lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2004]   [Jan]   [1]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: swapper: page allocation failure. order:3, mode:0x20

> So sure, ratelimit it, make it KERN_INFO and maybe add a dump_stack()?

Sounds good, I always end up adding a dump_stack there when debugging
these problems anyway.

> (printk_ratelimit() may be a suitable name)

How does this look?

Anton

===== Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt 1.7 vs edited =====
--- 1.7/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt Wed Apr 9 18:01:38 2003
+++ edited/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt Thu Jan 1 23:52:10 2004
@@ -251,6 +251,25 @@

==============================================================

+printk_ratelimit:
+
+Some warning messages are rate limited. printk_ratelimit specifies
+the minimum length of time between these messages, by default we
+allow one every 5 seconds.
+
+A value of 0 will disable rate limiting.
+
+==============================================================
+
+printk_ratelimit_burst:
+
+While long term we enforce one message per printk_ratelimit
+seconds, we do allow a burst of messages to pass through.
+printk_ratelimit_burst specifies the number of messages we can
+send before ratelimiting kicks in.
+
+==============================================================
+
reboot-cmd: (Sparc only)

??? This seems to be a way to give an argument to the Sparc
===== include/linux/kernel.h 1.43 vs edited =====
--- 1.43/include/linux/kernel.h Tue Dec 30 08:37:26 2003
+++ edited/include/linux/kernel.h Thu Jan 1 23:52:10 2004
@@ -89,6 +89,8 @@

unsigned long int_sqrt(unsigned long);

+extern int printk_ratelimit(void);
+
static inline void console_silent(void)
{
console_loglevel = 0;
===== include/linux/sysctl.h 1.54 vs edited =====
--- 1.54/include/linux/sysctl.h Thu Dec 25 14:32:23 2003
+++ edited/include/linux/sysctl.h Thu Jan 1 23:53:11 2004
@@ -127,6 +127,8 @@
KERN_PANIC_ON_OOPS=57, /* int: whether we will panic on an oops */
KERN_HPPA_PWRSW=58, /* int: hppa soft-power enable */
KERN_HPPA_UNALIGNED=59, /* int: hppa unaligned-trap enable */
+ KERN_PRINTK_RATELIMIT=60, /* int: tune printk ratelimiting */
+ KERN_PRINTK_RATELIMIT_BURST=61, /* int: tune printk ratelimiting */
};


===== kernel/printk.c 1.29 vs edited =====
--- 1.29/kernel/printk.c Tue Dec 30 12:01:55 2003
+++ edited/kernel/printk.c Thu Jan 1 23:53:51 2004
@@ -762,3 +762,45 @@
tty->driver->write(tty, 0, msg, strlen(msg));
return;
}
+
+/* minimum time in jiffies between messages */
+int printk_ratelimit_jiffies = 5*HZ;
+
+/* number of messages we send before ratelimiting */
+int printk_ratelimit_burst = 10;
+
+/*
+ * printk rate limiting, lifted from the networking subsystem.
+ *
+ * This enforces a rate limit: not more than one kernel message
+ * every printk_ratelimit_jiffies to make a denial-of-service
+ * attack impossible.
+ */
+int printk_ratelimit(void)
+{
+ static spinlock_t ratelimit_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
+ static unsigned long toks = 10*5*HZ;
+ static unsigned long last_msg;
+ static int missed;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ unsigned long now = jiffies;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&ratelimit_lock, flags);
+ toks += now - last_msg;
+ last_msg = now;
+ if (toks > (printk_ratelimit_burst * printk_ratelimit_jiffies))
+ toks = printk_ratelimit_burst * printk_ratelimit_jiffies;
+ if (toks >= printk_ratelimit_jiffies) {
+ int lost = missed;
+ missed = 0;
+ toks -= printk_ratelimit_jiffies;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ratelimit_lock, flags);
+ if (lost)
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "printk: %d messages suppressed.\n", lost);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ missed++;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ratelimit_lock, flags);
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(printk_ratelimit);
===== kernel/sysctl.c 1.55 vs edited =====
--- 1.55/kernel/sysctl.c Thu Oct 2 17:12:07 2003
+++ edited/kernel/sysctl.c Thu Jan 1 23:52:11 2004
@@ -60,6 +60,8 @@
extern int pid_max;
extern int sysctl_lower_zone_protection;
extern int min_free_kbytes;
+extern int printk_ratelimit_jiffies;
+extern int printk_ratelimit_burst;

/* this is needed for the proc_dointvec_minmax for [fs_]overflow UID and GID */
static int maxolduid = 65535;
@@ -575,6 +577,22 @@
.ctl_name = KERN_PANIC_ON_OOPS,
.procname = "panic_on_oops",
.data = &panic_on_oops,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ },
+ {
+ .ctl_name = KERN_PRINTK_RATELIMIT,
+ .procname = "printk_ratelimit",
+ .data = &printk_ratelimit_jiffies,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_jiffies,
+ },
+ {
+ .ctl_name = KERN_PRINTK_RATELIMIT_BURST,
+ .procname = "printk_ratelimit_burst",
+ .data = &printk_ratelimit_burst,
.maxlen = sizeof(int),
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
===== mm/page_alloc.c 1.176 vs edited =====
--- 1.176/mm/page_alloc.c Tue Dec 30 08:38:05 2003
+++ edited/mm/page_alloc.c Thu Jan 1 23:52:11 2004
@@ -670,10 +670,11 @@
}

nopage:
- if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN)) {
- printk("%s: page allocation failure."
+ if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN) && printk_ratelimit()) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: page allocation failure."
" order:%d, mode:0x%x\n",
p->comm, order, gfp_mask);
+ dump_stack();
}
return NULL;
got_pg:
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-03-22 13:59    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans