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SubjectRe: [patch 4/5] sched: RCU sched domains
On Thu, Apr 07, 2005 at 05:58:40PM +1000, Nick Piggin wrote:
> Ingo Molnar wrote:
> >* Nick Piggin <> wrote:
> >
> >
> >>>At a minimum i think we need the fix+comment below.
> >>
> >>Well if we say "this is actually RCU", then yes. And we should
> >>probably change the preempt_{dis|en}ables in other places to
> >>rcu_read_lock.
> >>
> >>OTOH, if we say we just want all running threads to process through a
> >>preemption stage, then this would just be a preempt_disable/enable
> >>pair.
> >>
> >>In practice that makes no difference yet, but it looks like you and
> >>Paul are working to distinguish these two cases in the RCU code, to
> >>accomodate your low latency RCU stuff?
> >
> >
> >it doesnt impact PREEMPT_RCU/PREEMPT_RT directly, because the scheduler
> >itself always needs to be non-preemptible.
> >
> >those few places where we currently do preempt_disable(), which should
> >thus be rcu_read_lock(), are never in codepaths that can take alot of
> >time.
> >
> >but yes, in principle you are right, but in this particular (and
> >special) case it's not a big issue. We should document the RCU read-lock
> >dependencies cleanly and make all rcu-read-lock cases truly
> >rcu_read_lock(), but it's not a pressing issue even considering possible
> >future features like PREEMPT_RT.
> >
> >the only danger in this area is to PREEMPT_RT: it is a bug on PREEMPT_RT
> >if kernel code has an implicit 'spinlock means preempt-off and thus
> >RCU-read-lock' assumption. Most of the time these get discovered via
> >PREEMPT_DEBUG. (preempt_disable() disables preemption on PREEMPT_RT too,
> >so that is not a problem either.)
> >
> OK thanks for the good explanation. So I'll keep it as is for now,
> and whatever needs cleaning up later can be worked out as it comes
> up.

Looking forward to the split of synchronize_kernel() into synchronize_rcu()
and synchronize_sched(), the two choices are:

o Use synchronize_rcu(), but insert rcu_read_lock()/rcu_read_unlock()
pairs on the read side.

o Use synchronize_sched(), and make sure all read-side code is
under preempt_disable().

Either way, there may also need to be some rcu_dereference()s when picking
up pointer and rcu_assign_pointer()s when updating the pointers.
For example, if traversing the domain parent list is to be RCU protected,
the for_each_domain() macro should change to something like:

#define for_each_domain(cpu, domain) \
for (domain = cpu_rq(cpu)->sd; domain; domain = rcu_dereference(domain->parent))

Thanx, Paul
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