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SubjectRe: [PATCH] cpumask 5/10 rewrite cpumask.h - single bitmap based implementation
William Lee Irwin III wrote:
>> This is patently ridiculous. Make a compat_sched_getaffinity(), and
>> likewise for whatever else is copying unsigned long arrays to userspace.

On Fri, Jun 04, 2004 at 05:05:42PM -0700, Paul Jackson wrote:
> My mind reading skills are failing me. At the risk of opening myself to
> further ridicule, which part of what I wrote is patently ridiculous,
> why, and how does that differ from whatever you had in mind when you
> recommended doing "likewise"?

Ridiculous == some bizarre for_each_cpu() loop doing put put_user() once
for every bit of a cpumask_t.

On Fri, Jun 04, 2004 at 05:05:42PM -0700, Paul Jackson wrote:
> Putting your comments aside for a moment ...
> We have here a bit of suckage. The kernel bitmaps/cpumasks are arrays
> of unsigned long, with the low order long in the low order array slot,
> and the bytes within the longs in natural byte-order for that arch. The
> sched_setaffinity/sched_getaffinity calls in the kernel copy this stuff
> directly to/from user space. This doesn't work so well for 32 bit tasks
> on a 64 bit big-endian kernel. [Begin off-topic alert] The glibc
> sched_setaffinity and sched_getaffinity calls forcibly truncate the size
> of masks to some constant hardcoded size -- you have to use
> __SYSCALL(__NR_set_mempolicy) and such to get the real syscall. This
> doesn't work so well for kernels compiled with NR_CPUS larger than the
> hardcoded glibc size. [End off-topic alert] This also doesn't provide
> any help to other code needing to move binary masks across the
> kernel/user boundary, such as the perfctr kernel extension that Mikael
> Pettersson <> describes.

Sounds like a glibc bug. It should probably dynamically detect
sizeof(cpumask_t), except of course that the API it's stuck with for
all time won't allow for dynamic allocation of the things.

Except when I look at my glibc headers, it's 1024 bits. And they're not
particularly recent glibc versions. SGI may need to get that bumped up,
but I doubt many others do.

On Fri, Jun 04, 2004 at 05:05:42PM -0700, Paul Jackson wrote:
> I presume that it is too late to change the low level format of masks
> that the sched_setaffinity/sched_getaffinity API support. I'd be
> delighted to be wrong on this presumption. So there is need for a
> compat variant of these calls, for use by 32 bit apps on 64 bit kernels.
> My first reaction to Milton Miller's compat_sched_getaffinity patch
> that Anton reminded us of is similar to Andrew's. I haven't had the
> intestinal fortitude to study the matter closer yet. Before actually
> reading the code, I would expect that all it had to handle was the
> swapping of 32 bit halves of 64 bit longs on 64 bit big endian kernels,
> such as I described in my discussion of a mythical BIT32X() macro,
> earlier in this thread. I would not expect it to have to make such a
> big deal of the special case of one word masks, as distinct from n word
> masks, though I agree that a 32 bit app should be able to use a single
> 32 bit word mask on a 64 bit kernel compiled with NR_CPUS <= 32.

I thought something more like this would work, but haven't tried it.
This wants a real copy_bitmap_to_user() helper unlike compat_set_fd_set().

Index: irqaction-2.6.7-rc2/fs/compat.c
--- irqaction-2.6.7-rc2.orig/fs/compat.c 2004-06-01 03:11:30.000000000 -0700
+++ irqaction-2.6.7-rc2/fs/compat.c 2004-06-04 10:28:44.190035000 -0700
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
#include <linux/nfsd/nfsd.h>
#include <linux/nfsd/syscall.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>

#include <net/sock.h> /* siocdevprivate_ioctl */

@@ -1394,6 +1395,31 @@
return ret;

+asmlinkage long compat_sched_getaffinity(compat_pid_t pid,
+ compat_uint_t len, compat_ulong_t __user *cpus)
+ cpumask_t affinity;
+ int ret = 0;
+ task_t *task;
+ if (len < sizeof(cpumask_t))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, cpus, sizeof(cpumask_t)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ lock_cpu_hotplug();
+ read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
+ if ((task = pid ? find_task_by_pid(pid) : current))
+ cpus_and(affinity, task->cpus_allowed, cpu_possible_map);
+ else
+ ret = -ESRCH;
+ read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+ unlock_cpu_hotplug();
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ compat_set_fd_set(NR_CPUS, cpus, cpus_addr(affinity));
+ return sizeof(cpumask_t);
#if defined(CONFIG_NFSD) || defined(CONFIG_NFSD_MODULE)
/* Stuff for NFS server syscalls... */
struct compat_nfsctl_svc {

On Fri, Jun 04, 2004 at 05:05:42PM -0700, Paul Jackson wrote:
> A key question, since it seems the perfctr stuff Mikael Pettersson
> describes is on its way into the main stream kernel, is whether any
> other kernel binary bitmap/cpumask API should use the same format as
> used by the kernel sched_setaffinity and sched_getaffinity, or use a
> more easily portable format - say an array of 32 bit words rather than
> an array of unsigned longs. One could make impassioned pleas either
> way. Having one kernel represent the same type in two different binary
> formats is a bit of a botch. But then again, arrays of 32 bit words are
> 'nicer'. And in fact, we already _have_ two formats required, since 32
> bit apps on 64 bit end endian kernels necessarily see a different format
> than their kernel uses natively -- indeed they use a format that is
> essentially the same as perfctr is using now.

This is trivial. Just like we needed ASCII marshalling, we need endian-
correct 32/64-bit bitmap marshalling.

On Fri, Jun 04, 2004 at 05:05:42PM -0700, Paul Jackson wrote:
> My vote, already cast when I slid the 32 bit chunk ascii format past
> y'all (it's amazing now, that I managed to do that ...) would be to
> export the array of 32 bit words format from the kernel, in all calls
> except the set/get affinity calls, where we have already cast the die
> otherwise. I like what I understand Mikael is trying to do here.

The only case where this is distinguished at all from copy_to_user() is
64-bit bigendian with 32-bit userspace.

On Fri, Jun 04, 2004 at 05:05:42PM -0700, Paul Jackson wrote:
> In any case, I'd hope that any big/little endian distinctions could be
> encapsulated in macros provided by include/linux/byteorder headers. I'd
> hope that whichever one or two formats the kernel exported were
> supported by conversion routines in bitmap.c and bitmap.h, and if
> useful, also made available via the cpumask_t API. Once cpumask
> routines were available to convert the perfctr format, then that would
> be one less use of the infamous cpus_addr() macro. We should minimize
> 'open coding' of the conversion routines outside of the bitmap routines,
> which means look for the opportunity to move codes from both perfctr and
> compat_sched_setaffinity into lib/bitmap.c.

Index: irqaction-2.6.7-rc2/include/asm-generic/cpumask_array.h
--- irqaction-2.6.7-rc2.orig/include/asm-generic/cpumask_array.h 2004-05-29 23:26:10.000000000 -0700
+++ irqaction-2.6.7-rc2/include/asm-generic/cpumask_array.h 2004-06-04 18:29:36.984743000 -0700
@@ -27,6 +27,8 @@
#define first_cpu(map) find_first_bit((map).mask, NR_CPUS)
#define next_cpu(cpu, map) find_next_bit((map).mask, NR_CPUS, cpu + 1)

+#define cpus_to_u32_array(d, s) bitmap_to_u32_array(d, (s).mask, sizeof(cpumask_t))
/* only ever use this for things that are _never_ used on large boxen */
#define cpus_coerce(map) ((map).mask[0])
#define cpus_promote(map) ({ cpumask_t __cpu_mask = CPU_MASK_NONE;\
Index: irqaction-2.6.7-rc2/include/asm-generic/cpumask_arith.h
--- irqaction-2.6.7-rc2.orig/include/asm-generic/cpumask_arith.h 2004-05-29 23:26:26.000000000 -0700
+++ irqaction-2.6.7-rc2/include/asm-generic/cpumask_arith.h 2004-06-04 18:29:41.238097000 -0700
@@ -38,6 +38,8 @@
#define CPU_MASK_ALL (~((cpumask_t)0) >> (8*sizeof(cpumask_t) - NR_CPUS))
#define CPU_MASK_NONE ((cpumask_t)0)

+#define cpus_to_u32_array(d, s) bitmap_to_u32_array(d, &(s), sizeof(cpumask_t))
/* only ever use this for things that are _never_ used on large boxen */
#define cpus_coerce(map) ((unsigned long)(map))
#define cpus_promote(map) ({ map; })
Index: irqaction-2.6.7-rc2/include/asm-generic/cpumask_up.h
--- irqaction-2.6.7-rc2.orig/include/asm-generic/cpumask_up.h 2004-05-29 23:25:55.000000000 -0700
+++ irqaction-2.6.7-rc2/include/asm-generic/cpumask_up.h 2004-06-04 18:29:46.573286000 -0700
@@ -40,6 +40,8 @@
#define first_cpu(map) (cpus_coerce(map) ? 0 : 1)
#define next_cpu(cpu, map) 1

+#define cpus_to_u32_array(d, s) bitmap_to_u32_array(d, &(s), sizeof(cpumask_t))
/* only ever use this for things that are _never_ used on large boxen */
#define cpus_promote(map) \
({ \
-- wli
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