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    SubjectRE: Possible GPL infringement in Broadcom-based routers
    On Fri, 2004-11-05 at 11:59 -0800, David Schwartz wrote:
    > If that were true, I could poem up on a billboard and sue anyone who read it.

    Your analogy is flawed. Consider instead the case where you want to sue
    not someone who _read_ it, but someone who copied it down into their
    notebook, went home and then published an anthology of poems including

    > The FSF is, of course, free to take any position it wants to. As I
    > understand the law, if you want to restrict use, you must restrict access.
    > Give free access, you give free use.

    Adam said 'an activity that is restricted by copyright', and in the
    context it's blindingly obvious that he means _copying_ and
    _distribution_, not just use. Yet you persist in your misdirection.

    Anyone copying and distributing the Linux kernel must comply with the
    copyright licence which _conditionally_ grants them permission to do so.

    In particular, the permissions granted by the GPL on the Linux kernel
    are conditional on your agreement that when you distribute a collective
    work which is based in part on the Linux kernel, you also release all
    other parts of that whole, EVEN THOSE WHICH ARE NOT DERIVED WORKS OF THE
    KERNEL, under the terms of the GPL.

    The GPL does not claim any fundamental 'rights' to those parts which are
    your own work, just as commercial copyright licences don't claim any
    fundamental 'right' to your money. It's just a trade you are offered;
    that is what is asked of you, in return for permission to distribute the
    GPL'd work.

    You have the right to refrain from entering that agreement; to refrain
    from distributing the GPL'd work. You do not have the right to
    distribute the GPL'd work _without_ complying with the terms of its
    licence. That would be a criminal offence.

    Anyone distributing a work which is a whole based on the Linux kernel
    and other non-GPL'd works, other than 'mere aggregation on a volume of a
    storage or distribution medium', is quite clearly violating the terms of
    the GPL. (Bearing in mind the specific exception for userspace).

    It's very clear, given that the firmware for these routers is completely
    useless without either the kernel or the network driver modules, that
    it's more than 'mere aggregation' -- the parts form a coherent whole.

    Thus, even when the modules are NOT a 'derived work', they _MUST_ be
    distributed under the terms of the GPL in order for permission to
    distribute the _kernel_ to be granted.


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