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    Subject/dev/random vs. /dev/urandom
    When I compile and run the code below, the string of octal characters
    generated by reading /dev/random contains long strings of zeroes. I was
    under the impression that /dev/random is "more random" than
    /dev/urandom, and will block when it runs out of entropy until it
    gathers more. It's only when RAND_LEN is on the largish side that these
    strings of zeroes appear.

    I'm guessing this behaviour is to be expected; I just don't understand
    it.

    This is linux kernel 2.6.8.1.

    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <fcntl.h>
    #define RAND_LEN 1024

    void
    read_random( const char* dev ) {
    int i, fd;
    char dat[RAND_LEN + 1];

    fd = open( dev, O_RDONLY );

    dat[RAND_LEN] = '\0';

    if( fd != -1 ) {
    read( fd, dat, RAND_LEN );
    for( i = 0; i < RAND_LEN; i++ ) {
    dat[i] = (dat[i] & 0x07) + '0';
    }
    printf( "%s: %s\n\n", dev, dat );
    } else {
    exit( 1 );
    }

    close( fd );
    }

    int
    main( void ) {
    read_random( "/dev/random" );
    read_random( "/dev/urandom" );
    return( 0 );
    }

    e.g.

    $ ./test

    /dev/random: 5417351746543663033176215502400146103743161053514107722724572227577211175264555157343736274051424454260000000410000000000477510042000000000042400000100004776700057700000477560000103410000004100000041005777000411040100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000411025574400000000000000000000000000000000000000000000100000000046404040000060574400000000010000000000000000000000001000000000000000000000000000000000006200000000000000041041770000077723004040600045770000000000000000000000006000404003400000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000120026302630000000000000473005300320031030000610041045104530477772004530211202304677001010000610000010000000000000001200114000100000041000000140067712002630724000004677000047300530032003103000061004104010324007777200324067710140077700101000061000001000000000000000000000000410470003104777610045100610100000000000077700000000000000006771077706104530023000300310407747770300730070000220417740776210465006504777574046504077041030000610

    /dev/urandom: 1655466217206163634777531607666420217322330273327062554377500673762610503232764303737770374066306640130702327235453637234726515320440537063623075347362744022761643031224147437567521545005217571341376634432705100716667264573662535077131060611205546167254244173277374124057015170471752463673753257446324120132341703110113324160500424545414427103452004326607527142023223056654417412072453735343241747171121471174343351366215703670565624370656416102432525141711102001344506103237445351607531346546542130670340524726467315466500144520507166250124000513673351302523654724763452657772702110446526330137221714042445716025510445073154154554433625137743012150647422324104477276471266371157432250425702471733705106524743537622014253265310174041504105572260571526120773547047577667711773160042711607626651223077130635371771754041162573451444327036771052224666641252456167376416110445223405032201545552374202763513507366033462320535502163264137406437201346313404576320371006224721327520444466067703201155645714316637347641311513007645264

    Happy New Year!

    --
    Ron Peterson
    Network & Systems Manager
    Mount Holyoke College
    http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~rpeterso
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