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Subject[PATCH 05/16] spufs: allow isolated mode apps by starting the SPE loader
This patch adds general support for isolated mode SPE apps.

Isolated apps are started indirectly, by a dedicated loader "kernel".
This patch starts the loader when spe_create is invoked with the
ISOLATE flag. We do this at spe_create time to allow libspe to pass the
isolated app in before calling spe_run.

The loader is read from the device tree, at the location
"/spu-isolation/loader". If the loader is not present, an attempt to
start an isolated SPE binary will fail with -ENODEV.

Update: loader needs to be correctly aligned - copy to a kmalloced buf.
Update: remove workaround for systemsim/spurom 'L-bit' bug, which has
been fixed.
Update: don't write to runcntl on spu_run_init: SPU is already running.
Update: do spu_setup_isolated earlier

Tested on systemsim.

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Kerr <jk@ozlabs.org>
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd.bergmann@de.ibm.com>

---
arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spu_base.c | 35 ++++++--
arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/inode.c | 117 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/run.c | 12 +--
3 files changed, 148 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
Index: linux-2.6/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spu_base.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spu_base.c
+++ linux-2.6/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spu_base.c
@@ -89,7 +89,30 @@ static int __spu_trap_data_seg(struct sp
printk("%s: invalid access during switch!\n", __func__);
return 1;
}
- if (!mm || (REGION_ID(ea) != USER_REGION_ID)) {
+ esid = (ea & ESID_MASK) | SLB_ESID_V;
+
+ switch(REGION_ID(ea)) {
+ case USER_REGION_ID:
+#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
+ if (in_hugepage_area(mm->context, ea))
+ llp = mmu_psize_defs[mmu_huge_psize].sllp;
+ else
+#endif
+ llp = mmu_psize_defs[mmu_virtual_psize].sllp;
+ vsid = (get_vsid(mm->context.id, ea) << SLB_VSID_SHIFT) |
+ SLB_VSID_USER | llp;
+ break;
+ case VMALLOC_REGION_ID:
+ llp = mmu_psize_defs[mmu_virtual_psize].sllp;
+ vsid = (get_kernel_vsid(ea) << SLB_VSID_SHIFT) |
+ SLB_VSID_KERNEL | llp;
+ break;
+ case KERNEL_REGION_ID:
+ llp = mmu_psize_defs[mmu_linear_psize].sllp;
+ vsid = (get_kernel_vsid(ea) << SLB_VSID_SHIFT) |
+ SLB_VSID_KERNEL | llp;
+ break;
+ default:
/* Future: support kernel segments so that drivers
* can use SPUs.
*/
@@ -97,16 +120,6 @@ static int __spu_trap_data_seg(struct sp
return 1;
}

- esid = (ea & ESID_MASK) | SLB_ESID_V;
-#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
- if (in_hugepage_area(mm->context, ea))
- llp = mmu_psize_defs[mmu_huge_psize].sllp;
- else
-#endif
- llp = mmu_psize_defs[mmu_virtual_psize].sllp;
- vsid = (get_vsid(mm->context.id, ea) << SLB_VSID_SHIFT) |
- SLB_VSID_USER | llp;
-
out_be64(&priv2->slb_index_W, spu->slb_replace);
out_be64(&priv2->slb_vsid_RW, vsid);
out_be64(&priv2->slb_esid_RW, esid);
Index: linux-2.6/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/inode.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/inode.c
+++ linux-2.6/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/inode.c
@@ -33,6 +33,8 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/parser.h>

+#include <asm/prom.h>
+#include <asm/spu_priv1.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/semaphore.h>
#include <asm/spu.h>
@@ -41,6 +43,7 @@
#include "spufs.h"

static kmem_cache_t *spufs_inode_cache;
+static char *isolated_loader;

static struct inode *
spufs_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
@@ -232,6 +235,89 @@ struct file_operations spufs_context_fop
.fsync = simple_sync_file,
};

+static int spu_setup_isolated(struct spu_context *ctx)
+{
+ int ret;
+ u64 __iomem *mfc_cntl;
+ u64 sr1;
+ u32 status;
+ unsigned long timeout;
+ const u32 status_loading = SPU_STATUS_RUNNING
+ | SPU_STATUS_ISOLATED_STATE | SPU_STATUS_ISOLATED_LOAD_STATUS;
+
+ if (!isolated_loader)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if ((ret = spu_acquire_runnable(ctx)) != 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ mfc_cntl = &ctx->spu->priv2->mfc_control_RW;
+
+ /* purge the MFC DMA queue to ensure no spurious accesses before we
+ * enter kernel mode */
+ timeout = jiffies + HZ;
+ out_be64(mfc_cntl, MFC_CNTL_PURGE_DMA_REQUEST);
+ while ((in_be64(mfc_cntl) & MFC_CNTL_PURGE_DMA_STATUS_MASK)
+ != MFC_CNTL_PURGE_DMA_COMPLETE) {
+ if (time_after(jiffies, timeout)) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "%s: timeout flushing MFC DMA queue\n",
+ __FUNCTION__);
+ ret = -EIO;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+ cond_resched();
+ }
+
+ /* put the SPE in kernel mode to allow access to the loader */
+ sr1 = spu_mfc_sr1_get(ctx->spu);
+ sr1 &= ~MFC_STATE1_PROBLEM_STATE_MASK;
+ spu_mfc_sr1_set(ctx->spu, sr1);
+
+ /* start the loader */
+ ctx->ops->signal1_write(ctx, (unsigned long)isolated_loader >> 32);
+ ctx->ops->signal2_write(ctx,
+ (unsigned long)isolated_loader & 0xffffffff);
+
+ ctx->ops->runcntl_write(ctx,
+ SPU_RUNCNTL_RUNNABLE | SPU_RUNCNTL_ISOLATE);
+
+ ret = 0;
+ timeout = jiffies + HZ;
+ while (((status = ctx->ops->status_read(ctx)) & status_loading) ==
+ status_loading) {
+ if (time_after(jiffies, timeout)) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "%s: timeout waiting for loader\n",
+ __FUNCTION__);
+ ret = -EIO;
+ goto out_drop_priv;
+ }
+ cond_resched();
+ }
+
+ if (!(status & SPU_STATUS_RUNNING)) {
+ /* If isolated LOAD has failed: run SPU, we will get a stop-and
+ * signal later. */
+ pr_debug("%s: isolated LOAD failed\n", __FUNCTION__);
+ ctx->ops->runcntl_write(ctx, SPU_RUNCNTL_RUNNABLE);
+ ret = -EACCES;
+
+ } else if (!(status & SPU_STATUS_ISOLATED_STATE)) {
+ /* This isn't allowed by the CBEA, but check anyway */
+ pr_debug("%s: SPU fell out of isolated mode?\n", __FUNCTION__);
+ ctx->ops->runcntl_write(ctx, SPU_RUNCNTL_STOP);
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+out_drop_priv:
+ /* Finished accessing the loader. Drop kernel mode */
+ sr1 |= MFC_STATE1_PROBLEM_STATE_MASK;
+ spu_mfc_sr1_set(ctx->spu, sr1);
+
+out_unlock:
+ up_write(&ctx->state_sema);
+ return ret;
+}
+
static int
spufs_mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags,
int mode)
@@ -255,6 +341,11 @@ spufs_mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct de
goto out_iput;

ctx->flags = flags;
+ if (flags & SPU_CREATE_ISOLATE) {
+ ret = spu_setup_isolated(ctx);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_iput;
+ }

inode->i_op = &spufs_dir_inode_operations;
inode->i_fop = &simple_dir_operations;
@@ -555,6 +646,30 @@ spufs_parse_options(char *options, struc
return 1;
}

+static void
+spufs_init_isolated_loader(void)
+{
+ struct device_node *dn;
+ const char *loader;
+ int size;
+
+ dn = of_find_node_by_path("/spu-isolation");
+ if (!dn)
+ return;
+
+ loader = get_property(dn, "loader", &size);
+ if (!loader)
+ return;
+
+ /* kmalloc should align on a 16 byte boundary..* */
+ isolated_loader = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!isolated_loader)
+ return;
+
+ memcpy(isolated_loader, loader, size);
+ printk(KERN_INFO "spufs: SPU isolation mode enabled\n");
+}
+
static int
spufs_create_root(struct super_block *sb, void *data)
{
@@ -640,6 +755,8 @@ static int __init spufs_init(void)
ret = register_spu_syscalls(&spufs_calls);
if (ret)
goto out_fs;
+
+ spufs_init_isolated_loader();
return 0;
out_fs:
unregister_filesystem(&spufs_type);
Index: linux-2.6/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/run.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/run.c
+++ linux-2.6/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/run.c
@@ -1,3 +1,5 @@
+#define DEBUG
+
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>

@@ -56,12 +58,12 @@ static inline int spu_run_init(struct sp
if ((ret = spu_acquire_runnable(ctx)) != 0)
return ret;

- if (ctx->flags & SPU_CREATE_ISOLATE)
- runcntl |= SPU_RUNCNTL_ISOLATE;
- else
+ /* if we're in isolated mode, we would have started the SPU
+ * earlier, so don't do it again now. */
+ if (!(ctx->flags & SPU_CREATE_ISOLATE)) {
ctx->ops->npc_write(ctx, *npc);
-
- ctx->ops->runcntl_write(ctx, runcntl);
+ ctx->ops->runcntl_write(ctx, runcntl);
+ }
return 0;
}

--

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