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SubjectRe: 2.6.15-mm4 failure on power5
Ingo Molnar <> wrote:
> * Dave C Boutcher <> wrote:
> > On Wed, Jan 18, 2006 at 11:19:36AM +1100, Michael Ellerman wrote:
> > > It booted fine _with_ the patch applied, with DEBUG_MUTEXES=y and n.
> > >
> > > Boutcher, to be clear, you can't boot with kernel-kernel-cpuc-to-mutexes.patch
> > > applied and DEBUG_MUTEXES=y ?
> > >
> > > But if you revert kernel-kernel-cpuc-to-mutexes.patch it boots ok?
> > >
> > > This is looking quite similar to another hang we're seeing on Power4 iSeries
> > > on mainline git:
> > >
> >
> > Correct...I die in exactly the same place every time with
> > DEBUG_MUTEXES=Y. I posted a backtrace that points into the _lock_cpu
> > code, but I haven't really dug into the issue yet. I believe this is
> > very timing related (Serge was dying slightly differently).
> so my question still is: _without_ the workaround patch, i.e. with
> vanilla -mm4, and DEBUG_MUTEXES=n, do you get a hang?
> the reason for my question is that DEBUG_MUTEXES=y will e.g. enable
> interrupts

That used to kill ppc64 and yes, it died in timer interrupts.

> - so buggy early bootup code which relies on interrupts being
> off might be surprised by it.

I don't think it's necessarily buggy that bootup code needs interrupts
disabled. It _is_ buggy that bootup code which needs interrupts disabled
is calling lock_cpu_hotplug().

> The fact that you observed that it's
> somehow related to the timer interrupt seems to strengthen this
> suspicion. DEBUG_MUTEXES=n on the other hand should have no such
> interrupt-enabling effects.
> [ if this indeed is the case then i'll add irqs_off() checks to
> DEBUG_MUTEXES=y, to ensure that the mutex APIs are never called with
> interrupts disabled. ]

Yes, I suppose so. But we're already calling might_sleep(), and
might_sleep() checks for that. Perhaps the might_sleep() check is being
defeated by the nasty system_running check.

There's a sad story behind that system_running check in might_sleep().
Because the kernel early boot is running in an in_atomic() state, a great
number of bogus might_sleep() warnings come out because of various code
doing potentially-sleepy things. I ended up adding the system_running
test, with the changelog "OK, I give up. Kill all the might_sleep warnings
from the early boot process." Undoing that and fixing up the fallout would
be a lot of nasty work.

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