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SubjectRe: [PATCH] i386: Selectable Frequency of the Timer Interrupt.
On Mon, 16 May 2005 19:38:36 -0700 (PDT) Christoph Lameter wrote:

| On Mon, 16 May 2005, Andrew Morton wrote:
|
| > So yes, the time has come around again to work out what we're going to do
| > about this. I'd be a bit worried about allowing users to set HZ=724,
| > simply because nobody tests with that, and it might expose odd timing
| > relationships and unfortunate arithmetic rounding artifacts. So if we're
| > going to do this thing it might be better to just offer 100, 250 and 1000.
|
| Ok. Here is the patch allowing 100, 250 and 1000 HZ for i386 and x86_64:
|
| -----
|
| Make the timer frequency selectable. The timer interrupt may cause bus
| and memory contention in large NUMA systems since the interrupt occurs
| on each processor HZ times per second.
|
| Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <christoph@lameter.com>
| Signed-off-by: Shai Fultheim <shai@scalex86.org>
|
| Index: linux-2.6.12-rc4/arch/i386/Kconfig
| ===================================================================
| --- linux-2.6.12-rc4.orig/arch/i386/Kconfig 2005-05-17 02:19:55.000000000 +0000
| +++ linux-2.6.12-rc4/arch/i386/Kconfig 2005-05-17 02:27:12.000000000 +0000
| @@ -1133,6 +1133,20 @@
| a work-around for a number of buggy BIOSes. Switch this option on if
| your computer crashes instead of powering off properly.
|
| +config HZ
| + int "Frequency of the Timer Interrupt (100, 250 or 1000 per second)"
| + range 100 1000
| + default 1000
| + help
| + Allows the configuration of the timer frequency. It is customary
| + to have the timer interrupt run at 1000 HZ but 100 HZ may be more
| + beneficial for servers and NUMA systems that do not need to have
| + a fast response for user interaction and that may experience bus
| + contention and cacheline bounces as a result of timer interrupts.
| + Note that the timer interrupt occurs on each processor in an SMP
| + environment leading to NR_CPUS * HZ number of timer interrupts
| + per second.
| +
| endmenu

How about using choice / endchoice to that an improper HZ value
cannot be entered at all? (instead of using range M N)


| source "arch/i386/kernel/cpu/cpufreq/Kconfig"
| Index: linux-2.6.12-rc4/include/asm-i386/param.h
| ===================================================================
| --- linux-2.6.12-rc4.orig/include/asm-i386/param.h 2005-05-17 02:15:57.000000000 +0000
| +++ linux-2.6.12-rc4/include/asm-i386/param.h 2005-05-17 02:30:22.000000000 +0000
| @@ -1,8 +1,19 @@
| +#include <linux/config.h>
| +
| #ifndef _ASMi386_PARAM_H
| #define _ASMi386_PARAM_H
|
| #ifdef __KERNEL__
| -# define HZ 1000 /* Internal kernel timer frequency */
| +#if CONFIG_HZ == 1000
| +#define HZ 1000 /* Internal kernel timer frequency */
| +#elif CONFIG_HZ == 250
| +#define CONFIG_HZ 250
| +#elif CONFIG_HZ == 100
| +#define HZ = 100
| +#else
| +#error "Invalid Timer Interrupt Frequency"
| +#endif
| +
| # define USER_HZ 100 /* .. some user interfaces are in "ticks" */
| # define CLOCKS_PER_SEC (USER_HZ) /* like times() */
| #endif
| Index: linux-2.6.12-rc4/arch/x86_64/Kconfig
| ===================================================================
| --- linux-2.6.12-rc4.orig/arch/x86_64/Kconfig 2005-05-17 02:19:54.000000000 +0000
| +++ linux-2.6.12-rc4/arch/x86_64/Kconfig 2005-05-17 02:26:38.000000000 +0000
| @@ -410,6 +410,20 @@
|
| If unsure, say Y. Only embedded should say N here.
|
| +config HZ
| + int "Frequency of the Timer Interrupt (100, 250 or 1000 per second)"
| + range 100 1000
| + default 1000
| + help
| + Allows the configuration of the timer frequency. It is customary
| + to have the timer interrupt run at 1000 HZ but 100 HZ may be more
| + beneficial for servers and NUMA systems that do not need to have
| + a fast response for user interaction and that may experience bus
| + contention and cacheline bounces as a result of timer interrupts.
| + Note that the timer interrupt occurs on each processor in an SMP
| + environment leading to NR_CPUS * HZ number of timer interrupts
| + per second.
| +
| endmenu
|
| #
| Index: linux-2.6.12-rc4/include/asm-x86_64/param.h
| ===================================================================
| --- linux-2.6.12-rc4.orig/include/asm-x86_64/param.h 2005-03-02 07:38:10.000000000 +0000
| +++ linux-2.6.12-rc4/include/asm-x86_64/param.h 2005-05-17 02:28:04.000000000 +0000
| @@ -1,8 +1,20 @@
| +#include <linux/config.h>
| +
| #ifndef _ASMx86_64_PARAM_H
| #define _ASMx86_64_PARAM_H
|
| #ifdef __KERNEL__
| -# define HZ 1000 /* Internal kernel timer frequency */
| +
| +#if CONFIG_HZ == 1000
| +# define HZ 1000 /* Internal kernel timer frequency */
| +#elif CONFIG_HZ == 250
| +# define HZ 250
| +#elif CONFIG_HZ == 100
| +# define HZ 100
| +#else
| +#error "Invalid Timer Interrupt Frequency"
| +#endif
| +| # define USER_HZ 100 /* .. some user interfaces are in "ticks */
| #define CLOCKS_PER_SEC (USER_HZ) /* like times() */
| #endif


---
~Randy
-
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