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SubjectRe: [1/2] PATCH Kernel watchpoint interface-2.6.9-rc4-mm1
Hi,

I have updated the patch with Andi Kleen's and Keith Owens suggestions.
This patch can be applied over 2.6.9-final.
Kindly review and provide your feedback.

Thanks
Prasanna


This patch provides debug register allocation mechanism.
Useful for debuggers like IOW, kgdb, kdb, kernel watchpoint.
---
Signed-off-by: Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com>
---

---
linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/Kconfig.debug | 8
linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile | 1
linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/debugreg.c | 288 +++++++++++++++++
linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/process.c | 25 +
linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/ptrace.c | 5
linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/signal.c | 3
linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/traps.c | 4
linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/include/asm-i386/debugreg.h | 162 +++++++++
8 files changed, 486 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
diff -puN arch/i386/Kconfig.debug~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final arch/i386/Kconfig.debug
--- linux-2.6.9-final/arch/i386/Kconfig.debug~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/Kconfig.debug 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
@@ -29,6 +29,14 @@ config KPROBES
for kernel debugging, non-intrusive instrumentation and testing.
If in doubt, say "N".

+config DEBUGREG
+ bool "Global Debug Registers"
+ depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
+ default off
+ help
+ Global debug register settings need to be enabled by the
+ debuggers using it.
+
config DEBUG_STACK_USAGE
bool "Stack utilization instrumentation"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
diff -puN /dev/null arch/i386/kernel/debugreg.c
--- /dev/null 2003-01-30 15:54:37.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/debugreg.c 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
@@ -0,0 +1,288 @@
+/*
+ * Debug register
+ * arch/i386/kernel/debugreg.c
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004
+ *
+ * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> and
+ * Bharata Rao <bharata@in.ibm.com> to provide debug register
+ * allocation mechanism.
+ * 2004-Oct Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with
+ * idr_allocations mechanism as suggested by Andi Kleen.
+ */
+/*
+ * This provides a debug register allocation mechanism, to be
+ * used by all debuggers, which need debug registers.
+ *
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <asm/system.h>
+#include <asm/debugreg.h>
+
+struct debugreg dr_list[DR_MAX];
+unsigned long dr7_global_mask = 0;
+static spinlock_t dr_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
+static DEFINE_IDR(debugreg_idr);
+static spinlock_t debugreg_idr_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
+
+static inline void set_dr7_global_mask(int regnum)
+{
+ switch (regnum) {
+ case 0: dr7_global_mask |= DR7_DR0_BITS; break;
+ case 1: dr7_global_mask |= DR7_DR1_BITS; break;
+ case 2: dr7_global_mask |= DR7_DR2_BITS; break;
+ case 3: dr7_global_mask |= DR7_DR3_BITS; break;
+ }
+ return;
+}
+
+static inline void clear_dr7_global_mask(int regnum)
+{
+ switch (regnum) {
+ case 0: dr7_global_mask &= ~DR7_DR0_BITS; break;
+ case 1: dr7_global_mask &= ~DR7_DR1_BITS; break;
+ case 2: dr7_global_mask &= ~DR7_DR2_BITS; break;
+ case 3: dr7_global_mask &= ~DR7_DR3_BITS; break;
+ }
+ return;
+}
+
+/*
+ * See if specific debug register is free.
+ */
+static int specific_debugreg(unsigned int regnum)
+{
+ int r, n;
+
+ if (regnum >= DR_MAX)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ spin_lock(&debugreg_idr_lock);
+
+ if (idr_find(&debugreg_idr, regnum)) {
+ r = -EBUSY;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ r = idr_pre_get(&debugreg_idr, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!r) {
+ r = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ r = idr_get_new_above(&debugreg_idr, specific_debugreg, regnum, &n);
+ if (r) {
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (n != regnum) {
+ idr_remove(&debugreg_idr, n);
+ r = -EBUSY;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+out:
+ spin_unlock(&debugreg_idr_lock);
+ return r;
+}
+
+static int next_free_debugreg(unsigned int *regnum)
+{
+ int r;
+ unsigned int n;
+
+ spin_lock(&debugreg_idr_lock);
+
+ r = idr_pre_get(&debugreg_idr, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!r) {
+ r = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ r = idr_get_new(&debugreg_idr, next_free_debugreg, &n);
+ if (r) {
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (n >= DR_MAX) {
+ idr_remove(&debugreg_idr, n);
+ r = -ENOSPC;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ *regnum = n;
+
+out:
+ spin_unlock(&debugreg_idr_lock);
+ return r;
+}
+
+static int free_debugreg(int regnum)
+{
+ spin_lock(&debugreg_idr_lock);
+ idr_remove(&debugreg_idr, regnum);
+ spin_unlock(&debugreg_idr_lock);
+}
+
+static int get_dr(int regnum, int flag)
+{
+ if ((flag == DR_ALLOC_GLOBAL) && ((specific_debugreg(regnum)) >= 0)) {
+ dr_list[regnum].flag = DR_GLOBAL;
+ set_dr7_global_mask(regnum);
+ return regnum;
+ }
+ else if (((specific_debugreg(regnum)) >= 0) || (dr_list[regnum].flag == DR_LOCAL)) {
+ dr_list[regnum].use_count++;
+ dr_list[regnum].flag = DR_LOCAL;
+ return regnum;
+ }
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static int get_any_dr(int flag)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (flag == DR_ALLOC_LOCAL) {
+ for (i = 0; i < DR_MAX; i++) {
+ if (dr_list[i].flag == DR_LOCAL) {
+ dr_list[i].use_count++;
+ return i;
+ }
+ }
+ if ((next_free_debugreg(&i)) >= 0) {
+ dr_list[i].flag = DR_LOCAL;
+ dr_list[i].use_count = 1;
+ return i;
+ }
+ } else {
+ if ((next_free_debugreg(&i)) >= 0) {
+ dr_list[i].flag = DR_GLOBAL;
+ set_dr7_global_mask(i);
+ return i;
+ }
+ }
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static inline void dr_free_local(int regnum)
+{
+ if (! (--dr_list[regnum].use_count)) {
+ free_debugreg(regnum);
+ dr_list[regnum].flag = DR_UNUSED;
+ }
+ return;
+}
+
+static inline void dr_free_global(int regnum)
+{
+ free_debugreg(regnum);
+ dr_list[regnum].flag = DR_UNUSED;
+ dr_list[regnum].use_count = 0;
+ clear_dr7_global_mask(regnum);
+ return;
+}
+
+int dr_alloc(int regnum, int flag)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ spin_lock(&dr_lock);
+ if (regnum == DR_ANY) {
+ ret = get_any_dr(flag);
+ } else if (regnum >= DR_MAX) {
+ printk("dr_alloc:Cannot allocate debug register %d\n",regnum);
+ ret = -1;
+ } else {
+ ret = get_dr(regnum, flag);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&dr_lock);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int dr_free(int regnum)
+{
+ spin_lock(&dr_lock);
+ if (regnum >= DR_MAX || dr_list[regnum].flag == DR_UNUSED) {
+ spin_unlock(&dr_lock);
+ printk("dr_free:Cannot free debug register %d\n",regnum);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (dr_list[regnum].flag == DR_LOCAL)
+ dr_free_local(regnum);
+ else
+ dr_free_global(regnum);
+ spin_unlock(&dr_lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void dr_inc_use_count(unsigned long mask)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ spin_lock(&dr_lock);
+ for (i = 0; i < DR_MAX; i++) {
+ if (DR_IS_LOCAL(mask, i))
+ dr_list[i].use_count++;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&dr_lock);
+}
+
+void dr_dec_use_count(unsigned long mask)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ spin_lock(&dr_lock);
+ for (i = 0; i < DR_MAX; i++) {
+ if (DR_IS_LOCAL(mask, i))
+ dr_free_local(i);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&dr_lock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * This routine decides if the ptrace request is for enabling or disabling
+ * a debug reg, and accordingly calls dr_alloc() or dr_free().
+ *
+ * gdb uses ptrace to write to debug registers. It assumes that writing to
+ * debug register always succeds and it doesn't check the return value of
+ * ptrace. Now with this new global debug register allocation/freeing,
+ * ptrace request for a local debug register can fail, if the required debug
+ * register is already globally allocated. Since gdb fails to notice this
+ * failure, it sometimes tries to free a debug register, which is not
+ * allocated for it.
+ */
+int enable_debugreg(unsigned long old_dr7, unsigned long new_dr7)
+{
+ int i, dr_shift = 1UL;
+ for (i = 0; i < DR_MAX; i++, dr_shift <<= 2) {
+ if ((old_dr7 ^ new_dr7) & dr_shift) {
+ if (new_dr7 & dr_shift)
+ dr_alloc(i, DR_ALLOC_LOCAL);
+ else
+ dr_free(i);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ }
+ return -1;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(dr_alloc);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(dr_free);
diff -puN arch/i386/kernel/Makefile~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
--- linux-2.6.9-final/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_SRAT) += srat.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HPET_TIMER) += time_hpet.o
obj-$(CONFIG_EFI) += efi.o efi_stub.o
obj-$(CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK) += early_printk.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUGREG) += debugreg.o

EXTRA_AFLAGS := -traditional

diff -puN arch/i386/kernel/process.c~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final arch/i386/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.6.9-final/arch/i386/kernel/process.c~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/process.c 2004-10-22 11:11:26.000000000 +0530
@@ -49,6 +49,7 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION
#include <asm/math_emu.h>
#endif
+#include <asm/debugreg.h>

#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
@@ -316,12 +317,16 @@ void exit_thread(void)
tss->io_bitmap_base = INVALID_IO_BITMAP_OFFSET;
put_cpu();
}
+ if (tsk->thread.debugreg[7])
+ dr_dec_use_count(tsk->thread.debugreg[7]);
}

void flush_thread(void)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = current;

+ if (tsk->thread.debugreg[7])
+ dr_dec_use_count(tsk->thread.debugreg[7]);
memset(tsk->thread.debugreg, 0, sizeof(unsigned long)*8);
memset(tsk->thread.tls_array, 0, sizeof(tsk->thread.tls_array));
/*
@@ -413,6 +418,9 @@ int copy_thread(int nr, unsigned long cl
desc->b = LDT_entry_b(&info);
}

+ if (tsk->thread.debugreg[7])
+ dr_inc_use_count(tsk->thread.debugreg[7]);
+
err = 0;
out:
if (err && p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr) {
@@ -588,14 +596,19 @@ struct task_struct fastcall * __switch_t
/*
* Now maybe reload the debug registers
*/
- if (unlikely(next->debugreg[7])) {
- loaddebug(next, 0);
- loaddebug(next, 1);
- loaddebug(next, 2);
- loaddebug(next, 3);
+ /*
+ * Don't reload global debug registers. Don't touch the global debug
+ * register settings in dr7.
+ */
+ unsigned long next_dr7 = next->debugreg[7];
+ if (unlikely(next_dr7)) {
+ if (prev->debugreg[0] != next->debugreg[0]) loaddebug(next, 0);
+ if (prev->debugreg[1] != next->debugreg[1]) loaddebug(next, 1);
+ if (prev->debugreg[2] != next->debugreg[2]) loaddebug(next, 2);
+ if (prev->debugreg[3] != next->debugreg[3]) loaddebug(next, 3);
/* no 4 and 5 */
loaddebug(next, 6);
- loaddebug(next, 7);
+ load_process_dr7(next_dr7);
}

if (unlikely(prev->io_bitmap_ptr || next->io_bitmap_ptr))
diff -puN arch/i386/kernel/ptrace.c~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final arch/i386/kernel/ptrace.c
--- linux-2.6.9-final/arch/i386/kernel/ptrace.c~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/ptrace.c 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
@@ -353,6 +353,11 @@ asmlinkage int sys_ptrace(long request,

addr -= (long) &dummy->u_debugreg;
addr = addr >> 2;
+
+ if (addr == 7 && (enable_debugreg(child->thread.debugreg[addr], data)) < 0) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ break;
+ }
child->thread.debugreg[addr] = data;
ret = 0;
}
diff -puN arch/i386/kernel/signal.c~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final arch/i386/kernel/signal.c
--- linux-2.6.9-final/arch/i386/kernel/signal.c~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/signal.c 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include <asm/ucontext.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/i387.h>
+#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#include "sigframe.h"

#define DEBUG_SIG 0
@@ -600,7 +601,7 @@ int fastcall do_signal(struct pt_regs *r
* have been cleared if the watchpoint triggered
* inside the kernel.
*/
- __asm__("movl %0,%%db7" : : "r" (current->thread.debugreg[7]));
+ load_process_dr7(current->thread.debugreg[7]);

/* Whee! Actually deliver the signal. */
handle_signal(signr, &info, &ka, oldset, regs);
diff -puN arch/i386/kernel/traps.c~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final arch/i386/kernel/traps.c
--- linux-2.6.9-final/arch/i386/kernel/traps.c~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/arch/i386/kernel/traps.c 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
@@ -760,9 +760,7 @@ asmlinkage void do_debug(struct pt_regs
* the signal is delivered.
*/
clear_dr7:
- __asm__("movl %0,%%db7"
- : /* no output */
- : "r" (0));
+ load_process_dr7(0);
return;

debug_vm86:
diff -puN include/asm-i386/debugreg.h~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final include/asm-i386/debugreg.h
--- linux-2.6.9-final/include/asm-i386/debugreg.h~kprobes-debug-regs-2.6.9-final 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.9-final-prasanna/include/asm-i386/debugreg.h 2004-10-22 11:09:34.000000000 +0530
@@ -61,4 +61,166 @@
#define DR_LOCAL_SLOWDOWN (0x100) /* Local slow the pipeline */
#define DR_GLOBAL_SLOWDOWN (0x200) /* Global slow the pipeline */

+struct debugreg {
+ unsigned long flag;
+ unsigned long use_count;
+};
+
+/* debugreg flags */
+#define DR_UNUSED 0
+#define DR_LOCAL 1
+#define DR_GLOBAL 2
+
+#define DR_MAX 4
+#define DR_ANY DR_MAX + 1
+
+/* global or local allocation requests */
+#define DR_ALLOC_GLOBAL 0
+#define DR_ALLOC_LOCAL 1
+
+#define DR7_RW_SET(dr, regnum, rw) do { \
+ (dr) &= ~(0x3 << (16 + (4 * (regnum)))); \
+ (dr) |= (((rw) & 0x3) << (16 + (4 * (regnum)))); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define DR7_RW_VAL(dr, regnum) \
+ (((dr) >> (16 + (4 * (regnum)))) & 0x3)
+
+#define DR7_LEN_SET(dr, regnum, len) do { \
+ (dr) &= ~(0x3 << (18 + (4 * (regnum)))); \
+ (dr) |= (((len-1) & 0x3) << (18 + (4 * (regnum)))); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define DR7_LEN_VAL(dr, regnum) \
+ (((dr) >> (18 + (4 * (regnum)))) & 0x3)
+
+#define DR7_L0(dr) (((dr))&0x1)
+#define DR7_L1(dr) (((dr)>>2)&0x1)
+#define DR7_L2(dr) (((dr)>>4)&0x1)
+#define DR7_L3(dr) (((dr)>>6)&0x1)
+
+#define DR_IS_LOCAL(dr, num) ((dr) & (1UL << (num <<1)))
+
+/* Set the rw, len and global flag in dr7 for a debug register */
+#define SET_DR7(dr, regnum, access, len) do { \
+ DR7_RW_SET(dr, regnum, access); \
+ DR7_LEN_SET(dr, regnum, len); \
+ dr |= (2UL << regnum*2); \
+ } while (0)
+
+/* Disable a debug register by clearing the global/local flag in dr7 */
+#define RESET_DR7(dr, regnum) dr &= ~(3UL << regnum*2)
+
+#define DR7_DR0_BITS 0x000F0003
+#define DR7_DR1_BITS 0x00F0000C
+#define DR7_DR2_BITS 0x0F000030
+#define DR7_DR3_BITS 0xF00000C0
+
+#define DR_TRAP_MASK 0xF
+
+#define DR_TYPE_EXECUTE 0x0
+#define DR_TYPE_WRITE 0x1
+#define DR_TYPE_IO 0x2
+#define DR_TYPE_RW 0x3
+
+#define get_dr(regnum, val) \
+ __asm__("movl %%db" #regnum ", %0" \
+ :"=r" (val))
+static inline unsigned long read_dr(int regnum)
+{
+ unsigned long val = 0;
+ switch (regnum) {
+ case 0: get_dr(0, val); break;
+ case 1: get_dr(1, val); break;
+ case 2: get_dr(2, val); break;
+ case 3: get_dr(3, val); break;
+ case 6: get_dr(6, val); break;
+ case 7: get_dr(7, val); break;
+ }
+ return val;
+}
+#undef get_dr
+
+#define set_dr(regnum, val) \
+ __asm__("movl %0,%%db" #regnum \
+ : /* no output */ \
+ :"r" (val))
+static inline void write_dr(int regnum, unsigned long val)
+{
+ switch (regnum) {
+ case 0: set_dr(0, val); break;
+ case 1: set_dr(1, val); break;
+ case 2: set_dr(2, val); break;
+ case 3: set_dr(3, val); break;
+ case 7: set_dr(7, val); break;
+ }
+ return;
+}
+#undef set_dr
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUGREG
+/*
+ * Given the debug status register, returns the debug register number
+ * which caused the debug trap.
+ */
+static inline int dr_trap(unsigned int condition)
+{
+ int i, reg_shift = 1UL;
+ for (i = 0; i < DR_MAX; i++, reg_shift <<= 1)
+ if ((condition & reg_shift))
+ return i;
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Given the debug status register, returns the address due to which
+ * the debug trap occured.
+ */
+static inline unsigned long dr_trap_addr(unsigned int condition)
+{
+ int regnum = dr_trap(condition);
+
+ if (regnum == -1)
+ return -1;
+ return read_dr(regnum);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Given the debug status register, returns the type of debug trap:
+ * execute, read/write, write or io.
+ */
+static inline int dr_trap_type(unsigned int condition)
+{
+ int regnum = dr_trap(condition);
+
+ if (regnum == -1)
+ return -1;
+ return DR7_RW_VAL(read_dr(7), regnum);
+}
+
+/* Function declarations */
+
+extern int dr_alloc(int regnum, int flag);
+extern int dr_free(int regnum);
+extern void dr_inc_use_count(unsigned long mask);
+extern void dr_dec_use_count(unsigned long mask);
+extern struct debugreg dr_list[DR_MAX];
+extern unsigned long dr7_global_mask;
+extern int enable_debugreg(unsigned long old_dr7, unsigned long new_dr7);
+
+static inline void load_process_dr7(unsigned long curr_dr7)
+{
+ write_dr(7, (read_dr(7) & dr7_global_mask) | curr_dr7);
+}
+#else
+static inline int enable_debugreg(unsigned long old_dr7, unsigned long new_dr7) { return 0; }
+static inline void load_process_dr7(unsigned long curr_dr7)
+{
+ write_dr(7, curr_dr7);
+}
+
+static void dr_inc_use_count(unsigned long mask) { }
+static void dr_dec_use_count(unsigned long mask) { }
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUGREG */
#endif
_
--
Prasanna S Panchamukhi
Linux Technology Center
India Software Labs, IBM Bangalore
Ph: 91-80-25044636
<prasanna@in.ibm.com>
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