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SubjectRe: [openib-general] Re: [PATCH][RFC][0/4] InfiniBand userspace verbs implementation
On 5/7/05, Hugh Dickins <> wrote:
> > My understanding is that mlock() could in theory allow the page to be moved,
> > but that currently nothing in the kernel would actually move it. However,
> > that could change in the future to allow hot-swapping of RAM.
> That's my understanding too, that nothing currently does so. Aside from
> hot-swapping RAM, there's also a need to be able to migrate pages around
> RAM, either to unfragment memory allowing higher-order allocations to
> succeed more often, or to get around extreme dmamem/normal-mem/highmem
> imbalances without dedicating huge reserves. Those would more often
> succeed if uninhibited by mlock.


If I am reading you correctly, you are saying that mlock currently
prevents pages from migrating around to unfragment memory, but
get_user_pages does not prevent this? If this is the case, this could
very easily be the problem Timur was experiencing. He is using
get_user_pages to lock pages long term (for the life of the process,
beyond the bounds of a single system call).

If it is possible for a page to be migrated in physical memory during
extreme virtual memory pressure while the reference count is held with
get_user_pages, that would cause the problem where the hardware is no
longer mapped to the same page as the application.

BTW: In earlier kernels, I experienced the same issues in our IB
drivers when trying to pin pages using only get_user_pages.

Bill Jordan
InfiniCon Systems
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