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Subjectpage fault scalability patch V14 [3/7]: i386 universal cmpxchg
Changelog
* Make cmpxchg and cmpxchg8b generally available on the i386
platform.
* Provide emulation of cmpxchg suitable for uniprocessor if
build and run on 386.
* Provide emulation of cmpxchg8b suitable for uniprocessor
systems if build and run on 386 or 486.
* Provide an inline function to atomically get a 64 bit value
via cmpxchg8b in an SMP system (courtesy of Nick Piggin)
(important for i386 PAE mode and other places where atomic
64 bit operations are useful)

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>

Index: linux-2.6.9/arch/i386/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9.orig/arch/i386/Kconfig 2004-12-10 09:58:03.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.9/arch/i386/Kconfig 2004-12-10 09:59:27.000000000 -0800
@@ -351,6 +351,11 @@
depends on !M386
default y

+config X86_CMPXCHG8B
+ bool
+ depends on !M386 && !M486
+ default y
+
config X86_XADD
bool
depends on !M386
Index: linux-2.6.9/arch/i386/kernel/cpu/intel.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9.orig/arch/i386/kernel/cpu/intel.c 2004-12-06 17:23:49.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.9/arch/i386/kernel/cpu/intel.c 2004-12-10 09:59:27.000000000 -0800
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/thread_info.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>
@@ -287,5 +288,103 @@
return 0;
}

+#ifndef CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG
+unsigned long cmpxchg_386_u8(volatile void *ptr, u8 old, u8 new)
+{
+ u8 prev;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ /*
+ * Check if the kernel was compiled for an old cpu but the
+ * currently running cpu can do cmpxchg after all
+ * All CPUs except 386 support CMPXCHG
+ */
+ if (cpu_data->x86 > 3)
+ return __cmpxchg(ptr, old, new, sizeof(u8));
+
+ /* Poor man's cmpxchg for 386. Unsuitable for SMP */
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ prev = *(u8 *)ptr;
+ if (prev == old)
+ *(u8 *)ptr = new;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ return prev;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(cmpxchg_386_u8);
+
+unsigned long cmpxchg_386_u16(volatile void *ptr, u16 old, u16 new)
+{
+ u16 prev;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ /*
+ * Check if the kernel was compiled for an old cpu but the
+ * currently running cpu can do cmpxchg after all
+ * All CPUs except 386 support CMPXCHG
+ */
+ if (cpu_data->x86 > 3)
+ return __cmpxchg(ptr, old, new, sizeof(u16));
+
+ /* Poor man's cmpxchg for 386. Unsuitable for SMP */
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ prev = *(u16 *)ptr;
+ if (prev == old)
+ *(u16 *)ptr = new;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ return prev;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(cmpxchg_386_u16);
+
+unsigned long cmpxchg_386_u32(volatile void *ptr, u32 old, u32 new)
+{
+ u32 prev;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ /*
+ * Check if the kernel was compiled for an old cpu but the
+ * currently running cpu can do cmpxchg after all
+ * All CPUs except 386 support CMPXCHG
+ */
+ if (cpu_data->x86 > 3)
+ return __cmpxchg(ptr, old, new, sizeof(u32));
+
+ /* Poor man's cmpxchg for 386. Unsuitable for SMP */
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ prev = *(u32 *)ptr;
+ if (prev == old)
+ *(u32 *)ptr = new;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ return prev;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(cmpxchg_386_u32);
+#endif
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG8B
+unsigned long long cmpxchg8b_486(volatile unsigned long long *ptr,
+ unsigned long long old, unsigned long long newv)
+{
+ unsigned long long prev;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ /*
+ * Check if the kernel was compiled for an old cpu but
+ * we are running really on a cpu capable of cmpxchg8b
+ */
+
+ if (cpu_has(cpu_data, X86_FEATURE_CX8))
+ return __cmpxchg8b(ptr, old, newv);
+
+ /* Poor mans cmpxchg8b for 386 and 486. Not suitable for SMP */
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ prev = *ptr;
+ if (prev == old)
+ *ptr = newv;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ return prev;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(cmpxchg8b_486);
+#endif
+
// arch_initcall(intel_cpu_init);

Index: linux-2.6.9/include/asm-i386/system.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9.orig/include/asm-i386/system.h 2004-12-06 17:23:55.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.9/include/asm-i386/system.h 2004-12-10 10:00:49.000000000 -0800
@@ -149,6 +149,9 @@
#define __xg(x) ((struct __xchg_dummy *)(x))


+#define ll_low(x) *(((unsigned int*)&(x))+0)
+#define ll_high(x) *(((unsigned int*)&(x))+1)
+
/*
* The semantics of XCHGCMP8B are a bit strange, this is why
* there is a loop and the loading of %%eax and %%edx has to
@@ -184,8 +187,6 @@
{
__set_64bit(ptr,(unsigned int)(value), (unsigned int)((value)>>32ULL));
}
-#define ll_low(x) *(((unsigned int*)&(x))+0)
-#define ll_high(x) *(((unsigned int*)&(x))+1)

static inline void __set_64bit_var (unsigned long long *ptr,
unsigned long long value)
@@ -203,6 +204,26 @@
__set_64bit(ptr, (unsigned int)(value), (unsigned int)((value)>>32ULL) ) : \
__set_64bit(ptr, ll_low(value), ll_high(value)) )

+static inline unsigned long long __get_64bit(unsigned long long * ptr)
+{
+ unsigned long long ret;
+ __asm__ __volatile__ (
+ "\n1:\t"
+ "movl (%1), %%eax\n\t"
+ "movl 4(%1), %%edx\n\t"
+ "movl %%eax, %%ebx\n\t"
+ "movl %%edx, %%ecx\n\t"
+ LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchg8b (%1)\n\t"
+ "jnz 1b"
+ : "=A"(ret)
+ : "D"(ptr)
+ : "ebx", "ecx", "memory");
+ return ret;
+}
+
+#define get_64bit(ptr) __get_64bit(ptr)
+
+
/*
* Note: no "lock" prefix even on SMP: xchg always implies lock anyway
* Note 2: xchg has side effect, so that attribute volatile is necessary,
@@ -240,7 +261,41 @@
*/

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG
+
#define __HAVE_ARCH_CMPXCHG 1
+#define cmpxchg(ptr,o,n)\
+ ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__cmpxchg((ptr), (unsigned long)(o), \
+ (unsigned long)(n), sizeof(*(ptr))))
+
+#else
+
+/*
+ * Building a kernel capable running on 80386. It may be necessary to
+ * simulate the cmpxchg on the 80386 CPU. For that purpose we define
+ * a function for each of the sizes we support.
+ */
+
+extern unsigned long cmpxchg_386_u8(volatile void *, u8, u8);
+extern unsigned long cmpxchg_386_u16(volatile void *, u16, u16);
+extern unsigned long cmpxchg_386_u32(volatile void *, u32, u32);
+
+static inline unsigned long cmpxchg_386(volatile void *ptr, unsigned long old,
+ unsigned long new, int size)
+{
+ switch (size) {
+ case 1:
+ return cmpxchg_386_u8(ptr, old, new);
+ case 2:
+ return cmpxchg_386_u16(ptr, old, new);
+ case 4:
+ return cmpxchg_386_u32(ptr, old, new);
+ }
+ return old;
+}
+
+#define cmpxchg(ptr,o,n)\
+ ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))cmpxchg_386((ptr), (unsigned long)(o), \
+ (unsigned long)(n), sizeof(*(ptr))))
#endif

static inline unsigned long __cmpxchg(volatile void *ptr, unsigned long old,
@@ -270,12 +325,34 @@
return old;
}

-#define cmpxchg(ptr,o,n)\
- ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__cmpxchg((ptr),(unsigned long)(o),\
- (unsigned long)(n),sizeof(*(ptr))))
-
+static inline unsigned long long __cmpxchg8b(volatile unsigned long long *ptr,
+ unsigned long long old, unsigned long long newv)
+{
+ unsigned long long prev;
+ __asm__ __volatile__(
+ LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchg8b (%4)"
+ : "=A" (prev)
+ : "0" (old), "c" ((unsigned long)(newv >> 32)),
+ "b" ((unsigned long)(newv & 0xffffffffULL)), "D" (ptr)
+ : "memory");
+ return prev;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG8B
+#define cmpxchg8b __cmpxchg8b
+#else
+/*
+ * Building a kernel capable of running on 80486 and 80386. Both
+ * do not support cmpxchg8b. Call a function that emulates the
+ * instruction if necessary.
+ */
+extern unsigned long long cmpxchg8b_486(volatile unsigned long long *,
+ unsigned long long, unsigned long long);
+#define cmpxchg8b cmpxchg8b_486
+#endif
+
#ifdef __KERNEL__
-struct alt_instr {
+struct alt_instr {
__u8 *instr; /* original instruction */
__u8 *replacement;
__u8 cpuid; /* cpuid bit set for replacement */
-
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