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Subject[PATCH 4/4] ACPI C-States: dyn-ticks tweaks
If dyn-ticks is enabled, we can and should try to be smart when
deciding which C-State to enter.

If we're likely not to wake up soon, we can "kick back" to the high C-State
the system was in before bus mastering activity was present.

If we slept for a long period of time last time, and we're scheduled to do
so again, we can enter a higher (or even the next higher) C-State.
(fastpath, super-fastpath promotion).

If bus mastering activity was detected this jiffy, schedule an extra
early wakeup: most likely there's something to handle then anyways, and
we hope this bus mastering activity will end soon, allowing us to utilize
high C-States afterwards.

Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>

Index: working-tree/drivers/acpi/processor_idle.c
===================================================================
--- working-tree.orig/drivers/acpi/processor_idle.c
+++ working-tree/drivers/acpi/processor_idle.c
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
#include <linux/dmi.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/sched.h> /* need_resched() */
+#include <linux/dyn-tick.h>

#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
@@ -60,6 +61,8 @@ module_param(max_cstate, uint, 0644);
static unsigned int nocst = 0;
module_param(nocst, uint, 0000);

+#define BM_JIFFIES (HZ >= 800 ? 2 : 1)
+
/*
* bm_history -- bit-mask with a bit per jiffy of bus-master activity
* 1000 HZ: 0xFFFFFFFF: 32 jiffies = 32ms
@@ -264,6 +267,8 @@ static void acpi_processor_idle(void)
if ((pr->power.bm_activity & 0x1) &&
cx->demotion.threshold.bm) {
local_irq_enable();
+ if (!pr->power.pre_bm_state)
+ pr->power.pre_bm_state = cx;
next_state = cx->demotion.state;
goto end;
}
@@ -281,6 +286,69 @@ static void acpi_processor_idle(void)
#endif

/*
+ * Some special policy tweaks for dynamic ticks
+ */
+ if (dyn_tick_enabled()) {
+ /*
+ * Kick-back promotion: promote to C-State used before bm
+ * activity was detected if
+ * - we have a pre-bm-state
+ * - we do not have bus mastering at the moment
+ * - we're scheduled to sleep at least BM_JIFFIES now
+ */
+ if (pr->power.pre_bm_state &&
+ !(pr->power.bm_activity & 0x1) &&
+ (dyn_tick_current_skip() >= BM_JIFFIES)) {
+ local_irq_enable();
+ next_state = pr->power.pre_bm_state;
+ pr->power.pre_bm_state = NULL;
+ goto end;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Fast-path promotion: promote to higher state if
+ * - we can promote
+ * - there is no bm_activity this tick
+ * - we slept more than BM_JIFFIES ticks last time
+ * - we're scheduled to sleep at least BM_JIFFIES ticks
+ */
+ if (cx->promotion.state &&
+ !(pr->power.bm_activity & 0x1) &&
+ (pr->power.last_sleep > BM_JIFFIES) &&
+ (dyn_tick_current_skip() >= BM_JIFFIES)) {
+ local_irq_enable();
+ next_state = cx->promotion.state;
+ /*
+ * Super-fast-path: promote to next higher state if
+ * - we can promote
+ * - we did sleep longer than 2 * BM_JIFFIES
+ * times last time
+ * - we're scheduled to sleep at least 2 *
+ * BM_JIFFIES ticks
+ */
+ if ((next_state->promotion.state) &&
+ (pr->power.last_sleep > 2 * BM_JIFFIES) &&
+ (dyn_tick_current_skip() >= 2 * BM_JIFFIES))
+ next_state = next_state->promotion.state;
+ pr->power.pre_bm_state = NULL;
+ goto end;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Re-program if bm activity is present this jiffy -- we hope
+ * that it ends soon, so that we can go into a deeper sleep
+ * type
+ */
+ if (cx->demotion.state &&
+ (pr->power.bm_activity & 0x1) &&
+ (pr->power.bm_check_timestamp == jiffies)) {
+ dyn_early_reprogram(BM_JIFFIES);
+ }
+ }
+
+ pr->power.last_sleep = 0;
+
+ /*
* Sleep:
* ------
* Invoke the current Cx state to put the processor to sleep.
@@ -377,9 +445,13 @@ static void acpi_processor_idle(void)
local_irq_enable();
return;
}
+
+ /* Accounting */
cx->usage++;
if ((cx->type != ACPI_STATE_C1) && (sleep_ticks > 0))
cx->time += sleep_ticks;
+ pr->power.last_sleep = sleep_ticks / (PM_TIMER_FREQUENCY / HZ);
+

next_state = pr->power.state;

@@ -413,10 +485,12 @@ static void acpi_processor_idle(void)
promotion.threshold.bm)) {
next_state =
cx->promotion.state;
+ pr->power.pre_bm_state = NULL;
goto end;
}
} else {
next_state = cx->promotion.state;
+ pr->power.pre_bm_state = NULL;
goto end;
}
}
@@ -434,6 +508,7 @@ static void acpi_processor_idle(void)
cx->demotion.count++;
cx->promotion.count = 0;
if (cx->demotion.count >= cx->demotion.threshold.count) {
+ pr->power.pre_bm_state = NULL;
next_state = cx->demotion.state;
goto end;
}
Index: working-tree/include/acpi/processor.h
===================================================================
--- working-tree.orig/include/acpi/processor.h
+++ working-tree/include/acpi/processor.h
@@ -61,8 +61,10 @@ struct acpi_processor_power {
unsigned long bm_check_timestamp;
u32 default_state;
u32 bm_activity;
+ u16 last_sleep;
int count;
struct acpi_processor_cx states[ACPI_PROCESSOR_MAX_POWER];
+ struct acpi_processor_cx *pre_bm_state;

/* the _PDC objects passed by the driver, if any */
struct acpi_object_list *pdc;
-
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