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SubjectRe: [PATCH] 2.4.x Linux Medley RAID Version 7
On Wed, 10 Mar 2004, Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz wrote:

> Patch for inclusion should have this cleaned up.

I have cleaned up the code according to your and Christoph's comments +
CodingStyle (and some other cleanups now I was at it).

> The similar thing here - ie. I would like to replug drives to on-board Intel.
> When Linux is driving RAID purely in software it shouldn't matter what
> controller we are using.

I have not changed this. There is simply no reliable way to detect the
Medley superblock without comparing these magic words with the PCI values.

My Medley solution for 2.6 will be completely userspace (using dm), and
there it will be possible to "force detect" an array with non-matching PCI
ID by passing the devices as command line arguments, unfortunately it's
not that easy in 2.4 (the whole ataraid is a hack anyway, but a useful one
until something better is in place).

Patch below.

// Thomas


diff -urN linux-2.4.25/Documentation/Configure.help linux-2.4.25.th-medley/Documentation/Configure.help
--- linux-2.4.25/Documentation/Configure.help Wed Feb 18 13:36:30 2004
+++ linux-2.4.25.th-medley/Documentation/Configure.help Wed Mar 10 18:36:16 2004
@@ -2085,6 +2085,40 @@
If you choose to compile this as a module, the module will be called
hptraid.o.

+CMD/Silicon Image Medley Software RAID
+CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID_MEDLEY
+ Say Y or M if you have a Silicon Image 3112 SATA RAID controller,
+ a CMD680 based controller, or another IDE RAID controller that uses
+ CMD's Medley software RAID, and want Linux to use the software RAID
+ feature of this card. This driver uses /dev/ataraid/dXpY (X and Y
+ numbers) as device names.
+
+ This driver currently only supports RAID0 (striped) mode, so if you
+ are using RAID1 (mirroring) this will not work for you. In that
+ case, you may want to try the Silicon Image Medley Software RAID
+ driver (below).
+
+ Support for mirroring is planned in the future.
+
+ If you choose to compile this as a module, the module will be called
+ medley.o.
+
+Silicon Image Medley Software RAID (old driver)
+CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID_SII
+ Say Y or M if you have a Silicon Image SATARaid controller
+ and want Linux to use the softwareraid feature of this card.
+ This driver uses /dev/ataraid/dXpY (X and Y numbers) as device
+ names.
+
+ This driver does not reliably detect all Medley RAID sets, and could
+ be dangerous if you have a striped set with disks of different size.
+
+ You should use the new Medley RAID driver (above), unless you use
+ RAID1 (mirroring), which the new driver does not yet support.
+
+ If you choose to compile this as a module, the module will be called
+ silraid.o.
+
Support for Acer PICA 1 chipset
CONFIG_ACER_PICA_61
This is a machine with a R4400 133/150 MHz CPU. To compile a Linux
diff -urN linux-2.4.25/drivers/ide/Config.in linux-2.4.25.th-medley/drivers/ide/Config.in
--- linux-2.4.25/drivers/ide/Config.in Wed Feb 18 13:36:31 2004
+++ linux-2.4.25.th-medley/drivers/ide/Config.in Wed Mar 10 11:06:07 2004
@@ -190,6 +190,7 @@
dep_tristate 'Support for IDE Raid controllers (EXPERIMENTAL)' CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID $CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IDE $CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL
dep_tristate ' Support Promise software RAID (Fasttrak(tm)) (EXPERIMENTAL)' CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID_PDC $CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IDE $CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL $CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID
dep_tristate ' Highpoint 370 software RAID (EXPERIMENTAL)' CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID_HPT $CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IDE $CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL $CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID
+dep_tristate ' CMD/Silicon Image Medley Software RAID (EXPERIMENTAL)' CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID_MEDLEY $CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IDE $CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL $CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID
dep_tristate ' Silicon Image Medley software RAID (EXPERIMENTAL)' CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID_SII $CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IDE $CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL $CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID

endmenu
diff -urN linux-2.4.25/drivers/ide/raid/Makefile linux-2.4.25.th-medley/drivers/ide/raid/Makefile
--- linux-2.4.25/drivers/ide/raid/Makefile Fri Jun 13 15:51:34 2003
+++ linux-2.4.25.th-medley/drivers/ide/raid/Makefile Wed Mar 10 11:06:07 2004
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID) += ataraid.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID_PDC) += pdcraid.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID_HPT) += hptraid.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID_MEDLEY) += medley.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ATARAID_SII) += silraid.o

EXTRA_CFLAGS := -I../
diff -urN linux-2.4.25/drivers/ide/raid/medley.c linux-2.4.25.th-medley/drivers/ide/raid/medley.c
--- linux-2.4.25/drivers/ide/raid/medley.c Thu Jan 1 01:00:00 1970
+++ linux-2.4.25.th-medley/drivers/ide/raid/medley.c Wed Mar 10 19:09:24 2004
@@ -0,0 +1,752 @@
+/*
+ * MEDLEY SOFTWARE RAID DRIVER (Silicon Image 3112 and others)
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2003 Thomas Horsten <thomas@horsten.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ * Copyright (C) 2003 Thomas Horsten <thomas@horsten.com>
+ * All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * This driver uses the ATA RAID driver framework and is based on
+ * code from Arjan van de Ven's silraid.c and hptraid.c.
+ *
+ * It is a driver for the Medley software RAID, which is used by
+ * some IDE controllers, including the Silicon Image 3112 SATA
+ * controller found onboard many modern motherboards, and the
+ * CMD680 stand-alone PCI RAID controller.
+ *
+ * The author has only tested this on the Silicon Image SiI3112.
+ * If you have any luck using more than 2 drives, and/or more
+ * than one RAID set, and/or any other chip than the SiI3112,
+ * please let me know by sending me mail at the above address.
+ *
+ * Currently, only striped mode is supported for these RAIDs.
+ *
+ * You are welcome to contact me if you have any questions or
+ * suggestions for improvement.
+ *
+ * Change history:
+ *
+ * 20040310 - thomas@horsten.com
+ * Removed C99 style variable declarations that confused gcc-2.x
+ * Fixed a bug where more than one RAID set would not be detected correctly
+ * General cleanup for submission to kernel
+ *
+ * 20031012 - thomas@horsten.com
+ * Added support for BLKRRPART ioctl to re-read partition table
+ *
+ * 20030801 - thomas@horsten.com
+ * First test release
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/blkpg.h>
+#include <linux/genhd.h>
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+
+#include <linux/ide.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+
+#include "ataraid.h"
+
+/*
+ * These options can be tuned if the need should occur.
+ *
+ * Even better, this driver could be changed to allocate the structures
+ * dynamically.
+ */
+#define MAX_DRIVES_PER_SET 8
+#define MAX_MEDLEY_ARRAYS 4
+
+/*
+ * Set to 1 only if you are debugging the driver, or if it doesn't work
+ * the way you expect and you want to to report it.
+ *
+ * This will produce lots of kernel messages, some of which might
+ * help me figure out what is going wrong).
+ */
+#define DEBUGGING_MEDLEY 0
+
+#if DEBUGGING_MEDLEY
+#define dprintk(fmt, args...) printk(fmt, ##args)
+#else
+#define dprintk(fmt, args...)
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Medley RAID metadata structure.
+ *
+ * The metadata structure is based on the ATA drive ID from the drive itself,
+ * with the RAID information in the vendor specific regions.
+ *
+ * We do not use all the fields, since we only support Striped Sets.
+ */
+struct medley_metadata {
+ u8 driveid0[46];
+ u8 ascii_version[8];
+ u8 driveid1[52];
+ u32 total_sectors_low;
+ u32 total_sectors_high;
+ u16 reserved0;
+ u8 driveid2[142];
+ u16 product_id;
+ u16 vendor_id;
+ u16 minor_ver;
+ u16 major_ver;
+ u16 creation_timestamp[3];
+ u16 chunk_size;
+ u16 reserved1;
+ u8 drive_number;
+ u8 raid_type;
+ u8 drives_per_striped_set;
+ u8 striped_set_number;
+ u8 drives_per_mirrored_set;
+ u8 mirrored_set_number;
+ u32 rebuild_ptr_low;
+ u32 rebuild_ptr_high;
+ u32 incarnation_no;
+ u8 member_status;
+ u8 mirrored_set_state;
+ u8 reported_device_location;
+ u8 member_location;
+ u8 auto_rebuild;
+ u8 reserved3[17];
+ u16 checksum;
+};
+
+/*
+ * This struct holds the information about a Medley array
+ */
+struct medley_array {
+ u8 drives;
+ u16 chunk_size;
+ u32 sectors_per_row;
+ u8 chunk_size_log;
+ u16 present;
+ u16 timestamp[3];
+ u32 sectors;
+ int registered;
+ atomic_t valid;
+ int access;
+
+ kdev_t members[MAX_DRIVES_PER_SET];
+ struct block_device *bdev[MAX_DRIVES_PER_SET];
+};
+
+static struct medley_array raid[MAX_MEDLEY_ARRAYS];
+
+/*
+ * Here we keep the offset of the ATARAID device ID's compared to our
+ * own (this will normally be 0, unless another ATARAID driver has
+ * registered some arrays before us).
+ */
+static int medley_devid_offset = 0;
+
+/*
+ * This holds the number of detected arrays.
+ */
+static int medley_arrays = 0;
+
+/*
+ * Wait queue for opening device (used when re-reading partition table)
+ */
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(medley_wait_open);
+
+/*
+ * The interface functions used by the ataraid framework.
+ */
+static int medley_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp);
+static int medley_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp);
+static int medley_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
+static int medley_make_request(request_queue_t * q, int rw,
+ struct buffer_head *bh);
+
+static struct raid_device_operations medley_ops = {
+ open: medley_open,
+ release: medley_release,
+ ioctl: medley_ioctl,
+ make_request: medley_make_request
+};
+
+/*
+ * This is the list of devices to probe.
+ */
+static const kdev_t probelist[] = {
+ MKDEV(IDE0_MAJOR, 0),
+ MKDEV(IDE0_MAJOR, 64),
+ MKDEV(IDE1_MAJOR, 0),
+ MKDEV(IDE1_MAJOR, 64),
+ MKDEV(IDE2_MAJOR, 0),
+ MKDEV(IDE2_MAJOR, 64),
+ MKDEV(IDE3_MAJOR, 0),
+ MKDEV(IDE3_MAJOR, 64),
+ MKDEV(IDE4_MAJOR, 0),
+ MKDEV(IDE4_MAJOR, 64),
+ MKDEV(IDE5_MAJOR, 0),
+ MKDEV(IDE5_MAJOR, 64),
+ MKDEV(IDE6_MAJOR, 0),
+ MKDEV(IDE6_MAJOR, 64),
+ MKDEV(0, 0)
+};
+
+/*
+ * Handler for ioctl calls to the virtual device
+ */
+static int medley_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ unsigned int minor;
+ unsigned long sectors;
+ int devminor = (inode->i_rdev >> SHIFT) & MAJOR_MASK;
+ int device = devminor - medley_devid_offset;
+ int partition;
+
+ dprintk("medley_ioctl\n");
+
+ minor = MINOR(inode->i_rdev) >> SHIFT;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+
+ case BLKGETSIZE: /* Return device size */
+ if (!arg)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ sectors =
+ ataraid_gendisk.part[MINOR(inode->i_rdev)].nr_sects;
+ dprintk("medley_ioctl: BLKGETSIZE\n");
+ if (MINOR(inode->i_rdev) & 15)
+ return put_user(sectors, (unsigned long *) arg);
+ return put_user(raid[minor - medley_devid_offset].sectors,
+ (unsigned long *) arg);
+ break;
+
+ case HDIO_GETGEO: {
+ struct hd_geometry *loc =
+ (struct hd_geometry *) arg;
+ unsigned short bios_cyl = (unsigned short)
+ (raid[minor].sectors / 255 / 63); /* truncate */
+
+ dprintk("medley_ioctl: HDIO_GETGEO\n");
+ if (!loc)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (put_user(255, (byte *) & loc->heads))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ if (put_user(63, (byte *) & loc->sectors))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ if (put_user
+ (bios_cyl, (unsigned short *) &loc->cylinders))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ if (put_user
+ ((unsigned) ataraid_gendisk.
+ part[MINOR(inode->i_rdev)].start_sect,
+ (unsigned long *) &loc->start))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ case HDIO_GETGEO_BIG: {
+ struct hd_big_geometry *loc =
+ (struct hd_big_geometry *) arg;
+
+ dprintk("medley_ioctl: HDIO_GETGEO_BIG\n");
+ if (!loc)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (put_user(255, (byte *) & loc->heads))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ if (put_user(63, (byte *) & loc->sectors))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ if (put_user
+ (raid[minor - medley_devid_offset].sectors /
+ 255 / 63, (unsigned int *) &loc->cylinders))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ if (put_user
+ ((unsigned) ataraid_gendisk.
+ part[MINOR(inode->i_rdev)].start_sect,
+ (unsigned long *) &loc->start))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ case BLKROSET:
+ case BLKROGET:
+ case BLKSSZGET:
+ dprintk("medley_ioctl: BLK*\n");
+ return blk_ioctl(inode->i_rdev, cmd, arg);
+
+ case BLKRRPART: /* Re-read partition tables */
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return -EACCES;
+ if (minor != 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (atomic_read(&(raid[device].valid)) == 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ atomic_set(&(raid[device].valid), 0);
+ if (raid[device].access != 1) {
+ atomic_set(&(raid[device].valid), 1);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ for (partition = 15; partition >= 0; partition--) {
+ invalidate_device(MKDEV(ATARAID_MAJOR,
+ partition + devminor), 1);
+ ataraid_gendisk.part[partition +
+ devminor].start_sect = 0;
+ ataraid_gendisk.part[partition +
+ devminor].nr_sects = 0;
+ }
+ ataraid_register_disk(device, raid[device].sectors);
+ atomic_set(&(raid[device].valid), 1);
+ wake_up(&medley_wait_open);
+ return 0;
+
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Handler to map a request to the real device.
+ * If the request cannot be made because it spans multiple disks,
+ * we return -1, otherwise we modify the request and return 1.
+ */
+static int medley_make_request(request_queue_t * q, int rw,
+ struct buffer_head *bh)
+{
+ u8 disk;
+ u32 rsect = bh->b_rsector;
+ int device =
+ ((bh->b_rdev >> SHIFT) & MAJOR_MASK) - medley_devid_offset;
+ struct medley_array *r = raid + device;
+
+ /* Add the partition offset */
+ rsect = rsect + ataraid_gendisk.part[MINOR(bh->b_rdev)].start_sect;
+
+ dprintk("medley_make_request, rsect=%ul\n", rsect);
+
+ /* Detect if the request crosses a chunk barrier */
+ if (r->chunk_size_log) {
+ if (((rsect & (r->chunk_size - 1)) +
+ (bh->b_size / 512)) > (1 << r->chunk_size_log)) {
+ return -1;
+ }
+ } else {
+ if ((rsect / r->chunk_size) !=
+ ((rsect + (bh->b_size / 512) - 1) / r->chunk_size)) {
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Medley arrays are simple enough, since the smallest disk decides the
+ * number of sectors used per disk. So there is no need for the cutoff
+ * magic found in other drivers like hptraid.
+ */
+ if (r->chunk_size_log) {
+ /* We save some expensive operations (1 div, 1 mul, 1 mod),
+ * if the chunk size is a power of 2, which is true in most
+ * cases (at least with my version of the RAID BIOS).
+ */
+ disk = (rsect >> r->chunk_size_log) % r->drives;
+ rsect = ((rsect / r->sectors_per_row) <<
+ r->chunk_size_log) + (rsect & (r->chunk_size -
+ 1));
+ } else {
+ disk = (rsect / r->chunk_size) % r->drives;
+ rsect = rsect / r->sectors_per_row * r->chunk_size +
+ rsect % r->chunk_size;
+ }
+
+ dprintk("medley_make_request :-), disk=%d, rsect=%ul\n", disk,
+ rsect);
+ bh->b_rdev = r->members[disk];
+ bh->b_rsector = rsect;
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find out which array a drive belongs to, and add it to that array.
+ * If it is not a member of a detected array, add a new array for it.
+ */
+void medley_add_raiddrive(kdev_t dev, struct medley_metadata *md)
+{
+ int c;
+
+ dprintk("Candidate drive %02x:%02x - drive %d of %d, stride %d, "
+ "sectors %ul (%d MB)\n",
+ MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev), md->drive_number,
+ md->drives_per_striped_set, md->chunk_size,
+ md->total_sectors_low,
+ md->total_sectors_low / 1024 / 1024 / 2);
+
+ for (c = 0; c < medley_arrays; c++) {
+ if ((raid[c].timestamp[0] == md->creation_timestamp[0]) &&
+ (raid[c].timestamp[1] == md->creation_timestamp[1]) &&
+ (raid[c].timestamp[2] == md->creation_timestamp[2]) &&
+ (raid[c].drives == md->drives_per_striped_set) &&
+ (raid[c].chunk_size == md->chunk_size) &&
+ ((raid[c].present & (1 << md->drive_number)) == 0)) {
+ dprintk("Existing array %d\n", c);
+ raid[c].present |= (1 << md->drive_number);
+ raid[c].members[md->drive_number] = dev;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (c == medley_arrays) {
+ dprintk("New array %d\n", medley_arrays);
+ if (medley_arrays == MAX_MEDLEY_ARRAYS) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Medley RAID: "
+ "Too many RAID sets detected - you can change "
+ "the max in the driver.\n");
+ } else {
+ raid[c].timestamp[0] = md->creation_timestamp[0];
+ raid[c].timestamp[1] = md->creation_timestamp[1];
+ raid[c].timestamp[2] = md->creation_timestamp[2];
+ raid[c].drives = md->drives_per_striped_set;
+ raid[c].chunk_size = md->chunk_size;
+ raid[c].sectors_per_row = md->chunk_size *
+ md->drives_per_striped_set;
+
+ /* Speedup if chunk size is a power of 2 */
+ if (((raid[c].chunk_size - 1) &
+ (raid[c].chunk_size)) == 0) {
+ raid[c].chunk_size_log =
+ ffs(raid[c].chunk_size) - 1;
+ } else {
+ raid[c].chunk_size_log = 0;
+ }
+ raid[c].present = (1 << md->drive_number);
+ raid[c].members[md->drive_number] = dev;
+ if (md->major_ver == 1) {
+ raid[c].sectors = ((u32 *) (md))[27];
+ } else {
+ raid[c].sectors = md->total_sectors_low;
+ }
+ medley_arrays++;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Read the Medley metadata from a drive.
+ * Returns the bh if it was found, otherwise NULL.
+ */
+struct buffer_head *medley_get_metadata(kdev_t dev)
+{
+ struct buffer_head *bh = NULL;
+ struct pci_dev *pcidev;
+ u32 lba;
+ int pos;
+ struct medley_metadata *md;
+
+ ide_drive_t *drvinfo = ide_info_ptr(dev, 0);
+ if ((drvinfo == NULL) || drvinfo->capacity < 1) {
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ dprintk("Probing %02x:%02x\n", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev));
+
+ /* If this drive is not on a PCI controller, it is not Medley RAID.
+ * Medley matches the PCI device ID with the metadata to check if
+ * it is valid. Unfortunately it is the only reliable way to identify
+ * the superblock */
+ pcidev = drvinfo->hwif ? drvinfo->hwif->pci_dev : NULL;
+ if (!pcidev) {
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * 4 copies of the metadata exist, in the following 4 sectors:
+ * last, last-0x200, last-0x400, last-0x600.
+ *
+ * We must try each of these in order, until we find the metadata.
+ * FIXME: This does not take into account drives with 48/64-bit LBA
+ * addressing, even though the Medley RAID version 2 supports these.
+ */
+ lba = drvinfo->capacity - 1;
+ for (pos = 0; pos < 4; pos++, lba -= 0x200) {
+ bh = bread(dev, lba, 512);
+ if (!bh) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Medley RAID (%02x:%02x): "
+ "Error reading metadata (lba=%d)\n",
+ MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev), lba);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* A valid Medley RAID has the PCI vendor/device ID of its
+ * IDE controller, and the correct checksum. */
+ md = (void *) (bh->b_data);
+
+ if (pcidev->vendor == md->vendor_id &&
+ pcidev->device == md->product_id) {
+ u16 checksum = 0;
+ u16 *p = (void *) (bh->b_data);
+ int c;
+ for (c = 0; c < 160; c++) {
+ checksum += *p++;
+ }
+ dprintk
+ ("Probing %02x:%02x csum=%d, major_ver=%d\n",
+ MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev), checksum,
+ md->major_ver);
+ if (((checksum == 0xffff) && (md->major_ver == 1))
+ || (checksum == 0)) {
+ dprintk("Probing %02x:%02x VALID\n",
+ MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev));
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ /* Was not a valid superblock */
+ if (bh) {
+ brelse(bh);
+ bh = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+ return bh;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Determine if this drive belongs to a Medley array.
+ */
+static void medley_probe_drive(int major, int minor)
+{
+ struct buffer_head *bh;
+ kdev_t dev = MKDEV(major, minor);
+ struct medley_metadata *md;
+
+ bh = medley_get_metadata(dev);
+ if (!bh)
+ return;
+
+ md = (void *) (bh->b_data);
+
+ if (md->raid_type != 0x0) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Medley RAID (%02x:%02x): "
+ "Sorry, this driver currently only supports "
+ "striped sets (RAID level 0).\n", major, minor);
+ } else if (md->major_ver == 2 && md->total_sectors_high != 0) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Medley RAID (%02x:%02x):"
+ "Sorry, the driver only supports 32 bit LBA disks "
+ "(disk too big).\n", major, minor);
+ } else if (md->major_ver > 0 && md->major_ver > 2) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Medley RAID (%02x:%02x): "
+ "Unsupported version (%d.%d) - this driver supports "
+ "Medley version 1.x and 2.x\n",
+ major, minor, md->major_ver, md->minor_ver);
+ } else if (md->drives_per_striped_set > MAX_DRIVES_PER_SET) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Medley RAID (%02x:%02x): "
+ "Striped set too large (%d drives) - please report "
+ "this (and change max in driver).\n",
+ major, minor, md->drives_per_striped_set);
+ } else if ((md->drive_number > md->drives_per_striped_set) ||
+ (md->drives_per_striped_set < 1) ||
+ (md->chunk_size < 1)) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Medley RAID (%02x:%02x): "
+ "Metadata appears to be corrupt.\n", major, minor);
+ } else {
+ /* We have a good candidate, put it in the correct array */
+ medley_add_raiddrive(dev, md);
+ }
+
+ if (bh) {
+ brelse(bh);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Taken from hptraid.c, this is called to prevent the device
+ * from disappearing from under us and also nullifies the (incorrect)
+ * partitions of the underlying disk.
+ */
+struct block_device *get_device_lock(kdev_t member)
+{
+ struct block_device *bdev = bdget(member);
+ struct gendisk *gd;
+ int minor = MINOR(member);
+ int j;
+
+ if (bdev
+ && blkdev_get(bdev, FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE, 0,
+ BDEV_RAW) == 0) {
+ /*
+ * This is supposed to prevent others from
+ * stealing our underlying disks. Now blank
+ * the /proc/partitions table for the wrong
+ * partition table, so that scripts don't
+ * accidentally mount it and crash the kernel
+ */
+ /* XXX: the 0 is an utter hack --hch */
+ gd = get_gendisk(MKDEV(MAJOR(member), 0));
+ if (gd != NULL) {
+ if (gd->major == MAJOR(member)) {
+ for (j = 1 + (minor << gd->minor_shift);
+ j < ((minor + 1) << gd->minor_shift);
+ j++)
+ gd->part[j].nr_sects = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ return bdev;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialise the driver.
+ */
+static __init int medley_init(void)
+{
+ int c, d;
+
+ memset(raid, 0, MAX_MEDLEY_ARRAYS * sizeof(struct medley_array));
+
+ /* Probe each of the drives on our list */
+ for (c = 0; probelist[c] != MKDEV(0, 0); c++) {
+ medley_probe_drive(MAJOR(probelist[c]),
+ MINOR(probelist[c]));
+ }
+
+ /* Check if the detected sets are complete */
+ for (c = 0; c < medley_arrays; c++) {
+ if (raid[c].present != (1 << raid[c].drives) - 1) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Medley RAID: "
+ "Incomplete RAID set deleted - disks:");
+ for (d = 0; c < raid[c].drives; c++) {
+ if (raid[c].present & (1 << d)) {
+ printk(" %02x:%02x",
+ MAJOR(raid[c].members[d]),
+ MINOR(raid[c].members[d]));
+ }
+ }
+ printk("\n");
+ if (c + 1 < medley_arrays) {
+ memmove(raid + c + 1, raid + c,
+ (medley_arrays - c -
+ 1) * sizeof(struct medley_array));
+ }
+ medley_arrays--;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Register any remaining array(s) */
+ for (c = 0; c < medley_arrays; c++) {
+ int device = ataraid_get_device(&medley_ops);
+ if (device < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Medley RAID: "
+ "Could not get ATARAID device.\n");
+ break;
+ }
+ if (c == 0) {
+ /* First array, compute offset to our device ID's */
+ medley_devid_offset = device;
+ dprintk("Medley_devid_offset: %d\n",
+ medley_devid_offset);
+ } else if (device - medley_devid_offset != c) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Medley RAID: "
+ "ATARAID gave us an illegal device ID.\n");
+ ataraid_release_device(device);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Medley RAID: "
+ "Striped set %d consists of %d disks, total %dMiB "
+ "- disks:",
+ c, raid[c].drives,
+ raid[c].sectors / 1024 / 1024 / 2);
+ for (d = 0; d < raid[c].drives; d++) {
+ printk(" %02x:%02x", MAJOR(raid[c].members[d]),
+ MINOR(raid[c].members[d]));
+ raid[c].bdev[d] = get_device_lock(raid[c].members[d]);
+ }
+ printk("\n");
+ raid[c].registered = 1;
+ atomic_set(&(raid[c].valid), 1);
+ ataraid_register_disk(c, raid[c].sectors);
+ }
+
+ if (medley_arrays > 0) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Medley RAID: %d active RAID set%s\n",
+ medley_arrays, medley_arrays == 1 ? "" : "s");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Medley RAID: No usable RAID sets found\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove the arrays and clean up.
+ */
+static void __exit medley_exit(void)
+{
+ int device, d;
+ for (device = 0; device < medley_arrays; device++) {
+ for (d = 0; d < raid[device].drives; d++) {
+ if (raid[device].bdev[d]) {
+ blkdev_put(raid[device].bdev[d], BDEV_RAW);
+ raid[device].bdev[d] = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+ if (raid[device].registered) {
+ ataraid_release_device(device +
+ medley_devid_offset);
+ raid[device].registered = 0;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called to open the virtual device
+ */
+static int medley_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ int device = ((inode->i_rdev >> SHIFT) & MAJOR_MASK) -
+ medley_devid_offset;
+ dprintk("medley_open\n");
+
+ if (device < medley_arrays) {
+ while (!atomic_read(&(raid[device].valid)))
+ sleep_on(&medley_wait_open);
+ raid[device].access++;
+ MOD_INC_USE_COUNT;
+ return (0);
+ }
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called to release the handle on the virtual device
+ */
+static int medley_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ int device = ((inode->i_rdev >> SHIFT) & MAJOR_MASK) -
+ medley_devid_offset;
+ dprintk("medley_release\n");
+ raid[device].access--;
+ MOD_DEC_USE_COUNT;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+module_init(medley_init);
+module_exit(medley_exit);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

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