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SubjectRe: How to debug kernel before there is no printk mechanism?
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On Wednesday 30 March 2005 06:09 pm, linux-os wrote:
> On Wed, 30 Mar 2005, Vicente Feito wrote:
> > Video memory is at b800:0000, for humans 0x0000b800, not at 0x000b8000
>
> Wrong. "real-mode" can use a segment address of b800, that doesn't
> work in protected mode. A segment address of b800:0000 is never
> under any conditions 0000b800.
I was referring to the basic conditions, haven't played under protected mode
with that, only in real mode, I assumed the question was under that mode.
What you mean is this:
B800:0010 -> B8010H right?

>
> FYI, a real-mode segment is a 16-byte entity, therefore there are
> many segment:offset combinations that can get you to 0x000b8000.
I'm aware of that, it has nothing to do with my statement.

>
> > On Wednesday 30 March 2005 04:47 pm, linux-os wrote:
> >> On Wed, 30 Mar 2005, krishna wrote:
> >>> Hi all,
> >>>
> >>> How can one debug kernel before there is no printk mechanism in kernel.
> >>>
> >>> Regards,
> >>> Krishna Chaitanya
> >>
> >> Write directly to screen memory at 0x000b8000, or write to the
> >> RS-232C UART while polling the TX buf empty bit, or just write
> >> bits that mean something to you out the printer port.
> >>
> >> Screen - memory is 16-bit words with the high-word being
> >> an attibute byte. FYI 0x07 is a good B&W byte. You can
> >> initialize a pointer to it as:
> >>
> >> unsigned short *screen = 0xc00b8000; Since low memory
> >> is always mapped, the above cheat will work. The 0xc0000000
> >> is PAGE_OFFSET.
> >>
> >> An early '486 was brought up into a 32-bit protected-mode
> >> (non linux) operating system using these debugging methods.
> >> The first time I got to see some symbol written to the
> >> screen in protected-mode marked the start of a week-end-
> >> long party. Have fun!
> >>
> >> Cheers,
> >> Dick Johnson
> >> Penguin : Linux version 2.6.11 on an i686 machine (5537.79 BogoMips).
> >> Notice : All mail here is now cached for review by Dictator Bush.
> >> 98.36% of all statistics are fiction.
> >> -
> >> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel"
> >> in the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> >> More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> >> Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
>
> Cheers,
> Dick Johnson
> Penguin : Linux version 2.6.11 on an i686 machine (5537.79 BogoMips).
> Notice : All mail here is now cached for review by Dictator Bush.
> 98.36% of all statistics are fiction.
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