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SubjectRe: Realtime Preemption, 2.6.12, Beginners Guide?

* Alistair John Strachan <s0348365@sms.ed.ac.uk> wrote:

> Hi,
>
> Today I decided to try Ingo's rt-preempt patch on 2.6.12 (V0.7.51-02).
> I'm most interested in the CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT mode, so I selected this
> option instead of the others. I enabled a couple of the debugging
> options, but I wasn't totally clear on which options are most useful,
> so I just enabled the ones that didn't have a warning about
> significant overhead, namely..
>
> CONFIG_DETECT_SOFTLOCKUP=y
> CONFIG_WAKEUP_TIMING=y
> CONFIG_CRITICAL_TIMING=y
> CONFIG_LATENCY_TIMING=y
>
> Additionally (by mistake) I enabled:
>
> CONFIG_CRITICAL_IRQSOFF_TIMING=y
>
> Which does mention overhead.
>
> Which debugging options are most useful for testing purposes? Is what
> I've selected enough? [...]

for the first bootup it makes sense to enable most of them - just to
make sure everything is ok. They have performance overhead, but it
shouldnt show up during everyday use. (it will show up in benchmarks
though) Here's the options i have enabled, typically:

CONFIG_DETECT_SOFTLOCKUP=y
# CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS is not set
CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB=y
CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT=y
CONFIG_DEBUG_IRQ_FLAGS=y
CONFIG_WAKEUP_TIMING=y
CONFIG_PREEMPT_TRACE=y
CONFIG_CRITICAL_PREEMPT_TIMING=y
CONFIG_CRITICAL_IRQSOFF_TIMING=y
CONFIG_CRITICAL_TIMING=y
CONFIG_LATENCY_TIMING=y
CONFIG_LATENCY_TRACE=y
CONFIG_MCOUNT=y
CONFIG_RT_DEADLOCK_DETECT=y
# CONFIG_DEBUG_RT_LOCKING_MODE is not set
# CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT is not set
CONFIG_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE=y
# CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO is not set
# CONFIG_DEBUG_FS is not set
CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER=y
CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK=y
CONFIG_DEBUG_STACKOVERFLOW=y
# CONFIG_KPROBES is not set
CONFIG_DEBUG_STACK_USAGE=y
# CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC is not set

the 'big, costly ones' are LATENCY_TRACE, RT_DEADLOCK_DETECT,
CRITICAL_PREEMPT_TIMING, CRITICAL_IRQSOFF_TIMING, DEBUG_PREEMPT, in cost
order. The others are relatively low overhead. LATENCY_TRACE is useful
if you want to send me latency traces - if enabled then you'll get
/proc/latency_trace traces, whenever you see the 'latency detected' type
of messages in the system log.

> [...] Also, I got a few unexpected messages in dmesg on bootup.
> Firstly;
>
> spawn_desched_task(00000000)
> desched cpu_callback 3/00000000
> ksoftirqd started up.
> softirq RT prio: 24.
> ksoftirqd started up.
> softirq RT prio: 24.
> [...]
> desched cpu_callback 2/00000000
> desched thread 0 started up.
> softlockup thread 0 started up.
>
> Why does it print out the same ksoftirqd message six times? Is this
> expected behaviour?

these messages are harmless status messages - they were added for
debugging purposes. You are getting 6 of them because there are 6
separate softirq threads. (but the message is the old one so it talks
about ksoftirqd - very confusing.) In my tree i have removed these
printks.

(generally i try to mark every message in the -RT kernel that signals
some sort of anomaly with a 'BUG:' prefix - that makes it easy to do a
'dmesg | grep BUG:' to find out whether anything bad is going on. All
other messages should be benign.)

> [...] Next, I got a warning about CONFIG_CRITICAL_IRQSOFF_TIMING;
> should this option be enabled?

do you mean the bootup warning about performance? That is just a warning
to make sure the kernel is not misconfigured during benchmarks - the
debugging options are otherwise safe and you should be able to use any
variations of them.

> Finally, I got this:
>
> BUG: soft lockup detected on CPU#0!
> [<c013d7e9>] softlockup_tick+0x89/0xb0 (8)
> [<c0108590>] timer_interrupt+0x50/0xf0 (20)
> [<c013da91>] handle_IRQ_event+0x81/0x100 (16)
> [<c013dbfc>] __do_IRQ+0xec/0x190 (48)
> [<c0105a28>] do_IRQ+0x48/0x70 (40)
> =======================
> [<c024df3b>] acpi_processor_idle+0x0/0x258 (8)
> [<c0103d03>] common_interrupt+0x1f/0x24 (12)
> [<c024df3b>] acpi_processor_idle+0x0/0x258 (4)
> [<c024e05e>] acpi_processor_idle+0x123/0x258 (40)
> [<c024df3b>] acpi_processor_idle+0x0/0x258 (32)
> [<c0101116>] cpu_idle+0x56/0x80 (16)
> [<c03a486c>] start_kernel+0x17c/0x1c0 (12)
> [<c03a43b0>] unknown_bootoption+0x0/0x1f0 (20)

yes, this is a problem. You can probably work it around by disabling
ACPI, but it would be better to debug and fix it. The message was
generated because the kernel spent too much time [more than 10 seconds]
in acpi_processor_idle(), and the softlockup-thread (which runs at
SCHED_FIFO prio 99) was not scheduled for that amount of time. [or it
thought it was not scheduled.] Was there any suspend/resume activity
while you got that message?

> I think it's when my scripts try to set up the IrDA port; the script
> runs the following (I have a weird broken NC6000 IrDA port which needs
> messing around with to work)..
>
> /usr/bin/smcinit -v -s 0x3E8 -f 0x130 -i 4 -d 3 >/dev/null
>
> Of course, the message could've just been coincidental, as it doesn't
> actually refer to the smcs driver at all.
>
> I set preempt_max_latency to zero, but the only messages I've got back
> from the kernel so far are:
>
> ( softirq-timer/0-3 |#0): new 3 us maximum-latency wakeup.
> ( softirq-timer/0-3 |#0): new 1003 us maximum-latency wakeup.
> ( softirq-timer/0-3 |#0): new 1001 us maximum-latency wakeup.
>
> Which is presumably a good sign.

it's good in terms of stability, but the 1003 usecs maximum wakeup
latency is bad - you should be getting much lower latencies. Could you
enable LATENCY_TRACING and send me the /proc/latency_trace file? [if
it's long then in bz2 format.] You can double-check that it's the right
one: the trace is human-readable and should go roughly from 1 usec to
1003 usecs. Looking at that trace i can probably tell more about how
this latency happened.

Ingo
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