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SubjectRe: [Lse-tech] Re: A common layer for Accounting packages
Kaigai Kohei wrote:
> Hi, Thanks for your comments.
>
> >> I think there are two issues about system accounting framework.
> >>
> >> Issue: 1) How to define the appropriate unit for accounting ?
> >> Current BSD-accountiong make a collection per process accounting
> >> information.
> >> CSA make additionally a collection per process-aggregation accounting.
> >
> >
> > The 'enhanced acct data collection' patches that were added to
> > 2-6-11-rc* tree still do collection of per process data.
>
> Hmm, I have not noticed this extension. But I made sure about it.
> The following your two patches implements enhanced data collection,
> didn't it?

Yes!

>
> - ChangeLog for 2.6.11-rc1
> [PATCH] enhanced I/O accounting data patch
> [PATCH] enhanced Memory accounting data collection
>
> Since making a collection per process accounting is unified to the stock
> kernel,
> I want to have a discussion about remaining half, "How to define the
> appropriate
> unit for accounting ?"
> We can agree that only per process-accounting is so rigid, I think.
> Then, process-aggregation should be provided in one way or another.
>
> [1] Is it necessary 'fork/exec/exit' event handling framework ?
>
> The common agreement for the method of dealing with process aggregation
> has not been constructed yet, I understood. And, we will not able to
> integrate each process aggregation model because of its diverseness.
>
> For example, a process which belong to JOB-A must not belong any other
> 'JOB-X' in CSA-model. But, In ELSA-model, a process in BANK-B can
> concurrently
> belong to BANK-B1 which is a child of BANK-B.
>
> And, there are other defferences:
> Whether a process not to belong to any process-aggregation is permitted
> or not ?
> Whether a process-aggregation should be inherited to child process or not ?
> (There is possibility not to be inherited in a rule-based process
> aggregation like CKRM)

Guillaume answered this question, and i think a policy would work.

>
> Some process-aggregation model have own philosophy and implemantation,
> so it's hard to integrate. Thus, I think that common 'fork/exec/exit'
> event handling
> framework to implement any kinds of process-aggregation.

BSD needs an exit hook and ELSA needs a fork hook. I am still
evaluating whether CSA can use the ELSA module. If CSA can use the
ELSA module, CSA maybe would be fine with the fork hook.

>
>
> [2] What implementation should be adopted ?
>
> I think registerable hooks on fork/execve/exit is necessary, not only
> exit() hook.
> Because a rule or policy based process-aggregation model requirees to catch
> the transition of a process status.
> It might be enough to hook the exit() event only in process-accounting,
> but it's not kind for another customer.
>
> Thus, I recommend SGI's PAGG.
>
> In my understanding, the reason for not to include such a framework is that
> increase of unidentifiable (proprietary) modules is worried.

If we code the hooks explicitly in the kernel, such as in acct.c,
then the concern of unidentifiable modules should be taken care of.
A registerable framework was my preference. But if that causes
concern, it would be fine for me to do it explicit way. An
example is for acct_process() to invoke do_acct_process().

That means whoever intends to use even an existing hook needs to
present their cases, i guess.

Thanks,
- jay


> But, SI can divert LSM to implemente process-aggregation if they ignore
> the LSM's original purpose, for example.
> # I'm strongly opposed to such a movement as a SELinux's user :-)
>
> So, I think such a fork/execve/exit hooks is harmless now.
> Is this the time to unify it?
>
> Thanks.
>
> > CSA added those per-process data to per-aggregation ("job") data
> > structure at do_exit() time when a process termintes.
> >
> >>
> >> It is appropriate to make the fork-exit event handling framework for
> >> definition
> >> of the process-aggregation, such as PAGG.
> >>
> >> This system-accounting per process-aggregation is quite useful,
> >> thought I tried the SGI's implementation named 'job' in past days.
> >>
> >>
> >> Issue: 2) What items should be collected for accounting information ?
> >> BSD-accounting collects PID/UID/GID, User/Sys/Elapsed-Time, and # of
> >> minor/major page faults. SGI's CSA collects VM/RSS size on exit time,
> >> Integral-VM/RSS, and amount of block-I/O additionally.
> >
> >
> > These data are now collected in 2.6.11-rc* code. Note that these data
> > are still per-process.
> >
> >>
> >> I think it's hard to implement the accounting-engine as a kernel
> loadable
> >> module using any kinds of framework. Because, we must put callback
> >> functions
> >> into all around the kernel for this purpose.
> >>
> >> Thus, I make a proposion as follows:
> >> We should separate the process-aggregation functionality and collecting
> >> accounting informations.
> >
> >
> > I totally agree with this! Actually that was what we have done. The data
> > collection part of code has been unified.
> >
> >> Something of framework to implement process-aggregation is necessary.
> >> And, making a collection of accounting information should be merged
> >> into BSD-accounting and implemented as a part of monolithic kernel
> >> as Guillaume said.
> >
> >
> > This sounds good. I am interested in learning how ELSA saves off
> > the per-process accounting data before the data got disposed. If
> > that scheme works for CSA, we would be very happy to adopt the
> > scheme. The current BSD scheme is very insufficient. The code is
> > very BSD centric and it provides no way to handle process-aggregation.
> >
> > Thanks,
> > - jay
> >
> >>
> >> Thanks.
>

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