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SubjectRe: kernbench on 512p
Jesse Barnes wrote:

>Looks like a bit more context has changed. Manfred, care to respin against
>-mm3 so I can test?
>
>
>
The patches are attached. Just boot-tested on a single-cpu system.

Three changes:
- I've placed the per-group structure into rcu_state. That's simpler but
wrong: the state should be allocated from node-local memory, not a big
global array.
- I found a bug/race in the cpu_offline path: When the last cpu of a
group goes offline then the group must be forced into quiescent state.
The "&& (!forced)" was missing.
- I've removed the spin_unlock_wait(). It was intended to synchronize
cpu_online_mask changes with the calculation of ->outstanding. Paul
convinced me that this is not necessary.

--
Manfred
--- 2.6/kernel/rcupdate.c 2004-08-20 19:59:22.000000000 +0200
+++ build-2.6/kernel/rcupdate.c 2004-08-20 20:46:35.952639280 +0200
@@ -237,14 +237,29 @@
* Clear it from the cpu mask and complete the grace period if it was the last
* cpu. Start another grace period if someone has further entries pending
*/
-static void cpu_quiet(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_state *rsp)
+static void cpu_quiet(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_state *rsp,
+ struct rcu_data *rdp, int force)
{
+ spin_lock(&rsp->lock);
+
+ if (unlikely(rcp->completed == rcp->cur))
+ goto out_unlock;
+ /*
+ * RCU_quiescbatch/batch.cur and the cpu bitmap can come out of sync
+ * during cpu startup. Ignore the quiescent state if that happened.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(rdp->quiescbatch != rcp->cur) && likely(!force))
+ goto out_unlock;
+
cpu_clear(cpu, rsp->cpumask);
if (cpus_empty(rsp->cpumask)) {
/* batch completed ! */
rcp->completed = rcp->cur;
rcu_start_batch(rcp, rsp, 0);
}
+out_unlock:
+ spin_unlock(&rsp->lock);
+
}

/*
@@ -279,15 +294,7 @@
return;
rdp->qs_pending = 0;

- spin_lock(&rsp->lock);
- /*
- * rdp->quiescbatch/rcp->cur and the cpu bitmap can come out of sync
- * during cpu startup. Ignore the quiescent state.
- */
- if (likely(rdp->quiescbatch == rcp->cur))
- cpu_quiet(rdp->cpu, rcp, rsp);
-
- spin_unlock(&rsp->lock);
+ cpu_quiet(rdp->cpu, rcp, rsp, rdp, 0);
}


@@ -314,10 +321,10 @@
* we can block indefinitely waiting for it, so flush
* it here
*/
- spin_lock_bh(&rsp->lock);
- if (rcp->cur != rcp->completed)
- cpu_quiet(rdp->cpu, rcp, rsp);
- spin_unlock_bh(&rsp->lock);
+ local_bh_disable();
+ cpu_quiet(rdp->cpu, rcp, rsp, rdp, 1);
+ local_bh_enable();
+
rcu_move_batch(this_rdp, rdp->curlist, rdp->curtail);
rcu_move_batch(this_rdp, rdp->nxtlist, rdp->nxttail);
--- 2.6/kernel/rcupdate.c 2004-08-20 21:52:45.272210984 +0200
+++ build-2.6/kernel/rcupdate.c 2004-08-20 21:52:24.664343856 +0200
@@ -53,17 +53,59 @@
struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk =
{ .cur = -300, .completed = -300 , .lock = SEQCNT_ZERO };

+/* XXX Dummy - should belong into arch XXX */
+#define RCU_HUGE
+#define RCU_GROUP_SIZE 2
+/* XXX End of dummy XXX */
+
+#ifdef RCU_HUGE
+
+#define RCU_GROUPCOUNT ((NR_CPUS+RCU_GROUP_SIZE-1)/RCU_GROUP_SIZE)
+#define RCU_GROUP_CPUMASKLEN ((RCU_GROUP_SIZE+BITS_PER_LONG-1)/BITS_PER_LONG)
+#define RCU_GROUPMASKLEN ((NR_CPUS+RCU_GROUP_SIZE*BITS_PER_LONG-1)/(RCU_GROUP_SIZE*BITS_PER_LONG))
+
+struct rcu_group_state {
+ spinlock_t lock; /* Guard this struct */
+ long batchnum; /* batchnum this group is working on. Mitmatch with
+ * ctrlblk->cur means reinitialize outstanding to
+ * all active cpus in this group.
+ */
+ unsigned long outstanding[RCU_GROUP_CPUMASKLEN];
+} ____cacheline_maxaligned_in_smp;
+
+#endif
+
/* Bookkeeping of the progress of the grace period */
struct rcu_state {
spinlock_t lock; /* Guard this struct and writes to rcu_ctrlblk */
+#ifdef RCU_HUGE
+ long batchnum; /* batchnum the system is working on. Mismatch
+ * with rcu_ctrlblk.cur means reinitialize
+ * outstanding to all groups with active cpus
+ */
+ unsigned long outstanding[RCU_GROUPMASKLEN];
+ struct rcu_group_state groups[RCU_GROUPCOUNT];
+#else
cpumask_t cpumask; /* CPUs that need to switch in order */
/* for current batch to proceed. */
+#endif
};

-struct rcu_state rcu_state ____cacheline_maxaligned_in_smp =
- {.lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED, .cpumask = CPU_MASK_NONE };
-struct rcu_state rcu_bh_state ____cacheline_maxaligned_in_smp =
- {.lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED, .cpumask = CPU_MASK_NONE };
+#ifdef RCU_HUGE
+#define RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER \
+ { \
+ .lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED, \
+ .batchnum = -400, \
+ .groups = { [0 ... RCU_GROUPCOUNT-1] = \
+ { .lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED, .batchnum = -400 } } \
+ }
+
+#else
+#define RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER {.lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED, .cpumask = CPU_MASK_NONE }
+#endif
+
+struct rcu_state rcu_state ____cacheline_maxaligned_in_smp = RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER;
+struct rcu_state rcu_bh_state ____cacheline_maxaligned_in_smp = RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER;

DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_data) = { 0L };
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_bh_data) = { 0L };
@@ -223,8 +265,15 @@

if (rcp->next_pending &&
rcp->completed == rcp->cur) {
+#ifdef RCU_HUGE
+ /* Nothing to do: RCU_HUGE uses lazy initialization of the
+ * outstanding bitmap
+ */
+#else
+ /* FIXME: what does this comment mean? */
/* Can't change, since spin lock held. */
cpus_andnot(rsp->cpumask, cpu_online_map, nohz_cpu_mask);
+#endif
write_seqcount_begin(&rcp->lock);
rcp->next_pending = 0;
rcp->cur++;
@@ -237,6 +286,76 @@
* Clear it from the cpu mask and complete the grace period if it was the last
* cpu. Start another grace period if someone has further entries pending
*/
+#ifdef RCU_HUGE
+static void cpu_quiet(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_state *rsp,
+ struct rcu_data *rdp, int force)
+{
+ struct rcu_group_state *rgs;
+ long batch;
+ int i;
+
+ batch = rcp->cur;
+
+ rgs = &rsp->groups[cpu/RCU_GROUP_SIZE];
+
+ spin_lock(&rgs->lock);
+ if (rgs->batchnum != batch) {
+ int offset;
+ /* first call for this batch - initialize outstanding */
+ rgs->batchnum = batch;
+ memset(rgs->outstanding, 0, sizeof(rgs->outstanding));
+ offset = (cpu/RCU_GROUP_SIZE)*RCU_GROUP_SIZE;
+ for (i=0;i<RCU_GROUP_SIZE;i++) {
+ if (cpu_online(i+offset) && !cpu_isset(i+offset, nohz_cpu_mask))
+ __set_bit(i, rgs->outstanding);
+ }
+ }
+ if (unlikely(rdp->quiescbatch != rgs->batchnum) && likely(!force))
+ goto out_unlock_group;
+
+ __clear_bit(cpu%RCU_GROUP_SIZE, rgs->outstanding);
+ for (i=0;i<RCU_GROUP_CPUMASKLEN;i++) {
+ if (rgs->outstanding[i])
+ break;
+ }
+ if (i==RCU_GROUP_CPUMASKLEN) {
+ /* group completed, escalate to global level */
+ spin_lock(&rsp->lock);
+
+ if (rsp->batchnum != rcp->cur) {
+ /* first call for this batch - initialize outstanding */
+ rsp->batchnum = rcp->cur;
+ memset(rsp->outstanding, 0, sizeof(rsp->outstanding));
+
+ for (i=0;i<NR_CPUS;i+=RCU_GROUP_SIZE) {
+ int j;
+ for (j=0;j<RCU_GROUP_SIZE;j++) {
+ if (cpu_online(i+j) && !cpu_isset(i+j, nohz_cpu_mask))
+ break;
+ }
+ if (j != RCU_GROUP_SIZE)
+ __set_bit(i/RCU_GROUP_SIZE, rsp->outstanding);
+ }
+ }
+ if (unlikely(rgs->batchnum != rsp->batchnum) && likely(!force))
+ goto out_unlock_all;
+ __clear_bit(cpu/RCU_GROUP_SIZE, rsp->outstanding);
+ for (i=0;i<RCU_GROUPMASKLEN;i++) {
+ if (rsp->outstanding[i])
+ break;
+ }
+ if (i==RCU_GROUPMASKLEN) {
+ /* all groups completed, batch completed */
+ rcp->completed = rcp->cur;
+ rcu_start_batch(rcp, rsp, 0);
+ }
+out_unlock_all:
+ spin_unlock(&rcu_state.lock);
+ }
+out_unlock_group:
+ spin_unlock(&rgs->lock);
+}
+#else
static void cpu_quiet(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_state *rsp,
struct rcu_data *rdp, int force)
{
@@ -261,6 +380,7 @@
spin_unlock(&rsp->lock);

}
+#endif

/*
* Check if the cpu has gone through a quiescent state (say context
@@ -418,8 +538,25 @@
tasklet_schedule(&per_cpu(rcu_tasklet, cpu));
}

+#ifdef RCU_HUGE
+static void rcu_update_group(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
+ struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ int i, offset;
+ offset = (cpu/RCU_GROUP_SIZE)*RCU_GROUP_SIZE;
+ for (i=0;i<RCU_GROUP_SIZE;i++) {
+ if (cpu_online(i+offset) && !cpu_isset(i, nohz_cpu_mask))
+ break;
+ }
+ if (i == RCU_GROUP_SIZE) {
+ /* No cpu online from this group. Initialize batchnum. */
+ rsp->groups[cpu/RCU_GROUP_SIZE].batchnum = rcp->completed;
+ }
+}
+#endif
+
static void rcu_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
- struct rcu_data *rdp)
+ struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
memset(rdp, 0, sizeof(*rdp));
rdp->curtail = &rdp->curlist;
@@ -428,6 +565,9 @@
rdp->quiescbatch = rcp->completed;
rdp->qs_pending = 0;
rdp->cpu = cpu;
+#ifdef RCU_HUGE
+ rcu_update_group(cpu, rcp, rsp);
+#endif
}

static void __devinit rcu_online_cpu(int cpu)
@@ -435,8 +575,8 @@
struct rcu_data *rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_data, cpu);
struct rcu_data *bh_rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu);

- rcu_init_percpu_data(cpu, &rcu_ctrlblk, rdp);
- rcu_init_percpu_data(cpu, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk, bh_rdp);
+ rcu_init_percpu_data(cpu, &rcu_ctrlblk, &rcu_state, rdp);
+ rcu_init_percpu_data(cpu, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk, &rcu_bh_state, bh_rdp);
tasklet_init(&per_cpu(rcu_tasklet, cpu), rcu_process_callbacks, 0UL);
}
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