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Subjectpage fault scalability patch v4: reduce page_table_lock use, atomic pmd,pgd handlin
This is the fourth release of the page fault scalability patches. The scalability
patches avoid locking during the creation of page table entries for anonymous
memory in a threaded application running on a SMP system. The performance
increases significantly for more than 2 threads running concurrently.

Changes:
- Expand the use of cmpxchg. page_table_lock removed from
pmd_alloc pte_alloc_map, handle_mm_fault and handle_pte_fault.
- Integrated single patch.

It seems that no further progress can be made unless the lock semantics
of mmap_sem, page_table_lock and atomic pte operations are changed. If
that is done then some kernel subsystems require major surgery.

The patches result in a bypass of the page_table_lock (but not the mmap_sem!)
and therefore an increase in the ability to concurrently execute the
page fault handler for:

1. Operations where an empty pte or pmd entry is populated
(This is safe since the swapper may only depopulate them and the
swapper code has been changed to never use an empty pte until the
page has been evicted).

2. Modifications of flags in a pte entry (write/accessed).
These modifications are done by the CPU or by low level handlers
on various platforms which is also bypassing all locks. So this
seems to be safe too.

Issue remaining:
- Support is only provided for i386 and ia64. Other architectures
need to be updated. *_test_and_populate() must be provided for
other architectures.
- i386 version builds fine but untested

Ideas:
- Remove page_table_lock entirely and use atomic operations?
- Rely on locking via struct page, mmap_sem or on a special invalid
pte/pmd value if necessary.

==== Test results on an 8 CPU SMP system
Unpatched:
Gb Rep Threads User System Wall flt/cpu/s fault/wsec
4 3 1 0.191s 11.100s 11.029s 69645.077 69631.148
4 3 2 0.170s 15.063s 8.016s 51622.179 96298.094
4 3 4 0.169s 13.791s 4.026s 56330.865 184439.165
4 3 8 0.180s 24.694s 4.011s 31615.342 190917.461

With the patch:
Gb Rep Threads User System Wall flt/cpu/s fault/wsec
4 3 1 0.155s 11.348s 11.050s 68362.142 68349.273
4 3 2 0.165s 10.697s 5.053s 72400.070 142032.437
4 3 4 0.162s 10.682s 3.041s 72517.428 230441.818
4 3 8 0.189s 14.843s 2.064s 52312.979 296975.799

==== Test results on a 32 CPU SMP system
Unpatched:
Gb Rep Threads User System Wall flt/cpu/s fault/wsec
16 3 1 0.587s 61.225s 61.081s 50890.625 50891.649
16 3 2 0.649s 85.250s 44.029s 36621.046 71017.720
16 3 4 0.677s 82.429s 28.021s 37851.330 111475.333
16 3 8 0.630s 133.244s 22.052s 23497.490 139665.178
16 3 16 0.661s 365.279s 26.007s 8596.280 120653.071
16 3 32 0.921s 806.164s 28.092s 3897.635 108767.881

With the patch:
Gb Rep Threads User System Wall flt/cpu/s fault/wsec
16 3 1 0.610s 61.557s 62.016s 50600.438 50599.822
16 3 2 0.640s 83.116s 43.016s 37557.847 72869.978
16 3 4 0.621s 73.897s 26.023s 42214.002 119908.246
16 3 8 0.596s 86.587s 14.098s 36081.229 209962.059
16 3 16 0.646s 69.601s 7.000s 44780.269 448823.690
16 3 32 0.903s 185.609s 8.085s 16866.018 355301.694

Test results may fluctuate which may be a result of the NUMA
architecture where the assignments of these threads to CPUs at
various distances to one another may have an influence.

While there is a major improvement, the numbers still show that
the page fault handler does not scale well over 16 cpus.

==== Patch
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/kernel/fork.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/kernel/fork.c 2004-08-25 10:50:17.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/kernel/fork.c 2004-08-25 10:53:03.000000000 -0700
@@ -282,7 +282,7 @@
mm->mmap_cache = NULL;
mm->free_area_cache = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;
mm->map_count = 0;
- mm->rss = 0;
+ atomic_set(&mm->mm_rss, 0);
cpus_clear(mm->cpu_vm_mask);
mm->mm_rb = RB_ROOT;
rb_link = &mm->mm_rb.rb_node;
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/linux/sched.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/linux/sched.h 2004-08-25 10:50:12.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/linux/sched.h 2004-08-25 10:53:03.000000000 -0700
@@ -197,9 +197,10 @@
pgd_t * pgd;
atomic_t mm_users; /* How many users with user space? */
atomic_t mm_count; /* How many references to "struct mm_struct" (users count as 1) */
+ atomic_t mm_rss; /* Number of pages used by this mm struct */
int map_count; /* number of VMAs */
struct rw_semaphore mmap_sem;
- spinlock_t page_table_lock; /* Protects task page tables and mm->rss */
+ spinlock_t page_table_lock; /* Protects task page tables */

struct list_head mmlist; /* List of all active mm's. These are globally strung
* together off init_mm.mmlist, and are protected
@@ -209,7 +210,7 @@
unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data;
unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack;
unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end;
- unsigned long rss, total_vm, locked_vm;
+ unsigned long total_vm, locked_vm;
unsigned long def_flags;

unsigned long saved_auxv[40]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/fs/proc/task_mmu.c 2004-08-25 10:50:01.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/proc/task_mmu.c 2004-08-25 10:53:03.000000000 -0700
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@
"VmLib:\t%8lu kB\n",
mm->total_vm << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
mm->locked_vm << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
- mm->rss << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
+ (unsigned long)atomic_read(&mm->mm_rss) << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
data - stack, stack,
exec - lib, lib);
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
int size = 0;

- *resident = mm->rss;
+ *resident = atomic_read(&mm->mm_rss);
for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
int pages = (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;

Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/mm/mmap.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/mm/mmap.c 2004-08-25 10:50:14.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/mm/mmap.c 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -1718,7 +1718,7 @@
vma = mm->mmap;
mm->mmap = mm->mmap_cache = NULL;
mm->mm_rb = RB_ROOT;
- mm->rss = 0;
+ atomic_set(&mm->mm_rss, 0);
mm->total_vm = 0;
mm->locked_vm = 0;

Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-generic/tlb.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/asm-generic/tlb.h 2004-08-25 10:50:11.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-generic/tlb.h 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -88,11 +88,11 @@
{
int freed = tlb->freed;
struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm;
- int rss = mm->rss;
+ int rss = atomic_read(&mm->mm_rss);

if (rss < freed)
freed = rss;
- mm->rss = rss - freed;
+ atomic_set(&mm->mm_rss, rss - freed);
tlb_flush_mmu(tlb, start, end);

/* keep the page table cache within bounds */
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/binfmt_flat.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/fs/binfmt_flat.c 2004-08-25 10:50:04.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/binfmt_flat.c 2004-08-25 10:53:03.000000000 -0700
@@ -650,7 +650,7 @@
current->mm->start_brk = datapos + data_len + bss_len;
current->mm->brk = (current->mm->start_brk + 3) & ~3;
current->mm->context.end_brk = memp + ksize((void *) memp) - stack_len;
- current->mm->rss = 0;
+ atomic_set(current->mm->mm_rss, 0);
}

if (flags & FLAT_FLAG_KTRACE)
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/exec.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/fs/exec.c 2004-08-25 10:50:04.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/exec.c 2004-08-25 10:53:03.000000000 -0700
@@ -319,7 +319,7 @@
pte_unmap(pte);
goto out;
}
- mm->rss++;
+ atomic_inc(&mm->mm_rss);
lru_cache_add_active(page);
set_pte(pte, pte_mkdirty(pte_mkwrite(mk_pte(
page, vma->vm_page_prot))));
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/mm/memory.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/mm/memory.c 2004-08-25 10:50:14.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/mm/memory.c 2004-08-25 10:53:03.000000000 -0700
@@ -158,9 +158,7 @@
if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) {
struct page *new;

- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
new = pte_alloc_one(mm, address);
- spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
if (!new)
return NULL;

@@ -172,8 +170,11 @@
pte_free(new);
goto out;
}
+ if (!pmd_test_and_populate(mm, pmd, new)) {
+ pte_free(new);
+ goto out;
+ }
inc_page_state(nr_page_table_pages);
- pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new);
}
out:
return pte_offset_map(pmd, address);
@@ -325,7 +326,7 @@
pte = pte_mkclean(pte);
pte = pte_mkold(pte);
get_page(page);
- dst->rss++;
+ atomic_inc(&dst->mm_rss);
set_pte(dst_pte, pte);
page_dup_rmap(page);
cont_copy_pte_range_noset:
@@ -1096,7 +1097,7 @@
page_table = pte_offset_map(pmd, address);
if (likely(pte_same(*page_table, pte))) {
if (PageReserved(old_page))
- ++mm->rss;
+ atomic_inc(&mm->mm_rss);
else
page_remove_rmap(old_page);
break_cow(vma, new_page, address, page_table);
@@ -1314,8 +1315,7 @@
}

/*
- * We hold the mm semaphore and the page_table_lock on entry and
- * should release the pagetable lock on exit..
+ * We hold the mm semaphore
*/
static int do_swap_page(struct mm_struct * mm,
struct vm_area_struct * vma, unsigned long address,
@@ -1327,15 +1327,13 @@
int ret = VM_FAULT_MINOR;

pte_unmap(page_table);
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
page = lookup_swap_cache(entry);
if (!page) {
swapin_readahead(entry, address, vma);
page = read_swap_cache_async(entry, vma, address);
if (!page) {
/*
- * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte while
- * we released the page table lock.
+ * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte
*/
spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
page_table = pte_offset_map(pmd, address);
@@ -1378,7 +1376,7 @@
if (vm_swap_full())
remove_exclusive_swap_page(page);

- mm->rss++;
+ atomic_inc(&mm->mm_rss);
pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
if (write_access && can_share_swap_page(page)) {
pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma);
@@ -1406,14 +1404,12 @@
}

/*
- * We are called with the MM semaphore and page_table_lock
- * spinlock held to protect against concurrent faults in
- * multithreaded programs.
+ * We are called with the MM semaphore held.
*/
static int
do_anonymous_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
pte_t *page_table, pmd_t *pmd, int write_access,
- unsigned long addr)
+ unsigned long addr, pte_t orig_entry)
{
pte_t entry;
struct page * page = ZERO_PAGE(addr);
@@ -1425,7 +1421,6 @@
if (write_access) {
/* Allocate our own private page. */
pte_unmap(page_table);
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);

if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma)))
goto no_mem;
@@ -1434,30 +1429,40 @@
goto no_mem;
clear_user_highpage(page, addr);

- spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
+ lock_page(page);
page_table = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);

- if (!pte_none(*page_table)) {
- pte_unmap(page_table);
- page_cache_release(page);
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
- goto out;
- }
- mm->rss++;
entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(mk_pte(page,
vma->vm_page_prot)),
vma);
- lru_cache_add_active(page);
mark_page_accessed(page);
- page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, addr);
}

- set_pte(page_table, entry);
+ /* update the entry */
+ if (!ptep_cmpxchg(page_table, orig_entry, entry))
+ {
+ if (write_access) {
+ pte_unmap(page_table);
+ unlock_page(page);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ }
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (write_access) {
+ /*
+ * The following two functions are safe to use without
+ * the page_table_lock but do they need to come before
+ * the cmpxchg?
+ */
+ lru_cache_add_active(page);
+ page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, addr);
+ atomic_inc(&mm->mm_rss);
+ unlock_page(page);
+ }
pte_unmap(page_table);

/* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */
update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, entry);
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
out:
return VM_FAULT_MINOR;
no_mem:
@@ -1473,12 +1478,12 @@
* As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we
* do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB.
*
- * This is called with the MM semaphore held and the page table
- * spinlock held. Exit with the spinlock released.
+ * This is called with the MM semaphore held.
*/
static int
do_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- unsigned long address, int write_access, pte_t *page_table, pmd_t *pmd)
+ unsigned long address, int write_access, pte_t *page_table,
+ pmd_t *pmd, pte_t orig_entry)
{
struct page * new_page;
struct address_space *mapping = NULL;
@@ -1489,9 +1494,8 @@

if (!vma->vm_ops || !vma->vm_ops->nopage)
return do_anonymous_page(mm, vma, page_table,
- pmd, write_access, address);
+ pmd, write_access, address, orig_entry);
pte_unmap(page_table);
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);

if (vma->vm_file) {
mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
@@ -1552,7 +1556,7 @@
/* Only go through if we didn't race with anybody else... */
if (pte_none(*page_table)) {
if (!PageReserved(new_page))
- ++mm->rss;
+ atomic_inc(&mm->mm_rss);
flush_icache_page(vma, new_page);
entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot);
if (write_access)
@@ -1589,7 +1593,7 @@
* nonlinear vmas.
*/
static int do_file_page(struct mm_struct * mm, struct vm_area_struct * vma,
- unsigned long address, int write_access, pte_t *pte, pmd_t *pmd)
+ unsigned long address, int write_access, pte_t *pte, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t entry)
{
unsigned long pgoff;
int err;
@@ -1602,13 +1606,12 @@
if (!vma->vm_ops || !vma->vm_ops->populate ||
(write_access && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))) {
pte_clear(pte);
- return do_no_page(mm, vma, address, write_access, pte, pmd);
+ return do_no_page(mm, vma, address, write_access, pte, pmd, entry);
}

pgoff = pte_to_pgoff(*pte);

pte_unmap(pte);
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);

err = vma->vm_ops->populate(vma, address & PAGE_MASK, PAGE_SIZE, vma->vm_page_prot, pgoff, 0);
if (err == -ENOMEM)
@@ -1627,49 +1630,54 @@
* with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or
* PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs).
*
- * Note the "page_table_lock". It is to protect against kswapd removing
- * pages from under us. Note that kswapd only ever _removes_ pages, never
- * adds them. As such, once we have noticed that the page is not present,
- * we can drop the lock early.
- *
+ * Note that kswapd only ever _removes_ pages, never adds them.
+ * We need to insure to handle that case properly.
+ *
* The adding of pages is protected by the MM semaphore (which we hold),
* so we don't need to worry about a page being suddenly been added into
* our VM.
- *
- * We enter with the pagetable spinlock held, we are supposed to
- * release it when done.
*/
static inline int handle_pte_fault(struct mm_struct *mm,
struct vm_area_struct * vma, unsigned long address,
int write_access, pte_t *pte, pmd_t *pmd)
{
pte_t entry;
+ pte_t new_entry;

entry = *pte;
if (!pte_present(entry)) {
/*
* If it truly wasn't present, we know that kswapd
* and the PTE updates will not touch it later. So
- * drop the lock.
+ * no need to acquire the page_table_lock.
*/
if (pte_none(entry))
- return do_no_page(mm, vma, address, write_access, pte, pmd);
+ return do_no_page(mm, vma, address, write_access, pte, pmd, entry);
if (pte_file(entry))
- return do_file_page(mm, vma, address, write_access, pte, pmd);
+ return do_file_page(mm, vma, address, write_access, pte, pmd, entry);
return do_swap_page(mm, vma, address, pte, pmd, entry, write_access);
}

+ /*
+ * This is the case in which we may only update some bits in the pte.
+ *
+ * The following statement was removed
+ * ptep_set_access_flags(vma, address, pte, new_entry, write_access);
+ * Not sure if all the side effects are replicated here for all platforms.
+ *
+ */
+ new_entry = pte_mkyoung(entry);
if (write_access) {
- if (!pte_write(entry))
+ if (!pte_write(entry)) {
+ /* do_wp_page expects us to hold the page_table_lock */
+ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
return do_wp_page(mm, vma, address, pte, pmd, entry);
-
- entry = pte_mkdirty(entry);
+ }
+ new_entry = pte_mkdirty(new_entry);
}
- entry = pte_mkyoung(entry);
- ptep_set_access_flags(vma, address, pte, entry, write_access);
- update_mmu_cache(vma, address, entry);
+ if (ptep_cmpxchg(pte, entry, new_entry))
+ update_mmu_cache(vma, address, new_entry);
pte_unmap(pte);
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
return VM_FAULT_MINOR;
}

@@ -1687,30 +1695,27 @@

inc_page_state(pgfault);

- if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
+ if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)))
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* mapping truncation does this. */

/*
- * We need the page table lock to synchronize with kswapd
- * and the SMP-safe atomic PTE updates.
+ * We rely on the mmap_sem and the SMP-safe atomic PTE updates.
+ * to synchronize with kswapd
*/
- spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pgd, address);

- if (pmd) {
+ if (likely(pmd)) {
pte_t * pte = pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address);
- if (pte)
+ if (likely(pte))
return handle_pte_fault(mm, vma, address, write_access, pte, pmd);
}
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
}

/*
* Allocate page middle directory.
*
- * We've already handled the fast-path in-line, and we own the
- * page table lock.
+ * We've already handled the fast-path in-line.
*
* On a two-level page table, this ends up actually being entirely
* optimized away.
@@ -1719,9 +1724,7 @@
{
pmd_t *new;

- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address);
- spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
if (!new)
return NULL;

@@ -1733,7 +1736,11 @@
pmd_free(new);
goto out;
}
- pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new);
+ /* Insure that the update is done in an atomic way */
+ if (!pgd_test_and_populate(mm, pgd, new)) {
+ pmd_free(new);
+ goto out;
+ }
out:
return pmd_offset(pgd, address);
}
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-ia64/pgalloc.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/asm-ia64/pgalloc.h 2004-08-25 10:50:09.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-ia64/pgalloc.h 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -34,6 +34,10 @@
#define pmd_quicklist (local_cpu_data->pmd_quick)
#define pgtable_cache_size (local_cpu_data->pgtable_cache_sz)

+/* Empty entries of PMD and PGD */
+#define PMD_NONE 0
+#define PGD_NONE 0
+
static inline pgd_t*
pgd_alloc_one_fast (struct mm_struct *mm)
{
@@ -84,6 +88,11 @@
pgd_val(*pgd_entry) = __pa(pmd);
}

+static inline int
+pgd_test_and_populate (struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd_entry, pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ return ia64_cmpxchg8_acq(pgd_entry,__pa(pmd), PGD_NONE) == PGD_NONE;
+}

static inline pmd_t*
pmd_alloc_one_fast (struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
@@ -132,6 +141,12 @@
pmd_val(*pmd_entry) = page_to_phys(pte);
}

+static inline int
+pmd_test_and_populate (struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd_entry, struct page *pte)
+{
+ return ia64_cmpxchg8_acq(pmd_entry, page_to_phys(pte), PMD_NONE) == PMD_NONE;
+}
+
static inline void
pmd_populate_kernel (struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd_entry, pte_t *pte)
{
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-i386/pgtable.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/asm-i386/pgtable.h 2004-08-25 10:50:11.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-i386/pgtable.h 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -416,9 +416,13 @@
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_DIRTY
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_XCHG
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MKDIRTY
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CMPXCHG
+#endif
#include <asm-generic/pgtable.h>

#endif /* _I386_PGTABLE_H */
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-i386/pgtable-3level.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/asm-i386/pgtable-3level.h 2004-08-25 10:50:11.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-i386/pgtable-3level.h 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -88,6 +88,11 @@
return res;
}

+static inline int ptep_cmpxchg(pte_t *ptep, pte_t oldval, pte_t newval)
+{
+ return cmpxchg(&ptep->pte_low, (long)oldval, (long)newval)==(long)oldval;
+}
+
static inline int pte_same(pte_t a, pte_t b)
{
return a.pte_low == b.pte_low && a.pte_high == b.pte_high;
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/binfmt_som.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/fs/binfmt_som.c 2004-08-25 10:50:04.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/binfmt_som.c 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -259,7 +259,7 @@
create_som_tables(bprm);

current->mm->start_stack = bprm->p;
- current->mm->rss = 0;
+ atomic_set(current->mm->mm_rss, 0);

#if 0
printk("(start_brk) %08lx\n" , (unsigned long) current->mm->start_brk);
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/mm/fremap.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/mm/fremap.c 2004-08-25 10:50:14.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/mm/fremap.c 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@
set_page_dirty(page);
page_remove_rmap(page);
page_cache_release(page);
- mm->rss--;
+ atomic_dec(&mm->mm_rss);
}
}
} else {
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@

zap_pte(mm, vma, addr, pte);

- mm->rss++;
+ atomic_inc(&mm->mm_rss);
flush_icache_page(vma, page);
set_pte(pte, mk_pte(page, prot));
page_add_file_rmap(page);
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/mm/swapfile.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/mm/swapfile.c 2004-08-25 10:50:17.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/mm/swapfile.c 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -430,7 +430,7 @@
unuse_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *dir,
swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
{
- vma->vm_mm->rss++;
+ atomic_inc(&vma->vm_mm->mm_rss);
get_page(page);
set_pte(dir, pte_mkold(mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot)));
page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, address);
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/linux/mm.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/linux/mm.h 2004-08-25 10:50:14.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/linux/mm.h 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -593,7 +593,7 @@
*/
static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address)
{
- if (pgd_none(*pgd))
+ if (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)))
return __pmd_alloc(mm, pgd, address);
return pmd_offset(pgd, address);
}
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h 2004-08-25 10:50:11.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -85,6 +85,15 @@
}
#endif

+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_XCHG
+static inline pte_t ptep_xchg(pte_t *ptep,pte_t pteval)
+{
+ pte_t pte = *ptep;
+ set_pte(ptep, pteval);
+ return pte;
+}
+#endif
+
#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_FLUSH
#define ptep_clear_flush(__vma, __address, __ptep) \
({ \
@@ -94,6 +103,28 @@
})
#endif

+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_XCHG_FLUSH
+#define ptep_xchg_flush(__vma, __address, __ptep, __pteval) \
+({ \
+ pte_t __pte = ptep_xchg(__ptep, __pteval); \
+ flush_tlb_page(__vma, __address); \
+ __pte; \
+})
+#endif
+
+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CMPXCHG
+static inline pte_t ptep_cmpxchg(pte_t *ptep, pte_t oldval, pte_t newval)
+{
+ if (*ptep->pte == oldval) {
+ ptep_xchg(ptep, newval, oldval);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ else
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
+
#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT
static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(pte_t *ptep)
{
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/binfmt_aout.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/fs/binfmt_aout.c 2004-08-25 10:50:04.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/binfmt_aout.c 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -309,7 +309,7 @@
(current->mm->start_brk = N_BSSADDR(ex));
current->mm->free_area_cache = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;

- current->mm->rss = 0;
+ atomic_set(&current->mm->mm_rss, 0);
current->mm->mmap = NULL;
compute_creds(bprm);
current->flags &= ~PF_FORKNOEXEC;
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-i386/pgtable-2level.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/asm-i386/pgtable-2level.h 2004-08-25 10:50:11.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-i386/pgtable-2level.h 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -40,6 +40,10 @@
return (pmd_t *) dir;
}
#define ptep_get_and_clear(xp) __pte(xchg(&(xp)->pte_low, 0))
+#define ptep_xchg(xp,a) __pte(xchg(&(xp)->pte_low, (a).pte_low))
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG
+#define ptep_cmpxchg(xp,oldpte,newpte) (cmpxchg(&(xp)->pte_low, (oldpte).pte_low, (newpte).pte_low)==(oldpte).pte_low)
+#endif
#define pte_same(a, b) ((a).pte_low == (b).pte_low)
#define pte_page(x) pfn_to_page(pte_pfn(x))
#define pte_none(x) (!(x).pte_low)
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/arch/ia64/mm/hugetlbpage.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/arch/ia64/mm/hugetlbpage.c 2004-08-25 10:49:28.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/arch/ia64/mm/hugetlbpage.c 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@
{
pte_t entry;

- mm->rss += (HPAGE_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
+ atomic_add(HPAGE_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE, &mm->mm_rss);
if (write_access) {
entry =
pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot)));
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@
ptepage = pte_page(entry);
get_page(ptepage);
set_pte(dst_pte, entry);
- dst->rss += (HPAGE_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
+ atomic_add(HPAGE_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE, &dst->mm_rss);
addr += HPAGE_SIZE;
}
return 0;
@@ -249,7 +249,7 @@
put_page(page);
pte_clear(pte);
}
- mm->rss -= (end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ atomic_sub((end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT, &mm->mm_rss);
flush_tlb_range(vma, start, end);
}

Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-ia64/pgtable.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/asm-ia64/pgtable.h 2004-08-25 10:50:09.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-ia64/pgtable.h 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -387,6 +387,26 @@
#endif
}

+static inline pte_t
+ptep_xchg (pte_t *ptep,pte_t pteval)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ return __pte(xchg((long *) ptep, pteval.pte));
+#else
+ pte_t pte = *ptep;
+ set_pte(ptep,pteval);
+ return pte;
+#endif
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+static inline int
+ptep_cmpxchg (pte_t *ptep, pte_t oldval, pte_t newval)
+{
+ return ia64_cmpxchg8_acq(&ptep->pte, newval.pte, oldval.pte) == oldval.pte;
+}
+#endif
+
static inline void
ptep_set_wrprotect (pte_t *ptep)
{
@@ -554,10 +574,14 @@
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_DIRTY
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_XCHG
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MKDIRTY
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_OFFSET_GATE
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CMPXCHG
+#endif
#include <asm-generic/pgtable.h>

#endif /* _ASM_IA64_PGTABLE_H */
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/proc/array.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/fs/proc/array.c 2004-08-25 10:50:01.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/proc/array.c 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -389,7 +389,7 @@
jiffies_to_clock_t(task->it_real_value),
start_time,
vsize,
- mm ? mm->rss : 0, /* you might want to shift this left 3 */
+ mm ? (unsigned long)atomic_read(&mm->mm_rss) : 0, /* you might want to shift this left 3 */
task->rlim[RLIMIT_RSS].rlim_cur,
mm ? mm->start_code : 0,
mm ? mm->end_code : 0,
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/binfmt_elf.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/fs/binfmt_elf.c 2004-08-25 10:50:04.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/fs/binfmt_elf.c 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -705,7 +705,7 @@

/* Do this so that we can load the interpreter, if need be. We will
change some of these later */
- current->mm->rss = 0;
+ atomic_set(&current->mm->mm_rss, 0);
current->mm->free_area_cache = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;
retval = setup_arg_pages(bprm, executable_stack);
if (retval < 0) {
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-ia64/tlb.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/asm-ia64/tlb.h 2004-08-25 10:50:10.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-ia64/tlb.h 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/machvec.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
# define FREE_PTE_NR 2048
@@ -160,11 +161,11 @@
{
unsigned long freed = tlb->freed;
struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm;
- unsigned long rss = mm->rss;
+ unsigned long rss = atomic_read(&mm->mm_rss);

if (rss < freed)
freed = rss;
- mm->rss = rss - freed;
+ atomic_set(&mm->mm_rss, rss - freed);
/*
* Note: tlb->nr may be 0 at this point, so we can't rely on tlb->start_addr and
* tlb->end_addr.
Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-i386/pgalloc.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/include/asm-i386/pgalloc.h 2004-08-25 10:50:11.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/include/asm-i386/pgalloc.h 2004-08-25 11:11:15.000000000 -0700
@@ -7,6 +7,8 @@
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/mm.h> /* for struct page */

+#define PMD_NONE 0
+
#define pmd_populate_kernel(mm, pmd, pte) \
set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(_PAGE_TABLE + __pa(pte)))

@@ -16,6 +18,14 @@
((unsigned long long)page_to_pfn(pte) <<
(unsigned long long) PAGE_SHIFT)));
}
+
+static inline int pmd_test_and_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, struct page *pte)
+{
+ return cmpxchg( ((unsigned long *)pmd), _PAGE_TABLE +
+ ((unsigned long long)page_to_pfn(pte) <<
+ (unsigned long long) PAGE_SHIFT), PMD_NONE) == PMD_NONE;
+}
+
/*
* Allocate and free page tables.
*/
@@ -49,6 +59,7 @@
#define pmd_free(x) do { } while (0)
#define __pmd_free_tlb(tlb,x) do { } while (0)
#define pgd_populate(mm, pmd, pte) BUG()
+#define pgd_test_and_populate(mm, pmd, pte) ({ BUG(); 1; })

#define check_pgt_cache() do { } while (0)

Index: linux-2.6.9-rc1/mm/rmap.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.9-rc1.orig/mm/rmap.c 2004-08-25 10:50:14.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.9-rc1/mm/rmap.c 2004-08-25 10:53:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -203,7 +203,7 @@
pte_t *pte;
int referenced = 0;

- if (!mm->rss)
+ if (!atomic_read(&mm->mm_rss))
goto out;
address = vma_address(page, vma);
if (address == -EFAULT)
@@ -335,7 +335,10 @@
* @vma: the vm area in which the mapping is added
* @address: the user virtual address mapped
*
- * The caller needs to hold the mm->page_table_lock.
+ * The caller needs to hold the mm->page_table_lock if page
+ * is pointing to something that is known by the vm.
+ * The lock does not need to be held if page is pointing
+ * to a newly allocated page.
*/
void page_add_anon_rmap(struct page *page,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address)
@@ -434,7 +437,7 @@
pte_t pteval;
int ret = SWAP_AGAIN;

- if (!mm->rss)
+ if (!atomic_read(&mm->mm_rss))
goto out;
address = vma_address(page, vma);
if (address == -EFAULT)
@@ -496,11 +499,6 @@

/* Nuke the page table entry. */
flush_cache_page(vma, address);
- pteval = ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, pte);
-
- /* Move the dirty bit to the physical page now the pte is gone. */
- if (pte_dirty(pteval))
- set_page_dirty(page);

if (PageAnon(page)) {
swp_entry_t entry = { .val = page->private };
@@ -510,11 +508,16 @@
*/
BUG_ON(!PageSwapCache(page));
swap_duplicate(entry);
- set_pte(pte, swp_entry_to_pte(entry));
+ pteval = ptep_xchg_flush(vma, address, pte, swp_entry_to_pte(entry));
BUG_ON(pte_file(*pte));
- }
+ } else
+ pteval = ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, pte);

- mm->rss--;
+ /* Move the dirty bit to the physical page now the pte is gone. */
+ if (pte_dirty(pteval))
+ set_page_dirty(page);
+
+ atomic_dec(&mm->mm_rss);
BUG_ON(!page->mapcount);
page->mapcount--;
page_cache_release(page);
@@ -604,11 +607,12 @@

/* Nuke the page table entry. */
flush_cache_page(vma, address);
- pteval = ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, pte);

/* If nonlinear, store the file page offset in the pte. */
if (page->index != linear_page_index(vma, address))
- set_pte(pte, pgoff_to_pte(page->index));
+ pteval = ptep_xchg_flush(vma, address, pte, pgoff_to_pte(page->index));
+ else
+ pteval = ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, pte);

/* Move the dirty bit to the physical page now the pte is gone. */
if (pte_dirty(pteval))
@@ -616,7 +620,7 @@

page_remove_rmap(page);
page_cache_release(page);
- mm->rss--;
+ atomic_dec(&mm->mm_rss);
(*mapcount)--;
}

@@ -716,7 +720,7 @@
if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED|VM_RESERVED))
continue;
cursor = (unsigned long) vma->vm_private_data;
- while (vma->vm_mm->rss &&
+ while (atomic_read(&vma->vm_mm->mm_rss) &&
cursor < max_nl_cursor &&
cursor < vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) {
ret = try_to_unmap_cluster(
-
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