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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/4] Add sysfs_dirent

oops, very sorry for the repeate telecase... Andrew will curse me if I
use bad subject line.. Please discard the last one.



o This patch introduces the new sysfs_dirent data structure. The sysfs_dirent
is added to the dentry corresponding to each of the element which can be
represented in sysfs like, kobject (directory), text or binary attributes
(files), attribute groups (directory) and symlinks.

o It uses dentry's d_fsdata field to attach the corresponding sysfs_dirent.

o The sysfs_dirents are maintained in a tree of all the sysfs entries using the
s_children and s_sibling list pointers.

o This patch also changes how we access attributes and kobjects in
file_operations from a given dentry, basically introducing one more level of
indirection.

o The sysfs_dirents are freed and the sysfs_dirent tree is updated accordingly
upon the deletion of corresponding dentry. The sysfs dirents are kept alive
as long as there is corresponding dentry around. The are freed when the
dentry is finally out of dcache using the ->d_iput() method.

o This also fixes the dentry leaks in case of error paths after sysfs has
got a newly alocated (and hashed) dentry from sysfs_get_dentry() by
d_drop()'ing the dentry.


fs/sysfs/bin.c | 14 ++++----
fs/sysfs/dir.c | 84 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
fs/sysfs/file.c | 25 ++++++++------
fs/sysfs/group.c | 4 +-
fs/sysfs/inode.c | 10 ++++-
fs/sysfs/mount.c | 8 ++++
fs/sysfs/symlink.c | 39 ++++++++++++++++++++---
fs/sysfs/sysfs.h | 39 +++++++++++++++++++----
include/linux/sysfs.h | 19 +++++++++++
9 files changed, 204 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

diff -puN include/linux/sysfs.h~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent include/linux/sysfs.h
--- linux-2.6.8-rc4/include/linux/sysfs.h~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.8-rc4-maneesh/include/linux/sysfs.h 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
@@ -9,6 +9,8 @@
#ifndef _SYSFS_H_
#define _SYSFS_H_

+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+
struct kobject;
struct module;

@@ -57,6 +59,23 @@ struct sysfs_ops {
ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *,struct attribute *,const char *, size_t);
};

+struct sysfs_dirent {
+ atomic_t s_count;
+ struct list_head s_sibling;
+ struct list_head s_children;
+ void * s_element;
+ int s_type;
+ umode_t s_mode;
+ struct dentry * s_dentry;
+};
+
+#define SYSFS_ROOT 0x0001
+#define SYSFS_DIR 0x0002
+#define SYSFS_KOBJ_ATTR 0x0004
+#define SYSFS_KOBJ_BIN_ATTR 0x0008
+#define SYSFS_KOBJ_LINK 0x0020
+#define SYSFS_NOT_PINNED (SYSFS_KOBJ_ATTR | SYSFS_KOBJ_BIN_ATTR | SYSFS_KOBJ_LINK)
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS

extern int
diff -puN fs/sysfs/dir.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent fs/sysfs/dir.c
--- linux-2.6.8-rc4/fs/sysfs/dir.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.8-rc4-maneesh/fs/sysfs/dir.c 2004-08-10 15:15:37.000000000 -0500
@@ -12,6 +12,61 @@

DECLARE_RWSEM(sysfs_rename_sem);

+static void sysfs_d_iput(struct dentry * dentry, struct inode * inode)
+{
+ struct sysfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata;
+
+ if (sd) {
+ BUG_ON(sd->s_dentry != dentry);
+ sd->s_dentry = NULL;
+ release_sysfs_dirent(sd);
+ }
+ iput(inode);
+}
+
+static struct dentry_operations sysfs_dentry_ops = {
+ .d_iput = sysfs_d_iput,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Allocates a new sysfs_dirent and links it to the parent sysfs_dirent
+ */
+static struct sysfs_dirent * sysfs_new_dirent(struct sysfs_dirent * parent_sd,
+ void * element)
+{
+ struct sysfs_dirent * sd;
+
+ sd = kmalloc(sizeof(*sd), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!sd)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ memset(sd, 0, sizeof(*sd));
+ atomic_set(&sd->s_count, 1);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sd->s_children);
+ list_add(&sd->s_sibling, &parent_sd->s_children);
+ sd->s_element = element;
+
+ return sd;
+}
+
+int sysfs_make_dirent(struct sysfs_dirent * parent_sd, struct dentry * dentry,
+ void * element, umode_t mode, int type)
+{
+ struct sysfs_dirent * sd;
+
+ sd = sysfs_new_dirent(parent_sd, element);
+ if (!sd)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ sd->s_mode = mode;
+ sd->s_type = type;
+ sd->s_dentry = dentry;
+ dentry->d_fsdata = sd;
+ dentry->d_op = &sysfs_dentry_ops;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static int init_dir(struct inode * inode)
{
inode->i_op = &simple_dir_inode_operations;
@@ -27,17 +82,20 @@ static int create_dir(struct kobject * k
const char * n, struct dentry ** d)
{
int error;
+ umode_t mode = S_IFDIR| S_IRWXU | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO;

down(&p->d_inode->i_sem);
*d = sysfs_get_dentry(p,n);
if (!IS_ERR(*d)) {
- error = sysfs_create(*d,
- S_IFDIR| S_IRWXU | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO,
- init_dir);
+ error = sysfs_create(*d, mode, init_dir);
if (!error) {
- (*d)->d_fsdata = k;
- p->d_inode->i_nlink++;
+ error = sysfs_make_dirent(p->d_fsdata, *d, k, mode,
+ SYSFS_DIR);
+ if (!error)
+ p->d_inode->i_nlink++;
}
+ if (error)
+ d_drop(*d);
dput(*d);
} else
error = PTR_ERR(*d);
@@ -63,8 +121,7 @@ int sysfs_create_dir(struct kobject * ko
struct dentry * parent;
int error = 0;

- if (!kobj)
- return -EINVAL;
+ BUG_ON(!kobj);

if (kobj->parent)
parent = kobj->parent->dentry;
@@ -83,8 +140,12 @@ int sysfs_create_dir(struct kobject * ko
static void remove_dir(struct dentry * d)
{
struct dentry * parent = dget(d->d_parent);
+ struct sysfs_dirent * sd;
+
down(&parent->d_inode->i_sem);
d_delete(d);
+ sd = d->d_fsdata;
+ list_del_init(&sd->s_sibling);
if (d->d_inode)
simple_rmdir(parent->d_inode,d);

@@ -130,6 +191,7 @@ restart:
node = node->next;
pr_debug(" o %s (%d): ",d->d_name.name,atomic_read(&d->d_count));
if (!d_unhashed(d) && (d->d_inode)) {
+ struct sysfs_dirent * sd = d->d_fsdata;
d = dget_locked(d);
pr_debug("removing");

@@ -142,8 +204,9 @@ restart:
* a symlink
*/
if (S_ISLNK(d->d_inode->i_mode))
- kobject_put(d->d_fsdata);
+ kobject_put(sd->s_element);

+ list_del_init(&sd->s_sibling);
simple_unlink(dentry->d_inode,d);
dput(d);
pr_debug(" done\n");
@@ -184,7 +247,10 @@ int sysfs_rename_dir(struct kobject * ko
error = kobject_set_name(kobj,new_name);
if (!error)
d_move(kobj->dentry, new_dentry);
- }
+ else
+ d_drop(new_dentry);
+ } else
+ error = -EEXIST;
dput(new_dentry);
}
up(&parent->d_inode->i_sem);
diff -puN fs/sysfs/file.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent fs/sysfs/file.c
--- linux-2.6.8-rc4/fs/sysfs/file.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.8-rc4-maneesh/fs/sysfs/file.c 2004-08-10 15:10:36.000000000 -0500
@@ -346,19 +346,22 @@ static struct file_operations sysfs_file
};


-int sysfs_add_file(struct dentry * dir, const struct attribute * attr)
+int sysfs_add_file(struct dentry * dir, const struct attribute * attr, int type)
{
struct dentry * dentry;
- int error;
+ struct sysfs_dirent * parent_sd = dir->d_fsdata;
+ umode_t mode = (attr->mode & S_IALLUGO) | S_IFREG;
+ int error = 0;

down(&dir->d_inode->i_sem);
dentry = sysfs_get_dentry(dir,attr->name);
if (!IS_ERR(dentry)) {
- error = sysfs_create(dentry,
- (attr->mode & S_IALLUGO) | S_IFREG,
- init_file);
+ error = sysfs_create(dentry, mode, init_file);
if (!error)
- dentry->d_fsdata = (void *)attr;
+ error = sysfs_make_dirent(parent_sd, dentry,
+ (void *) attr, mode, type);
+ if (error)
+ d_drop(dentry);
dput(dentry);
} else
error = PTR_ERR(dentry);
@@ -375,9 +378,10 @@ int sysfs_add_file(struct dentry * dir,

int sysfs_create_file(struct kobject * kobj, const struct attribute * attr)
{
- if (kobj && attr)
- return sysfs_add_file(kobj->dentry,attr);
- return -EINVAL;
+ BUG_ON(!kobj || !kobj->dentry || !attr);
+
+ return sysfs_add_file(kobj->dentry, attr, SYSFS_KOBJ_ATTR);
+
}


@@ -409,7 +413,8 @@ int sysfs_update_file(struct kobject * k
*/
dput(victim);
res = 0;
- }
+ } else
+ d_drop(victim);

/**
* Drop the reference acquired from sysfs_get_dentry() above.
diff -puN fs/sysfs/bin.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent fs/sysfs/bin.c
--- linux-2.6.8-rc4/fs/sysfs/bin.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.8-rc4-maneesh/fs/sysfs/bin.c 2004-08-10 15:10:36.000000000 -0500
@@ -160,24 +160,26 @@ int sysfs_create_bin_file(struct kobject
{
struct dentry * dentry;
struct dentry * parent;
+ umode_t mode = (attr->attr.mode & S_IALLUGO) | S_IFREG;
int error = 0;

- if (!kobj || !attr)
- return -EINVAL;
+ BUG_ON(!kobj || !kobj->dentry || !attr);

parent = kobj->dentry;

down(&parent->d_inode->i_sem);
dentry = sysfs_get_dentry(parent,attr->attr.name);
if (!IS_ERR(dentry)) {
- dentry->d_fsdata = (void *)attr;
- error = sysfs_create(dentry,
- (attr->attr.mode & S_IALLUGO) | S_IFREG,
- NULL);
+ error = sysfs_create(dentry, mode, NULL);
if (!error) {
dentry->d_inode->i_size = attr->size;
dentry->d_inode->i_fop = &bin_fops;
+ error = sysfs_make_dirent(parent->d_fsdata, dentry,
+ (void *) attr, mode,
+ SYSFS_KOBJ_BIN_ATTR);
}
+ if (error)
+ d_drop(dentry);
dput(dentry);
} else
error = PTR_ERR(dentry);
diff -puN fs/sysfs/group.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent fs/sysfs/group.c
--- linux-2.6.8-rc4/fs/sysfs/group.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.8-rc4-maneesh/fs/sysfs/group.c 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ static int create_files(struct dentry *
int error = 0;

for (attr = grp->attrs; *attr && !error; attr++) {
- error = sysfs_add_file(dir,*attr);
+ error = sysfs_add_file(dir, *attr, SYSFS_KOBJ_ATTR);
}
if (error)
remove_files(dir,grp);
@@ -45,6 +45,8 @@ int sysfs_create_group(struct kobject *
struct dentry * dir;
int error;

+ BUG_ON(!kobj || !kobj->dentry);
+
if (grp->name) {
error = sysfs_create_subdir(kobj,grp->name,&dir);
if (error)
diff -puN fs/sysfs/mount.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent fs/sysfs/mount.c
--- linux-2.6.8-rc4/fs/sysfs/mount.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.8-rc4-maneesh/fs/sysfs/mount.c 2004-08-10 15:12:07.000000000 -0500
@@ -22,6 +22,13 @@ static struct super_operations sysfs_ops
.drop_inode = generic_delete_inode,
};

+struct sysfs_dirent sysfs_root = {
+ .s_sibling = LIST_HEAD_INIT(sysfs_root.s_sibling),
+ .s_children = LIST_HEAD_INIT(sysfs_root.s_children),
+ .s_element = NULL,
+ .s_type = SYSFS_ROOT,
+};
+
static int sysfs_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
{
struct inode *inode;
@@ -50,6 +57,7 @@ static int sysfs_fill_super(struct super
iput(inode);
return -ENOMEM;
}
+ root->d_fsdata = &sysfs_root;
sb->s_root = root;
return 0;
}
diff -puN fs/sysfs/sysfs.h~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent fs/sysfs/sysfs.h
--- linux-2.6.8-rc4/fs/sysfs/sysfs.h~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.8-rc4-maneesh/fs/sysfs/sysfs.h 2004-08-10 15:15:37.000000000 -0500
@@ -4,9 +4,11 @@ extern struct vfsmount * sysfs_mount;
extern struct inode * sysfs_new_inode(mode_t mode);
extern int sysfs_create(struct dentry *, int mode, int (*init)(struct inode *));

+extern int sysfs_make_dirent(struct sysfs_dirent *, struct dentry *, void *,
+ umode_t, int);
extern struct dentry * sysfs_get_dentry(struct dentry *, const char *);

-extern int sysfs_add_file(struct dentry * dir, const struct attribute * attr);
+extern int sysfs_add_file(struct dentry *, const struct attribute *, int);
extern void sysfs_hash_and_remove(struct dentry * dir, const char * name);

extern int sysfs_create_subdir(struct kobject *, const char *, struct dentry **);
@@ -16,19 +18,27 @@ extern int sysfs_readlink(struct dentry
extern int sysfs_follow_link(struct dentry *, struct nameidata *);
extern struct rw_semaphore sysfs_rename_sem;

+struct sysfs_symlink {
+ char * link_name;
+ struct kobject * target_kobj;
+};
+
static inline struct kobject * to_kobj(struct dentry * dentry)
{
- return ((struct kobject *) dentry->d_fsdata);
+ struct sysfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata;
+ return ((struct kobject *) sd->s_element);
}

static inline struct attribute * to_attr(struct dentry * dentry)
{
- return ((struct attribute *) dentry->d_fsdata);
+ struct sysfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata;
+ return ((struct attribute *) sd->s_element);
}

static inline struct bin_attribute * to_bin_attr(struct dentry * dentry)
{
- return ((struct bin_attribute *) dentry->d_fsdata);
+ struct sysfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata;
+ return ((struct bin_attribute *) sd->s_element);
}

static inline struct kobject *sysfs_get_kobject(struct dentry *dentry)
@@ -36,10 +46,27 @@ static inline struct kobject *sysfs_get_
struct kobject * kobj = NULL;

spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
- if (!d_unhashed(dentry))
- kobj = kobject_get(to_kobj(dentry));
+ if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) {
+ struct sysfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata;
+ if (sd->s_type & SYSFS_KOBJ_LINK) {
+ struct sysfs_symlink * sl = sd->s_element;
+ kobj = kobject_get(sl->target_kobj);
+ } else
+ kobj = kobject_get(sd->s_element);
+ }
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);

return kobj;
}

+static inline void release_sysfs_dirent(struct sysfs_dirent * sd)
+{
+ if (sd->s_type & SYSFS_KOBJ_LINK) {
+ struct sysfs_symlink * sl = sd->s_element;
+ kfree(sl->link_name);
+ kobject_put(sl->target_kobj);
+ kfree(sl);
+ }
+ kfree(sd);
+}
+
diff -puN fs/sysfs/symlink.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent fs/sysfs/symlink.c
--- linux-2.6.8-rc4/fs/sysfs/symlink.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.8-rc4-maneesh/fs/sysfs/symlink.c 2004-08-10 15:10:36.000000000 -0500
@@ -53,6 +53,36 @@ static void fill_object_path(struct kobj
}
}

+static int sysfs_add_link(struct dentry * dentry, char * name, struct kobject * target)
+{
+ struct sysfs_dirent * parent_sd = dentry->d_parent->d_fsdata;
+ struct sysfs_symlink * sl;
+ int error = 0;
+
+ error = -ENOMEM;
+ sl = kmalloc(sizeof(*sl), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!sl)
+ goto exit1;
+
+ sl->link_name = kmalloc(strlen(name) + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!sl->link_name)
+ goto exit2;
+
+ strcpy(sl->link_name, name);
+ sl->target_kobj = kobject_get(target);
+
+ error = sysfs_make_dirent(parent_sd, dentry, sl, S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO,
+ SYSFS_KOBJ_LINK);
+ if (!error)
+ return 0;
+
+ kfree(sl->link_name);
+exit2:
+ kfree(sl);
+exit1:
+ return error;
+}
+
/**
* sysfs_create_link - create symlink between two objects.
* @kobj: object whose directory we're creating the link in.
@@ -65,15 +95,16 @@ int sysfs_create_link(struct kobject * k
struct dentry * d;
int error = 0;

+ BUG_ON(!kobj || !kobj->dentry || !name);
+
down(&dentry->d_inode->i_sem);
d = sysfs_get_dentry(dentry,name);
if (!IS_ERR(d)) {
error = sysfs_create(d, S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO, init_symlink);
if (!error)
- /*
- * associate the link dentry with the target kobject
- */
- d->d_fsdata = kobject_get(target);
+ error = sysfs_add_link(d, name, target);
+ if (error)
+ d_drop(d);
dput(d);
} else
error = PTR_ERR(d);
diff -puN fs/sysfs/inode.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent fs/sysfs/inode.c
--- linux-2.6.8-rc4/fs/sysfs/inode.c~sysfs-backing-store-add-sysfs_dirent 2004-08-10 15:09:13.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.8-rc4-maneesh/fs/sysfs/inode.c 2004-08-10 15:15:37.000000000 -0500
@@ -11,6 +11,8 @@
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
+#include "sysfs.h"
+
extern struct super_block * sysfs_sb;

static struct address_space_operations sysfs_aops = {
@@ -91,6 +93,7 @@ struct dentry * sysfs_get_dentry(struct
void sysfs_hash_and_remove(struct dentry * dir, const char * name)
{
struct dentry * victim;
+ struct sysfs_dirent * sd;

down(&dir->d_inode->i_sem);
victim = sysfs_get_dentry(dir,name);
@@ -101,14 +104,17 @@ void sysfs_hash_and_remove(struct dentry
pr_debug("sysfs: Removing %s (%d)\n", victim->d_name.name,
atomic_read(&victim->d_count));

+ sd = victim->d_fsdata;
d_drop(victim);
/* release the target kobject in case of
* a symlink
*/
if (S_ISLNK(victim->d_inode->i_mode))
- kobject_put(victim->d_fsdata);
+ kobject_put(sd->s_element);
+ list_del_init(&sd->s_sibling);
simple_unlink(dir->d_inode,victim);
- }
+ } else
+ d_drop(victim);
/*
* Drop reference from sysfs_get_dentry() above.
*/
_
--
Maneesh Soni
Linux Technology Center,
IBM Austin
email: maneesh@in.ibm.com
Phone: 1-512-838-1896 Fax:
T/L : 6781896
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