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Subject386/486 clock frequency
Hi,

The following patch provides a resonable estimate of the clock
frequency for the 386 & 486. It is based on the bogomips (aka
loops_per_jiffy) and an estimate of the cycles per loop in the delay
routine. Some values I have seen:

ALR Business VEISA (with 386@33 MHz cpu card): 32.704
above system with 486DX2@66 cpu card and a
Kingston TurboChip (AMD 5x86): 132.710
Nec VersaM/100 (kernel 2.2.12): 99.5328

Patch is against 2.4.31.
diff -U3 -r linux-2.4.31.orig/Documentation/Configure.help linux-2.4.31/Documentation/Configure.help
--- linux-2.4.31.orig/Documentation/Configure.help Mon Jun 27 16:39:09 2005
+++ linux-2.4.31/Documentation/Configure.help Thu Jun 30 15:50:59 2005
@@ -20640,6 +20640,21 @@
For pentium machines the mce support defaults to off as the mainboard
support is not always present. You must activate it as a boot option.

+386/486 Clock Speed Guess
+CONFIG_386_CLK_GUESS
+ This will include code to guesstimate the 386 clock speed from the
+ computed loops per jiffy value and knowledge of the number of cycles
+ that each loop in the delay routine takes
+
+Override Default Cycles Per Loop
+CONFIG_386_CLK_CPL
+ This allows you to override the default cycles per loop value used to
+ guess the clock speed. The defaults are 10 for the 386 and 4 for the 486.
+ A non-zero value overrides the defaults. This can also be used to compensate
+ for known wait states. Especially useful if your 386 cache card blows up.
+ The actual computation is:
+ hz = loops_per_jiffy * HZ * cycles_per_loop
+
Toshiba Laptop support
CONFIG_TOSHIBA
This adds a driver to safely access the System Management Mode of
diff -U3 -r linux-2.4.31.orig/arch/i386/config.in linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/config.in
--- linux-2.4.31.orig/arch/i386/config.in Mon Jun 27 16:30:54 2005
+++ linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/config.in Sun Jul 3 10:25:26 2005
@@ -192,6 +192,13 @@
define_bool CONFIG_X86_F00F_WORKS_OK y
fi

+if [ "$CONFIG_M386" = "y" -o "$CONFIG_M486" = "y" -o "$CONFIG_M586" = "y"]; then
+ bool 'Enable 386 Clock Guess' CONFIG_386_CLK_GUESS
+ if [ "$CONFIG_386_CLK_GUESS" = "y" ]; then
+ int ' Override default cycles per loop' CONFIG_386_CLK_CPL 0
+ fi
+fi
+
bool 'Machine Check Exception' CONFIG_X86_MCE

tristate 'Toshiba Laptop support' CONFIG_TOSHIBA
diff -U3 -r linux-2.4.31.orig/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c
--- linux-2.4.31.orig/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c Mon Jun 27 16:39:13 2005
+++ linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c Tue Jun 28 16:35:16 2005
@@ -3112,7 +3112,7 @@
else
seq_printf(m, "stepping\t: unknown\n");

- if ( test_bit(X86_FEATURE_TSC, &c->x86_capability) ) {
+ if ( cpu_khz ) {
seq_printf(m, "cpu MHz\t\t: %lu.%03lu\n",
cpu_khz / 1000, (cpu_khz % 1000));
}
diff -U3 -r linux-2.4.31.orig/arch/i386/kernel/time.c linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/kernel/time.c
--- linux-2.4.31.orig/arch/i386/kernel/time.c Tue Aug 3 11:39:19 2004
+++ linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/kernel/time.c Sun Jul 3 10:27:51 2005
@@ -841,6 +841,8 @@
xtime.tv_sec = get_cmos_time();
xtime.tv_usec = 0;

+ cpu_khz = 0;
+
/*
* If we have APM enabled or the CPU clock speed is variable
* (CPU stops clock on HLT or slows clock to save power)
@@ -924,3 +926,37 @@
setup_irq(0, &irq0);
#endif
}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_386_CLK_GUESS
+/*
+ * Need this to run AFTER the delay loop has been calibrated
+ */
+void __init init_386_clock(void)
+{
+ /*
+ * If already computed just bail
+ */
+ if(cpu_khz) return;
+
+ if(boot_cpu_data.x86==3 || boot_cpu_data.x86==4) {
+ /*
+ * Each loop in __delay() takes 10 cycles on a 386 and 4?
+ * on a 486. Allow these to be overriden during config for
+ * mutant 386 and 486 clones.
+ */
+#if CONFIG_386_CLK_CPL != 0
+ cpu_khz=CONFIG_386_CLK_CPL;
+#else
+ cpu_khz=(boot_cpu_data.x86==3)?10:4;
+#endif
+
+
+ cpu_khz=boot_cpu_data.loops_per_jiffy*HZ*cpu_khz;
+ cpu_khz=(cpu_khz+500)/1000;
+ printk("Guesstimated %lu.%03lu MHz processor.\n", cpu_khz / 1000, cpu_khz % 1000);
+ }
+}
+
+__initcall(init_386_clock);
+#endif
+
diff -U3 -r linux-2.4.31.orig/arch/i386/lib/delay.c linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/lib/delay.c
--- linux-2.4.31.orig/arch/i386/lib/delay.c Sun Aug 10 21:33:11 2003
+++ linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/lib/delay.c Fri Jul 1 10:23:58 2005
@@ -47,6 +47,11 @@
static void __loop_delay(unsigned long loops)
{
int d0;
+
+ /*
+ * If this is changed the cycles for loop estimates will need to be
+ * looked at for the 386/486 clock estimation code in kernel/time.c
+ */
__asm__ __volatile__(
"\tjmp 1f\n"
".align 16\n"
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