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SubjectRe: Where is the performance bottleneck?
On Wed, 31 Aug 2005, Dr. David Alan Gilbert wrote:

> * Holger Kiehl (Holger.Kiehl@dwd.de) wrote:
>> On Wed, 31 Aug 2005, Jens Axboe wrote:
>>
>> Full vmstat session can be found under:
>
> Have you got iostat? iostat -x 10 might be interesting to see
> for a period while it is going.
>
The following is the result from all 8 disks at the same time with the command
dd if=/dev/sd?1 of=/dev/null bs=256k count=78125

There is however one difference, here I had set
/sys/block/sd?/queue/nr_requests to 4096.

avg-cpu: %user %nice %sys %iowait %idle
0.10 0.00 21.85 58.55 19.50

Device: rrqm/s wrqm/s r/s w/s rsec/s wsec/s rkB/s wkB/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz await svctm %util
sda 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.00 2.40 0.00 1.20 8.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 0.03
sdb 0.70 0.00 0.10 0.30 6.40 2.40 3.20 1.20 22.00 0.00 4.25 4.25 0.17
sdc 8276.90 0.00 267.10 0.00 68352.00 0.00 34176.00 0.00 255.90 1.95 7.29 3.74 100.02
sdd 9098.50 0.00 293.50 0.00 75136.00 0.00 37568.00 0.00 256.00 1.93 6.59 3.41 100.03
sde 10428.40 0.00 336.40 0.00 86118.40 0.00 43059.20 0.00 256.00 1.92 5.71 2.97 100.02
sdf 11314.90 0.00 365.10 0.00 93440.00 0.00 46720.00 0.00 255.93 1.92 5.26 2.74 99.98
sdg 7973.20 0.00 257.20 0.00 65843.20 0.00 32921.60 0.00 256.00 1.94 7.53 3.89 100.01
sdh 9436.30 0.00 304.70 0.00 77928.00 0.00 38964.00 0.00 255.75 1.93 6.35 3.28 100.01
sdi 10604.80 0.00 342.40 0.00 87577.60 0.00 43788.80 0.00 255.78 1.92 5.62 2.92 100.02
sdj 10914.30 0.00 352.20 0.00 90132.80 0.00 45066.40 0.00 255.91 1.91 5.43 2.84 100.00
md0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.80 0.00 0.40 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
md2 0.00 0.00 0.80 0.00 6.40 0.00 3.20 0.00 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
md1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

avg-cpu: %user %nice %sys %iowait %idle
0.07 0.00 24.49 66.81 8.62

Device: rrqm/s wrqm/s r/s w/s rsec/s wsec/s rkB/s wkB/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz await svctm %util
sda 0.00 0.40 0.00 1.00 0.00 11.20 0.00 5.60 11.20 0.00 1.30 0.50 0.05
sdb 0.00 0.40 0.00 1.00 0.00 11.20 0.00 5.60 11.20 0.00 1.50 0.70 0.07
sdc 8161.90 0.00 263.70 0.00 67404.80 0.00 33702.40 0.00 255.61 1.95 7.38 3.79 100.02
sdd 9157.30 0.00 295.50 0.00 75622.40 0.00 37811.20 0.00 255.91 1.93 6.53 3.38 100.00
sde 10505.60 0.00 339.20 0.00 86758.40 0.00 43379.20 0.00 255.77 1.93 5.68 2.95 99.99
sdf 11212.50 0.00 361.90 0.00 92595.20 0.00 46297.60 0.00 255.86 1.91 5.28 2.76 100.00
sdg 7988.40 0.00 258.00 0.00 65971.20 0.00 32985.60 0.00 255.70 1.93 7.49 3.88 99.98
sdh 9436.20 0.00 304.40 0.00 77924.80 0.00 38962.40 0.00 255.99 1.92 6.32 3.28 99.99
sdi 10406.10 0.00 336.30 0.00 85939.20 0.00 42969.60 0.00 255.54 1.92 5.70 2.97 100.00
sdj 11027.00 0.00 356.00 0.00 91064.00 0.00 45532.00 0.00 255.80 1.92 5.40 2.81 99.96
md0 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 8.00 0.00 4.00 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
md2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
md1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

avg-cpu: %user %nice %sys %iowait %idle
0.08 0.00 22.23 60.44 17.25

Device: rrqm/s wrqm/s r/s w/s rsec/s wsec/s rkB/s wkB/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz await svctm %util
sda 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.00 2.40 0.00 1.20 8.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 0.03
sdb 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.00 2.40 0.00 1.20 8.00 0.00 0.67 0.67 0.02
sdc 8204.50 0.00 264.76 0.00 67754.15 0.00 33877.08 0.00 255.90 1.95 7.38 3.78 100.12
sdd 9166.47 0.00 295.90 0.00 75698.10 0.00 37849.05 0.00 255.83 1.94 6.55 3.38 100.12
sde 10534.93 0.00 339.94 0.00 86999.00 0.00 43499.50 0.00 255.92 1.93 5.67 2.95 100.12
sdf 11282.68 0.00 364.16 0.00 93174.77 0.00 46587.39 0.00 255.86 1.92 5.28 2.75 100.10
sdg 8114.61 0.00 261.76 0.00 67011.01 0.00 33505.51 0.00 256.00 1.95 7.44 3.82 100.11
sdh 9380.68 0.00 302.60 0.00 77466.27 0.00 38733.13 0.00 256.00 1.93 6.38 3.31 100.10
sdi 10507.01 0.00 339.04 0.00 86768.37 0.00 43384.18 0.00 255.92 1.93 5.69 2.95 100.12
sdj 10969.27 0.00 354.15 0.00 90586.59 0.00 45293.29 0.00 255.78 1.92 5.42 2.83 100.11
md0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.80 0.00 0.40 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
md2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
md1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

The full output can be found at:

ftp://ftp.dwd.de/pub/afd/linux_kernel_debug/iostat-read-256k

Holger

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