n) paravirt_ops.const_udelay((n) * 5ul)
+
+#else /* !PARAVIRT || USE_REAL_TIME_DELAY */
+
#define udelay(n) (__builtin_constant_p(n) ? \
((n) > 20000 ? __bad_udelay() : __const_udelay((n) * 0x10c7ul)) : \
__udelay(n))
@@ -22,6 +29,7 @@ extern void __delay(unsigned long loops)
#define ndelay(n) (__builtin_constant_p(n) ? \
((n) > 20000 ? __bad_ndelay() : __const_udelay((n) * 5ul)) : \
__ndelay(n))
+#endif

void use_tsc_delay(void);

===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/desc.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/desc.h
@@ -55,6 +55,9 @@ static inline void pack_gate(u32 *low, u
#define DESCTYPE_DPL3 0x60 /* DPL-3 */
#define DESCTYPE_S 0x10 /* !system */

+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#else
#define load_TR_desc() __asm__ __volatile__("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8))

#define load_gdt(dtr) __asm__ __volatile("lgdt %0"::"m" (*dtr))
@@ -89,7 +92,11 @@ static inline void write_dt_entry(void *
lp[1] = entry_high;
}

-static inline void set_ldt(void *addr, unsigned int entries)
+#define set_ldt native_set_ldt
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */
+
+static inline fastcall void native_set_ldt(const void *addr,
+ unsigned int entries)
{
if (likely(entries == 0))
__asm__ __volatile__("lldt %w0"::"q" (0));
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/io.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/io.h
@@ -256,11 +256,11 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(v

#endif /* __KERNEL__ */

-#ifdef SLOW_IO_BY_JUMPING
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "jmp 1f; 1: jmp 1f; 1:"
-#else
+#if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#else
+
#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "outb %%al,$0x80;"
-#endif

static inline void slow_down_io(void) {
__asm__ __volatile__(
@@ -270,6 +270,8 @@ static inline void slow_down_io(void) {
#endif
: : );
}
+
+#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_NUMAQ
extern void *xquad_portio; /* Where the IO area was mapped */
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/irq.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/irq.h
@@ -41,4 +41,7 @@ extern void fixup_irqs(cpumask_t map);
extern void fixup_irqs(cpumask_t map);
#endif

+void init_IRQ(void);
+void __init native_init_IRQ(void);
+
#endif /* _ASM_IRQ_H */
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/irqflags.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/irqflags.h
@@ -10,6 +10,9 @@
#ifndef _ASM_IRQFLAGS_H
#define _ASM_IRQFLAGS_H

+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#else
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

static inline unsigned long __raw_local_save_flags(void)
@@ -24,9 +27,6 @@ static inline unsigned long __raw_local_

return flags;
}
-
-#define raw_local_save_flags(flags) \
- do { (flags) = __raw_local_save_flags(); } while (0)

static inline void raw_local_irq_restore(unsigned long flags)
{
@@ -66,18 +66,6 @@ static inline void halt(void)
__asm__ __volatile__("hlt": : :"memory");
}

-static inline int raw_irqs_disabled_flags(unsigned long flags)
-{
- return !(flags & (1 << 9));
-}
-
-static inline int raw_irqs_disabled(void)
-{
- unsigned long flags = __raw_local_save_flags();
-
- return raw_irqs_disabled_flags(flags);
-}
-
/*
* For spinlocks, etc:
*/
@@ -90,9 +78,33 @@ static inline unsigned long __raw_local_
return flags;
}

+#else
+#define DISABLE_INTERRUPTS cli
+#define ENABLE_INTERRUPTS sti
+#define ENABLE_INTERRUPTS_SYSEXIT sti; sysexit
+#define INTERRUPT_RETURN iret
+#define GET_CR0_INTO_EAX movl %cr0, %eax
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+#define raw_local_save_flags(flags) \
+ do { (flags) = __raw_local_save_flags(); } while (0)
+
#define raw_local_irq_save(flags) \
do { (flags) = __raw_local_irq_save(); } while (0)

+static inline int raw_irqs_disabled_flags(unsigned long flags)
+{
+ return !(flags & (1 << 9));
+}
+
+static inline int raw_irqs_disabled(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags = __raw_local_save_flags();
+
+ return raw_irqs_disabled_flags(flags);
+}
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */

/*
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/mach-default/setup_arch.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/mach-default/setup_arch.h
@@ -2,4 +2,6 @@

/* no action for generic */

+#ifndef ARCH_SETUP
#define ARCH_SETUP
+#endif
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/msr.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/msr.h
@@ -1,5 +1,9 @@
#ifndef __ASM_MSR_H
#define __ASM_MSR_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#else

/*
* Access to machine-specific registers (available on 586 and better only)
@@ -77,6 +81,7 @@ static inline void wrmsrl (unsigned long
__asm__ __volatile__("rdpmc" \
: "=a" (low), "=d" (high) \
: "c" (counter))
+#endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT */

/* symbolic names for some interesting MSRs */
/* Intel defined MSRs. */
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/processor.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/processor.h
@@ -146,8 +146,8 @@ static inline void detect_ht(struct cpui
#define X86_EFLAGS_VIP 0x00100000 /* Virtual Interrupt Pending */
#define X86_EFLAGS_ID 0x00200000 /* CPUID detection flag */

-static inline void __cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx,
- unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx)
+static inline fastcall void native_cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx,
+ unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx)
{
/* ecx is often an input as well as an output. */
__asm__("cpuid"
@@ -548,6 +548,12 @@ static inline void rep_nop(void)

#define cpu_relax() rep_nop()

+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#else
+#define paravirt_enabled() 0
+#define __cpuid native_cpuid
+
static inline void load_esp0(struct tss_struct *tss, struct thread_struct *thread)
{
tss->esp0 = thread->esp0;
@@ -570,10 +576,13 @@ static inline void load_esp0(struct tss_
: /* no output */ \
:"r" (value))

+#define set_iopl_mask native_set_iopl_mask
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */
+
/*
* Set IOPL bits in EFLAGS from given mask
*/
-static inline void set_iopl_mask(unsigned mask)
+static fastcall inline void native_set_iopl_mask(unsigned mask)
{
unsigned int reg;
__asm__ __volatile__ ("pushfl;"
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/segment.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/segment.h
@@ -131,5 +131,7 @@
#define SEGMENT_LDT 0x4
#define SEGMENT_GDT 0x0

+#ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
#define get_kernel_rpl() 0
#endif
+#endif
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/setup.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/setup.h
@@ -70,6 +70,14 @@ struct e820entry;
struct e820entry;

char * __init machine_specific_memory_setup(void);
+#ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+static inline char *memory_setup(void)
+{
+ return machine_specific_memory_setup();
+}
+#else
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#endif

int __init copy_e820_map(struct e820entry * biosmap, int nr_map);
int __init sanitize_e820_map(struct e820entry * biosmap, char * pnr_map);
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/spinlock.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/spinlock.h
@@ -7,8 +7,12 @@
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>

+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#else
#define CLI_STRING "cli"
#define STI_STRING "sti"
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */

/*
* Your basic SMP spinlocks, allowing only a single CPU anywhere
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/system.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/system.h
@@ -88,6 +88,9 @@ __asm__ __volatile__ ("movw %%dx,%1\n\t"
#define savesegment(seg, value) \
asm volatile("mov %%" #seg ",%0":"=rm" (value))

+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#else
#define read_cr0() ({ \
unsigned int __dummy; \
__asm__ __volatile__( \
@@ -139,16 +142,17 @@ __asm__ __volatile__ ("movw %%dx,%1\n\t"
#define write_cr4(x) \
__asm__ __volatile__("movl %0,%%cr4": :"r" (x))

-/*
- * Clear and set 'TS' bit respectively
- */
-#define clts() __asm__ __volatile__ ("clts")
-#define stts() write_cr0(8 | read_cr0())
-
-#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
-
#define wbinvd() \
__asm__ __volatile__ ("wbinvd": : :"memory")
+
+/* Clear the 'TS' bit */
+#define clts() __asm__ __volatile__ ("clts")
+#endif/* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */
+
+/* Set the 'TS' bit */
+#define stts() write_cr0(8 | read_cr0())
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */

static inline unsigned long get_limit(unsigned long segment)
{
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c
@@ -0,0 +1,399 @@
+/* Paravirtualization interfaces
+ Copyright (C) 2006 Rusty Russell IBM Corporation
+
+ This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ (at your option) any later version.
+
+ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
+*/
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/efi.h>
+#include <linux/bcd.h>
+
+#include <asm/bug.h>
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#include <asm/desc.h>
+#include <asm/setup.h>
+#include <asm/arch_hooks.h>
+#include <asm/time.h>
+#include <asm/irq.h>
+#include <asm/delay.h>
+
+/* nop stub */
+static void native_nop(void)
+{
+}
+
+static void __init default_banner(void)
+{
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Booting paravirtualized kernel on %s\n",
+ paravirt_ops.name);
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long native_get_debugreg(int regno)
+{
+ unsigned long val = 0; /* Damn you, gcc! */
+
+ switch (regno) {
+ case 0:
+ asm("movl %%db0, %0" :"=r" (val)); break;
+ case 1:
+ asm("movl %%db1, %0" :"=r" (val)); break;
+ case 2:
+ asm("movl %%db2, %0" :"=r" (val)); break;
+ case 3:
+ asm("movl %%db3, %0" :"=r" (val)); break;
+ case 6:
+ asm("movl %%db6, %0" :"=r" (val)); break;
+ case 7:
+ asm("movl %%db7, %0" :"=r" (val)); break;
+ default:
+ BUG();
+ }
+ return val;
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_set_debugreg(int regno, unsigned long value)
+{
+ switch (regno) {
+ case 0:
+ asm("movl %0,%%db0" : /* no output */ :"r" (value));
+ break;
+ case 1:
+ asm("movl %0,%%db1" : /* no output */ :"r" (value));
+ break;
+ case 2:
+ asm("movl %0,%%db2" : /* no output */ :"r" (value));
+ break;
+ case 3:
+ asm("movl %0,%%db3" : /* no output */ :"r" (value));
+ break;
+ case 6:
+ asm("movl %0,%%db6" : /* no output */ :"r" (value));
+ break;
+ case 7:
+ asm("movl %0,%%db7" : /* no output */ :"r" (value));
+ break;
+ default:
+ BUG();
+ }
+}
+
+void init_IRQ(void)
+{
+ paravirt_ops.init_IRQ();
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_clts(void)
+{
+ asm volatile ("clts");
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long native_read_cr0(void)
+{
+ unsigned long val;
+ asm volatile("movl %%cr0,%0\n\t" :"=r" (val));
+ return val;
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_write_cr0(unsigned long val)
+{
+ asm volatile("movl %0,%%cr0": :"r" (val));
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long native_read_cr2(void)
+{
+ unsigned long val;
+ asm volatile("movl %%cr2,%0\n\t" :"=r" (val));
+ return val;
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_write_cr2(unsigned long val)
+{
+ asm volatile("movl %0,%%cr2": :"r" (val));
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long native_read_cr3(void)
+{
+ unsigned long val;
+ asm volatile("movl %%cr3,%0\n\t" :"=r" (val));
+ return val;
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_write_cr3(unsigned long val)
+{
+ asm volatile("movl %0,%%cr3": :"r" (val));
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long native_read_cr4(void)
+{
+ unsigned long val;
+ asm volatile("movl %%cr4,%0\n\t" :"=r" (val));
+ return val;
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long native_read_cr4_safe(void)
+{
+ unsigned long val;
+ /* This could fault if %cr4 does not exist */
+ asm("1: movl %%cr4, %0 \n"
+ "2: \n"
+ ".section __ex_table,\"a\" \n"
+ ".long 1b,2b \n"
+ ".previous \n"
+ : "=r" (val): "0" (0));
+ return val;
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_write_cr4(unsigned long val)
+{
+ asm volatile("movl %0,%%cr4": :"r" (val));
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long native_save_fl(void)
+{
+ unsigned long f;
+ asm volatile("pushfl ; popl %0":"=g" (f): /* no input */);
+ return f;
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_restore_fl(unsigned long f)
+{
+ asm volatile("pushl %0 ; popfl": /* no output */
+ :"g" (f)
+ :"memory", "cc");
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_irq_disable(void)
+{
+ asm volatile("cli": : :"memory");
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_irq_enable(void)
+{
+ asm volatile("sti": : :"memory");
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_safe_halt(void)
+{
+ asm volatile("sti; hlt": : :"memory");
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_halt(void)
+{
+ asm volatile("hlt": : :"memory");
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_wbinvd(void)
+{
+ asm volatile("wbinvd": : :"memory");
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long long native_read_msr(unsigned int msr, int *err)
+{
+ unsigned long long val;
+
+ asm volatile("2: rdmsr ; xorl %0,%0\n"
+ "1:\n\t"
+ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
+ "3: movl %3,%0 ; jmp 1b\n\t"
+ ".previous\n\t"
+ ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
+ " .align 4\n\t"
+ " .long 2b,3b\n\t"
+ ".previous"
+ : "=r" (*err), "=A" (val)
+ : "c" (msr), "i" (-EFAULT));
+
+ return val;
+}
+
+static fastcall int native_write_msr(unsigned int msr, unsigned long long val)
+{
+ int err;
+ asm volatile("2: wrmsr ; xorl %0,%0\n"
+ "1:\n\t"
+ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
+ "3: movl %4,%0 ; jmp 1b\n\t"
+ ".previous\n\t"
+ ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
+ " .align 4\n\t"
+ " .long 2b,3b\n\t"
+ ".previous"
+ : "=a" (err)
+ : "c" (msr), "0" ((u32)val), "d" ((u32)(val>>32)),
+ "i" (-EFAULT));
+ return err;
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long long native_read_tsc(void)
+{
+ unsigned long long val;
+ asm volatile("rdtsc" : "=A" (val));
+ return val;
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long long native_read_pmc(void)
+{
+ unsigned long long val;
+ asm volatile("rdpmc" : "=A" (val));
+ return val;
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_load_tr_desc(void)
+{
+ asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8));
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_load_gdt(const struct Xgt_desc_struct *dtr)
+{
+ asm volatile("lgdt %0"::"m" (*dtr));
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_load_idt(const struct Xgt_desc_struct *dtr)
+{
+ asm volatile("lidt %0"::"m" (*dtr));
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_store_gdt(struct Xgt_desc_struct *dtr)
+{
+ asm ("sgdt %0":"=m" (*dtr));
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_store_idt(struct Xgt_desc_struct *dtr)
+{
+ asm ("sidt %0":"=m" (*dtr));
+}
+
+static fastcall unsigned long native_store_tr(void)
+{
+ unsigned long tr;
+ asm ("str %0":"=r" (tr));
+ return tr;
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_load_tls(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu)
+{
+#define C(i) get_cpu_gdt_table(cpu)[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN + i] = t->tls_array[i]
+ C(0); C(1); C(2);
+#undef C
+}
+
+static inline void native_write_dt_entry(void *dt, int entry, u32 entry_low, u32 entry_high)
+{
+ u32 *lp = (u32 *)((char *)dt + entry*8);
+ lp[0] = entry_low;
+ lp[1] = entry_high;
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_write_ldt_entry(void *dt, int entrynum, u32 low, u32 high)
+{
+ native_write_dt_entry(dt, entrynum, low, high);
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_write_gdt_entry(void *dt, int entrynum, u32 low, u32 high)
+{
+ native_write_dt_entry(dt, entrynum, low, high);
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_write_idt_entry(void *dt, int entrynum, u32 low, u32 high)
+{
+ native_write_dt_entry(dt, entrynum, low, high);
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_load_esp0(struct tss_struct *tss,
+ struct thread_struct *thread)
+{
+ tss->esp0 = thread->esp0;
+
+ /* This can only happen when SEP is enabled, no need to test "SEP"arately */
+ if (unlikely(tss->ss1 != thread->sysenter_cs)) {
+ tss->ss1 = thread->sysenter_cs;
+ wrmsr(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, thread->sysenter_cs, 0);
+ }
+}
+
+static fastcall void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+ asm volatile("outb %al,$0x80");
+}
+
+/* These are in entry.S */
+extern fastcall void native_iret(void);
+extern fastcall void native_irq_enable_sysexit(void);
+
+static int __init print_banner(void)
+{
+ paravirt_ops.banner();
+ return 0;
+}
+core_initcall(print_banner);
+
+struct paravirt_ops paravirt_ops = {
+ .name = "bare hardware",
+ .paravirt_enabled = 0,
+ .kernel_rpl = 0,
+
+ .banner = default_banner,
+ .arch_setup = native_nop,
+ .memory_setup = machine_specific_memory_setup,
+ .get_wallclock = native_get_wallclock,
+ .set_wallclock = native_set_wallclock,
+ .time_init = time_init_hook,
+ .init_IRQ = native_init_IRQ,
+
+ .cpuid = native_cpuid,
+ .get_debugreg = native_get_debugreg,
+ .set_debugreg = native_set_debugreg,
+ .clts = native_clts,
+ .read_cr0 = native_read_cr0,
+ .write_cr0 = native_write_cr0,
+ .read_cr2 = native_read_cr2,
+ .write_cr2 = native_write_cr2,
+ .read_cr3 = native_read_cr3,
+ .write_cr3 = native_write_cr3,
+ .read_cr4 = native_read_cr4,
+ .read_cr4_safe = native_read_cr4_safe,
+ .write_cr4 = native_write_cr4,
+ .save_fl = native_save_fl,
+ .restore_fl = native_restore_fl,
+ .irq_disable = native_irq_disable,
+ .irq_enable = native_irq_enable,
+ .safe_halt = native_safe_halt,
+ .halt = native_halt,
+ .wbinvd = native_wbinvd,
+ .read_msr = native_read_msr,
+ .write_msr = native_write_msr,
+ .read_tsc = native_read_tsc,
+ .read_pmc = native_read_pmc,
+ .load_tr_desc = native_load_tr_desc,
+ .set_ldt = native_set_ldt,
+ .load_gdt = native_load_gdt,
+ .load_idt = native_load_idt,
+ .store_gdt = native_store_gdt,
+ .store_idt = native_store_idt,
+ .store_tr = native_store_tr,
+ .load_tls = native_load_tls,
+ .write_ldt_entry = native_write_ldt_entry,
+ .write_gdt_entry = native_write_gdt_entry,
+ .write_idt_entry = native_write_idt_entry,
+ .load_esp0 = native_load_esp0,
+
+ .set_iopl_mask = native_set_iopl_mask,
+ .io_delay = native_io_delay,
+ .const_udelay = __const_udelay,
+
+ .irq_enable_sysexit = native_irq_enable_sysexit,
+ .iret = native_iret,
+};
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(paravirt_ops);
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-i386/paravirt.h
@@ -0,0 +1,286 @@
+#ifndef __ASM_PARAVIRT_H
+#define __ASM_PARAVIRT_H
+/* Various instructions on x86 need to be replaced for
+ * para-virtualization: those hooks are defined here. */
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+struct thread_struct;
+struct Xgt_desc_struct;
+struct tss_struct;
+struct paravirt_ops
+{
+ unsigned int kernel_rpl;
+ int paravirt_enabled;
+ const char *name;
+
+ void (*arch_setup)(void);
+ char *(*memory_setup)(void);
+ void (*init_IRQ)(void);
+
+ void (*banner)(void);
+
+ unsigned long (*get_wallclock)(void);
+ int (*set_wallclock)(unsigned long);
+ void (*time_init)(void);
+
+ /* All the function pointers here are declared as "fastcall"
+ so that we get a specific register-based calling
+ convention. This makes it easier to implement inline
+ assembler replacements. */
+
+ void (fastcall *cpuid)(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx,
+ unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx);
+
+ unsigned long (fastcall *get_debugreg)(int regno);
+ void (fastcall *set_debugreg)(int regno, unsigned long value);
+
+ void (fastcall *clts)(void);
+
+ unsigned long (fastcall *read_cr0)(void);
+ void (fastcall *write_cr0)(unsigned long);
+
+ unsigned long (fastcall *read_cr2)(void);
+ void (fastcall *write_cr2)(unsigned long);
+
+ unsigned long (fastcall *read_cr3)(void);
+ void (fastcall *write_cr3)(unsigned long);
+
+ unsigned long (fastcall *read_cr4_safe)(void);
+ unsigned long (fastcall *read_cr4)(void);
+ void (fastcall *write_cr4)(unsigned long);
+
+ unsigned long (fastcall *save_fl)(void);
+ void (fastcall *restore_fl)(unsigned long);
+ void (fastcall *irq_disable)(void);
+ void (fastcall *irq_enable)(void);
+ void (fastcall *safe_halt)(void);
+ void (fastcall *halt)(void);
+ void (fastcall *wbinvd)(void);
+
+ /* err = 0/-EFAULT. wrmsr returns 0/-EFAULT. */
+ u64 (fastcall *read_msr)(unsigned int msr, int *err);
+ int (fastcall *write_msr)(unsigned int msr, u64 val);
+
+ u64 (fastcall *read_tsc)(void);
+ u64 (fastcall *read_pmc)(void);
+
+ void (fastcall *load_tr_desc)(void);
+ void (fastcall *load_gdt)(const struct Xgt_desc_struct *);
+ void (fastcall *load_idt)(const struct Xgt_desc_struct *);
+ void (fastcall *store_gdt)(struct Xgt_desc_struct *);
+ void (fastcall *store_idt)(struct Xgt_desc_struct *);
+ void (fastcall *set_ldt)(const void *desc, unsigned entries);
+ unsigned long (fastcall *store_tr)(void);
+ void (fastcall *load_tls)(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu);
+ void (fastcall *write_ldt_entry)(void *dt, int entrynum,
+ u32 low, u32 high);
+ void (fastcall *write_gdt_entry)(void *dt, int entrynum,
+ u32 low, u32 high);
+ void (fastcall *write_idt_entry)(void *dt, int entrynum,
+ u32 low, u32 high);
+ void (fastcall *load_esp0)(struct tss_struct *tss,
+ struct thread_struct *thread);
+
+ void (fastcall *set_iopl_mask)(unsigned mask);
+
+ void (fastcall *io_delay)(void);
+ void (*const_udelay)(unsigned long loops);
+
+ /* These two are jmp to, not actually called. */
+ void (fastcall *irq_enable_sysexit)(void);
+ void (fastcall *iret)(void);
+};
+
+extern struct paravirt_ops paravirt_ops;
+
+#define paravirt_enabled() (paravirt_ops.paravirt_enabled)
+
+static inline void load_esp0(struct tss_struct *tss,
+ struct thread_struct *thread)
+{
+ paravirt_ops.load_esp0(tss, thread);
+}
+
+#define ARCH_SETUP paravirt_ops.arch_setup();
+static inline char *memory_setup(void)
+{
+ return paravirt_ops.memory_setup();
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long get_wallclock(void)
+{
+ return paravirt_ops.get_wallclock();
+}
+
+static inline int set_wallclock(unsigned long nowtime)
+{
+ return paravirt_ops.set_wallclock(nowtime);
+}
+
+static inline void do_time_init(void)
+{
+ return paravirt_ops.time_init();
+}
+
+/* The paravirtualized CPUID instruction. */
+static inline void __cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx,
+ unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx)
+{
+ paravirt_ops.cpuid(eax, ebx, ecx, edx);
+}
+
+/*
+ * These special macros can be used to get or set a debugging register
+ */
+#define get_debugreg(var, reg) var = paravirt_ops.get_debugreg(reg)
+#define set_debugreg(val, reg) paravirt_ops.set_debugreg(reg, val)
+
+#define clts() paravirt_ops.clts()
+
+#define read_cr0() paravirt_ops.read_cr0()
+#define write_cr0(x) paravirt_ops.write_cr0(x)
+
+#define read_cr2() paravirt_ops.read_cr2()
+#define write_cr2(x) paravirt_ops.write_cr2(x)
+
+#define read_cr3() paravirt_ops.read_cr3()
+#define write_cr3(x) paravirt_ops.write_cr3(x)
+
+#define read_cr4() paravirt_ops.read_cr4()
+#define read_cr4_safe(x) paravirt_ops.read_cr4_safe()
+#define write_cr4(x) paravirt_ops.write_cr4(x)
+
+static inline unsigned long __raw_local_save_flags(void)
+{
+ return paravirt_ops.save_fl();
+}
+
+static inline void raw_local_irq_restore(unsigned long flags)
+{
+ return paravirt_ops.restore_fl(flags);
+}
+
+static inline void raw_local_irq_disable(void)
+{
+ paravirt_ops.irq_disable();
+}
+
+static inline void raw_local_irq_enable(void)
+{
+ paravirt_ops.irq_enable();
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long __raw_local_irq_save(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags = paravirt_ops.save_fl();
+
+ paravirt_ops.irq_disable();
+
+ return flags;
+}
+
+static inline void raw_safe_halt(void)
+{
+ paravirt_ops.safe_halt();
+}
+
+static inline void halt(void)
+{
+ paravirt_ops.safe_halt();
+}
+#define wbinvd() paravirt_ops.wbinvd()
+
+#define get_kernel_rpl() (paravirt_ops.kernel_rpl)
+
+#define rdmsr(msr,val1,val2) do { \
+ int _err; \
+ u64 _l = paravirt_ops.read_msr(msr,&_err); \
+ val1 = (u32)_l; \
+ val2 = _l >> 32; \
+} while(0)
+
+#define wrmsr(msr,val1,val2) do { \
+ u64 _l = ((u64)(val2) << 32) | (val1); \
+ paravirt_ops.write_msr((msr), _l); \
+} while(0)
+
+#define rdmsrl(msr,val) do { \
+ int _err; \
+ val = paravirt_ops.read_msr((msr),&_err); \
+} while(0)
+
+#define wrmsrl(msr,val) (paravirt_ops.write_msr((msr),(val)))
+#define wrmsr_safe(msr,a,b) ({ \
+ u64 _l = ((u64)(b) << 32) | (a); \
+ paravirt_ops.write_msr((msr),_l); \
+})
+
+/* rdmsr with exception handling */
+#define rdmsr_safe(msr,a,b) ({ \
+ int _err; \
+ u64 _l = paravirt_ops.read_msr(msr,&_err); \
+ (*a) = (u32)_l; \
+ (*b) = _l >> 32; \
+ _err; })
+
+#define rdtsc(low,high) do { \
+ u64 _l = paravirt_ops.read_tsc(); \
+ low = (u32)_l; \
+ high = _l >> 32; \
+} while(0)
+
+#define rdtscl(low) do { \
+ u64 _l = paravirt_ops.read_tsc(); \
+ low = (int)_l; \
+} while(0)
+
+#define rdtscll(val) (val = paravirt_ops.read_tsc())
+
+#define write_tsc(val1,val2) wrmsr(0x10, val1, val2)
+
+#define rdpmc(counter,low,high) do { \
+ u64 _l = paravirt_ops.read_pmc(); \
+ low = (u32)_l; \
+ high = _l >> 32; \
+} while(0)
+
+#define load_TR_desc() (paravirt_ops.load_tr_desc())
+#define load_gdt(dtr) (paravirt_ops.load_gdt(dtr))
+#define load_idt(dtr) (paravirt_ops.load_idt(dtr))
+#define set_ldt(addr, entries) (paravirt_ops.set_ldt((addr), (entries)))
+#define store_gdt(dtr) (paravirt_ops.store_gdt(dtr))
+#define store_idt(dtr) (paravirt_ops.store_idt(dtr))
+#define store_tr(tr) ((tr) = paravirt_ops.store_tr())
+#define load_TLS(t,cpu) (paravirt_ops.load_tls((t),(cpu)))
+#define write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, low, high) \
+ (paravirt_ops.write_ldt_entry((dt), (entry), (low), (high)))
+#define write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, low, high) \
+ (paravirt_ops.write_gdt_entry((dt), (entry), (low), (high)))
+#define write_idt_entry(dt, entry, low, high) \
+ (paravirt_ops.write_idt_entry((dt), (entry), (low), (high)))
+#define set_iopl_mask(mask) (paravirt_ops.set_iopl_mask(mask))
+
+/* The paravirtualized I/O functions */
+static inline void slow_down_io(void) {
+ paravirt_ops.io_delay();
+#ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
+ paravirt_ops.io_delay();
+ paravirt_ops.io_delay();
+ paravirt_ops.io_delay();
+#endif
+}
+
+#define CLI_STRING "pushl %eax; pushl %ecx; pushl %edx; call *paravirt_ops+PARAVIRT_irq_disable; popl %edx; popl %ecx; popl %eax"
+#define STI_STRING "pushl %eax; pushl %ecx; pushl %edx; call *paravirt_ops+PARAVIRT_irq_enable; popl %edx; popl %ecx; popl %eax"
+#else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#define INTERRUPT_RETURN jmp *%cs:paravirt_ops+PARAVIRT_iret
+#define DISABLE_INTERRUPTS pushl %eax; pushl %ecx; pushl %edx; call *paravirt_ops+PARAVIRT_irq_disable; popl %edx; popl %ecx; popl %eax
+#define ENABLE_INTERRUPTS pushl %eax; pushl %ecx; pushl %edx; call *%cs:paravirt_ops+PARAVIRT_irq_enable; popl %edx; popl %ecx; popl %eax
+#define ENABLE_INTERRUPTS_SYSEXIT jmp *%cs:paravirt_ops+PARAVIRT_irq_enable_sysexit
+#define GET_CR0_INTO_EAX call *paravirt_ops+PARAVIRT_read_cr0
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */
+#endif /* __ASM_PARAVIRT_H */
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-i386/time.h
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+#ifndef _ASMi386_TIME_H
+#define _ASMi386_TIME_H
+
+#include <linux/efi.h>
+#include "mach_time.h"
+
+static inline unsigned long native_get_wallclock(void)
+{
+ unsigned long retval;
+
+ if (efi_enabled)
+ retval = efi_get_time();
+ else
+ retval = mach_get_cmos_time();
+
+ return retval;
+}
+
+static inline int native_set_wallclock(unsigned long nowtime)
+{
+ int retval;
+
+ if (efi_enabled)
+ retval = efi_set_rtc_mmss(nowtime);
+ else
+ retval = mach_set_rtc_mmss(nowtime);
+
+ return retval;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#else /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT */
+
+#define get_wallclock() native_get_wallclock()
+#define set_wallclock(x) native_set_wallclock(x)
+#define do_time_init() time_init_hook()
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */
+
+#endif

-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2006-11-01 11:29    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans