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Subjectmmap, PCI, segmentation fault, Dell Dimension 4550
Hi.  Sorry for the intrusion but I've searched the archives and can't 
seem to find the answer for my problem.

After using mmap() map a peripheral card's PCI base address registers to
user space on my Dell Dimension 4550 (Dell BIOS), I cause a segmentation
fault by accessing the mapped memory.

My OS is Redhat 9 and the underlying kernel is 2.4.20-8. The code works
fine on a generic computer (Award BIOS) running exactly the same kernel.

My driver for the card also maps the PCI base address registers in
kernel space for the driver's usage, but like I mentioned, the code
works fine on the other computer.

Here's my code and command line output (please pardon my non-gdb testing
procedure):

////////////////////// code /////////////////////////

int Software_Radio::get_bars()
{
printf("get_bars\n"); // TEST LINE
uchar config_data[256];
off_t physical_bars[5];

if(ioctl(filep, CONFIG_READ, config_data) == -1)
perror("\nSoftware_Radio::get_bars() ioctl() CONFIG_READ failed");

physical_bars[0]=((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_0] |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_0 + 1] << 8) |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_0 + 2] << 16) |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_0 + 3] << 24) );
physical_bars[1]=((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1] |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1 + 1] << 8) |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1 + 2] << 16) |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1 + 3] << 24) );
physical_bars[2]=((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_2] |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_2 + 1] << 8) |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_2 + 2] << 16) |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_2 + 3] << 24) );
physical_bars[3]=((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_3] |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_3 + 1] << 8) |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_3 + 2] << 16) |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_3 + 3] << 24) );
physical_bars[4]=((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_4] |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_4 + 1] << 8) |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_4 + 2] << 16) |
((off_t)config_data[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_4 + 3] << 24) );

int fd;
if((fd=open("/dev/mem",O_RDWR)) < 0) {
perror("opening /dev/mem");
return -1;
}
unsigned long * remapped_bars[5];
void * temp;
for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
if((temp = mmap(0,bar_sizes[i],PROT_WRITE | PROT_READ,
MAP_SHARED | MAP_FILE, fd, physical_bars[i])) < 0) {
printf("MMAP failed. Reason: %s\n",strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
remapped_bars[i] = (unsigned long *)temp;
}
bar0 = remapped_bars[0];
printf("bar0 = 0x%x\n",&bar0); // TEST LINE
printf("bar0[15] = 0x%x\n",bar0[0]); // THIS LINE, OR ANY bar0[0]
CAUSES A SEGMENTATION FAULT
bar1 = remapped_bars[1];
bar2 = remapped_bars[2];
bar3 = remapped_bars[3];
bar4 = remapped_bars[4];
close(fd);
}

/////////////////// command line //////////////////

[root@jacobsen swr]# ./test
main:line 1
opening device /dev/sidrv0
get_bars
bar0 = 0xbfffe0b0
Segmentation fault
[root@jacobsen swr]#


//////////////////////////////////////////////////

Any suggestions?

Thanks,

Scott Jacobsen
MSc(Eng) Student
University of Calgary

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