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SubjectPROBLEM: Failure to deliver SIGCHLD
[1.] Failure to deliver SIGCHLD

[2.] The problem occurs in a forking server similar in function to
inetd. The server employs a very simple SIGCHLD handler that loops on
wait(2), until all zombie processes have been collected. For no
immediately apparent reason, the parent process behaves as if it no
longer receives SIGCHLD. Manually sending the signal has no effect.
Within minutes the server is incapacitated. If the forking server is
terminated, init properly disposes of the zombie processes.

When i attach strace to the parent server, it immediately enters the
signal handler, and calls wait() for each zombie, and normal function
continues, even after strace is terminated.

We have only seen this problem manifest itsself on x86_64 and em64t
multi-processor machines, which is not to say that i feel it may be
limited to those architectures.

[3.] Keywords: Signal handler, zombie, SIGCHLD, 64 BIT SMP

[4.] Kernel version (from /proc/version): Linux version 2.6.5-7.97-smp

(geeko@buildhost) (gcc version 3.3.3 (SuSE Linux)) #1 SMP Fri Jul 2
14:21:59 UTC 2004
[6.] This is the code for the signal handler in the server application.
I dare say it contains no bugs (famous last words)

void reaper_man (int signum)
{
int stat;
while ( waitpid(-1, &stat, WNOHANG) > 0 );
}

signal (SIGCHLD, reaper_man); /* from main() */


[7.1.] Software:
Gnu C 3.3.3
Gnu make 3.80
binutils 2.15.90.0.1.1
util-linux 2.12
mount 2.12
module-init-tools 3.0-pre10
e2fsprogs 1.34
jfsutils 1.1.6
xfsprogs 2.6.3
PPP 2.4.2
isdn4k-utils 3.4
nfs-utils 1.0.6
Linux C Library x 1 root root 1398085 Jun 30 2004
/lib64/tls/libc.so.6
Dynamic linker (ldd) 2.3.3
Linux C++ Library 5.0.6
Procps 3.2.1
Net-tools 1.60
Kbd 1.12
Sh-utils 5.2.1

[7.2.] Processor information (from /proc/cpuinfo):
processor : 0
vendor_id : AuthenticAMD
cpu family : 15
model : 5
model name : AMD Opteron(tm) Processor 248
stepping : 8
cpu MHz : 2193.511
cache size : 1024 KB
fpu : yes
fpu_exception : yes
cpuid level : 1
wp : yes
flags : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge
mca cmov
pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 syscall nx mmxext lm 3dnowext 3dnow
bogomips : 4325.37
TLB size : 1088 4K pages
clflush size : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes : 40 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management: ts ttp

processor : 1
vendor_id : AuthenticAMD
cpu family : 15
model : 5
model name : AMD Opteron(tm) Processor 248
stepping : 8
cpu MHz : 2193.511
cache size : 1024 KB
fpu : yes
fpu_exception : yes
cpuid level : 1
wp : yes
flags : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge
mca cmov
pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 syscall nx mmxext lm 3dnowext 3dnow
bogomips : 4374.52
TLB size : 1088 4K pages
clflush size : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes : 40 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management: ts ttp


[7.3.] Module information (from /proc/modules):
hid 45952 0
joydev 12416 0
sg 43576 0
st 43428 0
sr_mod 19492 0
usbserial 35704 0
parport_pc 41152 0
lp 13352 0
parport 47372 2 parport_pc,lp
hw_random 7336 0
ohci_hcd 22532 0
evdev 11776 0
thermal 15500 0
processor 20128 1 thermal
fan 5640 0
button 8480 0
battery 10760 0
ac 6664 0
ipv6 288760 19
tg3 75780 0
usbcore 124656 5 hid,usbserial,ohci_hcd
subfs 10496 1
dm_mod 57920 0
reiserfs 256752 4
mptscsih 47064 0
mptbase 49568 1 mptscsih
sd_mod 22400 0
scsi_mod 131584 5 sg,st,sr_mod,mptscsih,sd_

[7.4.] Loaded driver and hardware information (/proc/ioports, /proc/iomem)
ioports:
0000-001f : dma1
0020-0021 : pic1
0040-005f : timer
0060-006f : keyboard
0070-0077 : rtc
0080-008f : dma page reg
00a0-00a1 : pic2
00c0-00df : dma2
00f0-00ff : fpu
0170-0177 : ide1
01f0-01f7 : ide0
0376-0376 : ide1
03c0-03df : vesafb
03f6-03f6 : ide0
03f8-03ff : serial
0cf8-0cff : PCI conf1
1000-101f : 0000:00:07.2
1020-102f : 0000:00:07.1
1020-1027 : ide0
1028-102f : ide1
2000-2fff : PCI Bus #01
2000-20ff : 0000:01:05.0
3000-3fff : PCI Bus #02
3000-30ff : 0000:02:02.0
8008-800b : ACPI timer
8010-8015 : ACPI CPU throttle

iomem:
00000000-0009b7ff : System RAM
0009b800-0009ffff : reserved
000a0000-000bffff : Video RAM area
000c0000-000c7fff : Video ROM
000c8000-000c97ff : Extension ROM
000c9800-000cafff : Extension ROM
000cb000-000cb7ff : Extension ROM
000f0000-000fffff : System ROM
00100000-fbf6ffff : System RAM
00100000-003423ab : Kernel code
003423ac-0041c4ec : Kernel data
fbf70000-fbf7afff : ACPI Tables
fbf7b000-fbf7ffff : ACPI Non-volatile Storage
fbf80000-fbffffff : reserved
fc000000-fc000fff : 0000:00:0a.1
fc001000-fc001fff : 0000:00:0b.1
fc100000-fdffffff : PCI Bus #01
fc100000-fc100fff : 0000:01:00.0
fc100000-fc100fff : ohci_hcd
fc101000-fc101fff : 0000:01:00.1
fc101000-fc101fff : ohci_hcd
fc102000-fc102fff : 0000:01:05.0
fd000000-fdffffff : 0000:01:05.0
fd000000-fd7effff : vesafb
fe000000-fe0fffff : PCI Bus #02
fe000000-fe00ffff : 0000:02:01.0
fe000000-fe00ffff : tg3
fe010000-fe01ffff : 0000:02:01.0
fe010000-fe01ffff : tg3
fe020000-fe02ffff : 0000:02:01.1
fe020000-fe02ffff : tg3
fe030000-fe03ffff : 0000:02:01.1
fe030000-fe03ffff : tg3
fe040000-fe04ffff : 0000:02:02.0
fe050000-fe05ffff : 0000:02:02.0
fec00000-fec003ff : reserved
fee00000-fee00fff : reserved
fff80000-ffffffff : reserved



[7.5.] PCI information ('lspci -vvv' as root)
0000:00:06.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8111 PCI (rev
07) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode])
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66Mhz+ UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 115
Bus: primary=00, secondary=01, subordinate=01, sec-latency=68
I/O behind bridge: 00002000-00002fff
Memory behind bridge: fc100000-fdffffff
Prefetchable memory behind bridge: fff00000-000fffff
Expansion ROM at 00002000 [disabled] [size=4K]
BridgeCtl: Parity- SERR+ NoISA+ VGA+ MAbort- >Reset- FastB2B-
Capabilities: [c0] #08 [0086]
Capabilities: [f0] #08 [8000]

0000:00:07.0 ISA bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8111 LPC (rev 05)
Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8111 LPC
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle+ MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz+ UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 0

0000:00:07.1 IDE interface: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8111 IDE
(rev 03) (prog-if 8a [Master SecP PriP])
Subsystem: IBM: Unknown device 7469
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 64
Region 4: I/O ports at 1020 [size=16]

0000:00:07.2 SMBus: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8111 SMBus 2.0 (rev 02)
Subsystem: IBM: Unknown device 746a
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Interrupt: pin D routed to IRQ 255
Region 0: I/O ports at 1000

0000:00:07.3 Bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8111 ACPI (rev 05)
Subsystem: IBM: Unknown device 746b
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B+ ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-

0000:00:0a.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8131 PCI-X
Bridge (rev 12) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode])
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66Mhz+ UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 64
Bus: primary=00, secondary=02, subordinate=02, sec-latency=64
I/O behind bridge: 00003000-00003fff
Memory behind bridge: fe000000-fe0fffff
Prefetchable memory behind bridge: 00000000fff00000-0000000000000000
Expansion ROM at 00003000 [disabled] [size=4K]
BridgeCtl: Parity- SERR- NoISA+ VGA- MAbort- >Reset- FastB2B-
Capabilities: [a0] Capabilities: [b8] #08 [8000]
Capabilities: [c0] #08 [004a]

0000:00:0a.1 PIC: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8131 PCI-X APIC (rev
01) (prog-if 10 [IO-APIC])
Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8131 PCI-X APIC
Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 0
Region 0: Memory at fc000000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable)

0000:00:0b.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8131 PCI-X
Bridge (rev 12) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode])
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66Mhz+ UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 64
Bus: primary=00, secondary=03, subordinate=03, sec-latency=64
I/O behind bridge: 0000f000-00000fff
Memory behind bridge: fff00000-000fffff
Prefetchable memory behind bridge: 00000000fff00000-0000000000000000
BridgeCtl: Parity- SERR- NoISA+ VGA- MAbort- >Reset- FastB2B-
Capabilities: [a0] Capabilities: [b8] #08 [8000]

0000:00:0b.1 PIC: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8131 PCI-X APIC (rev
01) (prog-if 10 [IO-APIC])
Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8131 PCI-X APIC
Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 0
Region 0: Memory at fc001000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable)

0000:00:18.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Capabilities: [80] #08 [2101]
Capabilities: [a0] #08 [2101]
Capabilities: [c0] #08 [2101]

0000:00:18.1 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-

0000:00:18.2 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-

0000:00:18.3 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-

0000:00:19.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Capabilities: [80] #08 [2101]
Capabilities: [a0] #08 [2101]
Capabilities: [c0] #08 [2101]

0000:00:19.1 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-

0000:00:19.2 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-

0000:00:19.3 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-

0000:01:00.0 USB Controller: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8111 USB
(rev 0b) (prog-if 10 [OHCI])
Subsystem: IBM: Unknown device 7464
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B+ ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 64 (20000ns max)
Interrupt: pin D routed to IRQ 19
Region 0: Memory at fc100000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable)

0000:01:00.1 USB Controller: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] AMD-8111 USB
(rev 0b) (prog-if 10 [OHCI])
Subsystem: IBM: Unknown device 7464
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B+ ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 64 (20000ns max)
Interrupt: pin D routed to IRQ 19
Region 0: Memory at fc101000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable)

0000:01:05.0 VGA compatible controller: ATI Technologies Inc Rage XL
(rev 27) (prog-if 00 [VGA])
Subsystem: IBM: Unknown device 0240
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr- Stepping+ SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66Mhz- UDF- FastB2B+ ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 64 (2000ns min), cache line size 10
Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 16
Region 0: Memory at fd000000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable)
Region 1: I/O ports at 2000 [size=256]
Region 2: Memory at fc102000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=4K]
Capabilities: [5c] Power Management version 2
Flags: PMEClk- DSI- D1+ D2+ AuxCurrent=0mA
PME(D0-,D1-,D2-,D3hot-,D3cold-)
Status: D0 PME-Enable- DSel=0 DScale=0 PME-

0000:02:01.0 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM5704
Gigabit Ethernet (rev 03)
Subsystem: IBM: Unknown device 02a6
Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr+ Stepping- SERR+ FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66Mhz+ UDF- FastB2B+ ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 64 (16000ns min), cache line size 10
Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 24
Region 0: Memory at fe010000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable)
Region 2: Memory at fe000000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=64K]
Capabilities: [40] Capabilities: [48] Power Management
version 2
Flags: PMEClk- DSI- D1- D2- AuxCurrent=0mA
PME(D0-,D1-,D2-,D3hot+,D3cold+)
Status: D0 PME-Enable+ DSel=0 DScale=1 PME-
Capabilities: [50] Vital Product Data
Capabilities: [58] Message Signalled Interrupts: 64bit+
Queue=0/3 Enable-
Address: 0a31380c040042c8 Data: 0135

0000:02:01.1 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM5704
Gigabit Ethernet (rev 03)
Subsystem: IBM: Unknown device 02a6
Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop-
ParErr+ Stepping- SERR+ FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66Mhz+ UDF- FastB2B+ ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 64 (16000ns min), cache line size 10
Interrupt: pin B routed to IRQ 25
Region 0: Memory at fe030000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable)
Region 2: Memory at fe020000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=64K]
Capabilities: [40] Capabilities: [48] Power Management
version 2
Flags: PMEClk- DSI- D1- D2- AuxCurrent=0mA
PME(D0-,D1-,D2-,D3hot+,D3cold+)
Status: D0 PME-Enable- DSel=0 DScale=1 PME-
Capabilities: [50] Vital Product Data
Capabilities: [58] Message Signalled Interrupts: 64bit+
Queue=0/3 Enable-
Address: 9460002008830000 Data: 2007

0000:02:02.0 SCSI storage controller: LSI Logic / Symbios Logic 53c1030
PCI-X Fusion-MPT Dual Ultra320 SCSI (rev 07)
Subsystem: IBM: Unknown device 026d
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop-
ParErr+ Stepping- SERR+ FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66Mhz+ UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-
Latency: 72 (4250ns min, 4500ns max), cache line size 10
Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 26
Region 0: I/O ports at 3000
Region 1: Memory at fe050000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=64K]
Region 3: Memory at fe040000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=64K]
Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 2
Flags: PMEClk- DSI- D1+ D2+ AuxCurrent=0mA
PME(D0-,D1-,D2-,D3hot-,D3cold-)
Status: D0 PME-Enable- DSel=0 DScale=0 PME-
Capabilities: [58] Message Signalled Interrupts: 64bit+
Queue=0/0 Enable-
Address: 0000000000000000 Data: 0000
Capabilities: [68] PCI-X non-bridge device.
Command: DPERE- ERO- RBC=2 OST=0
Status: Bus=0 Dev=0 Func=0 64bit- 133MHz- SCD- USC-,
DC=simple, DMMRBC=0, DMOST=0, DMC

[8] I have advised the developers maintaining the forking server, to
explicitly set the SIGCHLD handler to SIG_IGN, to prevent the creation
of zombie processes until we can find the cause of this problem.

Cheers,
Michael Harris
Systems Administrator, Torque.net



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