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Subject[PATCH 2/2] Fix CPU Hotplug: Handle dying tasks on dead CPU
From
Date
Name: Hotplug CPU vs TASK_ZOMBIEs: The Sequel to Hotplug CPU vs TASK_DEAD
Status: Tested on 2.6.8.1-mm4
Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Depends: Hotcpu/neaten-migrate_all_tasks.patch.gz

To recap: release_task can now sleep. Sleeping allows a CPU to go
down underneath you. release_task removes you from the tasklist, so
you don't get migrated off the CPU: BUG() in sched.c.

In last week's episode, our dashing hero (Ingo Molnar) solved this for
self-reaping tasks by grabbing the hotplug cpu lock to prevent this.
However, in an unexpected twist, the problem remains for tasks whose
parents call release_task on them: the zombies are off the task list,
and lurk on the dead CPU.

Fortunately, the comedic sidekick (Rusty Russell) has an answer: let's
make the hotplug callback walk the runqueue of the dead CPU as well,
taking care of the zombies.

1) Restore exit.c to its former form. The comment is incorrect:
sched.c checks PF_DEAD, not the state, to decide to do the final
put_task_struct(), and it does it for all tasks, self-reaping or
no.

2) Implement migrate_dead_tasks() in the sched.c hotplug CPU callback.

3) Rename migrate_all_tasks() to migrate_live_tasks().

diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .29162-linux-2.6.8.1-mm4/kernel/exit.c .29162-linux-2.6.8.1-mm4.updated/kernel/exit.c
diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .32142-linux-2.6.8.1-mm4/kernel/exit.c .32142-linux-2.6.8.1-mm4.updated/kernel/exit.c
--- .32142-linux-2.6.8.1-mm4/kernel/exit.c 2004-08-26 13:21:45.000000000 +1000
+++ .32142-linux-2.6.8.1-mm4.updated/kernel/exit.c 2004-08-26 17:25:33.000000000 +1000
@@ -754,8 +754,8 @@ static void exit_notify(struct task_stru
state = TASK_ZOMBIE;
if (tsk->exit_signal == -1 && tsk->ptrace == 0)
state = TASK_DEAD;
- else
- tsk->state = state;
+ tsk->state = state;
+
/*
* Clear these here so that update_process_times() won't try to deliver
* itimer, profile or rlimit signals to this task while it is in late exit.
@@ -764,14 +764,6 @@ static void exit_notify(struct task_stru
tsk->it_prof_value = 0;
tsk->rlim[RLIMIT_CPU].rlim_cur = RLIM_INFINITY;

- /*
- * Get a reference to it so that we can set the state
- * as the last step. The state-setting only matters if the
- * current task is releasing itself, to trigger the final
- * put_task_struct() in finish_task_switch(). (thread self-reap)
- */
- get_task_struct(tsk);
-
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);

list_for_each_safe(_p, _n, &ptrace_dead) {
@@ -781,23 +773,12 @@ static void exit_notify(struct task_stru
}

/* If the process is dead, release it - nobody will wait for it */
- if (state == TASK_DEAD) {
- lock_cpu_hotplug();
+ if (state == TASK_DEAD)
release_task(tsk);
- write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
- /*
- * No preemption may happen from this point on,
- * or CPU hotplug (and task exit) breaks:
- */
- unlock_cpu_hotplug();
- tsk->state = state;
- _raw_write_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
- local_irq_enable();
- } else
- preempt_disable();

+ /* PF_DEAD causes final put_task_struct after we schedule. */
+ preempt_disable();
tsk->flags |= PF_DEAD;
- put_task_struct(tsk);
}

asmlinkage NORET_TYPE void do_exit(long code)
diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .32142-linux-2.6.8.1-mm4/kernel/sched.c .32142-linux-2.6.8.1-mm4.updated/kernel/sched.c
--- .32142-linux-2.6.8.1-mm4/kernel/sched.c 2004-08-26 17:25:32.000000000 +1000
+++ .32142-linux-2.6.8.1-mm4.updated/kernel/sched.c 2004-08-26 17:25:54.000000000 +1000
@@ -3820,8 +3820,8 @@ static void move_task_off_dead_cpu(int d
__migrate_task(tsk, dead_cpu, dest_cpu);
}

-/* migrate_all_tasks - function to migrate all tasks from the dead cpu. */
-static void migrate_all_tasks(int src_cpu)
+/* Run through task list and migrate tasks from the dead cpu. */
+static void migrate_live_tasks(int src_cpu)
{
struct task_struct *tsk, *t;

@@ -3863,6 +3863,47 @@ void sched_idle_next(void)

spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
}
+
+static void migrate_dead(unsigned int dead_cpu, task_t *tsk)
+{
+ struct runqueue *rq = cpu_rq(dead_cpu);
+
+ /* Must be exiting, otherwise would be on tasklist. */
+ BUG_ON(tsk->state != TASK_ZOMBIE && tsk->state != TASK_DEAD);
+
+ /* Cannot have done final schedule yet: would have vanished. */
+ BUG_ON(tsk->flags & PF_DEAD);
+
+ get_task_struct(tsk);
+
+ /*
+ * Drop lock around migration; if someone else moves it,
+ * that's OK. No task can be added to this CPU, so iteration is
+ * fine.
+ */
+ spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
+ move_task_off_dead_cpu(dead_cpu, tsk);
+ spin_lock_irq(&rq->lock);
+
+ put_task_struct(tsk);
+}
+
+/* release_task() removes task from tasklist, so we won't find dead tasks. */
+static void migrate_dead_tasks(unsigned int dead_cpu)
+{
+ unsigned arr, i;
+ struct runqueue *rq = cpu_rq(dead_cpu);
+
+ for (arr = 0; arr < 2; arr++) {
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_PRIO; i++) {
+ struct list_head *list = &rq->arrays[arr].queue[i];
+ while (!list_empty(list))
+ migrate_dead(dead_cpu,
+ list_entry(list->next, task_t,
+ run_list));
+ }
+ }
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */

/*
@@ -3902,7 +3943,7 @@ static int migration_call(struct notifie
cpu_rq(cpu)->migration_thread = NULL;
break;
case CPU_DEAD:
- migrate_all_tasks(cpu);
+ migrate_live_tasks(cpu);
rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
kthread_stop(rq->migration_thread);
rq->migration_thread = NULL;
@@ -3911,6 +3952,7 @@ static int migration_call(struct notifie
deactivate_task(rq->idle, rq);
rq->idle->static_prio = MAX_PRIO;
__setscheduler(rq->idle, SCHED_NORMAL, 0);
+ migrate_dead_tasks(cpu);
task_rq_unlock(rq, &flags);
BUG_ON(rq->nr_running != 0);

--
Anyone who quotes me in their signature is an idiot -- Rusty Russell

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