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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2.6.13-rc1 03/10] IOCHK interface for I/O error handling/detecting
From

Hi,

Sorry for the late response ...

I'm reading the patch, and I'm wondering what about performance and
overhead. Here's the code that concerns me:

On Wed, Jul 06, 2005 at 02:04:14PM +0900, Hidetoshi Seto was heard to remark:
> [This is 3 of 10 patches, "iochk-03-register.patch"]
>
> - Implement ia64 version of basic codes:
> iochk_clear, iochk_read, iochk_init, and iocookie
>
> int iochk_read(iocookie *cookie)
> {
> + if (cookie->error || have_error(cookie->dev))
....
> +}
> +
> +static int have_error(struct pci_dev *dev)
> +{
> + u16 status;
> +
> + /* check status */
> + switch (dev->hdr_type) {
> + case PCI_HEADER_TYPE_NORMAL: /* 0 */
> + pci_read_config_word(dev, PCI_STATUS, &status);
> + break;
> + case PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE: /* 1 */
> + pci_read_config_word(dev, PCI_SEC_STATUS, &status);
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + if ( (status & PCI_STATUS_REC_TARGET_ABORT)
> + || (status & PCI_STATUS_REC_MASTER_ABORT)
> + || (status & PCI_STATUS_DETECTED_PARITY) )
> + return 1;

> return 0;
> }


Are you assuming that a device driver will use an iochk_read() for
every DMA operation? for every MMIO to the card?

For high performance devices, it seems to me that this will cause
a rather large performance burden, especially if its envisioned that
all architectures will do something similar.

My concern is that (at least on ppc64) the call pci_read_config_word()
requires a call into "firmware" aka "BIOS", which takes thousands upon
thousands of cpu cycles. There are hundreds of cycles of gratuitous
crud just to get into the firmware, and then lord-knows-what the
firmware does while its in there; probably doing all sorts of crazy
math to compute bus addresses and other arcane things. I would imagine
that most architectures, includig ia64, are similar.

Thus, one wouldn't want to perform an iochk_read() in this way unless
one was already pretty sure that an error had already occured ...

Am I misunderstanding something?

--linas

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