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Subject[PATCH 01/10] Cpuset: remove marker_pid documentation
Remove documentation for the cpuset 'marker_pid' feature, that
was in the patch "cpuset: change marker for relative numbering"
That patch was previously pulled from *-mm at my (pj) request.

Signed-off-by: Paul Jackson <>


Documentation/cpusets.txt | 50 +++-------------------------------------------
1 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 46 deletions(-)

--- 2.6.15-rc3-mm1.orig/Documentation/cpusets.txt 2005-12-04 02:09:06.423921557 -0800
+++ 2.6.15-rc3-mm1/Documentation/cpusets.txt 2005-12-04 02:32:31.231015268 -0800
@@ -16,9 +16,8 @@ CONTENTS:
1.3 How are cpusets implemented ?
1.4 What are exclusive cpusets ?
1.5 What does notify_on_release do ?
- 1.6 What is a marker_pid ?
- 1.7 What is memory_pressure ?
- 1.8 How do I use cpusets ?
+ 1.6 What is memory_pressure ?
+ 1.7 How do I use cpusets ?
2. Usage Examples and Syntax
2.1 Basic Usage
2.2 Adding/removing cpus
@@ -178,7 +177,6 @@ containing the following files describin
- mem_exclusive flag: is memory placement exclusive?
- tasks: list of tasks (by pid) attached to that cpuset
- notify_on_release flag: run /sbin/cpuset_release_agent on exit?
- - marker_pid: pid of user task in co-ordinated operation sequence
- memory_pressure: measure of how much paging pressure in cpuset

In addition, the root cpuset only has the following file:
@@ -260,47 +258,7 @@ boot is disabled (0). The default value
is the current value of their parents notify_on_release setting.

-1.6 What is a marker_pid ?
-The marker_pid helps manage cpuset changes safely from user space.
-The interface presented to user space for cpusets uses system wide
-numbering of CPUs and Memory Nodes. It is the responsibility of
-user level code, presumably in a library, to present cpuset-relative
-numbering to applications when that would be more useful to them.
-However if a task is moved to a different cpuset, or if the 'cpus' or
-'mems' of a cpuset are changed, then we need a way for such library
-code to detect that its cpuset-relative numbering has changed, when
-expressed using system wide numbering.
-The kernel cannot safely allow user code to lock kernel resources.
-The kernel could deliver out-of-band notice of cpuset changes by
-such mechanisms as signals or usermodehelper callbacks, however
-this can't be synchronously delivered to library code linked in
-applications without intruding on the IPC mechanisms available to
-the app. The kernel could require user level code to do all the work,
-tracking the cpuset state before and during changes, to verify no
-unexpected change occurred, but this becomes an onerous task.
-The "marker_pid" cpuset field provides a simple way to make this task
-less onerous on user library code. A task writes its pid to a cpusets
-"marker_pid" at the start of a sequence of queries and updates,
-and check as it goes that the cpusets marker_pid doesn't change.
-The pread(2) system call does a seek and read in a single call.
-If the marker_pid changes, the user code should retry the required
-sequence of operations.
-Anytime that a task modifies the "cpus" or "mems" of a cpuset,
-unless it's pid is in the cpusets marker_pid field, the kernel zeros
-this field.
-The above was inspired by the load linked and store conditional
-(ll/sc) instructions in the MIPS II instruction set.
-1.7 What is memory_pressure ?
+1.6 What is memory_pressure ?
The memory_pressure of a cpuset provides a simple per-cpuset metric
of the rate that the tasks in a cpuset are attempting to free up in
@@ -357,7 +315,7 @@ the tasks in the cpuset, in units of rec
times 1000.

-1.8 How do I use cpusets ?
+1.7 How do I use cpusets ?

In order to minimize the impact of cpusets on critical kernel
I won't rest till it's the best ...
Programmer, Linux Scalability
Paul Jackson <> 1.650.933.1373
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