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Subject[RFC][PATCH (7/7)] new timeofday i386 vsyscall proof of concept (v A5)
From
Date
All,

This patch implements vsyscall-gettimeofday() functions for i386
using the new timeofday core code. This is just a hackish proof of
concept that shows how it could be done and what interfaces are needed
to have a clean separation of the arch independent time keeping and the
very arch specific vsyscall code. It should apply on top of my
linux-2.6.12-rc4_timeofday-timesources-i386_A5 patch.

I look forward to your comments and feedback.

thanks
-john

linux-2.6.12-rc4_timeofday-vsyscall-i386_A5.patch
=================================================
Index: arch/i386/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- 3b4165efeade40b65ea2e8188184e4f8d3d8d636/arch/i386/Kconfig (mode:100644)
+++ 9d016193cc103e4ba0026e943774ef0f774bf72f/arch/i386/Kconfig (mode:100644)
@@ -18,6 +18,9 @@
bool
default y

+config NEWTOD_VSYSCALL
+ depends on EXPERIMENTAL
+ bool "VSYSCALL gettimeofday() interface"

config MMU
bool
Index: arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
===================================================================
--- 3b4165efeade40b65ea2e8188184e4f8d3d8d636/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile (mode:100644)
+++ 9d016193cc103e4ba0026e943774ef0f774bf72f/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile (mode:100644)
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
doublefault.o quirks.o tsc.o

obj-y += cpu/
+obj-$(CONFIG_NEWTOD_VSYSCALL) += vsyscall-gtod.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_BOOT) += acpi/
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_BIOS_REBOOT) += reboot.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MCA) += mca.o
Index: arch/i386/kernel/setup.c
===================================================================
--- 3b4165efeade40b65ea2e8188184e4f8d3d8d636/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c (mode:100644)
+++ 9d016193cc103e4ba0026e943774ef0f774bf72f/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c (mode:100644)
@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@
#include <asm/io_apic.h>
#include <asm/ist.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/vsyscall-gtod.h>
#include "setup_arch_pre.h"
#include <bios_ebda.h>

@@ -1524,6 +1525,7 @@
#endif
#endif
tsc_init();
+ vsyscall_init();
}

#include "setup_arch_post.h"
Index: arch/i386/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
===================================================================
--- 3b4165efeade40b65ea2e8188184e4f8d3d8d636/arch/i386/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S (mode:100644)
+++ 9d016193cc103e4ba0026e943774ef0f774bf72f/arch/i386/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S (mode:100644)
@@ -5,6 +5,8 @@
#include <asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h>
#include <asm/thread_info.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <asm/vsyscall-gtod.h>

OUTPUT_FORMAT("elf32-i386", "elf32-i386", "elf32-i386")
OUTPUT_ARCH(i386)
@@ -52,6 +54,31 @@

_edata = .; /* End of data section */

+/* VSYSCALL_GTOD data */
+#ifdef CONFIG_NEWTOD_VSYSCALL
+
+ /* vsyscall entry */
+ . = ALIGN(64);
+ .data.cacheline_aligned : { *(.data.cacheline_aligned) }
+
+ .vsyscall_0 VSYSCALL_GTOD_START: AT ((LOADADDR(.data.cacheline_aligned) + SIZEOF(.data.cacheline_aligned) + 4095) & ~(4095)) { *(.vsyscall_0) }
+ __vsyscall_0 = LOADADDR(.vsyscall_0);
+
+
+ /* generic gtod variables */
+ . = ALIGN(64);
+ .vsyscall_gtod_data : AT ((LOADADDR(.vsyscall_0) + SIZEOF(.vsyscall_0) + 63) & ~(63)) { *(.vsyscall_gtod_data) }
+ vsyscall_gtod_data = LOADADDR(.vsyscall_gtod_data);
+
+ . = ALIGN(16);
+ .vsyscall_gtod_lock : AT ((LOADADDR(.vsyscall_gtod_data) + SIZEOF(.vsyscall_gtod_data) + 15) & ~(15)) { *(.vsyscall_gtod_lock) }
+ vsyscall_gtod_lock = LOADADDR(.vsyscall_gtod_lock);
+
+ .vsyscall_1 ADDR(.vsyscall_0) + 1024: AT (LOADADDR(.vsyscall_0) + 1024) { *(.vsyscall_1) }
+ . = LOADADDR(.vsyscall_0) + 4096;
+#endif
+/* END of VSYSCALL_GTOD data*/
+
. = ALIGN(THREAD_SIZE); /* init_task */
.data.init_task : { *(.data.init_task) }

Index: arch/i386/kernel/vsyscall-gtod.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null (tree:3b4165efeade40b65ea2e8188184e4f8d3d8d636)
+++ 9d016193cc103e4ba0026e943774ef0f774bf72f/arch/i386/kernel/vsyscall-gtod.c (mode:100644)
@@ -0,0 +1,193 @@
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/timeofday.h>
+#include <linux/timesource.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <asm/vsyscall-gtod.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/fixmap.h>
+#include <asm/msr.h>
+#include <asm/timer.h>
+#include <asm/system.h>
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+#include <asm/errno.h>
+
+struct vsyscall_gtod_data_t {
+ struct timeval wall_time_tv;
+ struct timezone sys_tz;
+ cycle_t offset_base;
+ struct timesource_t timesource;
+};
+
+struct vsyscall_gtod_data_t vsyscall_gtod_data;
+struct vsyscall_gtod_data_t __vsyscall_gtod_data __section_vsyscall_gtod_data;
+
+seqlock_t vsyscall_gtod_lock = SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED;
+seqlock_t __vsyscall_gtod_lock __section_vsyscall_gtod_lock = SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED;
+
+int errno;
+static inline _syscall2(int,gettimeofday,struct timeval *,tv,struct timezone *,tz);
+
+static int vsyscall_mapped = 0; /* flag variable for remap_vsyscall() */
+extern struct timezone sys_tz;
+
+static inline void do_vgettimeofday(struct timeval* tv)
+{
+ cycle_t now, cycle_delta;
+ nsec_t nsec_delta;
+
+ if (__vsyscall_gtod_data.timesource.type == TIMESOURCE_FUNCTION) {
+ gettimeofday(tv, NULL);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* read the timeosurce and calc cycle_delta */
+ now = read_timesource(&__vsyscall_gtod_data.timesource);
+ cycle_delta = (now - __vsyscall_gtod_data.offset_base)
+ & __vsyscall_gtod_data.timesource.mask;
+
+ /* convert cycles to nsecs */
+ nsec_delta = cycle_delta * __vsyscall_gtod_data.timesource.mult;
+ nsec_delta = nsec_delta >> __vsyscall_gtod_data.timesource.shift;
+
+ /* add nsec offset to wall_time_tv */
+ *tv = __vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_tv;
+ do_div(nsec_delta, NSEC_PER_USEC);
+ tv->tv_usec += (unsigned long) nsec_delta;
+ while (tv->tv_usec > USEC_PER_SEC) {
+ tv->tv_sec += 1;
+ tv->tv_usec -= USEC_PER_SEC;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void do_get_tz(struct timezone *tz)
+{
+ *tz = __vsyscall_gtod_data.sys_tz;
+}
+
+static int __vsyscall(0) asmlinkage vgettimeofday(struct timeval *tv, struct timezone *tz)
+{
+ unsigned long seq;
+ do {
+ seq = read_seqbegin(&__vsyscall_gtod_lock);
+
+ if (tv)
+ do_vgettimeofday(tv);
+ if (tz)
+ do_get_tz(tz);
+
+ } while (read_seqretry(&__vsyscall_gtod_lock, seq));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static time_t __vsyscall(1) asmlinkage vtime(time_t * t)
+{
+ struct timeval tv;
+ vgettimeofday(&tv,NULL);
+ if (t)
+ *t = tv.tv_sec;
+ return tv.tv_sec;
+}
+
+struct timesource_t* curr_timesource;
+
+void arch_update_vsyscall_gtod(nsec_t wall_time, cycle_t offset_base,
+ struct timesource_t* timesource, int ntp_adj)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&vsyscall_gtod_lock, flags);
+
+ /* XXX - hackitty hack hack. this is terrible! */
+ if (curr_timesource != timesource) {
+ if ((timesource->type == TIMESOURCE_MMIO_32)
+ || (timesource->type == TIMESOURCE_MMIO_64)) {
+ unsigned long vaddr = (unsigned long)timesource->mmio_ptr;
+ pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset_k(vaddr);
+ pud_t *pud = pud_offset(pgd, vaddr);
+ pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud,vaddr);
+ pte_t *pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, vaddr);
+ pte->pte_low |= _PAGE_USER;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* save off wall time as timeval */
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_tv = ns2timeval(wall_time);
+
+ /* save offset_base */
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.offset_base = offset_base;
+
+ /* copy current timesource */
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.timesource = *timesource;
+
+ /* apply ntp adjustment to timesource mult */
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.timesource.mult += ntp_adj;
+
+ /* save off current timezone */
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.sys_tz = sys_tz;
+
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&vsyscall_gtod_lock, flags);
+
+}
+extern char __vsyscall_0;
+
+static void __init map_vsyscall(void)
+{
+ unsigned long physaddr_page0 = (unsigned long) &__vsyscall_0 - PAGE_OFFSET;
+
+ /* Initially we map the VSYSCALL page w/ PAGE_KERNEL permissions to
+ * keep the alternate_instruction code from bombing out when it
+ * changes the seq_lock memory barriers in vgettimeofday()
+ */
+ __set_fixmap(FIX_VSYSCALL_GTOD_FIRST_PAGE, physaddr_page0, PAGE_KERNEL);
+}
+
+static int __init remap_vsyscall(void)
+{
+ unsigned long physaddr_page0 = (unsigned long) &__vsyscall_0 - PAGE_OFFSET;
+
+ if (!vsyscall_mapped)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Remap the VSYSCALL page w/ PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL permissions
+ * after the alternate_instruction code has run
+ */
+ clear_fixmap(FIX_VSYSCALL_GTOD_FIRST_PAGE);
+ __set_fixmap(FIX_VSYSCALL_GTOD_FIRST_PAGE, physaddr_page0, PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int __init vsyscall_init(void)
+{
+ printk("VSYSCALL: consistency checks...");
+ if ((unsigned long) &vgettimeofday != VSYSCALL_ADDR(__NR_vgettimeofday)) {
+ printk("vgettimeofday link addr broken\n");
+ printk("VSYSCALL: vsyscall_init failed!\n");
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+ if ((unsigned long) &vtime != VSYSCALL_ADDR(__NR_vtime)) {
+ printk("vtime link addr broken\n");
+ printk("VSYSCALL: vsyscall_init failed!\n");
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+ if (VSYSCALL_ADDR(0) != __fix_to_virt(FIX_VSYSCALL_GTOD_FIRST_PAGE)) {
+ printk("fixmap first vsyscall 0x%lx should be 0x%x\n",
+ __fix_to_virt(FIX_VSYSCALL_GTOD_FIRST_PAGE),
+ VSYSCALL_ADDR(0));
+ printk("VSYSCALL: vsyscall_init failed!\n");
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+
+ printk("passed...mapping...");
+ map_vsyscall();
+ printk("done.\n");
+ vsyscall_mapped = 1;
+ printk("VSYSCALL: fixmap virt addr: 0x%lx\n",
+ __fix_to_virt(FIX_VSYSCALL_GTOD_FIRST_PAGE));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+__initcall(remap_vsyscall);
Index: include/asm-i386/fixmap.h
===================================================================
--- 3b4165efeade40b65ea2e8188184e4f8d3d8d636/include/asm-i386/fixmap.h (mode:100644)
+++ 9d016193cc103e4ba0026e943774ef0f774bf72f/include/asm-i386/fixmap.h (mode:100644)
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <asm/acpi.h>
#include <asm/apicdef.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/vsyscall-gtod.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <asm/kmap_types.h>
@@ -53,6 +54,11 @@
enum fixed_addresses {
FIX_HOLE,
FIX_VSYSCALL,
+#ifdef CONFIG_NEWTOD_VSYSCALL
+ FIX_VSYSCALL_GTOD_LAST_PAGE,
+ FIX_VSYSCALL_GTOD_FIRST_PAGE = FIX_VSYSCALL_GTOD_LAST_PAGE
+ + VSYSCALL_GTOD_NUMPAGES - 1,
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
FIX_APIC_BASE, /* local (CPU) APIC) -- required for SMP or not */
#endif
Index: include/asm-i386/pgtable.h
===================================================================
--- 3b4165efeade40b65ea2e8188184e4f8d3d8d636/include/asm-i386/pgtable.h (mode:100644)
+++ 9d016193cc103e4ba0026e943774ef0f774bf72f/include/asm-i386/pgtable.h (mode:100644)
@@ -159,6 +159,8 @@
#define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE (__PAGE_KERNEL | _PAGE_PCD)
#define __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE (__PAGE_KERNEL | _PAGE_PSE)
#define __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC (__PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC | _PAGE_PSE)
+#define __PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL \
+ (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | _PAGE_ACCESSED)

#define PAGE_KERNEL __pgprot(__PAGE_KERNEL)
#define PAGE_KERNEL_RO __pgprot(__PAGE_KERNEL_RO)
@@ -166,6 +168,8 @@
#define PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE __pgprot(__PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE)
#define PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE __pgprot(__PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE)
#define PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC __pgprot(__PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC)
+#define PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL __pgprot(__PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL)
+#define PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL_NOCACHE __pgprot(__PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL|(__PAGE_KERNEL_RO | _PAGE_PCD))

/*
* The i386 can't do page protection for execute, and considers that
Index: include/asm-i386/vsyscall-gtod.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null (tree:3b4165efeade40b65ea2e8188184e4f8d3d8d636)
+++ 9d016193cc103e4ba0026e943774ef0f774bf72f/include/asm-i386/vsyscall-gtod.h (mode:100644)
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_i386_VSYSCALL_GTOD_H_
+#define _ASM_i386_VSYSCALL_GTOD_H_
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NEWTOD_VSYSCALL
+
+/* VSYSCALL_GTOD_START must be the same as
+ * __fix_to_virt(FIX_VSYSCALL_GTOD FIRST_PAGE)
+ * and must also be same as addr in vmlinux.lds.S */
+#define VSYSCALL_GTOD_START 0xffffd000
+#define VSYSCALL_GTOD_SIZE 1024
+#define VSYSCALL_GTOD_END (VSYSCALL_GTOD_START + PAGE_SIZE)
+#define VSYSCALL_GTOD_NUMPAGES \
+ ((VSYSCALL_GTOD_END-VSYSCALL_GTOD_START) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+#define VSYSCALL_ADDR(vsyscall_nr) \
+ (VSYSCALL_GTOD_START+VSYSCALL_GTOD_SIZE*(vsyscall_nr))
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+#include <linux/seqlock.h>
+#define __vsyscall(nr) __attribute__ ((unused,__section__(".vsyscall_" #nr)))
+
+/* ReadOnly generic time value attributes*/
+#define __section_vsyscall_gtod_data __attribute__ ((unused, __section__ (".vsyscall_gtod_data")))
+
+#define __section_vsyscall_gtod_lock __attribute__ ((unused, __section__ (".vsyscall_gtod_lock")))
+
+
+enum vsyscall_num {
+ __NR_vgettimeofday,
+ __NR_vtime,
+};
+
+int vsyscall_init(void);
+extern char __vsyscall_0;
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+#else /* CONFIG_NEWTOD_VSYSCALL */
+#define vsyscall_init()
+#define vsyscall_set_timesource(x)
+#endif /* CONFIG_NEWTOD_VSYSCALL */
+#endif /* _ASM_i386_VSYSCALL_GTOD_H_ */

-
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