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Subject[RFC][PATCH (1/4)] new timeofday core subsystem (v A4)
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All,
This patch implements the architecture independent portion of
the time of day subsystem. For a brief description on the rework, see
here: http://lwn.net/Articles/120850/ (Many thanks to the LWN team for
that clear writeup!)

Mostly this version is just a cleanup of the last release. One neat
feature is the new sysfs interface which allows you to manually override
the selected timesource while the system is running.

Included below is timeofday.c (which includes all the time of day
management and accessor functions), ntp.c (which includes the ntp
scaling calculation code, leapsecond processing, and ntp kernel state
machine code), timesource.c (for timesource specific management
functions), interface definition .h files, the example jiffies
timesource (lowest common denominator time source, mainly for use as
example code) and minimal hooks into arch independent code.

The patch does not function without minimal architecture specific hooks
(i386, x86-64, ppc32, ppc64, ia64 and s390 examples to follow), and it
should be able to be applied to a tree without affecting the code.

New in this version:
o Improved cyc2ns remainder handling
o Added getnstimeofday() interface
o Better timesource management
o Sysfs interface for overriding timesources
o Cleanups from Nish Aravamudan and Matt Mackall

Items still on the TODO list:
o make ntp adjustments be in ppb instead of ppm
o posix-timers integration
o boot time "timesource=" override option

I look forward to your comments and feedback.

thanks
-john

linux-2.6.12-rc2_timeofday-core_A4.patch
=========================================
diff -Nru a/drivers/Makefile b/drivers/Makefile
--- a/drivers/Makefile 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
+++ b/drivers/Makefile 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -64,3 +64,4 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_SGIIOC4) += sn/
obj-y += firmware/
obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO) += crypto/
+obj-$(CONFIG_NEWTOD) += timesource/
diff -Nru a/drivers/timesource/Makefile b/drivers/timesource/Makefile
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 196900
+++ b/drivers/timesource/Makefile 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-y += jiffies.o
diff -Nru a/drivers/timesource/jiffies.c b/drivers/timesource/jiffies.c
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 196900
+++ b/drivers/timesource/jiffies.c 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
+/*
+ * linux/drivers/timesource/jiffies.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2004 IBM
+ *
+ * This file contains the jiffies based time source.
+ *
+ */
+#include <linux/timesource.h>
+#include <linux/jiffies.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+
+/* The Jiffies based timesource is the lowest common
+ * denominator time source which should function on
+ * all systems. It has the same coarse resolution as
+ * the timer interrupt frequency HZ and it suffers
+ * inaccuracies caused by missed or lost timer
+ * interrupts and the inability for the timer
+ * interrupt hardware to accuratly tick at the
+ * requested HZ value. It is also not reccomended
+ * for "tick-less" systems.
+ */
+
+static cycle_t jiffies_read(void)
+{
+ cycle_t ret = get_jiffies_64();
+ return ret;
+}
+
+struct timesource_t timesource_jiffies = {
+ .name = "jiffies",
+ .priority = 0, /* lowest priority*/
+ .type = TIMESOURCE_FUNCTION,
+ .read_fnct = jiffies_read,
+ .mask = (cycle_t)-1,
+ .mult = (NSEC_PER_SEC+(HZ/2))/HZ,
+ .shift = 0,
+};
+
+static int init_jiffies_timesource(void)
+{
+ register_timesource(&timesource_jiffies);
+ return 0;
+}
+module_init(init_jiffies_timesource);
diff -Nru a/include/linux/ntp.h b/include/linux/ntp.h
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 196900
+++ b/include/linux/ntp.h 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+/* linux/include/linux/ntp.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2003, 2004, 2005 IBM, John Stultz (johnstul@us.ibm.com)
+ *
+ * This file NTP state machine accessor functions.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_NTP_H
+#define _LINUX_NTP_H
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+
+/* NTP state machine interfaces */
+nsec_t ntp_scale(nsec_t value);
+int ntp_advance(nsec_t value);
+int ntp_adjtimex(struct timex*);
+int ntp_leapsecond(struct timespec now);
+void ntp_clear(void);
+int get_ntp_status(void);
+
+#endif
diff -Nru a/include/linux/time.h b/include/linux/time.h
--- a/include/linux/time.h 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
+++ b/include/linux/time.h 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -27,6 +27,10 @@

#ifdef __KERNEL__

+/* timeofday base types */
+typedef u64 nsec_t;
+typedef u64 cycle_t;
+
/* Parameters used to convert the timespec values */
#ifndef USEC_PER_SEC
#define USEC_PER_SEC (1000000L)
diff -Nru a/include/linux/timeofday.h b/include/linux/timeofday.h
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 196900
+++ b/include/linux/timeofday.h 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -0,0 +1,65 @@
+/* linux/include/linux/timeofday.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2003, 2004, 2005 IBM, John Stultz (johnstul@us.ibm.com)
+ *
+ * This file contains the interface to the time of day subsystem
+ */
+#ifndef _LINUX_TIMEOFDAY_H
+#define _LINUX_TIMEOFDAY_H
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+#include <asm/div64.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NEWTOD
+nsec_t get_lowres_timestamp(void);
+nsec_t get_lowres_timeofday(void);
+nsec_t do_monotonic_clock(void);
+
+void do_gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv);
+int do_settimeofday(struct timespec *tv);
+int do_adjtimex(struct timex *tx);
+
+void timeofday_suspend_hook(void);
+void timeofday_resume_hook(void);
+
+void timeofday_init(void);
+
+
+/* Helper functions */
+static inline struct timeval ns2timeval(nsec_t ns)
+{
+ struct timeval tv;
+ tv.tv_sec = div_long_long_rem(ns, NSEC_PER_SEC, &tv.tv_usec);
+ tv.tv_usec = (tv.tv_usec + NSEC_PER_USEC/2) / NSEC_PER_USEC;
+ return tv;
+}
+
+static inline struct timespec ns2timespec(nsec_t ns)
+{
+ struct timespec ts;
+ ts.tv_sec = div_long_long_rem(ns, NSEC_PER_SEC, &ts.tv_nsec);
+ return ts;
+}
+
+static inline nsec_t timespec2ns(struct timespec* ts)
+{
+ nsec_t ret;
+ ret = ((nsec_t)ts->tv_sec) * NSEC_PER_SEC;
+ ret += ts->tv_nsec;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static inline nsec_t timeval2ns(struct timeval* tv)
+{
+ nsec_t ret;
+ ret = ((nsec_t)tv->tv_sec) * NSEC_PER_SEC;
+ ret += tv->tv_usec * NSEC_PER_USEC;
+ return ret;
+}
+#else /* CONFIG_NEWTOD */
+#define timeofday_suspend_hook()
+#define timeofday_resume_hook()
+#define timeofday_init()
+#endif /* CONFIG_NEWTOD */
+#endif /* _LINUX_TIMEOFDAY_H */
diff -Nru a/include/linux/timesource.h b/include/linux/timesource.h
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 196900
+++ b/include/linux/timesource.h 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -0,0 +1,159 @@
+/* linux/include/linux/timesource.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2003, 2004, 2005 IBM, John Stultz (johnstul@us.ibm.com)
+ *
+ * This file contains the structure definitions for timesources.
+ *
+ * If you are not a timesource, or the time of day code, you should
+ * not be including this file!
+ */
+#ifndef _LINUX_TIMESORUCE_H
+#define _LINUX_TIMESORUCE_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/div64.h>
+
+/* struct timesource_t:
+ * Provides mostly state-free accessors to the underlying hardware.
+ *
+ * name: ptr to timesource name
+ * priority: priority value for selection (higher is better)
+ * type: defines timesource type
+ * @read_fnct: returns a cycle value
+ * ptr: ptr to MMIO'ed counter
+ * mask: bitmask for two's complement
+ * subtraction of non 64 bit counters
+ * mult: cycle to nanosecond multiplier
+ * shift: cycle to nanosecond divisor (power of two)
+ * @update_callback: called when safe to alter timesource values
+ */
+struct timesource_t {
+ char* name;
+ int priority;
+ enum {
+ TIMESOURCE_FUNCTION,
+ TIMESOURCE_CYCLES,
+ TIMESOURCE_MMIO_32,
+ TIMESOURCE_MMIO_64
+ } type;
+ cycle_t (*read_fnct)(void);
+ void __iomem *mmio_ptr;
+ cycle_t mask;
+ u32 mult;
+ u32 shift;
+ void (*update_callback)(void);
+};
+
+
+/* Helper functions that converts a khz counter
+ * frequency to a timsource multiplier, given the
+ * timesource shift value
+ */
+static inline u32 timesource_khz2mult(u32 khz, u32 shift_constant)
+{
+ /* khz = cyc/(Million ns)
+ * mult/2^shift = ns/cyc
+ * mult = ns/cyc * 2^shift
+ * mult = 1Million/khz * 2^shift
+ * mult = 1000000 * 2^shift / khz
+ * mult = (1000000<<shift) / khz
+ */
+ u64 tmp = ((u64)1000000) << shift_constant;
+ /* XXX - should we round here? */
+ do_div(tmp, khz);
+ return (u32)tmp;
+}
+
+/* Helper functions that converts a hz counter
+ * frequency to a timsource multiplier, given the
+ * timesource shift value
+ */
+static inline u32 timesource_hz2mult(u32 hz, u32 shift_constant)
+{
+ /* hz = cyc/(Billion ns)
+ * mult/2^shift = ns/cyc
+ * mult = ns/cyc * 2^shift
+ * mult = 1Billion/hz * 2^shift
+ * mult = 1000000000 * 2^shift / hz
+ * mult = (1000000000<<shift) / hz
+ */
+ u64 tmp = ((u64)1000000000) << shift_constant;
+ /* XXX - should we round here? */
+ do_div(tmp, hz);
+ return (u32)tmp;
+}
+
+
+/* XXX - this should go somewhere better! */
+#ifndef readq
+static inline unsigned long long readq(void __iomem *addr)
+{
+ u32 low, high;
+ /* loop is required to make sure we get an atomic read */
+ do {
+ high = readl(addr+4);
+ low = readl(addr);
+ } while (high != readl(addr+4));
+
+ return low | (((unsigned long long)high) << 32LL);
+}
+#endif
+
+
+/* read_timesource():
+ * Uses the timesource to return the current cycle_t value
+ */
+static inline cycle_t read_timesource(struct timesource_t *ts)
+{
+ switch (ts->type) {
+ case TIMESOURCE_MMIO_32:
+ return (cycle_t)readl(ts->mmio_ptr);
+ case TIMESOURCE_MMIO_64:
+ return (cycle_t)readq(ts->mmio_ptr);
+ case TIMESOURCE_CYCLES:
+ return (cycle_t)get_cycles();
+ default:/* case: TIMESOURCE_FUNCTION */
+ return ts->read_fnct();
+ }
+}
+
+/* cyc2ns():
+ * Uses the timesource and ntp ajdustment interval to
+ * convert cycle_ts to nanoseconds.
+ */
+static inline nsec_t cyc2ns(struct timesource_t *ts, int ntp_adj, cycle_t cycles)
+{
+ u64 ret;
+ ret = (u64)cycles;
+ ret *= (ts->mult + ntp_adj);
+ ret >>= ts->shift;
+ return (nsec_t)ret;
+}
+
+/* cyc2ns_rem():
+ * Uses the timesource and ntp ajdustment interval to
+ * convert cycle_ts to nanoseconds. Add in remainder portion
+ * which is stored in ns<<ts->shift units and save the new
+ * remainder off.
+ */
+static inline nsec_t cyc2ns_rem(struct timesource_t *ts, int ntp_adj, cycle_t cycles, u64* rem)
+{
+ u64 ret;
+ ret = (u64)cycles;
+ ret *= (ts->mult + ntp_adj);
+ if (rem) {
+ ret += *rem;
+ *rem = ret & ((1<<ts->shift)-1);
+ }
+ ret >>= ts->shift;
+ return (nsec_t)ret;
+}
+
+/* used to install a new time source */
+void register_timesource(struct timesource_t*);
+struct timesource_t* get_next_timesource(void);
+
+#endif
diff -Nru a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
--- a/init/main.c 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
+++ b/init/main.c 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/mempolicy.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
+#include <linux/timeofday.h>

#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/bugs.h>
@@ -467,6 +468,7 @@
pidhash_init();
init_timers();
softirq_init();
+ timeofday_init();
time_init();

/*
diff -Nru a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
--- a/kernel/Makefile 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
+++ b/kernel/Makefile 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
rcupdate.o intermodule.o extable.o params.o posix-timers.o \
kthread.o wait.o kfifo.o sys_ni.o posix-cpu-timers.o

+obj-$(CONFIG_NEWTOD) += timeofday.o timesource.o ntp.o
obj-$(CONFIG_FUTEX) += futex.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_ISA_DMA) += dma.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpu.o spinlock.o
diff -Nru a/kernel/ntp.c b/kernel/ntp.c
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 196900
+++ b/kernel/ntp.c 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -0,0 +1,498 @@
+/********************************************************************
+* linux/kernel/ntp.c
+*
+* NTP state machine and time scaling code.
+*
+* Copyright (C) 2004, 2005 IBM, John Stultz (johnstul@us.ibm.com)
+*
+* Portions rewritten from kernel/time.c and kernel/timer.c
+* Please see those files for original copyrights.
+*
+* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+* (at your option) any later version.
+*
+* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+* GNU General Public License for more details.
+*
+* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+* Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+*
+* Notes:
+*
+* Hopefully you should never have to understand or touch
+* any of the code below. but don't let that keep you from trying!
+*
+* This code is loosely based on David Mills' RFC 1589 and its
+* updates. Please see the following for more details:
+* http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/database/rfc/rfc1589.txt
+* http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/database/reports/kern/kernb.pdf
+*
+* NOTE: To simplify the code, we do not implement any of
+* the PPS code, as the code that uses it never was merged.
+* -johnstul@us.ibm.com
+*
+* Revision History:
+* 2004-09-02: A0
+* o First pass sent to lkml for review.
+* 2004-12-07: A1
+* o No changes, sent to lkml for review.
+* 2005-03-11: A3
+* o yanked ntp_scale(), ntp adjustments are done in cyc2ns
+* ??????????: A4
+* o Added conditional debug info
+*
+* TODO List:
+* o Move to using ppb for frequency adjustmetns
+* o More documentation
+* o More testing
+* o More optimization
+*********************************************************************/
+
+#include <linux/ntp.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+
+/* XXX - remove later */
+#define NTP_DEBUG 0
+
+/* NTP scaling code
+ * Functions:
+ * ----------
+ * nsec_t ntp_scale(nsec_t value):
+ * Scales the nsec_t vale using ntp kernel state
+ * void ntp_advance(nsec_t interval):
+ * Increments the NTP state machine by interval time
+ * static int ntp_hardupdate(long offset, struct timeval tv)
+ * ntp_adjtimex helper function
+ * int ntp_adjtimex(struct timex* tx):
+ * Interface to adjust NTP state machine
+ * int ntp_leapsecond(struct timespec now)
+ * Does NTP leapsecond processing. Returns number of
+ * seconds current time should be adjusted by.
+ * void ntp_clear(void):
+ * Clears the ntp kernel state
+ * int get_ntp_status(void):
+ * returns ntp_status value
+ *
+ * Variables:
+ * ----------
+ * ntp kernel state variables:
+ * See below for full list.
+ * ntp_lock:
+ * Protects ntp kernel state variables
+ */
+
+
+
+/* Chapter 5: Kernel Variables [RFC 1589 pg. 28] */
+/* 5.1 Interface Variables */
+static int ntp_status = STA_UNSYNC; /* status */
+static long ntp_offset; /* usec */
+static long ntp_constant = 2; /* ntp magic? */
+static long ntp_maxerror = NTP_PHASE_LIMIT; /* usec */
+static long ntp_esterror = NTP_PHASE_LIMIT; /* usec */
+static const long ntp_tolerance = MAXFREQ; /* shifted ppm */
+static const long ntp_precision = 1; /* constant */
+
+/* 5.2 Phase-Lock Loop Variables */
+static long ntp_freq; /* shifted ppm */
+static long ntp_reftime; /* sec */
+
+/* Extra values */
+static int ntp_state = TIME_OK; /* leapsecond state */
+static long ntp_tick = USEC_PER_SEC/USER_HZ; /* tick length */
+
+static s64 ss_offset_len; /* SINGLESHOT offset adj interval (nsec)*/
+static long singleshot_adj; /* +/- MAX_SINGLESHOT_ADJ (ppm)*/
+static long tick_adj; /* tx->tick adjustment (ppm) */
+static long offset_adj; /* offset adjustment (ppm) */
+
+
+/* lock for the above variables */
+static seqlock_t ntp_lock = SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED;
+
+#define MAX_SINGLESHOT_ADJ 500 /* (ppm) */
+#define SEC_PER_DAY 86400
+
+/* Required to safely shift negative values */
+#define shiftR(x,s) (x < 0) ? (-((-x) >> (s))) : ((x) >> (s))
+
+/* int ntp_advance(nsec_t interval):
+ * Periodic hook which increments NTP state machine by interval.
+ * Returns the signed PPM adjustment to be used for the next interval.
+ * This is ntp_hardclock in the RFC.
+ */
+int ntp_advance(nsec_t interval)
+{
+ static u64 interval_sum = 0;
+ static long ss_adj = 0;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ long ppm_sum;
+
+ /* inc interval sum */
+ interval_sum += interval;
+
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&ntp_lock, flags);
+
+ /* decrement singleshot offset interval */
+ ss_offset_len -= interval;
+ if(ss_offset_len < 0) /* make sure it doesn't go negative */
+ ss_offset_len = 0;
+
+ /* Do second overflow code */
+ while (interval_sum > NSEC_PER_SEC) {
+ /* XXX - I'd prefer to smoothly apply this math
+ * at each call to ntp_advance() rather then each
+ * second.
+ */
+ long tmp;
+
+ /* Bump maxerror by ntp_tolerance */
+ ntp_maxerror += shiftR(ntp_tolerance, SHIFT_USEC);
+ if (ntp_maxerror > NTP_PHASE_LIMIT) {
+ ntp_maxerror = NTP_PHASE_LIMIT;
+ ntp_status |= STA_UNSYNC;
+ }
+
+ /* Calculate offset_adj for the next second */
+ tmp = ntp_offset;
+ if (!(ntp_status & STA_FLL))
+ tmp = shiftR(tmp, SHIFT_KG + ntp_constant);
+
+ /* bound the adjustment to MAXPHASE/MINSEC */
+ tmp = min(tmp, (MAXPHASE / MINSEC) << SHIFT_UPDATE);
+ tmp = max(tmp, -(MAXPHASE / MINSEC) << SHIFT_UPDATE);
+
+ offset_adj = shiftR(tmp, SHIFT_UPDATE); /* (usec/sec) = ppm */
+ ntp_offset -= tmp;
+
+ interval_sum -= NSEC_PER_SEC;
+
+ /* calculate singleshot aproximation ppm for the next second */
+ ss_adj = singleshot_adj;
+ singleshot_adj = 0;
+ }
+
+ /* calculate total ppm adjustment for the next interval */
+ ppm_sum = tick_adj;
+ ppm_sum += offset_adj;
+ ppm_sum += shiftR(ntp_freq,SHIFT_USEC);
+ ppm_sum += ss_adj;
+
+#if NTP_DEBUG
+{ /*XXX - yank me! just for debug */
+ static int dbg = 0;
+ if(!(dbg++%300000))
+ printk("tick_adj(%d) + offset_adj(%d) + ntp_freq(%d) + ss_adj(%d) = ppm_sum(%d)\n", tick_adj, offset_adj, shiftR(ntp_freq,SHIFT_USEC), ss_adj, ppm_sum);
+}
+#endif
+
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&ntp_lock, flags);
+
+ return ppm_sum;
+}
+
+/* XXX - This function needs more explanation */
+/* called only by ntp_adjtimex while holding ntp_lock */
+static int ntp_hardupdate(long offset, struct timeval tv)
+{
+ int ret;
+ long tmp, interval;
+
+ ret = 0;
+ if (!(ntp_status & STA_PLL))
+ return ret;
+
+ tmp = offset;
+ /* Make sure offset is bounded by MAXPHASE */
+ tmp = min(tmp, MAXPHASE);
+ tmp = max(tmp, -MAXPHASE);
+
+ ntp_offset = tmp << SHIFT_UPDATE;
+
+ if ((ntp_status & STA_FREQHOLD) || (ntp_reftime == 0))
+ ntp_reftime = tv.tv_sec;
+
+ /* calculate seconds since last call to hardupdate */
+ interval = tv.tv_sec - ntp_reftime;
+ ntp_reftime = tv.tv_sec;
+
+ if ((ntp_status & STA_FLL) && (interval >= MINSEC)) {
+ long damping;
+ /* XXX - should we round here? */
+ tmp = offset / interval; /* ppm (usec/sec)*/
+
+ /* convert to shifted ppm, then apply damping factor */
+
+ /* calculate damping factor - XXX bigger comment!*/
+ damping = SHIFT_KH - SHIFT_USEC;
+
+ /* apply damping factor */
+ ntp_freq += shiftR(tmp,damping);
+
+ printk("ntp->freq change: %ld\n",shiftR(tmp,damping));
+
+ } else if ((ntp_status & STA_PLL) && (interval < MAXSEC)) {
+ long damping;
+ tmp = offset * interval; /* ppm XXX - not quite*/
+
+ /* calculate damping factor - XXX bigger comment!*/
+ damping = (2 * ntp_constant) + SHIFT_KF - SHIFT_USEC;
+
+ /* apply damping factor */
+ ntp_freq += shiftR(tmp,damping);
+
+ printk("ntp->freq change: %ld\n", shiftR(tmp,damping));
+
+ } else { /* interval out of bounds */
+ printk("ntp_hardupdate(): interval out of bounds: %ld\n",
+ interval);
+ ret = -1; /* TIME_ERROR */
+ }
+
+ /* bound ntp_freq */
+ if (ntp_freq > ntp_tolerance)
+ ntp_freq = ntp_tolerance;
+ if (ntp_freq < -ntp_tolerance)
+ ntp_freq = -ntp_tolerance;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* int ntp_adjtimex(struct timex* tx)
+ * Interface to change NTP state machine
+ */
+int ntp_adjtimex(struct timex* tx)
+{
+ long save_offset;
+ int result;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+/* Sanity checking
+ */
+ /* frequency adjustment limited to +/- MAXFREQ */
+ if ((tx->modes & ADJ_FREQUENCY)
+ && (abs(tx->freq) > MAXFREQ))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* maxerror adjustment limited to NTP_PHASE_LIMIT */
+ if ((tx->modes & ADJ_MAXERROR)
+ && (tx->maxerror < 0
+ || tx->maxerror >= NTP_PHASE_LIMIT))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* esterror adjustment limited to NTP_PHASE_LIMIT */
+ if ((tx->modes & ADJ_ESTERROR)
+ && (tx->esterror < 0
+ || tx->esterror >= NTP_PHASE_LIMIT))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* constant adjustment must be positive */
+ if ((tx->modes & ADJ_TIMECONST)
+ && (tx->constant < 0))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* Single shot mode can only be used by itself */
+ if (((tx->modes & ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT) == ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT)
+ && (tx->modes != ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* offset adjustment limited to +/- MAXPHASE */
+ if ((tx->modes != ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT)
+ && (tx->modes & ADJ_OFFSET)
+ && (abs(tx->offset)>= MAXPHASE))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* tick adjustment limited to 10% */
+ /* XXX - should we round here? */
+ if ((tx->modes & ADJ_TICK)
+ && ((tx->tick < 900000/USER_HZ)
+ ||(tx->tick > 11000000/USER_HZ)))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+#if NTP_DEBUG
+ /* dbg output XXX - yank me! */
+ if(tx->modes) {
+ printk("adjtimex: tx->offset: %ld tx->freq: %ld\n",
+ tx->offset, tx->freq);
+ }
+#endif
+
+/* Kernel input bits
+ */
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&ntp_lock, flags);
+
+ result = ntp_state;
+
+ /* For ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT we must return the old offset */
+ save_offset = shiftR(ntp_offset, SHIFT_UPDATE);
+
+ /* Process input parameters */
+ if (tx->modes & ADJ_STATUS) {
+ ntp_status &= STA_RONLY;
+ ntp_status |= tx->status & ~STA_RONLY;
+ }
+
+ if (tx->modes & ADJ_FREQUENCY)
+ ntp_freq = tx->freq;
+
+ if (tx->modes & ADJ_MAXERROR)
+ ntp_maxerror = tx->maxerror;
+
+ if (tx->modes & ADJ_ESTERROR)
+ ntp_esterror = tx->esterror;
+
+ if (tx->modes & ADJ_TIMECONST)
+ ntp_constant = tx->constant;
+
+ if (tx->modes & ADJ_OFFSET) {
+ /* check if we're doing a singleshot adjustment */
+ if (tx->modes == ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT)
+ singleshot_adj = tx->offset;
+ /* otherwise, call hardupdate() */
+ else if (ntp_hardupdate(tx->offset, tx->time))
+ result = TIME_ERROR;
+ }
+
+ if (tx->modes & ADJ_TICK) {
+ /* first calculate usec/user_tick offset */
+ /* XXX - should we round here? */
+ tick_adj = (USEC_PER_SEC/USER_HZ) - tx->tick;
+ /* multiply by user_hz to get usec/sec => ppm */
+ tick_adj *= USER_HZ;
+ /* save tx->tick for future calls to adjtimex */
+ ntp_tick = tx->tick;
+ }
+
+ if ((ntp_status & (STA_UNSYNC|STA_CLOCKERR)) != 0 )
+ result = TIME_ERROR;
+
+/* Kernel output bits
+ */
+ /* write kernel state to user timex values*/
+ if ((tx->modes & ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT) == ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT)
+ tx->offset = save_offset;
+ else
+ tx->offset = shiftR(ntp_offset, SHIFT_UPDATE);
+
+ tx->freq = ntp_freq;
+ tx->maxerror = ntp_maxerror;
+ tx->esterror = ntp_esterror;
+ tx->status = ntp_status;
+ tx->constant = ntp_constant;
+ tx->precision = ntp_precision;
+ tx->tolerance = ntp_tolerance;
+
+ /* PPS is not implemented, so these are zero */
+ tx->ppsfreq = /*XXX - Not Implemented!*/ 0;
+ tx->jitter = /*XXX - Not Implemented!*/ 0;
+ tx->shift = /*XXX - Not Implemented!*/ 0;
+ tx->stabil = /*XXX - Not Implemented!*/ 0;
+ tx->jitcnt = /*XXX - Not Implemented!*/ 0;
+ tx->calcnt = /*XXX - Not Implemented!*/ 0;
+ tx->errcnt = /*XXX - Not Implemented!*/ 0;
+ tx->stbcnt = /*XXX - Not Implemented!*/ 0;
+
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&ntp_lock, flags);
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+
+/* void ntp_leapsecond(struct timespec now):
+ * NTP Leapsecnod processing code. Returns the number of
+ * seconds (-1, 0, or 1) that should be added to the current
+ * time to properly adjust for leapseconds.
+ */
+int ntp_leapsecond(struct timespec now)
+{
+ /*
+ * Leap second processing. If in leap-insert state at
+ * the end of the day, the system clock is set back one
+ * second; if in leap-delete state, the system clock is
+ * set ahead one second.
+ */
+ static time_t leaptime = 0;
+
+ switch (ntp_state) {
+ case TIME_OK:
+ if (ntp_status & STA_INS) {
+ ntp_state = TIME_INS;
+ /* calculate end of today (23:59:59)*/
+ leaptime = now.tv_sec + SEC_PER_DAY -
+ (now.tv_sec % SEC_PER_DAY) - 1;
+ }
+ else if (ntp_status & STA_DEL) {
+ ntp_state = TIME_DEL;
+ /* calculate end of today (23:59:59)*/
+ leaptime = now.tv_sec + SEC_PER_DAY -
+ (now.tv_sec % SEC_PER_DAY) - 1;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case TIME_INS:
+ /* Once we are at (or past) leaptime, insert the second */
+ if (now.tv_sec > leaptime) {
+ ntp_state = TIME_OOP;
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE
+ "Clock: inserting leap second 23:59:60 UTC\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case TIME_DEL:
+ /* Once we are at (or past) leaptime, delete the second */
+ if (now.tv_sec >= leaptime) {
+ ntp_state = TIME_WAIT;
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE
+ "Clock: deleting leap second 23:59:59 UTC\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case TIME_OOP:
+ /* Wait for the end of the leap second*/
+ if (now.tv_sec > (leaptime + 1))
+ ntp_state = TIME_WAIT;
+ break;
+
+ case TIME_WAIT:
+ if (!(ntp_status & (STA_INS | STA_DEL)))
+ ntp_state = TIME_OK;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* void ntp_clear(void):
+ * Clears the NTP state machine.
+ */
+void ntp_clear(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&ntp_lock, flags);
+
+ /* clear everything */
+ ntp_status |= STA_UNSYNC;
+ ntp_maxerror = NTP_PHASE_LIMIT;
+ ntp_esterror = NTP_PHASE_LIMIT;
+ ss_offset_len = 0;
+ singleshot_adj = 0;
+ tick_adj = 0;
+ offset_adj =0;
+
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&ntp_lock, flags);
+}
+
+/* int get_ntp_status(void):
+ * Returns the NTP status.
+ */
+int get_ntp_status(void)
+{
+ return ntp_status;
+}
+
diff -Nru a/kernel/time.c b/kernel/time.c
--- a/kernel/time.c 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
+++ b/kernel/time.c 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
+#include <linux/timeofday.h>

/*
* The timezone where the local system is located. Used as a default by some
@@ -227,6 +228,7 @@
/* adjtimex mainly allows reading (and writing, if superuser) of
* kernel time-keeping variables. used by xntpd.
*/
+#ifndef CONFIG_NEWTOD
int do_adjtimex(struct timex *txc)
{
long ltemp, mtemp, save_adjust;
@@ -410,6 +412,7 @@
notify_arch_cmos_timer();
return(result);
}
+#endif

asmlinkage long sys_adjtimex(struct timex __user *txc_p)
{
@@ -566,6 +569,7 @@


#else
+#ifndef CONFIG_NEWTOD
/*
* Simulate gettimeofday using do_gettimeofday which only allows a timeval
* and therefore only yields usec accuracy
@@ -578,6 +582,7 @@
tv->tv_sec = x.tv_sec;
tv->tv_nsec = x.tv_usec * NSEC_PER_USEC;
}
+#endif /* CONFIG_NEWTOD */
#endif

#if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64)
diff -Nru a/kernel/timeofday.c b/kernel/timeofday.c
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 196900
+++ b/kernel/timeofday.c 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -0,0 +1,522 @@
+/*********************************************************************
+* linux/kernel/timeofday.c
+*
+* This file contains the functions which access and manage
+* the system's time of day functionality.
+*
+* Copyright (C) 2003, 2004, 2005 IBM, John Stultz (johnstul@us.ibm.com)
+*
+* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+* (at your option) any later version.
+*
+* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+* GNU General Public License for more details.
+*
+* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+* Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+*
+* Revision History:
+* 2004-09-02: A0
+* o First pass sent to lkml for review.
+* 2004-12-07: A1
+* o Rework of timesource structure
+* o Sent to lkml for review
+* 2005-01-24: A2
+* o write_seqlock_irq -> writeseqlock_irqsave
+* o arch generic interface for for get_cmos_time() equivalents
+* o suspend/resume hooks for sleep/hibernate (lightly tested)
+* o timesource adjust_callback hook
+* o Sent to lkml for review
+* 2005-03-11: A3
+* o periodic_hook (formerly interrupt_hook) now calle by softtimer
+* o yanked ntp_scale(), ntp adjustments are done in cyc2ns now
+* o sent to lkml for review
+* ??????????: A4
+* o Improved the cyc2ns remainder handling
+* o Added getnstimeofday
+* o Cleanups from Nish Aravamudan
+* TODO List:
+* o vsyscall/fsyscall infrastructure
+* o clock_was_set hook
+**********************************************************************/
+
+#include <linux/timeofday.h>
+#include <linux/timesource.h>
+#include <linux/ntp.h>
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+#include <linux/timer.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h> /* Needed for capable() */
+
+/* XXX - remove later */
+#define TIME_DBG 0
+#define TIME_DBG_FREQ 60000
+
+/* only run periodic_hook every 50ms */
+#define PERIODIC_INTERVAL_MS 50
+
+/*[Nanosecond based variables]
+ * system_time:
+ * Monotonically increasing counter of the number of nanoseconds
+ * since boot.
+ * wall_time_offset:
+ * Offset added to system_time to provide accurate time-of-day
+ */
+static nsec_t system_time;
+static nsec_t wall_time_offset;
+
+/*[Cycle based variables]
+ * offset_base:
+ * Value of the timesource at the last timeofday_periodic_hook()
+ * (adjusted only minorly to account for rounded off cycles)
+ */
+static cycle_t offset_base;
+
+/*[Time source data]
+ * timesource:
+ * current timesource pointer
+ */
+static struct timesource_t *timesource;
+
+/*[NTP adjustment]
+ * ntp_adj:
+ * value of the current ntp adjustment,
+ * stored in timesource multiplier units.
+ */
+int ntp_adj;
+
+/*[Locks]
+ * system_time_lock:
+ * generic lock for all locally scoped time values
+ */
+static seqlock_t system_time_lock = SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED;
+
+
+/*[Suspend/Resume info]
+ * time_suspend_state:
+ * variable that keeps track of suspend state
+ * suspend_start:
+ * start of the suspend call
+ */
+static enum {
+ TIME_RUNNING,
+ TIME_SUSPENDED
+} time_suspend_state = TIME_RUNNING;
+
+static nsec_t suspend_start;
+
+
+/* [XXX - Hacks]
+ * Makes stuff compile
+ */
+extern nsec_t read_persistent_clock(void);
+extern void sync_persistent_clock(struct timespec ts);
+
+
+/* get_lowres_timestamp():
+ * Returns a low res timestamp w/ PERIODIC_INTERVAL_MS
+ * granularity. (ie: the value of system_time as
+ * calculated at the last invocation of
+ * timeofday_periodic_hook())
+ */
+nsec_t get_lowres_timestamp(void)
+{
+ nsec_t ret;
+ unsigned long seq;
+ do {
+ seq = read_seqbegin(&system_time_lock);
+
+ /* quickly grab system_time*/
+ ret = system_time;
+
+ } while (read_seqretry(&system_time_lock, seq));
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+/* get_lowres_timeofday():
+ * Returns a low res time of day, as calculated at the
+ * last invocation of timeofday_periodic_hook()
+ */
+nsec_t get_lowres_timeofday(void)
+{
+ nsec_t ret;
+ unsigned long seq;
+ do {
+ seq = read_seqbegin(&system_time_lock);
+
+ /* quickly calculate low-res time of day */
+ ret = system_time + wall_time_offset;
+
+ } while (read_seqretry(&system_time_lock, seq));
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+/* update_legacy_time_values():
+ * Private function. Used to sync legacy time values to
+ * current timeofday. Assumes we have the system_time_lock.
+ * Hopefully someday this function can be removed.
+ */
+static void update_legacy_time_values(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&xtime_lock, flags);
+ xtime = ns2timespec(system_time + wall_time_offset);
+ wall_to_monotonic = ns2timespec(wall_time_offset);
+ set_normalized_timespec(&wall_to_monotonic,
+ -wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec, -wall_to_monotonic.tv_nsec);
+ wall_jiffies = jiffies;
+ /* We don't update jiffies here because it is its own time domain */
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&xtime_lock, flags);
+}
+
+
+/* __monotonic_clock():
+ * private function, must hold system_time_lock lock when being
+ * called. Returns the monotonically increasing number of
+ * nanoseconds since the system booted (adjusted by NTP scaling)
+ */
+static inline nsec_t __monotonic_clock(void)
+{
+ nsec_t ret, ns_offset;
+ cycle_t now, cycle_delta;
+
+ /* read timesource */
+ now = read_timesource(timesource);
+
+ /* calculate the delta since the last timeofday_periodic_hook */
+ cycle_delta = (now - offset_base) & timesource->mask;
+
+ /* convert to nanoseconds */
+ ns_offset = cyc2ns(timesource, ntp_adj, cycle_delta);
+
+ /* add result to system time */
+ ret = system_time + ns_offset;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+/* do_monotonic_clock():
+ * Returns the monotonically increasing number of nanoseconds
+ * since the system booted via __monotonic_clock()
+ */
+nsec_t do_monotonic_clock(void)
+{
+ nsec_t ret;
+ unsigned long seq;
+
+ /* atomically read __monotonic_clock() */
+ do {
+ seq = read_seqbegin(&system_time_lock);
+
+ ret = __monotonic_clock();
+
+ } while (read_seqretry(&system_time_lock, seq));
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+/* __gettimeofday():
+ * private function. Returns the timeofday in nsec_t.
+ */
+static inline nsec_t __gettimeofday(void)
+{
+ nsec_t wall, sys;
+ unsigned long seq;
+
+ /* atomically read wall and sys time */
+ do {
+ seq = read_seqbegin(&system_time_lock);
+
+ wall = wall_time_offset;
+ sys = __monotonic_clock();
+
+ } while (read_seqretry(&system_time_lock, seq));
+
+ return wall + sys;
+}
+
+
+/* getnstimeofday():
+ * Returns the time of day in a timespec
+ */
+void getnstimeofday(struct timespec *ts)
+{
+ *ts = ns2timespec(__gettimeofday());
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(getnstimeofday);
+
+
+/* do_gettimeofday():
+ * Returns the time of day in a timeval
+ */
+void do_gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv)
+{
+ *tv = ns2timeval(__gettimeofday());
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_gettimeofday);
+
+
+/* do_settimeofday():
+ * Sets the time of day
+ */
+int do_settimeofday(struct timespec *tv)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ nsec_t newtime = timespec2ns(tv);
+
+ /* atomically adjust wall_time_offset & clear ntp state machine */
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&system_time_lock, flags);
+
+ wall_time_offset = newtime - __monotonic_clock();
+ ntp_clear();
+
+ update_legacy_time_values();
+
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&system_time_lock, flags);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_settimeofday);
+
+
+/* do_adjtimex:
+ * Userspace NTP daemon's interface to the kernel NTP variables
+ */
+int do_adjtimex(struct timex *tx)
+{
+ /* Check capabilities if we're trying to modify something */
+ if (tx->modes && !capable(CAP_SYS_TIME))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ /* Note: We set tx->time first,
+ * because ntp_adjtimex uses it
+ */
+ do_gettimeofday(&tx->time);
+
+ /* call out to NTP code */
+ return ntp_adjtimex(tx);
+}
+
+
+/* timeofday_suspend_hook():
+ * This function allows the timeofday subsystem to
+ * be shutdown for a period of time. Usefull when
+ * going into suspend/hibernate mode. The code is
+ * very similar to the first half of
+ * timeofday_periodic_hook().
+ */
+void timeofday_suspend_hook(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&system_time_lock, flags);
+
+ /* Make sure time_suspend_state is sane */
+ BUG_ON(time_suspend_state != TIME_RUNNING);
+
+ /* First off, save suspend start time
+ * then quickly call __monotonic_clock.
+ * These two calls hopefully occur quickly
+ * because the difference between reads will
+ * accumulate as time drift on resume.
+ */
+ suspend_start = read_persistent_clock();
+ system_time = __monotonic_clock();
+
+ /* switch states */
+ time_suspend_state = TIME_SUSPENDED;
+
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&system_time_lock, flags);
+}
+
+
+/* timeofday_resume_hook():
+ * This function resumes the timeofday subsystem
+ * from a previous call to timeofday_suspend_hook.
+ */
+void timeofday_resume_hook(void)
+{
+ nsec_t now, suspend_time;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&system_time_lock, flags);
+
+ /* Make sure time_suspend_state is sane */
+ BUG_ON(time_suspend_state != TIME_SUSPENDED);
+
+ /* Read persistent clock to mark the end of
+ * the suspend interval then rebase the
+ * offset_base to current timesource value.
+ * Again, time between these two calls will
+ * not be accounted for and will show up as
+ * time drift.
+ */
+ now = read_persistent_clock();
+ offset_base = read_timesource(timesource);
+
+ /* calculate how long we were out for */
+ suspend_time = now - suspend_start;
+
+ /* update system_time */
+ system_time += suspend_time;
+
+ ntp_clear();
+
+ /* Set us back to running */
+ time_suspend_state = TIME_RUNNING;
+
+ /* finally, update legacy time values */
+ update_legacy_time_values();
+
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&system_time_lock, flags);
+}
+
+struct timer_list timeofday_timer;
+
+/* timeofday_periodic_hook:
+ * Calculates the delta since the last call,
+ * updates system time and clears the offset.
+ * Called via timeofday_timer.
+ */
+static void timeofday_periodic_hook(unsigned long unused)
+{
+ cycle_t now, cycle_delta;
+ static u64 remainder;
+ nsec_t ns, ns_ntp;
+ long leapsecond;
+ struct timesource_t* next;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ u64 tmp;
+
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&system_time_lock, flags);
+
+ /* read time source & calc time since last call*/
+ now = read_timesource(timesource);
+ cycle_delta = (now - offset_base) & timesource->mask;
+
+ /* convert cycles to ntp adjusted ns and save remainder */
+ ns_ntp = cyc2ns_rem(timesource, ntp_adj, cycle_delta, &remainder);
+
+ /* convert cycles to raw ns for ntp advance */
+ ns = cyc2ns(timesource, 0, cycle_delta);
+
+#if TIME_DBG
+{ /* XXX - remove later*/
+ static int dbg=0;
+ if(!(dbg++%TIME_DBG_FREQ)){
+ printk(KERN_INFO "now: %lluc - then: %lluc = delta: %lluc -> %llu ns + %llu shift_ns (ntp_adj: %i)\n",
+ (unsigned long long)now, (unsigned long long)offset_base,
+ (unsigned long long)cycle_delta, (unsigned long long)ns,
+ (unsigned long long)remainder, ntp_adj);
+ }
+}
+#endif
+
+ /* update system_time */
+ system_time += ns_ntp;
+
+ /* reset the offset_base */
+ offset_base = now;
+
+ /* advance the ntp state machine by ns interval*/
+ ntp_adj = ntp_advance(ns);
+
+ /* do ntp leap second processing*/
+ leapsecond = ntp_leapsecond(ns2timespec(system_time+wall_time_offset));
+ wall_time_offset += leapsecond * NSEC_PER_SEC;
+
+ /* sync the persistent clock */
+ if (!(get_ntp_status() & STA_UNSYNC))
+ sync_persistent_clock(ns2timespec(system_time + wall_time_offset));
+
+ /* if necessary, switch timesources */
+ next = get_next_timesource();
+ if (next != timesource) {
+ /* immediately set new offset_base */
+ offset_base = read_timesource(next);
+ /* swap timesources */
+ timesource = next;
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Time: %s timesource has been installed.\n",
+ timesource->name);
+ ntp_clear();
+ ntp_adj = 0;
+ remainder = 0;
+ }
+
+ /* now is a safe time, so allow timesource to adjust
+ * itself (for example: to make cpufreq changes).
+ */
+ if(timesource->update_callback)
+ timesource->update_callback();
+
+
+ /* convert the signed ppm to timesource multiplier adjustment */
+ tmp = abs(ntp_adj);
+ tmp = tmp * timesource->mult;
+ /* XXX - should we round here? */
+ do_div(tmp, 1000000);
+ if (ntp_adj < 0)
+ ntp_adj = -(int)tmp;
+ else
+ ntp_adj = (int)tmp;
+
+ /* sync legacy values */
+ update_legacy_time_values();
+
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&system_time_lock, flags);
+
+ /* Set us up to go off on the next interval */
+ mod_timer(&timeofday_timer, jiffies + (PERIODIC_INTERVAL_MS * HZ / 1000));
+}
+
+
+/* timeofday_init():
+ * Initializes time variables
+ */
+void __init timeofday_init(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+#if TIME_DBG
+ printk(KERN_INFO "timeofday_init: Starting up!\n");
+#endif
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&system_time_lock, flags);
+
+ /* initialize the timesource variable */
+ timesource = get_next_timesource();
+
+ /* clear and initialize offsets*/
+ offset_base = read_timesource(timesource);
+ wall_time_offset = read_persistent_clock();
+
+ /* clear NTP scaling factor & state machine */
+ ntp_adj = 0;
+ ntp_clear();
+
+ /* initialize legacy time values */
+ update_legacy_time_values();
+
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&system_time_lock, flags);
+
+ /* Install timeofday_periodic_hook timer */
+ init_timer(&timeofday_timer);
+ timeofday_timer.function = timeofday_periodic_hook;
+ timeofday_timer.expires = jiffies + 1;
+ add_timer(&timeofday_timer);
+
+
+#if TIME_DBG
+ printk(KERN_INFO "timeofday_init: finished!\n");
+#endif
+ return;
+}
diff -Nru a/kernel/timer.c b/kernel/timer.c
--- a/kernel/timer.c 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
+++ b/kernel/timer.c 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -577,6 +577,7 @@
int tickadj = 500/HZ ? : 1; /* microsecs */


+#ifndef CONFIG_NEWTOD
/*
* phase-lock loop variables
*/
@@ -807,6 +808,9 @@
}
} while (ticks);
}
+#else /* CONFIG_NEWTOD */
+#define update_wall_time(x)
+#endif /* CONFIG_NEWTOD */

/*
* Called from the timer interrupt handler to charge one tick to the current
diff -Nru a/kernel/timesource.c b/kernel/timesource.c
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 196900
+++ b/kernel/timesource.c 2005-04-29 15:12:09 -07:00
@@ -0,0 +1,210 @@
+/*********************************************************************
+* linux/kernel/timesource.c
+*
+* This file contains the functions which manage timesource drivers.
+*
+* Copyright (C) 2004, 2005 IBM, John Stultz (johnstul@us.ibm.com)
+*
+* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+* (at your option) any later version.
+*
+* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+* GNU General Public License for more details.
+*
+* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+* Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+*
+* Revision History:
+* 2004-12-07: A1
+* o Rework of timesource structure
+* o Sent to lkml for review
+* ??????????: A4
+* o Keep track of all registered timesources
+* o Add sysfs interface for overriding default selection
+*
+* TODO List:
+* o Allow timesource drivers to be unregistered
+* o Use "clock=xyz" boot option for selection overrides.
+* o get rid of timesource_jiffies extern
+**********************************************************************/
+
+#include <linux/timesource.h>
+#include <linux/sysdev.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+
+#define MAX_TIMESOURCES 10
+
+
+/* XXX - Need to have a better way for initializing curr_timesource */
+extern struct timesource_t timesource_jiffies;
+
+/*[Timesource internal variables]---------
+ * curr_timesource:
+ * currently selected timesource. Initialized to timesource_jiffies.
+ * next_timesource:
+ * pending next selected timesource.
+ * timesource_list:
+ * array of pointers pointing to registered timesources
+ * timesource_list_counter:
+ * value which counts the number of registered timesources
+ * timesource_lock:
+ * protects manipulations to curr_timesource and next_timesource
+ * and the timesource_list
+ */
+static struct timesource_t *curr_timesource = &timesource_jiffies;
+static struct timesource_t *next_timesource;
+static struct timesource_t *timesource_list[MAX_TIMESOURCES];
+static int timesource_list_counter;
+static seqlock_t timesource_lock = SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED;
+
+static char override_name[32];
+
+/* get_next_timesource():
+ * Returns the selected timesource
+ */
+struct timesource_t* get_next_timesource(void)
+{
+ write_seqlock(&timesource_lock);
+ if (next_timesource) {
+ curr_timesource = next_timesource;
+ next_timesource = NULL;
+ }
+ write_sequnlock(&timesource_lock);
+
+ return curr_timesource;
+}
+
+/* select_timesource():
+ * Private function. Finds the best registered timesource.
+ * Must have a writelock on timesource_lock when called.
+ */
+static struct timesource_t* select_timesource(void)
+{
+ struct timesource_t* best = timesource_list[0];
+ int i;
+
+ for (i=0; i < timesource_list_counter; i++) {
+ /* Check for override */
+ if ((override_name[0] != 0) &&
+ (!strncmp(timesource_list[i]->name, override_name,
+ strlen(override_name)))) {
+ best = timesource_list[i];
+ break;
+ }
+ /* Pick the highest priority */
+ if (timesource_list[i]->priority > best->priority)
+ best = timesource_list[i];
+ }
+ return best;
+}
+
+/* register_timesource():
+ * Used to install new timesources
+ */
+void register_timesource(struct timesource_t* t)
+{
+ char* error_msg = 0;
+ int i;
+ write_seqlock(&timesource_lock);
+
+ /* check if timesource is already registered */
+ for (i=0; i < timesource_list_counter; i++)
+ if (!strncmp(timesource_list[i]->name, t->name, strlen(t->name))){
+ error_msg = "Already registered!";
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* check that the list isn't full */
+ if (timesource_list_counter >= MAX_TIMESOURCES)
+ error_msg = "Too many timesources!";
+
+ if(!error_msg)
+ timesource_list[timesource_list_counter++] = t;
+ else
+ printk("register_timesource: Cannot register %s. %s\n",
+ t->name, error_msg);
+
+ /* select next timesource */
+ next_timesource = select_timesource();
+
+ write_sequnlock(&timesource_lock);
+}
+
+/* sysfs_show_timesources():
+ * Provides sysfs interface for listing registered timesources
+ */
+static ssize_t sysfs_show_timesources(struct sys_device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+ int i;
+ char* curr = buf;
+ write_seqlock(&timesource_lock);
+ for(i=0; i < timesource_list_counter; i++) {
+ /* Mark current timesource w/ a star */
+ if (timesource_list[i] == curr_timesource)
+ curr += sprintf(curr, "*");
+ curr += sprintf(curr, "%s ",timesource_list[i]->name);
+ }
+ write_sequnlock(&timesource_lock);
+
+ curr += sprintf(curr, "\n");
+ return curr - buf;
+}
+
+/* sysfs_override_timesource():
+ * Takes input from sysfs interface for manually overriding
+ * the default timesource selction
+ */
+static ssize_t sysfs_override_timesource(struct sys_device *dev,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ /* check to avoid underflow later */
+ if (strlen(buf) == 0)
+ return count;
+
+ write_seqlock(&timesource_lock);
+
+ /* copy the name given */
+ strncpy(override_name, buf, strlen(buf)-1);
+ override_name[strlen(buf)-1] = 0;
+
+ /* see if we can find it */
+ next_timesource = select_timesource();
+
+ write_sequnlock(&timesource_lock);
+ return count;
+}
+
+/* Sysfs setup bits:
+ * XXX - Is there a simpler way?
+ */
+
+static SYSDEV_ATTR(timesource, 0600, sysfs_show_timesources, sysfs_override_timesource);
+
+static struct sysdev_class timesource_sysclass = {
+ set_kset_name("timesource"),
+};
+
+static struct sys_device device_timesource = {
+ .id = 0,
+ .cls = &timesource_sysclass,
+};
+
+static int init_timesource_sysfs(void)
+{
+ int error = sysdev_class_register(&timesource_sysclass);
+ if (!error) {
+ error = sysdev_register(&device_timesource);
+ /* XXX error checking? */
+ sysdev_create_file(&device_timesource, &attr_timesource);
+ }
+ return error;
+}
+device_initcall(init_timesource_sysfs);
+
+
+/* XXX - Do we need a boot time override interface? */

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