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Subject[CHECKER] crash after fsync causing serious FS corruptions (ext2, 2.6.11)


FiSC (our FS checker) issues a warning on ext2, complaining that crash
after fsync causes file system to corrupt. FS corrupts in two different
ways: 1. file contains illegal blocks (such as block # -2) 2. one block
owned by two different files.

I diagnosed the warning a little bit and it appears that this warning can
be triggered by the following steps:

1. a file is truncated, so several blocks are freed
2. a new file is created, and the blocks freed in step 1 are reused
3. fsync on the new file
4. crash and run fsck to recover.

fsync should guarantee that a specific file is persistent on disk.
Presumably, operations on other files should not mess up with the file we
just fsync (true ?) However, I also understand that ext2 by default
relies on e2fsck to provide file system consistency. Do you guys consider
the above warning as a bug or not? Any clarification on this will be very

To reproduce the warning, please download the test case at, untar, compile and run the
executable ./crash <disk partition> <mount point> This test case is
semi-automatically generated. It may contain more than enough FS
operations to trigger the warning. **NOTE**: it'll run mke2fs on <disk
partition> and reboot your machine!

e2fsck output:
e2fsck 1.36 (05-Feb-2005)
/dev/ide/host0/bus0/target0/lun0/part9 was not cleanly unmounted, check
Pass 1: Checking inodes, blocks, and sizes
Inode 12 has illegal block(s). Clear? yes

Illegal block #-2 (2305145833) in inode 12. CLEARED.
Inode 12, i_blocks is 24, should be 16. Fix? yes

Duplicate blocks found... invoking duplicate block passes.
Pass 1B: Rescan for duplicate/bad blocks
Duplicate/bad block(s) in inode 12: 24
Duplicate/bad block(s) in inode 13: 24
Pass 1C: Scan directories for inodes with dup blocks.
Pass 1D: Reconciling duplicate blocks
(There are 2 inodes containing duplicate/bad blocks.)

File ... (inode #12, mod time Mon Mar 7 01:27:12 2005)
has 1 duplicate block(s), shared with 1 file(s):
... (inode #13, mod time Mon Mar 7 01:27:14 2005)
Clone duplicate/bad blocks? yes

File ... (inode #13, mod time Mon Mar 7 01:27:14 2005)
has 1 duplicate block(s), shared with 1 file(s):
... (inode #12, mod time Mon Mar 7 01:27:12 2005)
Duplicated blocks already reassigned or cloned.

Pass 2: Checking directory structure
Pass 3: Checking directory connectivity
Pass 4: Checking reference counts
Unattached inode 12
Connect to /lost+found? yes

Inode 12 ref count is 2, should be 1. Fix? yes

Unattached inode 13
Connect to /lost+found? yes

Inode 13 ref count is 2, should be 1. Fix? yes

Pass 5: Checking group summary information
Block bitmap differences: +(21--22) +(29--31)
Fix? yes

Free blocks count wrong for group #0 (37, counted=31).
Fix? yes

Free blocks count wrong (37, counted=31).
Fix? yes

/dev/ide/host0/bus0/target0/lun0/part9: ***** FILE SYSTEM WAS MODIFIED
/dev/ide/host0/bus0/target0/lun0/part9: 13/16 files (7.7% non-contiguous),
29/60 blocks
running cmd "sudo mount -t ext2 /dev/ide/host0/bus0/target0/lun0/part9


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