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SubjectRe: bind() udp behavior
> I am not subscribed to this list so please CC me personally in
> I am noticing some odd behavior with linux on a redhat 8 box
>when making udp requests. It seems subsequent udp calls are all
>allocating the same source ephemeral udp port. I believe the kernel
>should be randomizing these (or incrementing) these ports for subsequent

No, you can have a fixed port for any socket. (It's just a question whether
you actually get the socket, because it might be in use.)

See , which contains an
example on how to choose a fixed port.

> We ran a test C program that just put a gethostbyname_r call
>in a for loop of 40 calls and all 40 requests used the same UDP source
>port (32789).

Looks normal to me. It might select a random port upon "libc invocation" and
use it for all further requests. This is in fact very valid, because UDP is
connectionless; packets can go from anywhere to anywhere without any

> This is causing our firewall to drop some packets since
>it thinks it already closed that connection due to too many transactions
>using same udp source/dest port passing thru in too short a time frame.

Then, the firewall UDP implementation is broken. Note, an UDP connection *can
not be closed*, because it never was "open". If it's trying to do something
iptables -p udp -m state --state RELATED
it is doing it wrong, because that is an impossible situation.

Jan Engelhardt
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