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SubjectRe: EDD enhanchement patch
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Il mer, 2004-07-07 alle 19:40, Andries Brouwer ha scritto:
> On Tue, Jul 06, 2004 at 06:53:28PM +0200, Frediano Ziglio wrote:
>
> > This patch add support for DTPE data in EDD and mbr_signature. This
> > patch do not solve fdisk problems but can help these programs to compute
> > correct head count.
>
>
> Thanks!
>
> (Please, do not gzip - it is much easier to look at the patch
> when it is not gzipped, and not hidden in an attachment.
> Also for later, for searching things with Google or so, simple
> letters are preferable.)
>

Updated online patch sent.

> See that Matt Domsch looked at the code. Good. He wrote
> "I don't think this is quite ready to include yet,
> but I'm not philosophically opposed to it, so let's work it out.
> First, I want to understand what information in the DPTE you need.
> I assume byte offset 4, bit 6 (LBA enable), and bytes 10-11 bit 3
> (CHS translation enabled) and bit 4 (LBA translation enabled), yes?
> How are you expecting tools like fdisk to use this information?"
>
> Let me give my answers. No I am not opposed to it, philosophically
> or otherwise. It is easiest not to think about what parts might be useful -
> next week you might think of some other use. Just fetch all available
> information and make it available to user space without looking at it.
> (There is a checksum. A revision number. A bit "removable". A Master/Slave bit...)
>
> All this stuff is not very useful. But in some cases it helps.
>

Did anyone forget about first fields? base-port and control-port ? It
you have an IDE disks they correspond with IDE port and with slave bit
you can know exactly witch disk is. EDD 3.0 it's not required cause it's
EDD 2.0 (supported by most recent BIOSes).

> Long ago I did something similar. Let me see whether I can retrieve that.
> Ah, yes. "Collection of BIOS disk info, aeb, Feb 1999"
> See http://ftp.cwi.nl/aeb/getbios/2.2.2.patch-HDIO_GETBIOS
>
> +! Try to collect all disk information the BIOS can give us.
> +! Such information is difficult to interpret:
> +! We don't know whether hd0, hd1, ... are IDE or SCSI disks.
> +! Some disks may not be mentioned in the BIOS setup and will
> +! probably not be seen here.
> +! So, instead of trying to make sense of this, we make the
> +! collected information available by ioctl to user space.
> +!
> +! Layout collected disk data (where DD stands for disk_data)
> +! 0x0080-0x008f: hd0 data, from int 41
> +! 0x0090-0x009f: hd1 data, from int 46
> +! DD[0x000-0x02f]: data following int 41 table, possibly hd1..3
> +! DD[0x030-0x0af]: hd0..15 geometry, from int 13, fn 15, 8
> +! DD[0x0b0-0x1f8]: hd0..3 Phoenix data, from int 13, fn 41,48
> +! Phoenix data has extensive info but takes a lot of space
> +! For the moment for 4 disks only
>
> It looks like this is about what Matt and Patrick and you have.
> Matt also has something new and very useful: these 4-byte disk signatures.
> As additional info I had this "data following int 41 table".
> Marginally useful, but it sometimes helps.
>

2.4 read also CMOS. Just a bit of story: first BIOSes only support fixed
disks settings. Later on they introduced dynamic settings (manually
enter physical C/H/S values). EIDE introduce C/H/S detection. When disks
raise in size BIOSes introduced C/H/S translation. Newer BIOS introduced
setting to select if init first SCSI or IDE, which IDE disk to start,
cdrom, USB, LS-120 and even pcmcia!! SCSI it's always a BIOS extension
(another peace of code) even if integrated on motherboard. Usually BIOS
assign disk number in order (hda that hdb and so on).

> There is a difference in philosophy: I made all of the garbage
> extracted from the BIOS available to user space without any attempt
> at validating or interpreting it in the kernel. A user space routine
> sniffed the data and tried to construct the BIOS-Linux disk correspondence,
> using ordering and sizes and geometry of the disks.
>

Good. However HDIO_GETGEO still report a type of information that Linux
do not prefer..

> I never pushed this - had hoped for something that would identify
> the correspondence with high probability, but the results were disappointing.
>
> Not many BIOSes implemented Phoenix 3.0, so the much better data provided
> by that did not help so much.
>
> I saw mail by Matt Domsch two weeks ago or so, saying "I've got a huge number of
> reports, and virtually all show that EDD 3.0 is not supported, or if supported,
> is likely implemented in ways contrary to the spec."
> So, it seems things have not improved much in these five years.
>
> Of course, one can do a much better job when disk I/O is allowed.
> For example, read the first 256 sectors and compute an md5sum.
> Reading the MBR signature falls into this category.
>
> There are complications for RAID, even when EDD 3.0 is supported.
>

Did you refer to RAID IDE where the controller store informations on
disks??

>
> Andries
>
>
> An example.
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> hd0: C/H/S= 1020/200/62
> hd1: C/H/S= 1024/255/63
> hd00: C/H/S= 1024/255/63
> hd01: garbage
> hd02: garbage
> disk 0: len=0
> disk 1: len=0
> disk 2: len=0
> disk 3: len=0
>
>
> Found 7 Linux disks
>
> hda: Size 33750864 LinuxCHS=2721/200/62 FdiskCHS=-/16/63
> LBASize 33750864 CurSize 33750864 RawCHS=33483/16/63 CurCHS=2721/200/62
> hdb: Size 23547888 LinuxCHS=23361/16/63 FdiskCHS=-/16/63
> LBASize 23547888 CurSize 23547888 RawCHS=23361/16/63 CurCHS=23361/16/63
> hdc: Size 417792 LinuxCHS=1024/12/34 FdiskCHS=-/12/34
> LBASize 0 CurSize 417792 RawCHS=1024/12/34 CurCHS=1024/12/34
> sda: Size 12657717 LinuxCHS=1020/200/62 FdiskCHS=-/200/62
> sdb: Size 17755792 LinuxCHS=8669/64/32 FdiskCHS=-/0/0
> sdc: Size 4226725 LinuxCHS=2063/64/32 FdiskCHS=-/64/32
> sdd: Size 3517856 LinuxCHS=1717/64/32 FdiskCHS=-/64/32
>
>
> Found 5 BIOS disks
>
> 0 of 5: 12648000 sectors, C/H/S 1020 / 200 / 62 OK
> 1 of 5: 16450560 sectors, C/H/S 1024 / 255 / 63 OK
> 2 of 5: 2097152 sectors, C/H/S 1024 / 64 / 32 OK
> 3 of 5: 2097152 sectors, C/H/S 1024 / 64 / 32 OK
> 4 of 5: 4292876420 sectors, C/H/S 1023 / 16 / 63 C*H*S=1031184
>
>
> hda: 0x84?
> hdb: 0x84?
> hdc:not in BIOS
> sda: 0x80
> sdb: 0x81
> sdc: 0x82
> sdd: 0x83
>
> This is a machine booted from SCSI with
>
> hda: Maxtor 91728D8, 16479MB w/512kB Cache, CHS=2721/200/62, (U)DMA
> RawCHS=16383/16/63, CurCHS=16383/16/63, CurSects=16514064, LBAsects=33750864
> hdb: QUANTUM Bigfoot TX12.0AT, 11497MB w/69kB Cache, CHS=23361/16/63, (U)DMA
> RawCHS=16383/16/63, CurCHS=16383/16/63, CurSects=16514064, LBAsects=23547888
> hdc: ST3243A, 204MB w/32kB Cache, CHS=1024/12/34
> RawCHS=1024/12/34, LBA=no.
>
> hd0 reports sda (and the kernel mistakes it for hda)
> hd1 reports sdb, I suppose

1020/200/62 matches exactly so it's
sda <-> 0x80
For order we should continue with SCSI. Also 0x82 and 0x83 match exactly
with sdc and sdd and you can exclude IDE (translation always use higher
values), so it's
sdb <-> 0x81
sdc <-> 0x82
sdd <-> 0x83

For 0x84 it must be cause it's the first IDE.
I know that some boot loader can however change disk order. Does anyone
know how they can do this? Is there a BIOS interface for this purpose?

> ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> This was an example without INT 13 extensions. One with:
>
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> disk 0: len=26
> flags 0, phys CHS 0/0/0, totsecs 12594960, seclen 512
> disk 1: len=26
> flags 0, phys CHS 0/0/0, totsecs 6306048, seclen 512
> disk 2: len=26
> flags 0, phys CHS 0/0/0, totsecs 13269690, seclen 512
> disk 3: len=26
> flags 0, phys CHS 0/0/0, totsecs 13269690, seclen 512
>
> Found 5 Linux disks
>
> hda: Size 12594960 LinuxCHS=13328/15/63 FdiskCHS=-/0/63
> LBASize 12594960 CurSize 12594960 RawCHS=13328/15/63 CurCHS=13328/15/63
> hdb: Size 6306048 LinuxCHS=782/128/63 FdiskCHS=-/128/63
> LBASize 6306048 CurSize 6306048 RawCHS=6256/16/63 CurCHS=782/128/63
> hdc: Size 13281408 LinuxCHS=13176/16/63 FdiskCHS=-/0/63
> LBASize 13281408 CurSize 13281408 RawCHS=13176/16/63 CurCHS=13176/16/63
> hdd: Size 13281408 LinuxCHS=13176/16/63 FdiskCHS=-/0/0
> LBASize 13281408 CurSize 13281408 RawCHS=13176/16/63 CurCHS=13176/16/63
> hdh: Size 196608 LinuxCHS=32/64/96 FdiskCHS=-/0/0
> LBASize 0 CurSize 0 RawCHS=0/0/0 CurCHS=0/0/0
>
> Found 8 BIOS disks
>
> 0 of 4: 12578895 sectors, C/H/S 783 / 255 / 63 OK
> 1 of 4: 6297984 sectors, C/H/S 781 / 128 / 63 OK
> 2 of 4: 13253625 sectors, C/H/S 825 / 255 / 63 OK
> 3 of 4: 13253625 sectors, C/H/S 825 / 255 / 63 OK
> 4 of 4: 20740 sectors, C/H/S 305 / 4 / 17 OK
> 5 of 4: 20740 sectors, C/H/S 305 / 4 / 17 OK
> 6 of 4: 20740 sectors, C/H/S 305 / 4 / 17 OK
> 7 of 4: 20740 sectors, C/H/S 305 / 4 / 17 OK
>
> hda: 0x80?
> hdb: 0x81
> hdc: 0x80? 0x82? 0x83?
> hdd: 0x80? 0x82? 0x83?
> hdh:not in BIOS
>
> Here the IBM extensions report the same size as Linux does
> for the Quantum Fireballs, but for the Maxtors we have:
> Linux 13281408, IBM extensions 13269690, BIOS 13253625.
> The BIOS value is derived from 825*255*63, the IBM extensions value from
> 826*255*63, so that the BIOS here decides that the last cylinder is a
> test cylinder.
> The BIOS did not return an error when we asked for disks 4-7 but says
> that there are only 4 disks (0-3), and the data for 4-7 is not meaningful.
> Thus, Ralf Brown (INT 13, AH=8) is incomplete when he suggests to use
> INT 13, AH=15 to check on INT 13, AH=8: in this case both succeeded.

I know Ralf Brown's list is remembered as a bible however I don't think
Ralf can collect all BIOSes bug in PC story :)

I already see this "test cylinder" before..

Here Linux has some problem with hdh..
hdh: Size 196608 LinuxCHS=32/64/96 FdiskCHS=-/0/0
LBASize 0 CurSize 0 RawCHS=0/0/0 CurCHS=0/0/0
lba 0 ?? cursize 0 ?? sector > 63 ??
IMHO this disk doesn't exist...
hdb must be 0x81 (no 1024 limit and LBA match)
hda must be 0x80 (LBA size and 825 / 255 / 63 can't fit)
hdc 0x82 and hdd 0x83 just for order...

A good way would be to call int13 from Linux a emulated real-mode and
catch port used (not that easy however...).

> --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> I can imagine that we sooner or later would like to have a preinitrd,
> configurable, describing all things that should be done in real mode
> before actually starting the kernel. The main problem would be how to
> communicate.
>

Here I really don't catch you...
initrd it's executed after kernel init, before real mode there is only
setup.S code (and it starts before kernel).

freddy77


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