lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2004]   [Aug]   [19]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH] waitid system call
Roland,

> > Precisely what kernel version was the patch against?
>
> It is against 2.6.8.1.
>
> > I've (twice) tried applying the patch against 2.6.8.1 and building the
> > kernel. The build succeeds, but I am running into a strange kernel
panic
> > ("Unable to mount root fs") when I try to boot the resulting kernel.
> > (Compiling and booting 2.6.8.1 on the same x86 machine works fine.)
>
> Well, it sure works fine for me. Unless someone else can reproduce your
> issue, you'll have to look into it yourself. I don't discount the
> likelihood it's a bug caused by my patch, but such an error is so far
> afield that there is no way for me to guess at what you might be seeing.

Yes, I assumed it would work for you ;-). Sorry, I applied 2.6.8*
against an existing (near vanilla) 2.6.7 tree in which I didn't
realise I'd tweaked some file system support stuff. I've now
built against a truly vanilla 2.6.8.1 and it builds and boots
fine.

I've tested out various things (see below for a summary), and
all seems well, with one possible doubt. How can one
distinguish "no children to wait for case" and the "child
successfully waited for case" when using WNOHANG? SUSv3 is a
bit silent on this point, but the Solaris man page helpfully
says:

If WNOHANG was used, 0 can be returned (indicating
no error); however, no children may have changed state if
info->si_pid is 0.

And testing (program below), shows that this is indeed what
happens on Solaris 8. As things stand, this doesn't seem
to happen with your patch for Linux -- it would perhaps be nice
if it did. Here's what I see when I run the test program at the
end of this message (here, the command requests options as
WSTOPPED|WEXITED|WCONTINUED|WNOHANG, and creates two children
each of which for the specified number of seconds);

$ ./waitid_test secH 1 2
child 1 PID=28443 started
child 2 PID=28444 started
0: waitid() returned 0
si_pid=1073838904; si_uid=-1073746612; si_status=1
si_code=1073838488 (????); si_signo=-1073746624;
1: waitid() returned 0
si_pid=1073838904; si_uid=-1073746612; si_status=1
si_code=1073838488 (????); si_signo=-1073746624;
child 1 PID=28443 finished
1: waitid() returned 0
si_pid=28443; si_uid=500; si_status=0
si_code=1 (CLD_EXITED); si_signo=17;
2: waitid() returned 0
si_pid=28443; si_uid=500; si_status=0
si_code=1 (CLD_EXITED); si_signo=17;
child 2 PID=28444 finished
2: waitid() returned 0
si_pid=28444; si_uid=500; si_status=0
si_code=1 (CLD_EXITED); si_signo=17;
waitid: No child processes

On Solaris 8, the 1st, 2nd, and 4th waitid() calls
return si_pid == 0.

Cheers,

Michael



OTHER TESTS (all successful)
===========

1. WSTOPPED
tested by sending SIGSTOP to child -- WORKS
info.si_signo set to 17 (SIGCHLD)
info.so_pid set to PID of child
info.si_uid set to UID of child
info.si_status set to 0x13 (signalled 19, SIGSTOP)
info.si_code set to 5 (CLD_STOPPED)

tested by sending SIGTSTP to child -- WORKS
info.si_signo set to 17 (SIGCHLD)
info.so_pid set to PID of child
info.si_uid set to UID of child
info.si_status set to 0x14 (signalled 20, SIGTSTP)
info.si_code set to 5 (CLD_STOPPED)

2. WCONTINUED -- WORKS
info.si_signo set to 17 (SIGCHLD)
info.so_pid set to PID of child
info.si_uid set to UID of child
info.si_status set to 0x12 (signalled 18, SIGCONT)
info.si_code set to 6 (CLD_CONTINUED)

3. WEXITED
tested termination by signal SIGKILL -- WORKS
info.si_signo set to 17 (SIGCHLD)
info.so_pid set to PID of child
info.si_uid set to UID of child
info.si_status set to 0x9 (signalled 9, SIGKILL)
info.si_code set to 2 (CLD_KILLED)

tested for normal process termination (exit(0)) –- WORKS
info.si_signo set to 17 (SIGCHLD)
info.so_pid set to PID of child
info.si_uid set to UID of child
info.si_status set to 0x0 (exited, status 0)
info.si_code set to 1 (CLD_EXITED)

tested for normal process termination (exit(1)) –- WORKS
info.si_signo set to 17 (SIGCHLD)
info.so_pid set to PID of child
info.si_uid set to UID of child
info.si_status set to 0x1 (exited, status 1)
info.si_code set to 1 (CLD_EXITED)

4. Waiting for combinations of WCONTINUED, WEXITED, WSTOPPED: works

5. Waiting for one of WCONTINUED, WEXITED, WSTOPPED while child
undergoes a state transition in another category
(e.g., waiting for WEXITED and child is stopped by a signal)

WORKS (waitid() remains blocked)

6. WNOWAIT -- leaves child in waitable state -- WORKS

Tested for WCONTINUED, WEXITED (normal and abnormal termination),
and WSTOPPED transitions

7. Create multiple process groups; select of child by process
group (idtype == P_PGID) -- WORKS

8. Selection of one child out of several by PID
(idtype == P_PID) – WORKS

9. Selection of any child (idtype == P_ALL) -- WORKS

10. No child -– WORKS (returns errno set to ECHILD)



TEXT PROGRAM
============

/* waitid_test.c

Michael Kerrisk, Aug 2004
*/

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>

#define errMsg(msg) { perror(msg); }

#define errExit(msg) { perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); }

#ifdef __linux__

#include <syscall.h>

#define __NR_waitid 284 /* Syscall number on x86 */

_syscall4(int, waitid, idtype_t, __idtype, __id_t, __id,
siginfo_t *, __infop, int, __options)

#define WSTOPPED WUNTRACED
#define WEXITED 0x00000004
#define WCONTINUED 0x00000008
#define WNOWAIT 0x01000000

#endif

static void
child(int cnum, int nsecs)
{
printf("child %d PID=%ld started\n", cnum, (long) getpid());
sleep(nsecs);
printf("child %d PID=%ld finished\n", cnum, (long) getpid());
} /* child */

int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
siginfo_t info;
int options, j, s;
char *p;
time_t start;

start = time(NULL);

if (argc < 3) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s {escnW} child-secs...\n", argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

options = 0;

for (p = argv[1]; *p != '\0'; p++) {
if (*p == 'e') options |= WEXITED;
else if (*p == 's') options |= WSTOPPED;
else if (*p == 'c') options |= WCONTINUED;
else if (*p == 'H') options |= WNOHANG;
else if (*p == 'W') options |= WNOWAIT;
}

for (j = 2; j < argc; j++) {
switch (fork()) {
case -1:
errExit("fork");

case 0:
child(j - 1, atoi(argv[j]));
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);

default:
break;
}
}

for (;;) {
s = waitid(P_ALL, 0, &info, options);
if (s == -1)
errExit("waitid");

printf("%3ld: waitid() returned %d\n",
(long) (time(NULL) - start), s);
printf(" si_pid=%ld; ", (long) info.si_pid);
printf("si_uid=%ld; ", (long) info.si_uid);
printf("si_status=%ld\n", (long) info.si_status);
printf(" si_code=%ld ", (long) info.si_code);
printf(" (%s); ",
(info.si_code == CLD_EXITED) ? "CLD_EXITED" :
(info.si_code == CLD_KILLED) ? "CLD_KILLED" :
(info.si_code == CLD_DUMPED) ? "CLD_DUMPED" :
(info.si_code == CLD_TRAPPED) ? "CLD_TRAPPED" :
(info.si_code == CLD_STOPPED) ? "CLD_STOPPED" :
(info.si_code == CLD_CONTINUED) ? "CLD_CONTINUED" :
"????"
);
printf("si_signo=%ld;\n", (long) info.si_signo);

if ((options & WNOHANG) != 0)
usleep(500000); /* Just slow things down a little */
}
} /* main */

--
NEU: Bis zu 10 GB Speicher für e-mails & Dateien!
1 GB bereits bei GMX FreeMail http://www.gmx.net/de/go/mail

-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-03-22 14:05    [W:0.056 / U:3.252 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site