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SubjectRe: [RFC 0/3] Convert XFS inode hashes to radix trees
On Tue, Oct 03, 2006 at 02:23:35PM -0700, Chris Wedgwood wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 03, 2006 at 04:06:10PM +1000, David Chinner wrote:
> > Overall, the patchset removes more than 200 lines of code from the
> > xfs inode caching and lookup code and provides more consistent
> > scalability for large numbers of cached inodes. The only down side
> > is that it limits us to 32 bit inode numbers of 32 bit platforms due
> > to the way the radix tree uses unsigned longs for it's indexes
> commit afefdbb28a0a2af689926c30b94a14aea6036719
> tree 6ee500575cac928cd90045bcf5b691cf2b8daa09
> parent 1d32849b14bc8792e6f35ab27dd990d74b16126c
> author David Howells <> 1159863226 -0700
> committer Linus Torvalds <> 1159887820 -0700
> [PATCH] VFS: Make filldir_t and struct kstat deal in 64-bit inode numbers
> These patches make the kernel pass 64-bit inode numbers internally when
> communicating to userspace, even on a 32-bit system. They are required
> because some filesystems have intrinsic 64-bit inode numbers: NFS3+ and XFS
> for example. The 64-bit inode numbers are then propagated to userspace
> automatically where the arch supports it.
> [...]
> Doing this will mean XFS won't be able to support 32-bit inodes on
> 32-bit platforms the above (merged) patch --- though given that cheap
> 64-bit systems are now abundant does anyone really care?

That's a good question. In a recent thread on linux-fsdevel about
these patches Christoph Hellwig pointed out that 32bit user space is
not ready for 64 bit inodes, so it's probably going to be a while
before the second half of this mod is ready (which exports 64 bit
inodes ito userspace on 32bit platforms).

ISTR someone else also menitoning that 64bit inodes on 32-bit machines
also breaks the dynamic linker, but I can't find a reference to that

As it stands, there's still a few barriers to getting 64 bit inodes
on 32 bit platforms and I can't see them going away quickly. Right
now I see little reason in moving to 64 bit inodes for 32 bit
platforms for XFS because of the 16TB filesystem size limit (that
only needs 33-36 bit inodes depending on the inode size) and no
32bit platform is currently able to repair a filesystem of that

And yes, 64 bit systems are cheap, cheap, cheap so IMO this
functionality is really irrelevant moving forward. If it had come
along a couple of years ago then it would be different, but I think
mainstream technology is finally catching up with XFS so it's not a
critical issue anymore... ;)


Dave Chinner
Principal Engineer
SGI Australian Software Group
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