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Subject[PATCH] Process Events Connector
From
Date
Andrew,

This patch adds a connector that reports fork, exec, id change,
and exit events for all processes to userspace. It replaces the
fork_advisor patch that ELSA is currently using. Applications that may
find these events useful include accounting/auditing (e.g. ELSA),
system activity monitoring (e.g. top), security, and resource management
(e.g. CKRM).

Please consider for -mm.

Changes since 10/25/2005:
Fixed header include-once convention
Removed sparse idioms
Removed typedefs
Switched ints to __u32 for userspace
Gave proc_event struct's union a name: event_data
Removed useless module-isms
Removed space between function names and open paren
Removed unnecessary use of cn_already_initialized
Added initializer for per-cpu proc_event_counts
Made per-cpu proc_event_counts static
Fixed switch body indentation
Switched from __initcall to module_init()
Removed __exit function
Added comment describing IDX and VAL
Placed linux includes before asm includes in fs/exec.c,
kernel/fork.c, and kernel/sys.c
Moved cn_proc_ack closer to usage
Fixed sequence number in proc_id_connector

Changes since 9/29/2005:
Changed signatures to take only task struct in anticipation of
task_notif(y|iers). As a consequence:
Lots of new little functions -- one per id that can
change
No more "from" and "to" ids -- just "to" ruid and euid
- Will anyone need the former id?
Adjusted structure passed to userspace to remove "from"
id
Moved exit notification past the point where the
struct's exit_code gets assigned
Adjusted callers to only pass a task struct
Moved fork notification above wake_up_new_task() so it takes
place before adding the child to a runqueue and after
parent/child linking has taken place
Use new gfp_t type
Prevent building as a module (task_notify or similar
infrastructure would enable building this connector as a
module)
Simpler and fewer calls in sys_set[res][u|g]id
Added exit signal to exit event information

Signed-off-by: Matt Helsley <matthltc@us.ibm.com>

---

drivers/connector/Kconfig | 8 +
drivers/connector/Makefile | 1
drivers/connector/cn_proc.c | 222 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
fs/exec.c | 2
include/linux/cn_proc.h | 127 ++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/connector.h | 6
kernel/exit.c | 3
kernel/fork.c | 2
kernel/sys.c | 9 +
9 files changed, 380 insertions(+)

Index: linux-2.6.14/include/linux/cn_proc.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6.14/include/linux/cn_proc.h
@@ -0,0 +1,127 @@
+/*
+ * cn_proc.h - process events connector
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) Matt Helsley, IBM Corp. 2005
+ * Based on cn_fork.h by Nguyen Anh Quynh and Guillaume Thouvenin
+ * Original copyright notice follows:
+ * Copyright (C) 2005 Nguyen Anh Quynh <aquynh@gmail.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2005 Guillaume Thouvenin <guillaume.thouvenin@bull.net>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#ifndef CN_PROC_H
+#define CN_PROC_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/connector.h>
+
+/*
+ * Userspace sends this enum to register with the kernel that it is listening
+ * for events on the connector.
+ */
+enum proc_cn_mcast_op {
+ PROC_CN_MCAST_LISTEN = 1,
+ PROC_CN_MCAST_IGNORE = 2
+};
+
+/*
+ * From the user's point of view, the process
+ * ID is the thread group ID and thread ID is the internal
+ * kernel "pid". So, fields are assigned as follow:
+ *
+ * In user space - In kernel space
+ *
+ * parent process ID = parent->tgid
+ * parent thread ID = parent->pid
+ * child process ID = child->tgid
+ * child thread ID = child->pid
+ */
+
+struct proc_event {
+ enum what {
+ /* Use successive bits so the enums can be used to record
+ * sets of events as well
+ */
+ PROC_EVENT_NONE = 0x00000000,
+ PROC_EVENT_FORK = 0x00000001,
+ PROC_EVENT_EXEC = 0x00000002,
+ PROC_EVENT_UID = 0x00000004,
+ PROC_EVENT_GID = 0x00000040,
+ /* "next" should be 0x00000400 */
+ /* "last" is the last process event: exit */
+ PROC_EVENT_EXIT = 0x80000000
+ } what;
+ __u32 cpu;
+ union { /* must be last field of proc_event struct */
+ struct {
+ __u32 err;
+ } ack;
+
+ struct fork_proc_event {
+ pid_t parent_pid;
+ pid_t parent_tgid;
+ pid_t child_pid;
+ pid_t child_tgid;
+ } fork;
+
+ struct exec_proc_event {
+ pid_t process_pid;
+ pid_t process_tgid;
+ } exec;
+
+ struct id_proc_event {
+ pid_t process_pid;
+ pid_t process_tgid;
+ union {
+ uid_t ruid; /* current->uid */
+ gid_t rgid; /* current->gid */
+ };
+ union {
+ uid_t euid;
+ gid_t egid;
+ };
+ } id;
+
+ struct exit_proc_event {
+ pid_t process_pid;
+ pid_t process_tgid;
+ __u32 exit_code, exit_signal;
+ } exit;
+ } event_data;
+};
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_EVENTS
+void proc_fork_connector(struct task_struct *task);
+void proc_exec_connector(struct task_struct *task);
+void proc_id_connector(struct task_struct *task, int which_id);
+void proc_exit_connector(struct task_struct *task);
+#else
+static inline void proc_fork_connector(struct task_struct *task)
+{}
+
+static inline void proc_exec_connector(struct task_struct *task)
+{}
+
+static inline void proc_id_connector(struct task_struct *task,
+ int which_id)
+{}
+
+static inline void proc_exit_connector(struct task_struct *task)
+{}
+#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_EVENTS */
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+#endif /* CN_PROC_H */
Index: linux-2.6.14/drivers/connector/cn_proc.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6.14/drivers/connector/cn_proc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,222 @@
+/*
+ * cn_proc.c - process events connector
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) Matt Helsley, IBM Corp. 2005
+ * Based on cn_fork.c by Guillaume Thouvenin <guillaume.thouvenin@bull.net>
+ * Original copyright notice follows:
+ * Copyright (C) 2005 BULL SA.
+ *
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+
+#include <linux/cn_proc.h>
+
+#define CN_PROC_MSG_SIZE (sizeof(struct cn_msg) + sizeof(struct proc_event))
+
+static atomic_t proc_event_num_listeners = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+static struct cb_id cn_proc_event_id = { CN_IDX_PROC, CN_VAL_PROC };
+
+/* proc_counts is used as the sequence number of the netlink message */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(__u32, proc_event_counts) = { 0 };
+
+static inline void get_seq(__u32 *ts, int *cpu)
+{
+ *ts = get_cpu_var(proc_event_counts)++;
+ *cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ put_cpu_var(proc_counts);
+}
+
+void proc_fork_connector(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct cn_msg *msg;
+ struct proc_event *ev;
+ __u8 buffer[CN_PROC_MSG_SIZE];
+
+ if (atomic_read(&proc_event_num_listeners) < 1)
+ return;
+
+ msg = (struct cn_msg*)buffer;
+ ev = (struct proc_event*)msg->data;
+ get_seq(&msg->seq, &ev->cpu);
+ ev->what = PROC_EVENT_FORK;
+ ev->event_data.fork.parent_pid = task->real_parent->pid;
+ ev->event_data.fork.parent_tgid = task->real_parent->tgid;
+ ev->event_data.fork.child_pid = task->pid;
+ ev->event_data.fork.child_tgid = task->tgid;
+
+ memcpy(&msg->id, &cn_proc_event_id, sizeof(msg->id));
+ msg->ack = 0; /* not used */
+ msg->len = sizeof(*ev);
+ /* If cn_netlink_send() failed, the data is not sent */
+ cn_netlink_send(msg, CN_IDX_PROC, GFP_KERNEL);
+}
+
+void proc_exec_connector(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct cn_msg *msg;
+ struct proc_event *ev;
+ __u8 buffer[CN_PROC_MSG_SIZE];
+
+ if (atomic_read(&proc_event_num_listeners) < 1)
+ return;
+
+ msg = (struct cn_msg*)buffer;
+ ev = (struct proc_event*)msg->data;
+ get_seq(&msg->seq, &ev->cpu);
+ ev->what = PROC_EVENT_EXEC;
+ ev->event_data.exec.process_pid = task->pid;
+ ev->event_data.exec.process_tgid = task->tgid;
+
+ memcpy(&msg->id, &cn_proc_event_id, sizeof(msg->id));
+ msg->ack = 0; /* not used */
+ msg->len = sizeof(*ev);
+ cn_netlink_send(msg, CN_IDX_PROC, GFP_KERNEL);
+}
+
+void proc_id_connector(struct task_struct *task, int which_id)
+{
+ struct cn_msg *msg;
+ struct proc_event *ev;
+ __u8 buffer[CN_PROC_MSG_SIZE];
+
+ if (atomic_read(&proc_event_num_listeners) < 1)
+ return;
+
+ msg = (struct cn_msg*)buffer;
+ ev = (struct proc_event*)msg->data;
+ ev->what = which_id;
+ ev->event_data.id.process_pid = task->pid;
+ ev->event_data.id.process_tgid = task->tgid;
+ if (which_id == PROC_EVENT_UID) {
+ ev->event_data.id.ruid = task->uid;
+ ev->event_data.id.euid = task->euid;
+ } else if (which_id == PROC_EVENT_GID) {
+ ev->event_data.id.rgid = task->gid;
+ ev->event_data.id.egid = task->egid;
+ } else
+ return;
+ get_seq(&msg->seq, &ev->cpu);
+
+ memcpy(&msg->id, &cn_proc_event_id, sizeof(msg->id));
+ msg->ack = 0; /* not used */
+ msg->len = sizeof(*ev);
+ cn_netlink_send(msg, CN_IDX_PROC, GFP_KERNEL);
+}
+
+void proc_exit_connector(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct cn_msg *msg;
+ struct proc_event *ev;
+ __u8 buffer[CN_PROC_MSG_SIZE];
+
+ if (atomic_read(&proc_event_num_listeners) < 1)
+ return;
+
+ msg = (struct cn_msg*)buffer;
+ ev = (struct proc_event*)msg->data;
+ get_seq(&msg->seq, &ev->cpu);
+ ev->what = PROC_EVENT_EXIT;
+ ev->event_data.exit.process_pid = task->pid;
+ ev->event_data.exit.process_tgid = task->tgid;
+ ev->event_data.exit.exit_code = task->exit_code;
+ ev->event_data.exit.exit_signal = task->exit_signal;
+
+ memcpy(&msg->id, &cn_proc_event_id, sizeof(msg->id));
+ msg->ack = 0; /* not used */
+ msg->len = sizeof(*ev);
+ cn_netlink_send(msg, CN_IDX_PROC, GFP_KERNEL);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Send an acknowledgement message to userspace
+ *
+ * Use 0 for success, EFOO otherwise.
+ * Note: this is the negative of conventional kernel error
+ * values because it's not being returned via syscall return
+ * mechanisms.
+ */
+static void cn_proc_ack(int err, int rcvd_seq, int rcvd_ack)
+{
+ struct cn_msg *msg;
+ struct proc_event *ev;
+ __u8 buffer[CN_PROC_MSG_SIZE];
+
+ if (atomic_read(&proc_event_num_listeners) < 1)
+ return;
+
+ msg = (struct cn_msg*)buffer;
+ ev = (struct proc_event*)msg->data;
+ msg->seq = rcvd_seq;
+ ev->cpu = -1;
+ ev->what = PROC_EVENT_NONE;
+ ev->event_data.ack.err = err;
+ memcpy(&msg->id, &cn_proc_event_id, sizeof(msg->id));
+ msg->ack = rcvd_ack + 1;
+ msg->len = sizeof(*ev);
+ cn_netlink_send(msg, CN_IDX_PROC, GFP_KERNEL);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cn_proc_mcast_ctl
+ * @data: message sent from userspace via the connector
+ */
+static void cn_proc_mcast_ctl(void *data)
+{
+ struct cn_msg *msg = data;
+ enum proc_cn_mcast_op *mc_op = NULL;
+ int err = 0;
+
+ if (msg->len != sizeof(*mc_op))
+ return;
+
+ mc_op = (enum proc_cn_mcast_op*)msg->data;
+ switch (*mc_op) {
+ case PROC_CN_MCAST_LISTEN:
+ atomic_inc(&proc_event_num_listeners);
+ break;
+ case PROC_CN_MCAST_IGNORE:
+ atomic_dec(&proc_event_num_listeners);
+ break;
+ default:
+ err = EINVAL;
+ break;
+ }
+ cn_proc_ack(err, msg->seq, msg->ack);
+}
+
+/*
+ * cn_proc_init - initialization entry point
+ *
+ * Adds the connector callback to the connector driver.
+ */
+static int __init cn_proc_init(void)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ if ((err = cn_add_callback(&cn_proc_event_id, "cn_proc",
+ &cn_proc_mcast_ctl))) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "cn_proc failed to register\n");
+ return err;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+module_init(cn_proc_init);
Index: linux-2.6.14/include/linux/connector.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.14.orig/include/linux/connector.h
+++ linux-2.6.14/include/linux/connector.h
@@ -25,10 +25,16 @@
#include <asm/types.h>

#define CN_IDX_CONNECTOR 0xffffffff
#define CN_VAL_CONNECTOR 0xffffffff

+/*
+ * Process Events connector unique ids -- used for message routing
+ */
+#define CN_IDX_PROC 0x1
+#define CN_VAL_PROC 0x1
+
#define CN_NETLINK_USERS 1

/*
* Maximum connector's message size.
*/
Index: linux-2.6.14/drivers/connector/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.14.orig/drivers/connector/Kconfig
+++ linux-2.6.14/drivers/connector/Kconfig
@@ -8,6 +8,14 @@ config CONNECTOR
of the netlink socket protocol.

Connector support can also be built as a module. If so, the module
will be called cn.ko.

+config PROC_EVENTS
+ boolean "Report process events to userspace"
+ depends on CONNECTOR=y
+ default y
+ ---help---
+ Provide a connector that reports process events to userspace. Send
+ events such as fork, exec, id change (uid, gid, suid, etc), and exit.
+
endmenu
Index: linux-2.6.14/drivers/connector/Makefile
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.14.orig/drivers/connector/Makefile
+++ linux-2.6.14/drivers/connector/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_CONNECTOR) += cn.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PROC_EVENTS) += cn_proc.o

cn-y += cn_queue.o connector.o
Index: linux-2.6.14/fs/exec.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.14.orig/fs/exec.c
+++ linux-2.6.14/fs/exec.c
@@ -46,10 +46,11 @@
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/acct.h>
+#include <linux/cn_proc.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_KMOD
@@ -1098,10 +1099,11 @@ int search_binary_handler(struct linux_b
allow_write_access(bprm->file);
if (bprm->file)
fput(bprm->file);
bprm->file = NULL;
current->did_exec = 1;
+ proc_exec_connector(current);
return retval;
}
read_lock(&binfmt_lock);
put_binfmt(fmt);
if (retval != -ENOEXEC || bprm->mm == NULL)
Index: linux-2.6.14/kernel/exit.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.14.orig/kernel/exit.c
+++ linux-2.6.14/kernel/exit.c
@@ -32,10 +32,12 @@
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>

+#include <linux/cn_proc.h>
+
extern void sem_exit (void);
extern struct task_struct *child_reaper;

int getrusage(struct task_struct *, int, struct rusage __user *);

@@ -862,10 +864,11 @@ fastcall NORET_TYPE void do_exit(long co
module_put(tsk->thread_info->exec_domain->module);
if (tsk->binfmt)
module_put(tsk->binfmt->module);

tsk->exit_code = code;
+ proc_exit_connector(tsk);
exit_notify(tsk);
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
mpol_free(tsk->mempolicy);
tsk->mempolicy = NULL;
#endif
Index: linux-2.6.14/kernel/fork.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.14.orig/kernel/fork.c
+++ linux-2.6.14/kernel/fork.c
@@ -40,10 +40,11 @@
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/profile.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/acct.h>
+#include <linux/cn_proc.h>

#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
@@ -1144,10 +1145,11 @@ static task_t *copy_process(unsigned lon
attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID, p->signal->session);
if (p->pid)
__get_cpu_var(process_counts)++;
}

+ proc_fork_connector(p);
if (!current->signal->tty && p->signal->tty)
p->signal->tty = NULL;

nr_threads++;
total_forks++;
Index: linux-2.6.14/kernel/sys.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.14.orig/kernel/sys.c
+++ linux-2.6.14/kernel/sys.c
@@ -26,10 +26,11 @@
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/dcookies.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
+#include <linux/cn_proc.h>

#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
@@ -621,10 +622,11 @@ asmlinkage long sys_setregid(gid_t rgid,
current->sgid = new_egid;
current->fsgid = new_egid;
current->egid = new_egid;
current->gid = new_rgid;
key_fsgid_changed(current);
+ proc_id_connector(current, PROC_EVENT_GID);
return 0;
}

/*
* setgid() is implemented like SysV w/ SAVED_IDS
@@ -660,10 +662,11 @@ asmlinkage long sys_setgid(gid_t gid)
}
else
return -EPERM;

key_fsgid_changed(current);
+ proc_id_connector(current, PROC_EVENT_GID);
return 0;
}

static int set_user(uid_t new_ruid, int dumpclear)
{
@@ -749,10 +752,11 @@ asmlinkage long sys_setreuid(uid_t ruid,
(euid != (uid_t) -1 && euid != old_ruid))
current->suid = current->euid;
current->fsuid = current->euid;

key_fsuid_changed(current);
+ proc_id_connector(current, PROC_EVENT_UID);

return security_task_post_setuid(old_ruid, old_euid, old_suid, LSM_SETID_RE);
}


@@ -796,10 +800,11 @@ asmlinkage long sys_setuid(uid_t uid)
}
current->fsuid = current->euid = uid;
current->suid = new_suid;

key_fsuid_changed(current);
+ proc_id_connector(current, PROC_EVENT_UID);

return security_task_post_setuid(old_ruid, old_euid, old_suid, LSM_SETID_ID);
}


@@ -844,10 +849,11 @@ asmlinkage long sys_setresuid(uid_t ruid
current->fsuid = current->euid;
if (suid != (uid_t) -1)
current->suid = suid;

key_fsuid_changed(current);
+ proc_id_connector(current, PROC_EVENT_UID);

return security_task_post_setuid(old_ruid, old_euid, old_suid, LSM_SETID_RES);
}

asmlinkage long sys_getresuid(uid_t __user *ruid, uid_t __user *euid, uid_t __user *suid)
@@ -896,10 +902,11 @@ asmlinkage long sys_setresgid(gid_t rgid
current->gid = rgid;
if (sgid != (gid_t) -1)
current->sgid = sgid;

key_fsgid_changed(current);
+ proc_id_connector(current, PROC_EVENT_GID);
return 0;
}

asmlinkage long sys_getresgid(gid_t __user *rgid, gid_t __user *egid, gid_t __user *sgid)
{
@@ -938,10 +945,11 @@ asmlinkage long sys_setfsuid(uid_t uid)
}
current->fsuid = uid;
}

key_fsuid_changed(current);
+ proc_id_connector(current, PROC_EVENT_UID);

security_task_post_setuid(old_fsuid, (uid_t)-1, (uid_t)-1, LSM_SETID_FS);

return old_fsuid;
}
@@ -966,10 +974,11 @@ asmlinkage long sys_setfsgid(gid_t gid)
current->mm->dumpable = suid_dumpable;
smp_wmb();
}
current->fsgid = gid;
key_fsgid_changed(current);
+ proc_id_connector(current, PROC_EVENT_GID);
}
return old_fsgid;
}

asmlinkage long sys_times(struct tms __user * tbuf)

-
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